Text of Design Movements Arts & Crafts Art Nouveau Art Deco Bauhaus Modernism De Stijl Memphis Post...
Design Movements Arts & Crafts Art Nouveau Art Deco Bauhaus Modernism De Stijl Memphis Post Modernism
Arts & Crafts 1850 - 1900 Simplicity hand made Inspiration from nature plants, birds and animals. Natural forms and materials Colour and texture William Morris Have nothing in your houses that you do not know to be useful, or believe to be beautiful
Some Victorian designers, led by William Morris, rejected the ideas of the industrial revolution. They believed that automation and mass production separated designers from their products, and that the crafts and workmanship of the past were dying out. These designers preferred to design and make products that were original and hand-crafted. The Arts and Crafts Movement produced designs based on forms in nature, such as animals and plants. Making the designs required highly skilled workers, so most of the products were too expensive for the average person to buy.
Art Nouveau 1890 - 1905 Curvy whiplash lines and stylised flowers Elongated lines, leaves, roots, buds & seedpods. Exotic insects and peacock feathers Inspiration from Nature and the female form Charles Rennie Mackintosh Glasgow based designer & architect Contrasting monochrome colours & the use of geometric shapes in his work
Mackintosh trained as an architect and interior designer in Glasgow, Scotland. He didnt like the fussy and over-decorated Victorian style that dominated the early Arts and Craft Movement. Mackintosh preferred to incorporate geometric shapes into his design. Much of his work is based around contrasting monochrome colours and the creative use of empty space. He developed what is known as the Glasgow Style.
Art Deco 1925 - 1939 Geometric forms Symmetry and repetition Zig-zagged geometric fan motifs and sunbursts Inspiration from ancient Egypt and Aztec Mexican Art Discovery of Tutankhamums tomb Machine age; explicit use of man made materials Key designer: Claris Cliff (ceramicist)
Philosophy. Popular Modernism. Opulent architectural and decorative arts style which was a direct reaction to the post war austerity. It was regarded as a glamorous period. Style. Zig-Zagged, geometric fan motifs. Symmetry & repetition. Inspiration from ancient Egypt. So what is Art Deco?.. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=THjB9r2McHA&feature=related http://www.artofthestate.co.uk/london_photos/wallis_house.htm
Bauhaus 1919 - 1933 Form follows function Products for a machine age Every day objects for every day people Modern materials Simple, geometrically pure forms and clean lines Omitting decorative frills Walter Gropius, Marcel Breuer and Mies van der Rohe
The Bauhaus was a German art and architecture school which existed from 1919 to 1933. It was founded by Walter Gropius, a German architect. The Bauhaus wanted to design and manufacture products, architecture and print that was functional, cheap and compatible with mass production techniques. They believed strongly in honesty of materials and that a products function should be reflected in its aesthetic qualities. New materials and manufacturing processes provided a catalyst for much of their work.
Examples Which Design Movement? Art Nouveau Key elements? Curvy whiplash lines and stylised flowers Elongated lines, leaves, roots, buds & seedpods. Exotic insects and peacock feathers Inspiration from Nature and the female form
Modernism. Was influences by industrial designs and made use of geometric shapes. Movements that are influenced by technological developments in industry are: Bauhaus Art Deco De Stijl They rejected decorative forms and embraced a look that they felt was universally acceptable. It was a period of design, literature, music & architecture that spans from 1920s to 1960s. Key figures include Le Corbusier a French designer & architecture. Machines for living.
De Stijl 1917 - 1931 Black outlines Inspiration using extreme geometric designs, rectangles and primary colours Ultimate simplicity and abstraction Disconnected lines Inspired completely new designs in furniture & architecture Artist: Mondrian & Designer: Rietveld
1970s to the present day. By the 1980s the designer name or brand was important to consumers: Designer labels spread from fashion to other areas of product design Promotion and packaging became a key part of the complete product.
Memphis. The Memphis group was an alternative viewpoint to minimalism: It was started by a group of Italian designers, led by Ettore Sottsass. They produced highly decorative laminates and humorous products. Their post modernism influence can be seen in many of today's products.
Post modernism The history: It is largely influenced by the western European disillusionment caused from WW2. It is anything BUT the ordinary in that it presents extreme complexity, contradictory, and diversity. Diverse ideas, designs and innovations that are intended to provoke a reaction. Memphis is part of this design period also.
It is also referred to as Modern Design & includes Alberto Alessi, George Sowden (Memphis Designer) & Mendini, the founder of the Italian Style, as key figures of this period. The movement likes combining new materials & interesting combinations are key. Post Modernism.
Examples Which Design Movement? Bauhaus Key elements? Form follows function Products for a machine age Every day objects for every day people Modern materials Simple, geometrically pure forms and clean lines
Examples Which Design Movement? Arts & Crafts Key elements? Simplicity hand made Inspiration from nature plants, birds and animals. Natural forms and materials Colour and texture William Morris
Examples Which Design Movement? Art Deco Key elements? Geometric forms Symmetry and repetition Zig-zagged geometric fan motifs and sunbursts Inspiration from ancient Egypt and Aztec Mexican Art
Examples Which Design Movement? Modernism Key elements? Was influences by industrial designs and made use of geometric shapes. Rejected decorative forms.
Examples Which Design Movement? Post Modernism Key elements? Modern design Creating a statement Designers: Alessi & Mendini What is the product? Juicy Salif By Alessi Its a juicer Function follows form!
Examples Which Design Movement? De Stijl Key elements? Inspiration from basic rectangles and primary colours Black outlines Geometric designs to the extreme Ultimate simplicity and abstraction Disconnected lines Artist Mondrian