Demystifying Tobacco By: Kaylee, Isabella & Krystal

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What is Tobacco?   Tobacco is an agricultural crop that is used to make cigarettes. It is dried and processed, then either placed into cigarettes and processed, or manufactured for chewing tobacco.   Tobacco is very well known for stimulating your nervous system which targets complex biochemical and neurotransmitter disruptions.   Nicotine is the most addictive chemical in cigarettes which is why we become addicted immediately after consuming tobacco, this is what causes the habit of smoking.

Text of Demystifying Tobacco By: Kaylee, Isabella & Krystal

Demystifying Tobacco By: Kaylee, Isabella & Krystal Topics All about tobacco Ingredients in Tobacco Tobacco Products Brand Types What is chewing tobacco Chewing Tobacco Effects Long and Short term effects of Tobacco The Body Recovering After Your Last Cigarette The Body Recovering After Your Last Cigarette Second Hand Smoke Tobacco Use with Teens Smoke Free Ontario Act Youth Action Alliance Youth Action Alliance Product Placement Smoking Prevalence in Canada Smoking Prevalence in Canada Statistics What is Tobacco? Tobacco is an agricultural crop that is used to make cigarettes. It is dried and processed, then either placed into cigarettes and processed, or manufactured for chewing tobacco. Tobacco is very well known for stimulating your nervous system which targets complex biochemical and neurotransmitter disruptions. Nicotine is the most addictive chemical in cigarettes which is why we become addicted immediately after consuming tobacco, this is what causes the habit of smoking. Ingredients in Tobacco There are over 4,000 chemicals in cigarettes. Some of which you may recognize are: Acetic Acid vinegar Acetone nail polish remover Ammonia floor/toilet cleaner Arsenic rat poison Butane cigarette lighter fluid Cadmium rechargeable batteries Carbon Monoxide car exhaust fumes DDT/Deildrin insecticides Ethanol alcohol Napthalene mothballs Tobacco Products The following are others forms of tobacco that are available: Cigarettes Cigarettes Pipes Pipes Cigars Cigars Chewing Tobacco Chewing Tobacco Cigarettes A small roll of finely cut tobacco for smoking, enclosed in a wrapper of thin paper A small roll of finely cut tobacco for smoking, enclosed in a wrapper of thin paper Approximately 5.5 trillion cigarettes are produced worldwide each year Approximately 5.5 trillion cigarettes are produced worldwide each year Brand Types There are thousands of brands of cigarettes, which is why is it nearly impossible to resist the temptation of this addictive habit. The following are the most common brands: Kent Kent Marlboro Marlboro Camel Camel Pipes Tobacco used in pipes is carefully treated and blended to preserve the flavour, unlike in other forms of tobacco Tobacco used in pipes is carefully treated and blended to preserve the flavour, unlike in other forms of tobacco This is a smoking device made from dense grained wood This is a smoking device made from dense grained wood Cigars A compacted roll of dried and fermented tobacco A compacted roll of dried and fermented tobacco Cigar tobacco is most commonly grown in Brazil, Cuba & Dominican Republic Cigar tobacco is most commonly grown in Brazil, Cuba & Dominican Republic Chewing Tobacco Smokeless tobacco, also called spit tobacco, chewing tobacco, chew, chaw, dip and plug, comes in two forms: Snuff is a fine grain tobacco that is manufactured in teabag like pouches that users "pinch" or "dip" between their lower lip and gum. Chewing tobacco comes in shredded, twisted, or "bricked" tobacco leaves that users put between their cheek and gum. Chewing Tobacco Facts As many as 20% of high school males and 2% of females use smokeless tobacco, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. These numbers are still rising in the US as well as Canada.As many as 20% of high school males and 2% of females use smokeless tobacco, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. These numbers are still rising in the US as well as Canada. Of the 12 to 14 million American users, one third are under the age of 21, and more than half of those developed the habit before they were 13. Peer pressure is just one of the reasons for starting the habit.Of the 12 to 14 million American users, one third are under the age of 21, and more than half of those developed the habit before they were 13. Peer pressure is just one of the reasons for starting the habit. Another cause of teens starting to use chewing tobacco is the pressure of chewing tobacco and sports. Teens today are led to believe that being a good baseball, or hockey player is a result from the chewing tobacco, which they believe to have enhanced their athletic performance.Another cause of teens starting to use chewing tobacco is the pressure of chewing tobacco and sports. Teens today are led to believe that being a good baseball, or hockey player is a result from the chewing tobacco, which they believe to have enhanced their athletic performance. This however is false, there is no proof that shows that chewing tobacco can enhance your athletic performance. On the contrary the short and long term effects of chewing tobacco prove to ruin your performance.This however is false, there is no proof that shows that chewing tobacco can enhance your athletic performance. On the contrary the short and long term effects of chewing tobacco prove to ruin your performance. Chewing Tobacco Effects Chewing tobacco increases your chance of getting oral cancer compared to other forms of cancers. Chewing tobacco increases your chance of getting oral cancer compared to other forms of cancers. Leukoplakia when you hold tobacco in one place in your mouth, your mouth becomes irritated by the tobacco juice. This causes a white, leathery like patch to form. They are also considered pre-cancerous. Leukoplakia when you hold tobacco in one place in your mouth, your mouth becomes irritated by the tobacco juice. This causes a white, leathery like patch to form. They are also considered pre-cancerous. Gum and Tooth Disease spit tobacco permanently discolours teeth, and causes halitosis (bad breath). It is in direct and repeated contact with the gums, which causes them to recede (teeth to fall out.) Spit tobacco contains a lot of sugar and when mixed with the plaque on your teeth, forms acid which eats away at tooth enamel and results in cavities, and chronic painful sores. Gum and Tooth Disease spit tobacco permanently discolours teeth, and causes halitosis (bad breath). It is in direct and repeated contact with the gums, which causes them to recede (teeth to fall out.) Spit tobacco contains a lot of sugar and when mixed with the plaque on your teeth, forms acid which eats away at tooth enamel and results in cavities, and chronic painful sores. Dangers of Tobacco Use Short Term Effects Addiction to nicotine Receding gums and permanent gum loss Sensitive teeth Tooth decay Sores, patches, and lumps in mouth Bad breath and bad taste in mouth Excess saliva production, or drooling Smelly hair and clothes Stains on clothing Yellow or brown stains on teeth Increased likelihood of drug use and risky behaviour Chronic cough Dangers of Tobacco Use Short Term Effects Contd New smokers can experience coughing, dizziness and a dry, irritated throat. As well as nausea, weakness, abdominal cramps, headache, coughing or gagging. These effects occur because the user is developing a tolerance to nicotine. New smokers can experience coughing, dizziness and a dry, irritated throat. As well as nausea, weakness, abdominal cramps, headache, coughing or gagging. These effects occur because the user is developing a tolerance to nicotine. Physiological effects are the following: an increase in blood pressure and heart rate, and constriction of blood vessels which will result in a lower skin temperature in hands and feet. Physiological effects are the following: an increase in blood pressure and heart rate, and constriction of blood vessels which will result in a lower skin temperature in hands and feet. Dangers of Tobacco Use Long Term Effects Heart Problems Heart Problems hypertension (high blood pressure) blocked blood vessels heart attacks weakened pumping of the heart narrow arteries result in an heart attack or death recuced bloodflow to the brain may cause strokes Cancers Cancers Lung Upper respiratory tract Cervical Larynx mouth Throat pancreas kidney Bladder stomach cancer (mainly found in tobacco chewing users Normal LungCancerous Lung Dangers of Tobacco Use Long Term Effects Contd Lung Disease Lung Disease chronic bronchitis changing the size and shape of the airways of the lungs enlarging the mucous glands coughing and production of excess phlegm Emphysema increase in the size of the air spaces which increases susceptibility to infection Other Health Problems Other Health Problems reproductive damage (abnormal sperm cells in men, menstrual disorders, early menopause, and difficulty maintaining pregnancy in women) Smoking during a pregency can lead to miscarriage, low birth weight, premature birth, or Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Prematurely wrinkled skin Gum and tooth loss Lost or weakened sense of taste and smell Weakened immune system Stomach ulcers Unwanted weight fluctuation The Body Recovering After Your Last Cigarette.. 20 Minutes After Last Cigarette 20 Minutes After Last Cigarette Blood Pressure drops to normal Blood Pressure drops to normal Pulse rate drops to normal rate Pulse rate drops to normal rate Body Temperature of hands, feet increases to Body Temperature of hands, feet increases to normal normal 8 Hours 8 Hours Carbon monoxide level in blood drops to Carbon monoxide level in blood drops to normal normal Oxygen level in blood increases to normal Oxygen level in blood increases to normal 24 Hours 24 Hours Chances of heart attack decreases Chances of heart attack decreases 48 Hours 48 Hours Nerve endings start to regrow Nerve endings start to regrow Ability to smell and taste is enhanced Ability to smell and taste is enhanced 72 Hours 72 Hours Bronchial tubes relax making breathing easier Bronchial tubes relax making breathing easier Lung capacity increases Lung capacity increases The Body Recovering After Your Last Cigarette Contd 2 weeks Circulation improves Circulation improves Walking becomes easier Walking becomes easier Lung function increases up to 30% Lung function increases up to 30% 1 9 months Coughing and