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  • Cranes and Crane Operators

    and Construction Work

    Larry Markee, Crane Technical SpecialistDepartment Of Labor and Industries

    Division of Occupational Safety and Health

  • November 16, 2006

  • Objectives

    Review Phase One

    Identify where Washingtons current rule could

    be impacted by OSHA rule

    Steves presentation will contain overview of

    OSHAs new crane and derricks standard

    3

  • The New Construction Crane RulePhase One:

    Crane Certification

    Crane Certifiers

    Operator Qualifications January 1, 2010

    Phase Two:

    Adopt OSHAs Crane Rule

    Address and update

    Part L of Chapter 296-155

    Safety Standards for Construction Work

  • Scope

    This crane safety rule applies to power-

    operated cranes and derricks used in

    construction that can hoist, lower and

    horizontally move a suspended load

    (with or without attachments).

  • Phase one

    Crane Certification

    Crane Operator Qualifications

    Crane Certifier Accreditation

  • Mobile

    Cranes

    Lattice

    Boom

    Cranes

  • Rough-Terrain

    Cranes

    Fixed Cab

    Hydraulic Cranes

  • Articulating Boom Cranes

    Operator certification

  • Tower Cranes

  • Derricks

  • Whats Excluded ?

    The following equipment is exempt from

    Annual Crane certification

    &

    Operator Certification

  • Exempt

    Mechanics

    truck when

    used for

    equipment

    maintenance

    or repair

    work

  • Certification Not Required

    Cranes with

    a maximum

    capacity of

    one ton or

    less.

    Service

    trucks with

    booms that

    rotate

    manually

  • Does not fall under the New standard

    Service trucks

    (digger derricks)

    specifically

    designed for power

    line work

    Note:

    This could change

  • Excavators

  • Backhoes

  • Telehandlers / Forklifts

  • Drilling

    Rigs

  • Machines with booms that

    are limited to up & down

    movement only and does

    not rotate

    Pump hoists

    with booms

    that do not

    rotate

  • Crane & Operator Certification Not Required

    When..

    Used in manufacturing facilities or powerhouses

    while used in routine maintenance and repair work

  • Maintenance in Manufacturing

    22

    Maintenance or repair work?

    Occasional or routine?

    Regular, customary, and foreseeable work

    necessary to keep equipment in good repair?

    If this answer is "yes", then the rule would not

    apply.

    If this answer is "no", then the rule would apply.

  • Crane Certification

    Requirements

    Certification

    Annual Inspection

    Proof Load Test

    Mobile

    Articulating Cranes

    **Tower Cranes (annual certification and after each assembly, jumping, etc.)

  • Certification Requirements

    Mobile Crane Components

    Quadrennial Proof Load Test / Annual

    Inspection

    Crane Components

    Boom Sections

    Back Mask Sections

    Luffing Booms

    Jibs and Jib Sections

  • Temporary certificate

    of operation.

    Accredited crane certifiers will issue a

    temporary certificate of operation if upon

    inspection and load proof testing no

    deficiencies were found that would affect the

    safe operation of the crane.

    WAC 296-155-53114 (1)

    A copy of the crane worksheet, completed by

    the accredited certifier will act as a temporary

    certificate of operation until the annual

    certificate of operation is issued by the

    Department.

    The temporary or annual certificate of

    operation must be posted in the operator's cab

    or with the operator's manual.

    WAC 296-155-53114 (7)

  • Crane / Component

    Identification Sticker

    7 0 5 4 3 2 1

    Sky-High Cranes INC.Morr-Gra

    Sky-High # 42Boom Tip

    04191952 G-M57 M-G C

  • Annual

    Text/Examination

    Certificate

    Certificates of operation issued by the

    department under the crane

    certification program established in

    this section are valid for one year from

    the effective date of the temporary

    operating certificate issued by the

    certified crane inspector.

    The annual certificate of operation

    must be posted in the operator's cab

    or with the operators manual

    WAC 296-155-53114(7)

  • Construction Crane Operators

    Qualifications & Requirements

  • Operator Qualifications & Certification

    The crane operator must:

    Have a valid crane operator certificate, for the type of crane to be operated, issued by a crane operator testing organization accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency; and

    Has crane hours of experience as shown in Table 1; and

    Passed a substance abuse test conducted by a recognized laboratory.

    WAC 296-155-53300(1)(a)

  • Accredited Crane Operator Testing

    Organizations

    National Commission for the Certification of

    Crane Operators (NCCCO) http://nccco.org/

    Crane Institute of America Certification (CIC) http://www.craneinstitutecertification.com/

    National Center for Construction Education

    and Research (NCCER) http://www.nccer.org/

    Operating Engineers Certification Program http://www.iuoe.org/Training/nbsp/tabid/215/Default.aspx

    http://nccco.org/http://www.craneinstitutecertification.com/http://www.nccer.org/http://www.iuoe.org/Training/nbsp/tabid/215/Default.aspxhttp://www.iuoe.org/Training/nbsp/tabid/215/Default.aspx

  • Crane Operator Testing Originations

    National Center for Construction

    Education and ResearchNational Commission for the

    Certification of Crane Operators

    Crane Institute of America Certification

    Operating Engineers Certification

    Program.

  • Crane Operator Certification Card

  • Crane Categories and Types

    Tower Crane

    TOW-

    Articulating Boom Crane

    Operator

    ABC ( with hook)

    ABL ( with forks)

    ABW (with winch)

    Overhead Crane

    OVR-

    Lattice Boom Truck Crane

    LBT-

    Lattice Boom Crawler Crane

    LBC

    Large Telescopic Boom Crane

    TLL- (Swing Cab)

    Small Telescopic Boom Crane

    TSS- (Fixed Cab)

  • Crane Operator Hours

    of Experience

    Table 1

  • Actual Operating Hours

    Time while the operator is:

    At the controls

    Has direct control of the crane

    Operating hours within the same crane type

    Installing/removing boom sections

    Extending and retracting outriggers/stabilizers

    Leveling crane, and replacing hoisting rope

  • Related Crane Experience

    Time as a signalman/bellman, oiler, crane

    mechanic, crane inspector

    Formal classroom training, crane

    simulator operation, and

    A combination of operating hours on other

    categories of cranes

  • Crane Operator Hours

    For crane operating and crane related

    experience, the employer may accept a

    declaration from the crane operator

    attesting to actual hours of crane

    operator experience and crane related

    experience separated out by crane type

    and capacity

  • Declaration of

    Operator Hours

    http://www.lni.wa.gov/TradesLicensing/LicensingReq/ConstructionCranes/default.asp#2

    The employer must

    obtain documentation

    showing hours of crane

    operator experience and

    crane related experience

    separated out by crane

    type and capacity.

    http://www.lni.wa.gov/TradesLicensing/LicensingReq/ConstructionCranes/default.asp

  • OSHA Cranes & Derricks Subpart

    CC

  • OSHAs Crane Rule

    40

    Scope

    Definitions

    Ground Conditions

    Assembly/Disassembly

    Power Line Safety

    Inspections

    Wire Rope

    Safety Devices

    Operational Aids

    Operation

    Authority To Stop

    Signals

    Fall Protection

    Work Area Control

    Keeping Clear Of The Load

    Free Fall/ Controlled Load Lowering

    Operator Qualification and Certification

    Signal Person Qualifications

    Qualifications of Maintenance and Repair Workers

    Training

    Hoisting Personnel

    Multiple Crane/Derrick Lifts

    Design, Construction and Testing

    Equipment Modification

    Tower Cranes

    Derricks

    Floating Cranes & Land Cranes on Barges

    Overhead and Gantry Cranes

    Dedicated Pile Drivers

    Sideboom Cranes

    Requirements for Equipment w/ Capacity of 2000 lbs and Less

  • OSHA Washington State

    41

    Crane Operator Qualifications

    OPTION 1:

    Accredited Testing Organization

    OPTION 2:

    Employer Qualification Program

    OPTION 3:

    U.S. Military

    OPTION 4:

    State/Local Government License

    Crane Operator Qualifications

    Accredited Testing Organization

  • OSHA Washington State

    42

    Crane Operator Qualifications

    Phased in over four years August 9, 2014

    Crane Operator Qualifications

    Current Requirement

  • OSHA Washington State

    43

    Forklift Exemption

    Exemption:

    Powered industrial trucks (forklifts),

    except when