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Course Content Part 1: Incompressible Flow www.ChemicalEngineeringGuy.com [email protected] Course Content Applied Fluid Dynamics Part 1: Incompressible Flow Table of Contents AFD1: MEE........................................................................................................................................... 2 AFD2: Pipe, Fittings and Valves .......................................................................................................... 3 AFD3: Energy due to Friction Loss ...................................................................................................... 4 AFD4: Flow Measurement Equipment ............................................................................................... 5 AFD5: Pumps....................................................................................................................................... 6 AFD6: Incompressible Flow Application ............................................................................................ 7 AFD7: Agitation and Mixing ............................................................................................................... 8

Course Content Applied Fluid Dynamicsapplied-fluid-dynamics.chemicalengineeringguy.com/Incompressible... · Course Content Part 1: Incompressible Flow [email protected]

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Course Content Part 1: Incompressible Flow

www.ChemicalEngineeringGuy.com

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Course Content

Applied Fluid Dynamics

Part 1: Incompressible Flow

Table of Contents

AFD1: MEE ........................................................................................................................................... 2

AFD2: Pipe, Fittings and Valves .......................................................................................................... 3

AFD3: Energy due to Friction Loss ...................................................................................................... 4

AFD4: Flow Measurement Equipment ............................................................................................... 5

AFD5: Pumps ....................................................................................................................................... 6

AFD6: Incompressible Flow Application ............................................................................................ 7

AFD7: Agitation and Mixing ............................................................................................................... 8

Course Content Part 1: Incompressible Flow

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AFD1: MEE

• Section 0: Review

– Density, Viscosity, Friction, Mass, Weight, Gravitational

Constant. Pressure, Temperature, etc.

• Section 1: Why M.E.E

– Systems

• Section 2: Kinetic + Potential Energy

– Kinetic Energy Velocity

– Potential Energy Relative Position

• Section 3: Pressure Head

– Pressure Force per unit area

• Section 4: Inlet/Outlet Work

– Work inlet (Pumps, Compressors, etc…)

– Work Outlet (Turbine, Mill, etc…)

• Section 5: Friction Loss Trajectory

– Nature of Friction Loss

• Section 6: Application - Mechanical Energy Equation

– Bernoulli’s Law

– Torricelli’s Law

– M.E.E. Exercises

Course Content Part 1: Incompressible Flow

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AFD2: Pipe, Fittings and Valves

• Section 1: Pipe types and materials

– Pipe vs Piping

– Piping Material

• Material Roughness

– Piping Sizing

• Schedules

• BWG

• Section 2: Fittings & Flow Rate Measure

– Function of fittings

– Common Fittings used in Engineering

• Section 3: Valves

– Common Valves used in the industry

Course Content Part 1: Incompressible Flow

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AFD3: Energy due to Friction Loss

• Section 1: Flow in Pipes Review

– Reynolds Number: Laminar and Turbulent Flows

– Pipe Roughness

• Section 2: Friction Loss in Pipes (Hff)

– Moody's and Fanning Friction Factors

– Moody’s Diagram

– Chen Equation for F.F.

• Section 3: Friction Loss in Fittings, Valves (Hfs)

– K value

– L/D equivalences

– K values for Fittings and Valves

Course Content Part 1: Incompressible Flow

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AFD4: Flow Measurement Equipment

• Section 1: Venturi Tube

– Introduction to measurements

– The M.E.E Balance

– Advantages + Disadvantages

• Section 2: Orifice Plates

– The M.E.E Balance

– The Friction Coefficient Graphs

– Advantages + Disadvantages

• Section 3: Other Measurement Equipment

– Thermal Mass Flow Meter

– Paddle Wheel Flow Meter

– More Devices…

Course Content Part 1: Incompressible Flow

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AFD5: Pumps

• Section 1: Pump Types

– Positive displacement

• Lobe, Screw, Piston, Vane, Gear

– Kinetic

• Axial and Centrifugal

– Pump Performance

• NHSPr

• Power

• Section 2: System Curve

– System Head

– System Curve

• Section 3: Pump Curve

– Pump Head

– Pump Curve

• Impeller Effect

• Efficiency Curves

• Pump Power Curves

• NPSH

• Velocity Effect

• Section 4: Pump Selection

– How to choose a pump

– Supplier Data

– Pump Affinity Laws

• Section 5: Pumping Systems

– Pump in Series

– Parallel Pumps

– Software Modeling

Course Content Part 1: Incompressible Flow

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AFD6: Incompressible Flow Application

• Section 1: Series Flow (1 pipe)

– Type of Problems

• Type I Find a value from M.E.E

• Type II Find Volumetric Flow Rate

• Type III Find Pipe Dimensions

• Section 2: Parallel and Branch Flow

– Parallel Flow vs. Branched Flow

– Parallel Flow 2 Pipes

– Parallel (2+) + Branched Flow (Software)

Course Content Part 1: Incompressible Flow

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AFD7: Agitation and Mixing

• Section 1: Agitation and Mixing Theory

– Agitation vs. Mixing

– Overview of Equipment

• Section 2: Design of Mixing Equipment

– Power Number

– Power Requirement

• Section 3: Static Mixers

– Basic Principle

• Section 4: Software Modeling

Course Content Part 1: Incompressible Flow

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Class Content

Class No.

Class Title

NA Introduction to Part 1 1 Overview of Block AFD1

1 Introduction Section 0 of AFD1 1 Mass, Mole and Molecular Weight

2 Density, Specific Gravity & Weigth

3 Viscosity Types (Dynamics and Kinematic) 4 Pressure - Absolute, Atmospheric, Gauge, Vaccum

5 Absolute Temperatures 6 Pound Force, Kilogram Force and Gravitational Constant

7 Mechanical Energy Equation - Systems, Surroundings and Applications

8 Mechanic Equation NOTES (6) 9 Kinetic Energy in the Mechanic Equation

9 Kinetic Energy Correction Factor

10 Relating Velocity and Pipe's Diameter 11 Potential Energy in the Mechanicl Equation

12 Pressure and Work 13 Inlet and Outlet Work

14 Friction Loss in the Mechanic Energy Equation 14 More on Friction Loss in the MEE

15 Application of the Mechanical Energy Equation

16 Bernoulli's Equation 17 Torricelli's Law + Exercise

18 Mechanical Energy Equation Exercise 19 Pipe, Piping, Pipeline

Course Content Part 1: Incompressible Flow

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Class No.

Class Title

20 Pipe Selection Criteria

21 Common Piping Material 21 Material Roughness

22 Pipe Sizing - ASME vs BWG

22 Pipe Sizing Exercise 23 Fitting + Accesories in Piping Sytems

24 Types of Valves used in Engineering 25 Flow in Pipes - Reynolds Number + Exercise

26 Laminar, Transient and Turbulent Flow

26 Laminar Flow 26 Turbulent Flow

26 Transient Flow + Exercise 27 Plug Flow Introduction

28 Relative Roughness of Materials 29 Friction Factor - Darcy vs Fanning

29 Laminar Flow and the Friction Factor

29 Turbulent Flow and the Friction Factor 29 Moodys Diagram and the Friction Factor - Darcy vs Fanning

29 How to Read Moodys Diagram for Friction Loss 29 Analysis of Moodys Diagram

30 Friction Factor Equations 31 Chen Equation for Friction Factor + Exercise

31 Swamee Jain Equation for Friction Factor + Exercise

31 Hazen Williams Equation for Friction Loss 32 Friction Loss in Pipes

32 Exercises of Friction Loss in Pipes 32 Application of Friction Loss in Pipes

Course Content Part 1: Incompressible Flow

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Class No.

Class Title

33 Non-Cylindrical Pipes (Hydraulic Radius + Equivalent Diameter)

33 Non-Cylindrical Pipes Exercises

34 Friction Loss on Fittings and Valves 34 Exercise 1 - Friction Loss on Fittings and Valves

34 Exercise 2 - Friction Loss on Fittings and Valves 35 K Constant for Fittings and Valves

35 Exercise of K Constant for Fittings and Valves 36 Friction Equivalence between Wall Friction and Fittings

36 Effect of Velocity in Friction Loss Friction

37 Complete Friction Loss Exercise 38 Venturi Tube - Flow Measurement

38 Venturi Tube - Exercise 39 Orifice Plate - Flow Measurement

39 Orifice Plate - Exercise

40 Flow Rate Measurement Equipment 41 Pump Types (Positive Displacement + Kinetic)

41 Positive Displacement Pumps (Rotatory + Reciprocal) 41 Dynamic Pumps (Axial + Centrifual)

41 Centrifual Pump Parts 42 Pump Cavitation

42 Net Positive Specific Head Required and Available - (NPSH for Cavitation)

43 Pump Cavitation Exercise (NPSH required and available)

43 Pump Power Requirement + Exercise 44 System Head + Exercise

45 System Curve 45 System Curve Exercise (1 of 3)

45 System Curve Exercise (2 of 3)

45 System Curve Exercise (2 of 3)

Course Content Part 1: Incompressible Flow

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Class No.

Class Title

46 Pump Curve Diagram Construction

46 Pump Curve Diagrams - How to Read them 47 Impeller's Diameter Effect - Pump Curve

48 Pump Efficiency Effect - Pump Curve 49 Exercises on Pump Efficiency Effect - Pump Curve

50 Pump Power Requirement - Pump Curve 51 NPSH Required of a Pump - Pump Curve

52 Full Pump Performance Curves

53 Pump Selection Methodology 53 Pump Selection (Step 1 of 5) Introduction

53 Pump Selection (Step 1 of 5) Specific Velocity 53 Pump Selection (Step 2 of 5)

53 Pump Selection (Step 3 of 5)

53 Pump Selection (Step 4 of 5) 53 Pump Selection (Step 5 of 5)

53 Pump Selection Summary 54 Pump Selection Exercise

54 Pump Performance Diagram Reading Mistakes 54 Conclusion and Final Notes on Pump Selection

55 Pump Affinity Laws

56 Parallel vs Series Pumps 56 Parallel vs Series Pumps - Exercise

57 Software used to Model Pumping Systems 58 Type of Problems in Applied Fluid Mechanics

59 Problem Type I in Applied Fluid Mechanics

Course Content Part 1: Incompressible Flow

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Class No.

Class Title

60 Problem Type II in Applied Fluid Mechanics

61 Problem Type III in Applied Fluid Mechanic 62 Parallel Flow Intro

62 Parallel Flow Cases 63 Branch Flow Basics

63 Complex Piping Modeling Introduction 64 Introduction to Agitation an Mixing

64 More on Agitation and Mixing

65 Agitation and Mixing Equipment 66 Radial vs Axial

67 Agitation Flow Patterns 68 Design of Agitation Tanks

69 Flow Number Intro

70 Power Consumption in Agitation 70 Power Requirements in Laminar and Turbulent Agitation

70 Newtonian vs Non-Newtonian Liquids in Agitation 71 Time of Mixing and Factor Time

72 Static Mixers 73 Software Modeling in Agitation + Mixing

Course Content Part 1: Incompressible Flow

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END OF DOCUMENT