Composition The Art of Seeing Images

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Composition The Art of Seeing Images. Arrangement of elements Relationship of elements. Part Two Visual Elements. Visual Elements. Typical Visual Elements include: Lines Shapes The Spot. Visual Elements. Line: denotes movement in one direction Horizontal Vertical - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Composition The Art of Seeing Images

  • Composition The Art of Seeing Images Arrangement of elements Relationship of elements

  • Part TwoVisual Elements

  • Typical Visual Elements include:Lines


    The Spot

    Visual Elements

  • Visual ElementsLine: denote movement in one directionHorizontalsVerticalsParallel Verticals/HorizontalsCurved or S-shaped linesDiagonalsIrregulars

  • Linear elementsDiagonal lines are dynamic; curved lines are flowing and gracefulsuch as roads, waterways, a fence and shadowsYou can often find the right line by moving around and choosing an appropriate anglenatural lines of the scene lead the viewers' eyes into the picture and toward your main center of interest

  • Function of LinesLines help the viewer to read the imageHelp viewer to locate key contrastsAdd visual interestGuide the viewer in a certain direction

  • HORIZONTALSAdd stability to photo, imply COOL or RESTFUL

  • Parallel Vert. / Horz. LinesSuggest: Symmetry, Order, or Direction

  • Parallel Vert. / Horz. Lines

  • VerticalsCan suggest WARMTH or AGGRESSIVENESSIntersection of vertical and horizontal lines create FOCAL POINTS

  • Verticals

  • Curved or S-Shaped LinesMost Natural appearing, evoke natural rhythms, and feelings of slow, easy movement

  • Curved or S-Shaped Lines

  • DiagonalsNeither warm or coolMost naturally occur from Lower Left to Upper RightFalling Diagonals move Down and Off picture

  • Diagonals

  • Irregular LinesVarying size, thickness, shape, & textureProvides visual interest

  • Irregular Lines

  • SHAPESFive basic forms or SHAPES in photographySquaresTrianglesCirclesOblongsIrregular

  • Squares & Triangles

  • Squares

  • Circles & Oblongs

  • Circles & Oblongs

  • Circles & Oblongs

  • Contrastmore impact light subject placed against a dark background and vice versaContrasting colors

  • Contrast & The SpotOne spot that commands the viewers attentionFocal point of contrasting masses

  • The Spot

  • Other Compositional ToolsLines of DirectionActual & PsychologicalDirects movement of eye through imageShape & FormShape is flat, two-dimensionalRepeated shapes can form a shapeForm refers to volume, its 3-DDepthLines of PerspectiveParallel lines converge in distanceGives sense of depth to photo

  • Direction of movementleave space in front of the subject it appears to be moving into, rather than out of, the image

  • Lines of Direction

  • Shape & Form

  • Repeated Shape

  • Repeated Shape

  • Form, Shadow, & LightShadows coming towards the viewer implies the third dimension

  • Depth: Lines of Perspective

  • Depth: Lines of Perspective

  • Rule of ThirdsOne of the most popular 'rules' in photography and artprinciple taught in fine art, graphic design and photographybased on the theory that the eye goes naturally to a point about two-thirds up the pageachieve the informal or asymmetric balance mentioned above

  • Rule of ThirdsImaginary lines are drawn dividing the image into thirds both horizontally and verticallyimportant elements placed where these lines intersectalso arrange areas into bands occupying a third or place things along the imaginary linessimple to implement

  • Rule of ThirdsThe Greeks developed the concept of the Golden MeanDivide the image into grid of 1/3s Place subject at one of intersecting lines

  • Rule of Thirds or Golden Mean

  • Some Examples

  • Some Examples

  • Some Examples

  • Rule of ThirdsCommon example is the placement of the horizon line in landscape photography

  • If the area of interest is land or waterHorizon line will usually be two-thirds up from the bottomTo suggest closeness, position the horizon high in your picture

  • If the sky is the area of emphasisHorizon line may be one-third up from the bottom, leaving the sky to occupy the top two-thirdsTo accent spaciousness, keep the horizon low in the picture

  • Breaking the Rule of ThirdsOnce you have got the hang of the Rule of Thirdsyou will very quickly want to break itThis is fine'rules' are best used as guidelines if you can create a better image by bending or ignoring rules then fire away

  • Breaking the Rule of Thirds

  • Framing - Foreground objectsAdd a sense of depth to the picturehelps establish scaleuse the foreground elements to "frame" your subjectOverhanging tree branches, a doorway, or an arch can give a picture the depthsomething in the foreground that leads you into the picture or gives you a sense of where the viewer is

  • Framing - Foreground objects

  • Framing - Foreground objects

  • Framing - Foreground objects

  • FramingDon't forget that you can turn cameras sidewaysvertical for tall buildings, waterfalls, or a personhorizontal for groups of people, cars, and dachshundsSwitch it aroundTry both horizontal and vertical pictures of the same subject

  • Framing the ImageIn-camera:HorizontalVertical

  • Framing the ImageOut-of-Camera:

  • Concludes Composition References:Photography, 7th Ed., by London, Upton, Kobre, BrillPhotography, 2nd Ed., by Bruce WarrenFoundations of art & design, 3rd Ed., by Mark Galer