Communist China

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Communist China. 1. China under Mao. Rebuilding China Government Shaped by Communist ideals Discouraged the practice of religion Seized property of rural landowners and redistributed it Used 5 year plans for industry. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Communist China

Communist China

Communist China1. China under MaoRebuilding ChinaGovernmentShaped by Communist idealsDiscouraged the practice of religionSeized property of rural landowners and redistributed itUsed 5 year plans for industry

ii. Maos policies led to improvements in literacy rate and public healthChinese life expectancy increasediii. Cost Government began to eliminate enemies of the state, who had spoken out against the governments policiesb. The Great Leap Forward1958- Mao announced the program, Great Leap ForwardDesigned to increase Chinas industrial and agricultural outputCreated collectively owned farms called communes; each was to produce food and have its own small-scale industryPlan was a disasterLed to criticism of Maoc. Culture RevolutionMovement initiated by Mao during the mid-1960sMovement sought to rid China of its old ways and create a society in which peasants and physical labor were idealResults:Eliminated intellectuals i.e. teachers, skilled workers and artistsSchools were shut down and militant high school and college students known as the Red Guard were encouraged to criticize intellectuals and traditional values

iii. This movement will re-establish Maos dominance but caused terrible destruction in Chinese society2. China after MaoReforms Begin1970s- China will end its isolation from the rest of the worldNixon will go to China in 1972Gang of FourHeld much of the power in China Were responsible for many of the worst features of the Culture RevolutionWill be imprisoned after Maos death

iii. Deng XiaopingBecame Chinas leader after MaoPut in place far-reaching market reforms called the Four ModernizationsSought to modernize 4 areas: agriculture, industry, science and technology and national defenseAlso gave businesses new freedom to make economic decisions

b. Tiananmen Square1989Inspired by more economic freedom, more than 1 million pro-democracy protestors occupied Beijings Tiananmen SquareChinas leaders become impatient with them and ask them to leave the squareJune 1989- The government responded with force killing many protestors in the Tiananmen Square Massacre

c. China TodayChinas economy is the 2nd largest in the worldChinese government encourages families to have 1 childThis is done to prevent population growth from harming economic development

iii. ChallengesHad to import enormous qualities of coal, iron ore, oil and natural gasRapid industrialization has led to widespread air and water pollutioniv. Human Rights AbusesIs a concern for many critics of ChinaGovernment limits free speech and religious freedomsStrict control over mediaPolitical protestors are jailedCourts are accused of not providing fair trials