Coloring Book - coloring book is designed for adults and children to work on together. ... each coloring page is accompanied by key points to talk about and action steps to take

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  • Coloring Book Octo 1993

  • Fire... Hurricane... Flood... Thunderstorm...

    Dear Parent or Educator,ews stories of disaster regularly make headlines around the globe.

    As youve watched others deal with these emergencies, you may

    have wondered what would happen if a disaster struck closer to home.

    For parents or teachers of young children, the thought is even more trou-

    bling. How would you and your children cope? Perhaps youve already

    experienced a disaster what would you do differently next time? The

    answer to both questions is clear. Be prepared.

    This coloring book is designed for adults and children to work on together.

    Children can learn about fire, earthquakes, floods, tornados and other

    disasters, as well as how to protect themselves all while having fun

    coloring.

    Work through each section with children to make sure they understand

    the concepts and learn important safety messages. To help you do this,

    each coloring page is accompanied by key points to talk about and

    action steps to take. You may want to review this information before

    meeting with children. The coloring book ends with a quiz that can help

    you find out if they learned the information. From time to time, quiz chil-

    dren again and practice key steps to help them remember what to do.

    Children are wonderful at adapting to situations when they know what to

    expect. By creating a family disaster plan, you can help children be

    ready to deal with emergencies. For more information, ask for materials

    about specific disasters and for a copy of Your Family Disaster Plan from

    your local office of emergency management (publication #L-191) or

    American Red Cross chapter (publication #ARC4466). Or write to FEMA,

    P.O. Box 70274, Washington, DC 20024, and ask for Publication #L-191.

    N

  • Tornado... Earthquake... Winter Storm...

    Hey Kids!Wind makes kites fly. Fire can keep us warm. And rain helps flowers grow.

    But sometimes the wind blows too hard, fires get too big or it rains too much.

    Learn what to do when nature shows off!

    This book will help you. But youll need to ask an adult to work with you. Get

    Mom, Dad, your teacher or an adult friend to read this book while you color.

    Have fun!

  • Natural DisastersDisasters can strike quickly and without warning.While a disaster is frightening for adults, it can be

    traumatic for children if they dont know what to do.

    elp children understand the conceptof a disaster...

    Explain that nature sometimes providestoo much of a good thing fire, rain,wind, snow. Tell them that a disaster iswhen something happens that could hurtpeople, cause damage or cut off utilitiessuch as water, telephones or electricity.

    Give examples of several disasters thatcould happen in your community. To getthis information, contact your local office ofemergency management or local Ameri-can Red Cross chapter. Ask what disastersare most likely to happen and requestinformation on how to prepare for them.

    Talk about typical effects that childrencan relate to, such as loss of electricity,water and telephone service.

    Explain that when people know what todo and practice in advance every-one is better able to handle emergencies.Thats why we need to create a familydisaster plan.

    H

  • Nature is beautiful...and powerful!

  • EmergenciesEven very young children can be taught

    how and when to call for help.

    Action Steps for Adults

    Help children recognize the warning signsfor the disasters that could happen in yourcommunity. You can get this informationfrom your local emergency managementoffice or American Red Cross chapter.

    Tell children thatin a disaster thereare many peoplewho can helpthem. Talkabout ways that

    an emergencymanager, Red

    Cross volunteer, police officer, firefighter,teacher, neighbor, doctor or utility workermight help following a disaster.

    Teach children how and when to call forhelp. Check the telephone directory forlocal emergency telephone numbers. Ifyou live in a 9-1-1 service area, teachchildren to call 9-1-1. At home, post emer-gency telephone numbers by all phonesand explain when to call each number.

    Even very young children can be taughthow and when to call for emergency assis-tance. If a child cant read, this emergencytelephone number chart has pictures thatmay help him or her identify the correctnumber to call. As you explain each pic-ture, have the child color the symbol on thechart.

    Take a first aid and CPR course. These arecritical skills, and learning can be a funactivity for older children. Contact yourlocal office of emergency management,American Red Cross chapter or hospital forinformation.

    At home, ask an out-of-state friend to beyour family check-in contact. After adisaster, long-distance telephone lines oftenremain in service even when local lines aredown. Tell children to call this check-incontact if they are separated from the familyin an emergency. Help them memorize thetelephone number, or write it down on acard they can keep with them.

  • Ambulance

    Mother Father Other

    Fire Police/Sheriff

    EmergencyPhone Numbers

    My Family Name:

    My Phone Number:

    My Address:

    My Town:

  • alk with children about fire safety, andpractice these activities with them. Keep

    in mind that children under age five are athighest risk.

    Safety Messages for Kids

    Matches and lighters are tools, not toys.These tools help adults use fire properly. Ifyou see someone playing with fire, tell anadult right away.

    If a fire starts in your home or you hearthe smoke detector alarm, yell Fire! severaltimes and go outside right away. If you livein a building with elevators, use the stairs.Never try to hide from fire. Leave all yourthings where they are. Once you are out-side, go to your meeting place and thensend one person for help.

    If your clothes catch fire...stop, drop androll. Stop what you are doing, drop to theground, cover your face and roll over andover until the flames go out. Running willonly make the fire worse.

    Action Steps for Adults

    Show children how to crawl low, under thesmoke to escape. Explain that they shouldfeel a door before opening it. If the door is cool,open it slowly. If the door is hot, find anotherway out. If they cannot get outside safely,instruct them to hang a sheet outside a win-dow so firefighters can find them.

    Practice stop, drop and roll with children.Explain that running away will only makethe fire burn faster.

    FireFire is the disaster that families are most likely to experience.

    At home: Choose an outside meeting place, such as atree, street corner or mailbox. Make sure it willbe a safe distance from heat, smoke andflames. Tell children to go directly to this meet-ing place in case of a fire. This plan will helpyou know quickly if everyone got out safely.

    Make sure that children understand thatonce they are outside, they should stay out-side. Children are often concerned about thesafety of their pets, so discuss this issue before afire starts.

    Find two ways to escape from every roomand practice getting out of your home duringthe day and at night. Chart these escaperoutes on your own home escape plan. Ifyou have an escape ladder, show kids whereits kept and how to use it.

    Practice your home escape plan at leasttwice a year. Quiz children every six monthsso theyll remember what to do and where tomeet.

    Install smoke detectors on every level ofyour home, especially near bedrooms. Cleanand test them monthly, and change the bat-teries at least once a year. Make sure childrenknow what your smoke detector sounds like.

    Check electrical wiring in your home. Fixfrayed extension cords, exposed wires or looseplugs.

    Make sure your home heating source isclean and in working order. Many home firesare started by faulty furnaces or stoves,cracked or rusted furnace parts and chimneyswith creosote build-up.

    T

  • My Meeting Place

    If a fire starts, yell Fire! and go outside rightaway. Go to your outside meeting place.

  • ThunderstormsLightning always accompanies a thunderstorm.And lightning can strike the same place twice!

    thunderstorm is a storm with lightningcaused by changes in air pressure.

    Severe thunderstorms can bring heavyrains (which can cause flash flooding),strong winds, hail and tornados. At anygiven moment, nearly 1,800 thunderstormsare in progress over the face of the earth!

    The sound of thunder can be especiallyfrightening for young children. Take thescariness away by teaching them what toexpect during a thunderstorm and how tobe safe.

    Safety Messages for Kids

    If you see or hear a thunderstorm com-ing, go inside a sturdy building or car.

    If you cant get inside...or if you feel yourhair stand on end, which means lightningis about to strike...hurry to a low, openspace immediately. Crouch down and

    place your hands on your knees.

    Move away from tall thingslike trees, towers, fences,telephone lines or powerlines. They attract light-ning. Never stand under-neath a single large treeout in the open becauselightning will hit the high-est point in an area.

    And stay away from metal things thatlightning may strike, such as umbrellas,baseball bats, fishing rods, camping equip-ment and bicycles.

    If you are boating or swimming, get toland immediately.

    Lightning can cause electric appliances,including televisions and telephones, tobecome dangerous during a thunderstorm.Turn off the air conditioner and television,and stay off the phone until the storm isover.

    Action Steps for Adults

    Explain what to expect during a thunder-storm. Describe the loud thunder andflashes of lightning. Make sure childrenunderstand that they can stay safe.

    Talk about the danger signs; dark, tower-ing clouds or distant lightning and thundercan signal an approaching thunderstorm.

    Practice the crouch down position withchildren.

    A

  • If you see storm clouds or hearthunder, go inside right away.

  • TornadosTornados are natures most violent storms

    they can devastate an area in seconds.

    tornado appears as a rotating, funnel-shaped cloud, striking the ground

    with whirling winds of up to 200 miles perhour. A tornado spins like a top and maysound like an airplane or train. Most torna-dos travel a distance of about 10 miles,although tornado tracks of 200 miles havebeen reported. Tornados can happen justabout anywhere in the United States.

    Safety Messages for Kids

    Wherever you are, if you hear or see atornado coming, take cover right away.

    If youre in a house or apartment build-ing, go to the basement or storm cellar. Ifthere is no basement, go to the middlesection of the building on the lowest level and go into a bathroom or closet, if pos-sible.

    Get under something sturdy, such as aheavy table, and stay there until the dan-ger has passed. Use your arms and handsto protect your head from falling or flyingobjects.

    If youre outside,in a car or in amobile home, goimmediately to thebasement of a

    nearby sturdy building.If there is no shelter nearby,

    lie flat in a low spot. Use your arms andhands to protect your head. If you hear orsee water, move quickly to another spot.

    Action Steps for Adults

    With children, find some safe places inyour home or classroom. Make sure theseplaces are away from windows and heavyfurniture that could tip over. Also, showchildren an example of a safe place out-side.

    Know the terms used on the radio ortelevision that warn of possible approach-ing tornados:

    Tornado Watch: Weather conditions areright for tornados to develop. A watchdoes not necessarily mean a tornado willdevelop.

    Tornado Warning: A tornado has beensighted and is dangerous. This is thetime to go to a safe place and listen toa battery-operated radio for instructions.

    Find out what warning system is used inyour community.

    If you live in a single-family home in atornado-prone area, find out how to rein-force an interior room on the lowest level ofyour home (such as the basement, stormcellar, bathroom or closet) to use as a shelter.

    A

  • If a tornado is coming, go to asafe place right away.

  • HurricaneA hurricane is a tropical storm with winds

    reaching 74 miles per hour or more.

    urricane winds blow in a large spiralaround a relatively calm center

    known as the eye. The eye is generally20 to 30 miles wide, and the storm mayspread outward as far as 400 miles. As ahurricane approaches, the skies will beginto darken and winds will increase. As ahurricane nears land, it can bring heavyrains, strong winds and extremely hightides.

    Safety Messages for Kids

    During a hurricanewatch, well listen regularlyto the radio or television forofficial instructions.

    If officials announce a hurricane warn-ing, they may ask us to leave our home assoon as possible to be safe. Well take ourdisaster supplies kits and go to a shelter or to__________. Well call our check-in contactso someone will know where were going.

    (Note: For information on how to assemblea disaster supplies kit, please refer to theDisaster Supplies Kit section.)

    Action Steps for Adults

    Know the terms used on the radio ortelevision that warn of potential hurricaneconditions:

    Hurricane Watch: A hurricane maystrike your area within 24-36 hours.

    Hurricane Warning: Hurricane condi-tions are expected in your area within 24hours. Coastal areas may need to beevacuated.

    Talk about what you would do in anevacuation. Consider where you would goand what you would take.

    Keep a battery-operated radio in casepower goes out.

    Measure and cut plywood to cover yourwindows.

    H

    (fill in)

  • If a hurricane is coming, your family may needto leave home and go to a safer place.

  • ven very small streams, gullies, creeks,culverts, dry streambeds or low-lying

    ground that may appear harmless in dryweather can flood.

    Safety Messages for Kids

    If you come upon flood waters, stop.Turn around and go another way. Climbto higher ground.

    Stay away from flooded areas...even if itseems safe, the water may still be rising.Never try to walk, swim or dive into thewater because it may be moving veryfast. (NOTE: Less than six inches of fast-moving flood water can knock people offtheir feet, and two feet of water will float acar.)

    If you are in a car, get out immediatelyand move to higher ground.

    Watch out for snakes in areas that wereflooded.

    Never play around high water, stormdrains, ditches, ravines or culverts.

    Throw away food that has come intocontact with flood waters...eating it couldmake you very sick.

    FloodsFloods are the most common and widespread of all natural hazards.

    Action Steps for Adults

    Know the terms used on the radio ortelevision that warn of potential floodingconditions:

    Flood/Flash Flood Watch: Flooding orflash flooding may occur within thedesignated WATCH area be alert.

    Flood/Flash Flood Warning: Flooding orflash flooding has been reported or isimminent take necessary precautionsat once.

    Find out if you live in a flood plain. Ifyou do, call your local emergency man-agement office or American Red Crosschapter to learn what types of suppliesshould be stored to protect your homefrom floodwater.

    Know the elevation of your property inrelation to nearby streams and dams sothat you will know if...

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