Clauses Pwp

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    CLAUSES

    Independent andSubordinate ClausesAdverb, Adjective,

    Noun Clauses

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    Independent Clause

    Another name for a sentenceHas a subject and a verbCompletes a thought

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    Dependent Clause -Subordinate Clause

    Has a subject and a verbDoes not complete a thought becauseit depends on the independent clauseto complete the thought

    May be an Adjective, Adverb, or NounClause

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    Adjective Clauses

    Relative Pronouns set off this type

    They follow the noun/pronoun they modifyRPs: Who, Whom, Whose, That, Which

    Ex. The educational systems of most SouthAmerican countries are different from the

    system that we are accustomed to in the UnitedStates.

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    Adverb Clauses

    Introduced by Subordinating Conjunctionsafter, although, as, as if, as long as, as soon as,because, before, if, in order that, since, sothat, than, though, unless, until, when,whenever, where, wherever, while

    Ex. If we have time, we should walk to the park.

    Modify Verbs, Adjectives, and otherAdverbs in the sentence

    Questions: How? When? Where? Under whatconditions?

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    Noun Clauses

    Subordinate Clause used as a NounGroup of words with a subject and a verb,

    that does not complete a thought, but actsas a part of the SentenceNoun clauses will become a major part ofthe independent clause, as is shown below.

    Nouns can function as the: Subject, PredicateNominative, Direct Object, or Indirect Objectof a sentenceEx. What we need is a sense of humor.

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    Simple Sentences

    One independent clause and NOdependent clauses.

    Ex. Doyle and I practiced our speeches.

    Ex. Reserve your seats now, and thenpay for the tickets tomorrow.Ex. I ate dinner and went to the club.

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    Compound Sentences

    A sentence composed of two or more

    independent clauses, but NO subordinateclauses.Joined by Conjunctions and ConjunctiveAdverbs: consequently, otherwise,

    therefore, nevertheless, however,moreover.Ex. We campaigned as hard as we could;nevertheless, our candidate lost.

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    Complex Sentences

    A sentence containing one independent

    clause and at least one subordinate clause.

    Ex. Until you have the cars oil changed, youmay not drive it.

    Ex. As I practiced my speech, I grew calmer.Ex. The driver braked so suddenly that the carbehind ours was forced to swerve.

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    Compound Complex Sentences

    A sentence that contains two or more

    independent clauses and at least onesubordinate clause.

    Ex. When the play was over, the castreturned to the stage, and we allapplauded.Ex. Before class started, I grewnervous, so I practiced my speech again.