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Text of Chile


Chapter 5 Spanish 1


Population: almost 16 million Capital: Santiago Government: republic Currency: Chilean Peso Language: Spanish

The Pacific coast Chiles Pacific coastline is 3, 728 miles long, but it is only 114 miles wide. The city of Vina del Mar is a destination for sunbathers

Moais More than 600 stone statues called moais are located on Easter Island in the Pacific Ocean. Easter Island is also known as Rapa Nui.

Santiago Santiago is Chiles capital It was founded in 1541 by Pedro de Valdivia The population is 5.5 million It lies at the foot of the Andes Mountains.

La cueca The national dance of Chile Represents the courtship between a rooster and hen.

El desierto de Atacama

The driest desert in the world

El Altiplano de los Andes en Chile The Chilean highlands Part of a large plateau in the Andes Mountains 14,763 feet above sea level Llamas, vicunas, granacos and alpacas are animals that live in this area.

El Parque Nacional Laguna San Rafael Located in Southern Chile Has an aquablue glacier

Los Torres y los Cuernos del Paine

These sharp peaks rise almost vertically from the plains below. Are 1242 miles south of Santiago.

La Isla Chiloe Vivid colors and wooden designs characterize the houses on this southern island.

Iquique This city in northern Chile has examples of mudejar architecture, an Arabic style introduced by the Spaniards.

New and Old

Colonial architecture contrasts with modern architecture in the capital city of Santiago, giving it a European feel.

El pastel de choclo Is a meat pie toped with mashed corn

Los mariscos Chileans eat a great variety of seafood from the Pacific Ocean. Curanto is a typical dish

La Fiesta de la Tirana The town of La Tirana near Iquique holds this major festival each July. The festival has its roots in Incan ceremonies, Chinese carnivals and Spanish fiestas.

Los mapuches The culture of the Mapuche people in southern Chile can be seen in their customs, handicrafts, traditional dress, and festivals. The Mapuches of central Chile successfully stopped the southern expansion of the Inca Empire at the Rio Maule. They are also known for their bravery in the struggle against Spanish and Chilean forces from the early 1500s to the 1800s

Pablo Neruda and Gabriela Mistral These two famous Chilean poets won a Nobel Prize in Literature.

Pedro Lira

Chilean artist that gained international fame for this painting, The Founding of Santiago.

Augusto Pinochet Sept 11,1973- the Chilean army overthrew the elected government of Salvador Allende. Chile was ruled by a dictatorship until 1990

Questions1. What objects are found on Easter Island? 2. When and by whom was Chiles capital founded? 3. What is Chiles national dance? 4. Which is the driest desert in the world? 5. What sharp peaks rise almost vertically from the plains below?

Questions1. What characteristics do the houses on the island of Chiloe have? 2. What is mudejar architecture? 3. What are the roots of the Fiesta de la Tirana? 4. How is the culture of the Mapuche people expressed?

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