Click here to load reader

Chapter 8 The Appendicular Skeleton Course objectives: List the bones of the appendicular skeleton Describe and identify the bones of the pectoral girdle

  • View
    224

  • Download
    3

Embed Size (px)

Text of Chapter 8 The Appendicular Skeleton Course objectives: List the bones of the appendicular skeleton...

  • Slide 1
  • Chapter 8 The Appendicular Skeleton Course objectives: List the bones of the appendicular skeleton Describe and identify the bones of the pectoral girdle Describe and identify the bones of the pelvic girdle
  • Slide 2
  • Appendicular Skeleton Includes the bones of the upper limb and their attachments to the axial skeleton at the pectoral girdle. Includes the bones of the lower limb and their attachments to the axial skeleton at the pelvic girdle.
  • Slide 3
  • Slide 4
  • Male vs Female Os coxae Significant differences exist between the male and female pelvis. pelvic outlet is enlarged due to in part greater separation of ischial spines less curvature of sacrum and coccyx which in males arcs into pelvic outlet wider more circular pelvic inlet relatively broad, low pelvis A broader pubic angle in between pubic bones > 100
  • Slide 31
  • Male Female
  • Slide 32
  • True vs. False pelvis False pelvis = area within entire pelvic girdle True pelvis = area below pelvic brim
  • Slide 33
  • Lower limb Consists of: Femur Thigh = hip to the knee Tibia and fibula Leg = knee to foot Foot
  • Slide 34
  • Slide 35
  • Femur Thigh landmarks Longest, strongest, largest bone in body Head Neck Greater and lesser trochanter Medial and lateral condyle Medial and lateral epicondyle Linea aspera
  • Slide 36
  • Patella knee cap landmarks Base Apex Articular surfaces
  • Slide 37
  • Lower leg technically the distance between the knee and ankle Bones of the leg: tibia (shin bone) and fibula (lateral leg bone) Consists of the: Tibia (shin bone) Fibula Interosseuos membrane connects tibia and fibula along their length
  • Slide 38
  • Slide 39
  • Tibia landmarks Medial and lateral condyle Tibial tuberosity Medial malleolus (medial bulge of ankle) Anterior border (crest) is the shin
  • Slide 40
  • Distal End of Tibia
  • Slide 41
  • Slide 42
  • Fibula landmarks Fibula is lateral bone of the leg Head Lateral malleolus (lateral bulge of ankle)
  • Slide 43
  • Slide 44
  • The foot Includes the bones of the; -Tarsus -Metatarsus Phalanges Functions -support of the body -lever for walking or running
  • Slide 45
  • Slide 46
  • Tarsal bones Talus Calcaneous
  • Slide 47
  • Metatarsals and Phalanges Are all long bones Metatarsals numbered 1-5 Phalanges consist of proximal, middle and distal bones in all but big toe Big toe or great toe is Hallux
  • Slide 48
  • Tarsal bones (Ankle)

Search related