Caucasian Shepherd Dog

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  • 8/13/2019 Caucasian Shepherd Dog


    Caucasian Shepherd | A Massive Prison

    Guard DogHome Caucasian Shepherd | A Massive Prison Guard Dog

    Caucasian Shepherd Dog Breed

    The Caucasian shepherd is admittedly one of the ferocious dog breeds. In keeping

    with its temperament and character, the Caucasian shepherd is a massive looking dog

    with strong and muscular body. The steadfast loyalty and unwavering dedication of

    this dog has made it an ideal police and guard dog throughout Europe and the

    erstwhile Soviet Union member states. This dog is known as Caucasian Shepherd in

    Europe and as Caucasian Mountain Dog in America and Caucasian Ovcharka in

    Russia. Their life expectancy is 11 to 12 years.The Caucasian shepherd dog is

    recognized by the FCI as a guard and watch dog and their present population is now

    estimated to be between 200 and 300. In late 2010 an application was submitted for

    recognition of these dogs by the Kennel Club.

    Table Of Contents

    Origin of the Caucasian Shepherd

    Appearance of the breed Temperament

    Living Conditions

    Successful Ownership of Caucasian Shepherds

    Obedience Training

    Grooming your Canine

    Conclusion of the Dog Breed
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    Caucasian Shepherd are used asRussian Prison Guard Dogsas well. The duties

    include protection, deterring criminal behavior, as well as searching for prisoners.

    Origin It is believed that Caucasian Shepherd Dog has originated from ancient breedof dogs from the Caucasian Range and the steppe regions of Southern Russia.

    Historically Caucasian Shepherd dogs were trained for guarding and safe-keeping of

    herds, flocks and human dwellings from beasts of prey and predators and strangers.

    For ages, Caucasian dogs were completely isolated from others and confined to the

    role of safeguarding shepherd. The present day Caucasian has evolved from the

    aboriginal dogs of the Caucasus, and it is believed that some inventive breeders may

    have infused blood from a number of Molloser breeds.There is also the presumption

    that the ancestor of the Caucasian shepherd dog could be the Tibetan Dog, though it is

    not the present day the Tibetan Mastiff, which is an English cloning of the ancient

    dog. The history of the contemporary Caucasian shepherd dog is around 2,500 yearsold.

    Dagestan region, being a Eurasian point with its peculiar historical, social and

    geographical characteristics created this completely unique breed of Caucasian

    shepherd dogs which ideally fulfilled the local environmental conditions.

    Originating from this point the ways of the Caucasian breed and its Asian counterpart

    went their different ways. They appeared as separated brothers brought up in different

    conditions. Endowed with the necessary physical characteristics, these dogs were

    trained and used to protect from two enemiesthe wolf and strangers.
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    The Caucasian shepherd dog is recognized by the FCI as a guard and watch dog and

    their present population is now estimated to be between 200 and 300. In late 2010 an

    application was submitted for recognition by the Kennel Club.


    Caucasian Shepherd Dogs have strong bones, muscular build, a relatively short coat

    and tall-looking with a light physique. Most of them weigh around 120 to 160 pounds.

    The average height of a male dog is 29 inches and bitches are 26 inches.

    They have a bear-look face, deeply set dark oval shaped eyes, round-shaped cropped

    ears and lowly placed long tail. They possess a thick and water resistant double coat

    and mostly found in shades of gray, brindle, yellow, rust, red or white.

    In general, the well-bred Caucasian dog is robust and healthy. As with other large

    breeds, the Caucasian should be at a minimum screened for hip and elbow dysplasia.

    Hip and elbow dysplasia does afflict more than 50% of the breed and hence breeders

    should provide copies of OFA/Penn Hip elbow and hip evaluations to prospective



    The Caucasian shepherd was predominantly used to protect livestock because of their

    temperament. This breed is assertive, brave, alert, strong-willed, and daring. Unless

    properly trained to behave, the Caucasian shepherd can be unruly, ferocious and

    unmanageable. It resents strangers but has a powerful urge to defend its owner, their

    family members, children, cats, other dogs.;They are formidable and zealous guardians of their owners and their families and who

    can by default hate strangers and so caution is recommended. The Caucasian dog is

    fiercely suspicious and even hostile and aggressive towards any strangers including

    dog show referees. This dog needs a lot of socializing and training. It communicates

    its displeasure with growling and occasionally biting.

    Living conditions

    The Caucasian shepherd is not at ease living in an apartment or in-house. They need

    a lot of space to roam around and you must be prepared to provide a large yard. You

    must allow this breed of dog safely run free in an open area.

    Its thick coat protects it admirably well against weather conditions and it can

    effortlessly cope with living out-doorsbut there must be a proper shelter. They

    should be taken out for a long walk when you can make the stretch and heel.

    Dogs of this breed are generally robust, healthy and with fewer complaints. Some of

    the common ailments are hip dysplasia, obesity and occasional cardiac problems. Its

    recommended that a joint supplement for dogs is used to avoid hip and bone issues.

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    Pictured above is a Caucasian Shepherd during protection training. When trained

    correctly and by professional trainers, this breed of dog makes an excellent guard dog.

    Successful Ownership

    The breed is notoriously famous for its uncanny ability to discriminate between real

    threat and harmless interference. Rather, the Caucasian shepherd dog is able toexercise sound judgment provided he has been given the proper socialization, dog

    training, and experience on which to base this judgment.

    Socialization, training, discipline, control are the key factors to successful ownership

    of the Caucasian shepherd dog in todays fast-paced society. Training of Caucasian

    shepherd dog must be firm, patient, and persistentBut the Caucasian dog breed is

    one of the most willing and compliant of the flock guardians and is therefore very


    These dogs need to be trained to obey, especially walk alongside you when going out

    and follow the commands Sit Stand Wait Stop Eat No Heel etc.

    Obedience Training

    Several years of formal obedience training beginning right from early puppy days is

    necessary. You should allow your dog to participate in family activities and should

    accompany it 2 to 3 times per week for a quick jaunt to the bank or grocery. Your

    Caucasian should receive consistent, exposure to the outside world, so that he may

    grow up to be a law-abiding canine citizen.

    The Caucasian shepherd dog belongs to a very peculiar breed and needs a verythorough approach to its training. You should remember that the only assured base
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    for training is a good relationship with your dog and the only means allowed is an

    emotional bonding. To make your training task easier you should start to train the

    puppy when it is 7 or 8 months old. However, the training should be restricted to

    teaching obedience! Once properly socialized and well trained, the Caucasian dog is

    gentle and loving with their owner and his/her family. It also behaves responsibly

    with quiet, well-behaved children.

    GroomingThese breeds possess two different varieties of coatsthe short-haired and the long-

    haired. The coat of the long-haired variety requires regular brushing and you must pay

    special attention to the spots where tangles may occur. The short-haired variety

    requires infrequent grooming, but should still be combed and brushed.


    Please understand that owning and controlling a Caucasian shepherd dog is an

    intimidating task. This fiercely independent and brutally strong-willed dog will obey

    and respect only a dominating an equally strong-willed owner. Highly intelligent, theCaucasian Shepherd Dog will find many inventive ways to get into trouble. It has a

    keen sense of hearing and is ever vigilant and alert to strange sounds. This means that

    the breed is often noisy and barks a lot, especially at night. You must carefully

    consider these traits and act suitably. Obedience training and early socialization is

    inescapable for this breed. If you are diffident about training and commanding this

    dog, then it is wise to stay away and opt for some gentler breeds of dogs.

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