CASE STUDY ON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT UNDER AGARTALA CITY
AGARTALA MUNICIPAL COUNCIL
Dr MILIND RAMTEKE, IAS CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER
AGARTALA MUNICIPALCOUNCIL AGARTALA, TRIPURA
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Description: Four Zones- South, North East and Central, Number of wards-35 Total Area- 58.84 Sq Km and Density of 6,251/Sq km (16,190/sq mi) . No of Households is- 90000 Present Chairperson- Dr.PrafullaJitSinha
Solid Waste Generation under Agartala Municipal council: 1. Municipal Solid Waste 2. Biomedical Waste MSW Generation and Composition of Agartala City:
Sources of Solid Waste Generation Quantity ( Tentative)
Waste Generated by Household waste/Kitchen Waste( door to door collection) 20 MT/Day
Waste Generated by Vegetable Markets, Fish Markets, Mandisetc 60 MT/Day
Waste generated by workshops/garages/electronic waste 4.5 MT/Day
Commercial waste (Hotels/shops/Institutions)15% 30 MT
Dead Animals/Carcasses 0.5 MT
Waste thrown on roads collected by Sweeping 125 MT
Drain silt 10 MT
Total Solid Waste Generation 250 MT/Day
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WasteGenerationStage PrimaryCollection SecondaryCollection&Transportation WasteTreatment Waste
WasteGeneration:House Holds, Commercial Waste,Street Sweeping Waste, Parks,Municipal waste from Hospitalsetc. Recovery of
Construction and Demolition(C&D)Waste: Consists of concrete &masonrywasteNonRecyclable
Biological TreatmentTechnologyAerobiccomposting,AnaerobicDecompositionmethods (Such as biomethanation)
Thermal TreatmentTechnologyIncineration,Gasification etc.
BulkGenerations:Market, Instutions, Hotals &Restaurants, Salughter HouseWasteetc.
Stages of Waste generation, collection, transport and disposal as per the Guidelines mentioned in the SWM Toolkit given by Urban development Ministry, Government of India.
Primary Collection of Municipal Solid Waste under AMC- Primary collection is the practice of waste collection from its very source of generation. Primary collection includes house to house for door to door collection, collection of waste from commercial units like shops, hotels and restaurants.
House to house garbage collection is being done by various NGOs using tri-cycles at present. 52 No of NGOs who engage about 150 Tri-Cycle Pullers at present. NGOs charge Rs. 30/house/month as user fee. Present coverage is only 30 to 40% which is not satisfactory and due to which there are lot of complaints from people.
Problems in implementing door to door collection:
Primary collection system (door to door collection) is not efficient Coverage is only 30%.
NGO service is not on daily basis and is notregular and collect garbage from houses only for two to three days in a week.
Lot of garbage is generated on the road, drains, footpaths as the people throw garbage on the roads and inside open drains due to improper system.
There are lotof complaints from citizens regarding lack of proper door to door garbage collection service.
This also adds extra financial burden to Agartala Municipal Council: Each year AMC takes up drain cleaning which involves Rs. 15 to 20 lakh for wages of labor for drain clearance.This incurs extra expenditure for Agartala Municipal Council for secondary collection as about 40 no of garbage collecting vehicles move in the city twice/thrice daily on all the roads of the city except the narrow lanes or gullies for garbage collection in order to keep the city clean and garbage free. Result is huge amount of fuel bill for Agartala Municipal Council to the tune of Rs. 20-22 lakhs per month i.e. Rs2.50 Crore per year.
Agartala Municipal Council is losing trust in the eyes of people.
Secondary collection of Municipal Solid Waste under AMC:
Agartala Municipal Council has placed more than 500 number of medium(1.1 cu meter) and large size(4.5 cu. Meter) Bins/containers by the side of major roads and in market and commercial areas. Daily more than 400 sweeping staff sweep the roads and market areas and garbage is collected in above said bins. One sweeping machine is also engaged for sweeping roads where there is footpath by the side of road.
Problems with secondary collection:
Relatively large quantity of garbage is generated on the roads and from the drains as most of the people throw their garbage on the roads or inside the open drains due to lack of eff