CASE STUDY ON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT UNDER AGARTALA case study on solid waste management under agartala city agartala municipal council by dr milind ramteke, ias chief executive officer

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    CASE STUDY ON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT UNDER AGARTALA CITY

    AGARTALA MUNICIPAL COUNCIL

    BY

    Dr MILIND RAMTEKE, IAS CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER

    AGARTALA MUNICIPALCOUNCIL AGARTALA, TRIPURA

  • C

    Brief i

    Agartalin NorthAgartalAgartalcity is 3literacyrate.Ththan oncontainthe cityarea buvariousplannedriver inactuallytheBan488sq.ksurrounNH-44. Businesfacility.

    CASE STU

    introduc

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    UDY ON

    ction of A

    capital of dia afterGthe bank

    mples and with aroung to 2011aureate Inlso built adents and d in a neg981 Agartaong with i11 with an. Agartalaes in Baraborder. Tcity ofAg

    specificallyCapital & rial, Educa

    SOLID WAGAR

    Agartala

    theIndiaGuwahati,bk ofHaora Rpalaces. A

    nd one lakh1 census indian poeta house th the histor

    gligible devala startedits city arn additiona city liesamura Hilhe river

    gartala is y making Main Cityational &

    2

    WASTE MRTALA CI

    a City:

    an stateoboth in mRiverand isAs per 201h migratinis 93.88, htRabindranhat still exric storiesvelopment d to expanrea with 5

    nal of 92 sqs on the lls and mebasin calocated

    it look liky of TripurHealth Ce

    AgartalaCapital 1838 ADManikyaMunicipaduring tManikyaPolitical appointewas offeChairmaThe Munwas estabecame Maharaja1940s.ThCapital o15th Oct

    MANAGEITY

    fTripuraandmunicipal s located 11 censusng populathigher thanath Tago

    xists. The hs of Agarta progress d and incr58.84 sq kq kmHaorbanks oferges into

    atchment at lower

    ke asaucerra State a

    enter havin

    aMunicipaAgartala

    D by Maha (1830-4ality was the reign

    a (1862-96Agent,

    ed for hillered the an of the nicipal Admablished in

    a planna BirBikhis erstwof Tripuratober 1949

    EMENT U

    d is seconarea and

    2 km from, Populatiotion daily. an the naore visited historical ala. From with onlyrease its ckm, greatra is the mf the Haoo the Titasarea is aelevations

    r.Agartala and also Ang Airpor

    al Coun(new) wa

    haraja Kri49 AD). T

    institutedof Maha

    6 AD). ThMr. A.

    l Tipprah honour Agartala

    ministration 1874 A.Dned city kraManikyawhile Pra merged 9.

    UNDER

    nd largest d populatmBangladon of Agar Percentag

    ational lite the city mbook Raja1901 to 1

    y a 8 sq kmconnectiviter Agartal

    most impororaRiver,ws River acapproximas than ais Located

    Administrart and Rail

    ncil(AMC)s foundedishna KishThe Agar

    d in 1871raja Chan

    he 1st Bri.W.B. Poin 1871 of being Municipa

    on in AgarD and the by the taBahadur rincely Swith India

    city tion.

    desh. rtala ge of racy

    more amal 1971 m or ty in la is rtant hich

    cross ately areas d on

    ative, lway

    :The d in hore rtala AD ndra itish ower AD, the

    ality. rtala city then in

    State a on

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    Description: Four Zones- South, North East and Central, Number of wards-35 Total Area- 58.84 Sq Km and Density of 6,251/Sq km (16,190/sq mi) . No of Households is- 90000 Present Chairperson- Dr.PrafullaJitSinha

    Solid Waste Generation under Agartala Municipal council: 1. Municipal Solid Waste 2. Biomedical Waste MSW Generation and Composition of Agartala City:

    Sources of Solid Waste Generation Quantity ( Tentative)

    Waste Generated by Household waste/Kitchen Waste( door to door collection) 20 MT/Day

    Waste Generated by Vegetable Markets, Fish Markets, Mandisetc 60 MT/Day

    Waste generated by workshops/garages/electronic waste 4.5 MT/Day

    Commercial waste (Hotels/shops/Institutions)15% 30 MT

    Dead Animals/Carcasses 0.5 MT

    Waste thrown on roads collected by Sweeping 125 MT

    Drain silt 10 MT

    Total Solid Waste Generation 250 MT/Day

  • FcollectiogarbageThe secsweepingarbageby the regular collectiosolid wathe genwhere tetc maras there

    From the on of Mue) under Acondary cng and clee. In fact tpeople on and creon) systemaste genernerated gathere are lrkets. Thee are no m

    50%

    above pieunicipal SAgartala citcollection weaning actthis garban the roadedible Prim under Arated fromarbage. Thlarge num

    e extent ofmajor indu

    4%

    MSWC

    e-diagramSolid Wasty is muchwhich inctivity, amo

    age is nothds and insimary garAgartala M

    m the markhe reason

    mber of bigf industriastries insi

    12%

    1

    0%

    Composi

    4

    mme it is ste(door toh less thancludes theounts to a

    hing but thside the oprbage col

    Municipal kets and m for this ig , mediumal and elecde Agartal

    20%

    2%

    2%

    itionin

    noticed to door cn that of the garbage about halfhe same gpen drainllection( dcouncil. A

    mandis comis that Agm and smactronic wala City.

    %

    AgaralaWaswastdoorWasMaretcWasworkwastCom(Hot

    Dead

    Wascolle

    Drai

    that extenollection he secondgeneratedf of the da

    garbage whs due to ldoor to Also the qumprises abgartala is all vegetabaste is alm

    acitysteGeneratedte/KitchenWarcollection)steGeneratedkets,FishMar

    stegeneratedbkshops/garagete

    mmercialwastetels/shops/Inst

    dAnimals/Carc

    stethrownonrectedbySweep

    nsilt

    nt of primof house

    dary collectd on roadsaily generhich is thrlack of prdoor garbuantity of

    bout 20% othe main ble, fish, mmost neglig

    byHouseholdste(doorto

    byVegetablekets,Mandis

    byes/electronic

    etitutions)15%

    casses

    roadspingofroads

    mary hold tion. s by rated rown oper bage f the of all city meat gible

  • 5

    WasteGenerationStage PrimaryCollection SecondaryCollection&Transportation WasteTreatment Waste

    WasteGeneration:House Holds, Commercial Waste,Street Sweeping Waste, Parks,Municipal waste from Hospitalsetc. Recovery of

    Recyclablewaste

    Construction and Demolition(C&D)Waste: Consists of concrete &masonrywasteNonRecyclable

    StreetSweeping

    DoortoDoorCollection

    BulkCollectionfromMarkets,Institution,HotelsandRestaurants,BoardingHouseetc

    DrainClearingSludge

    Biological TreatmentTechnologyAerobiccomposting,AnaerobicDecompositionmethods (Such as biomethanation)

    Thermal TreatmentTechnologyIncineration,Gasification etc.

    BulkGenerations:Market, Instutions, Hotals &Restaurants, Salughter HouseWasteetc.

    DisposalinSanitaryLandfill

    Stages of Waste generation, collection, transport and disposal as per the Guidelines mentioned in the SWM Toolkit given by Urban development Ministry, Government of India.

    CommunityCollectionBins(DPcontainers)/RefuseCompactors/Dhalaos

    TransferStatio

    n(toecono

    mize

    wastetransportatio

    n)

    Inertw

    astere

    coveryth

    ough

    Physic

    alScreening

    and

    man

    ufacturin

    gbu

    ildingmate(ECO

    Bricks)

    Or

  • 6

    Primary Collection of Municipal Solid Waste under AMC- Primary collection is the practice of waste collection from its very source of generation. Primary collection includes house to house for door to door collection, collection of waste from commercial units like shops, hotels and restaurants.

    House to house garbage collection is being done by various NGOs using tri-cycles at present. 52 No of NGOs who engage about 150 Tri-Cycle Pullers at present. NGOs charge Rs. 30/house/month as user fee. Present coverage is only 30 to 40% which is not satisfactory and due to which there are lot of complaints from people.

    Problems in implementing door to door collection:

    Primary collection system (door to door collection) is not efficient Coverage is only 30%.

    NGO service is not on daily basis and is notregular and collect garbage from houses only for two to three days in a week.

    Lot of garbage is generated on the road, drains, footpaths as the people throw garbage on the roads and inside open drains due to improper system.

    There are lotof complaints from citizens regarding lack of proper door to door garbage collection service.

    This also adds extra financial burden to Agartala Municipal Council: Each year AMC takes up drain cleaning which involves Rs. 15 to 20 lakh for wages of labor for drain clearance.This incurs extra expenditure for Agartala Municipal Council for secondary collection as about 40 no of garbage collecting vehicles move in the city twice/thrice daily on all the roads of the city except the narrow lanes or gullies for garbage collection in order to keep the city clean and garbage free. Result is huge amount of fuel bill for Agartala Municipal Council to the tune of Rs. 20-22 lakhs per month i.e. Rs2.50 Crore per year.

    Agartala Municipal Council is losing trust in the eyes of people.

    TriCyclepuller(NGO)collectingdoortodoorgarbage

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    Secondary collection of Municipal Solid Waste under AMC:

    Agartala Municipal Council has placed more than 500 number of medium(1.1 cu meter) and large size(4.5 cu. Meter) Bins/containers by the side of major roads and in market and commercial areas. Daily more than 400 sweeping staff sweep the roads and market areas and garbage is collected in above said bins. One sweeping machine is also engaged for sweeping roads where there is footpath by the side of road.

    Problems with secondary collection:

    Relatively large quantity of garbage is generated on the roads and from the drains as most of the people throw their garbage on the roads or inside the open drains due to lack of eff