Capsicum South Korea

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Provisional final import risk analysis report for fresh greenhouse-grown capsicum (paprika) fruit from the Republic of Korea

May 2009

Commonwealth of Australia 2009 This work is copyright. You may download, display, print and reproduce this material in unaltered form only (retaining this notice) for your personal, non-commercial use or use within your organisation. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, all other rights are reserved. Inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to Communications Manager, Biosecurity Australia, or e-mailed to ba@biosecurity.gov.au. Cite this report as: Biosecurity Australia (2009) Provisional final import risk analysis report for fresh greenhouse-grown capsicum (paprika) fruit from the Republic of Korea. Biosecurity Australia, Canberra. The Australian Government acting through Biosecurity Australia has exercised due care and skill in preparing and compiling the information in this publication. Notwithstanding, Biosecurity Australia, its employees and advisers disclaim all liability to the maximum extent permitted by law, including liability for negligence, for any loss, damage, injury, expense or cost incurred by any person as a result of accessing, using or relying upon any of the information in this publication. Postal address: Biosecurity Australia GPO Box 858 CANBERRA ACT 2601 AUSTRALIA Internet: www.biosecurityaustralia.gov.au

Cover image: Fresh greenhouse-grown capsicum fruit from Chollabuk-do Province, the Republic of Korea. Photographed by Biosecurity Australia officer, June 2007.

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Provisional final IRA report for fresh capsicum fruit from Korea

Contents

ContentsTable and figures...................................................................................................... 3 Acronyms and abbreviations .................................................................................. 5 Summary ................................................................................................................... 7 11.1 1.2

Introduction .................................................................................................. 9Australias biosecurity policy framework.....................................................................9 This import risk analysis .............................................................................................9

22.1 2.2 2.3

Method for pest risk analysis.................................................................... 13Stage 1: Initiation......................................................................................................13 Stage 2: Pest risk assessment .................................................................................14 Stage 3: Pest risk management ...............................................................................21

33.1 3.2

The Republic of Koreas commercial production practices for greenhouse-grown capsicum fruit ........................................................... 23Assumptions used to estimate unrestricted risk .......................................................23 Commercial production practices .............................................................................23

44.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6

Pest risk assessments for quarantine pests ........................................... 31Quarantine pests for pest risk assessment ..............................................................31 White peach scale ....................................................................................................32 Thrips .......................................................................................................................38 Pepper vein chlorosis and pepper vein mosaic viruses............................................41 Potyviruses ...............................................................................................................47 Pest risk assessment conclusion..............................................................................52

55.1 5.2

Pest risk management............................................................................... 55Pest risk management measures and phytosanitary procedures.............................55 Review of policy .......................................................................................................58

Appendix A: Initiation and pest categorisation for phytosanitary pests .......... 61 Appendix B: Additional data for quarantine pests ............................................. 85 Appendix C: Biosecurity framework.................................................................... 89 Glossary .................................................................................................................. 95 References .............................................................................................................. 99

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Provisional final IRA report for fresh capsicum fruit from Korea

Tables and figures

TablesTable 2.1: Table 2.2: Table 2.3: Table 2.4: Table 2.5: Table 4.1: Table 4.2: Table 5.1: Nomenclature for qualitative likelihoods .......................................................16 Matrix of rules for combining qualitative likelihoods......................................17 Decision rules for determining the consequence impact score.....................19 Decision rules for determining the overall consequence rating for .................. each pest......................................................................................................19 Risk estimation matrix...................................................................................20 Quarantine pests for fresh greenhouse-grown capsicum fruit from .................. the Republic of Korea..................................................................................31 Summary of pest risk assessments for quarantine pests of fresh ................... greenhouse-grown capsicum fruit from the Republic of Korea ....................53 Phytosanitary measures recommended for quarantine pests of ...................... fresh greenhouse-grown capsicum fruit from the Republic of Korea............55

FiguresFigure 3.1: Figure 3.2: Figure 3.3: Figure 3.4: Figure 3.5: Figure 3.6: Figure 3.7: Figure 3.8: Figure 3.9: Figure 3.10: Figure 3.11: Provinces, major cities and production areas for greenhouse-......................... grown capsicum in the Republic of Korea ....................................................24 Venlo-type greenhouse capsicum production ..............................................25 Irrigation system and growing medium ready for planting ............................26 Seedlings being planted in the main cultivation greenhouse .......................26 Capsicums being harvested at a greenhouse near Namwon City, ................... Chollabuk-do Province ................................................................................27 Packing house for capsicums near Gimjae City in Chollabuk-do ..................... Province ......................................................................................................27 Capsicums boxed for export.........................................................................28 Premium capsicums for the domestic market ..............................................28 NPQS officer inspecting a capsicum externally for export ...........................29 NPQS officer inspecting a capsicum internally for export ............................29 Schematic layout of a packing house...........................................................30

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Provisional final IRA report for fresh capsicum fruit from Korea

Map of Australia

Map of Australia

Tropic of Capricorn

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Provisional final IRA report for fresh capsicum fruit from Korea

Acronyms and abbreviations

Acronyms and abbreviationsTerm or abbreviationALOP APPD AQIS BA CABI DAFF DAFWA EPPO FAO ICON IPC IPPC IRA IRAAP ISPM NPPO NPQS NSW NT pH PFA PRA Qld SA SPS Tas. Vic. WA WTO

DefinitionAppropriate level of protection Australian Plant Pest Database (Plant Health Australia) Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service Biosecurity Australia CAB International, Wallingford, UK Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations AQIS Import Conditions database International phytosanitary certificate International Plant Protection Convention Import Risk Analysis Import Risk Analysis Appeals Panel International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures National Plant Protection Organization National Plant Quarantine Service, Republic of Korea New South Wales Northern Territory The measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution Pest free area Pest risk analysis Queensland South Australia Sanitary and phytosanitary Tasmania Victoria Western Australia World Trade Organization

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Provisional final IRA report for fresh capsicum fruit from Korea

Acronyms and abbreviations

Abbreviations of unitsTerm or abbreviation C cm g h ha kg km m Definition degree Celsius centimetre grams hour hectare kilogram kilometre metre micrometre (one millionth of a metre) millimetre nanometre (one billionth of a metre) tonnes

mm nm t

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Provisional final IRA report for fresh capsicum fruit from Korea

Summary

SummaryBiosecurity Australia is undertaking an import risk analysis to assess a proposal from the Republic of Korea for market access to Australia for fresh paprika fruit. In Australia, paprika is known as capsicum. Australia has existing quarantine policy that a