By Megan Lynch The Baroque Period. Baroque Overview Flourished between 1600-1750 Flourished between 1600-1750 Brought an increased naturalism to Western

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  • The Baroque PeriodBy Megan Lynch

  • Baroque OverviewFlourished between 1600-1750Brought an increased naturalism to Western artBrought a new level of emotionalism to Western artDriven by the wealth of the middle classBaroque is associated with the following features:OrnatenessSpatial GrandeurTheatrical Flamboyance

  • Baroque PaintingOriginated in ItalyArtists worked to make the viewer feel as if they were participating in the scene by increasing the expressiveness, especially in religious artNature was copied instead of idealizedArtists included:CaravaggioGentileschiFeatures included:Asymmetric compositionsStrong contrasts of light and darkVigorous brushstrokesBold, illusionistic effects

  • Caravaggio (1571-1610)Leading Italian painter of the 17th centuryRecreated Christian narratives like they were happening in recognizable placesUsed:Strong light and dark contrastsTheatrical gesturesForeshadowingNaturalismPinwheel arrangement of peopleWork included:The Supper at EmmausThe Crucifixion of Saint Peter

  • Artemisia Gentileschi (1593-1653)Italian female painter following CaravaggioChallenged female tradition by swaying away from typical female subjects like portraits and still livesSubjects were usually biblical heroines in violent sceneryUsed:Realistic figuresContrast in light and darkCompositions brought viewer up closePinwheel arrangement of figuresForeshadowingIntensityWork included:Judith Slaying Holofernes

  • Baroque SculptureConveyed dramatic movement and a physical energy by manipulating space and lightThe favorite ornamental structure was the fountains, which included dolphins, mermaids, and tritonsSculptors included:Bernini

  • Gianlorenzo Bernini (1598-1680) One of the top sculptors of the 17th centuryUnder his construction, Rome became the City of FountainsFlamboyant styleUsed:NaturalismDramatic movementIntensityTheatrical effectSculptures included:DavidThe Ecstasy of Saint Teresa

  • Baroque ArchitectureCharacterized by:Dynamic spatial contrastInventive illusionsItalian baroque churches were designed in such a way to reflect ideals of Catholic ReformationExample: I1 Gesu in Rome designed by Giacomo da Vignola Became sacred drama housesBaroque church features:Broad Latin naveDomed crossingsRecessed chapelsArchitects included:BerniniCompleted the Piazza (public area in front of Saint Peters Basilica)Shaped in a keyholeCourtyard bounded by a colonnadeDevotional church activities still practiced hereBorrominiPozzo

  • Francesco Borromini (1599-1667) Most daring baroque architectDesigned:San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (small monastic church) Deeply cut decorative elements Oval floor plan and domeApex is an illusion to look as if it were deeper than it actually is

  • Andrea Pozzo (1642-1709) Linear perspective masterDramatic foreshadowing masterDesigned:Church of Sant'Ignazio in Rome Illusion ceiling appeared as if it were opening up to the heavens

  • Religion during the Baroque PeriodA synthesis of the arts promoted the religious beliefs of Catholics and Protestants Religious fervor reached a climax during this period, as the Protestant-Catholic conflict in Europe erupted in the 30 years war

  • Baroque MusicRome and Venice is were baroque music flourishedGiovanni di Palestrina (1525-1594) created polyphonic Masses and motets which featured skillful counterpoints, clear texts, and regular rhythmsGiovanni Gabrieli (1555-1612) created polychoral compositions which gave way to orchestra styleOpera was the most extreme expression of baroque musicClaudio Monteverdi (1567-1643) Created opera by integrating drama, music, visual arts and musicWrote madrigals, ballets and operasGreatest Italian composer of the 17th centuryComposed Orfeo, the first full length operaThe first opera house was built in Venice in 1637

  • Similarities: Baroque Music & ArtA wide range of musical dynamics comparable to the stark contrasts of light and dark Echo effects created from offstage voices comparable to the illusionism of Baroque art Tonality provided dramatic focus in music comparable to light providing dramatic focus on a composition

  • Science During the Baroque PeriodDiscoveries in the sciences allowed humankind to better understand the natural universe Foundations developed for: Analytical GeometryProbabilityIntegral calculusSome great scientists included:Galileo KeplerEngaged in the study of astronomyDeveloped the laws of planetary motion

  • GalileoDiscovered a number of natural lawsGravityUniform accelerated motionOscillation Invented the microscopeConstructed a telescopeObserved the planetsv

  • The Baroque PeriodBy Megan Lynch

    Welcome to the Baroque period.