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Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

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Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary. Essential Question…. How do I think about, plan, and deliver instruction so that students can learn it faster and keep it longer? . Robert Marzano. Learning new content is strongly correlated to students’ background knowledge about a subject. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Page 1: Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

Page 2: Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

Essential Question…• How do I think about, plan, and deliver

instruction so that students can learn it faster and keep it longer?

Page 3: Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

Robert Marzano• Learning new content is strongly

correlated to students’ background knowledge about a subject.

• Background knowledge is a predictor of success in school.

Page 4: Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

Know – Want to Know – LearnKnow Want to Know Learned

Page 5: Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

Strategies to Build Background Knowledge• Picture Walks• Advanced Organizers• Using Picture Books• Tea Party Strategy• Word Webs• List, Group, Label• Rate Your Knowledge• Predicting ABCs• Wordsplash

Page 6: Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

Picture Walks• Scan picture books• Looking for patterns, features• Record notes• Unknown vocabulary• Discuss observations

Page 7: Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

Advanced Organizers• Graphic Organizers – perhaps the most

common way to help students generate nonlinguistic representations

• Combine linguistic mode in that they use words and phrases, and the nonlinguistic mode in that they use symbols and arrows to represent relationships

Page 8: Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

Using Picture Books• Particularly effective when the students

do not have background knowledge• Gives base information• Visuals are engaging• Make predictions

Page 9: Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

Picture Books• Casey Over There – World War I• The Butter Battle Book – Cold War• Mercedes and the Chocolate Pilot – Berlin Airlift• Pie Biter – Transcontinental Railroad• Seaman’s Journal: On the Trail with Lewis and Clark – US

Expansion• George Did It – Setting the Precedent for the Presidency• The Great Migration – Migration of African Americans from the

South to the North, beginning around World War I

Page 10: Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

Tea Party Strategy• Engaging reading strategy – helps

students activate background knowledge, anticipate what the will read, make predictions before they read, and make connections to information

Page 11: Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

Word Webs• Visual organizers to help students build

background knowledge

American Indians

Shelter

Food MiscellaneousInformation

Clothing

Transportation

Page 12: Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

List, Group, Label• List essential words…• Categorize the words…• Defend categorize…

Page 13: Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

RateYour Knowledge• Graphic Organizer – used for prior

knowledge to assess students’ familiarity with words and give them a purpose for reading

• Builds confidence before reading because they recognize the words before beginning text

Page 14: Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

Predicting ABCs• Help students activate and build

background knowledge and make predictions about the content of the material they will be reading.

• Helps set a purpose for reading.

Page 15: Building Background Knowledge and Vocabulary

Wordsplash• Students make predictions about the text, make

connections among the words, and generates interest.– Students examine words and predict how the words are

related to one another and to the topic – Write statements showing relationships prior to reading.– Read the text and see if their predictions were accurate.– After reading, revise statements to include accurate

information.