Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel. Purity. Mauryan Art. The rule of the Mauryan empire marked a period of promotion in the Field of art and architecture. They included, Stupas:- They are solid domes built of bricks and stones . They are said to contain the relics of Buddha. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Dharmachakra Eight-Spoke Wheel
PurityMauryan ArtThe rule of the Mauryan empire marked a period
of promotion in the Field of art and architecture. They
included,Stupas:-They are solid domes built of bricks and stones .
They are said to contain the relics of Buddha.
The word "pagoda" derives from the Sanskrit word bhagavat (cf.
the book Bhagavatgita) "holy".
Very Old Stupa in Modern Pakistan
Pagoda in Burma
Touching the earth as Gautama did, to invoke the earth as
witness to the truth of his words.
Dharmachakra MudraThe gesture of teaching usually interpreted as
turning the Wheel of Law. The hands are held level with the heart,
the thumbs and index fingers form circles
Jnana MudraTeaching. The hand is held at chest level and the
thumb and index finger again form the Wheel of Law.
Fulfillment of all wishes; the gesture of charity.
Intellectual argument, discussion. The circle formed by the
thumb and index finger is the sign of the Wheel of Law.
The gesture of absolute balance, of meditation. The hands are
relaxed in the lap, and the tips of the thumbs and fingers touch
each other. When depicted with a begging bowl this is a sign of the
head of an order.
Gesture of reassurance, blessing, and protection. "Do not
The Fasting Buddha from modern day Afghanistan.
Ashoka (Asoka)Ashoka was no revolutionary. Rather than India
changing politically, Buddhism was changing. In the years to come,
Ashoka mixed his Buddhism with material concerns that served the
Buddha's original desire to see suffering among people mitigated:
Ashoka had wells dug, irrigation canals and roads constructed. He
had rest houses built along roads, hospitals built, public gardens
planted and medicinal herbs grown. But Ashoka maintained his army,
and he maintained the secret police and network of spies that he
had inherited as a part of his extensive and powerful bureaucracy.
He kept his hold over Kalinga, and he did not allow the thousands
of people abducted from Kalinga to return there. He announced his
intention to "look kindly" upon all his subjects, as was common
among kings, and he offered the people of Kalinga a victor's
conciliation, erecting a monument in Kalinga which read: All men
are my children, and I, the king, forgive what can be forgiven.
Range of Buddhist missionary work under Ashoka.
Buddhist statue from the Mauryan period. Note the relief on the
base of the pedestal. The Buddhas first sermon was preached in Deer
Park in Varanasi hence the deer in the scene.Siddharthas first five
disciples are shown giving reverence to a wheel a symbol of the
Buddhas head done in the Greek style
Buddha wearing a Greek toga.
Heracles protecting the Buddha
Carving of the Buddha on the capital of a Greek Corinthian