of 25 /25
Buddhist Art

Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Embed Size (px)

Citation preview

Page 1: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Buddhist Art

Page 2: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel

Page 3: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Purity

Page 4: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Mauryan Art•  The rule of the Mauryan 

empire marked a period of promotion in the Field of art and architecture. They included,

Stupas:- • They are solid domes built 

of bricks and stones . They are said to contain the relics of Buddha.

Page 5: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

The word "pagoda" derives from the Sanskrit word bhagavat (cf. the book Bhagavatgita) "holy".

Page 6: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Very Old Stupa in Modern Pakistan

Page 7: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Pagoda in Burma

Page 8: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Chinese Pagoda

Page 9: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Bhumisparsa Mudra

Touching the earth as Gautama did, to invoke the earth as witness to the truth of his words.

Page 10: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Dharmachakra MudraThe gesture of teaching usually interpreted as turning the Wheel of Law. The hands are held 

level with the heart, the thumbs and index fingers form circles

Page 11: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Jnana MudraTeaching. The hand is held at chest level and the thumb and index finger again form the Wheel of Law. 

Page 12: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Varada Mudra

Fulfillment of all wishes; the gesture of charity.

Page 13: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Vitarka Mudra

Intellectual argument, discussion. The circle formed by the thumb and index finger is the sign of the 

Wheel of Law.

Page 14: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Dhyana Mudra

The gesture of absolute balance, of meditation. The hands are relaxed 

in the lap, and the tips of the thumbs and fingers touch each other. When depicted with a 

begging bowl this is a sign of the head of an order. 

Page 15: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Abhaya MudraGesture of reassurance, blessing, 

and protection. "Do not fear." 

Page 16: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

The Fasting Buddha from modern day Afghanistan.

Page 17: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity
Page 18: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity
Page 19: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Ashoka (Asoka)Ashoka was no revolutionary. Rather than India changing politically, Buddhism was changing. In the years to come, Ashoka mixed his Buddhism with material concerns that served the Buddha's original desire to see suffering among people mitigated: Ashoka had wells dug, irrigation canals and roads constructed. He had  rest houses built along roads, hospitals built, public gardens planted and medicinal herbs grown. But Ashoka maintained his army, and he maintained the secret police and network of spies that he had inherited as a part of his extensive and powerful bureaucracy. He kept his hold over Kalinga, and he did not allow the thousands of people abducted from Kalinga to return there. He announced his intention to "look kindly" upon all his subjects, as was common among kings, and he offered the people of Kalinga a victor's conciliation, erecting a monument in Kalinga which read: All men are my children, and I, the king, forgive what can be forgiven.

Page 20: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Range of Buddhist missionary work under Ashoka.

Page 21: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Buddhist statue from the Mauryan period.  Note the relief on the base of the pedestal.  The Buddha’s first sermon was preached in “Deer Park” in Varanasi – hence the deer in the scene.

Siddhartha’s first five disciples are shown giving reverence to a wheel – a symbol of the Buddha’s teachings. 

Page 22: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Buddha’s head done in the Greek style

Page 23: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Buddha wearing a Greek toga.

Page 24: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Heracles protecting the Buddha

Page 25: Buddhist Art. Dharmachakra – Eight-Spoke Wheel Purity

Carving of the Buddha on the capital of a Greek Corinthian column.