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By Zachary Kaylor, Halie Maass, Johnathon Williams, and Lewis Harvey The story of a world where they take everything right off the top. Except its not a story… M I N I N G Scratching the Surface….

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Page 1: Borneo Powerpoint

By Zachary Kaylor,

Halie Maass,

Johnathon Williams,

and Lewis Harvey

The story of a world where they

take everything right off the top.

Except its not a story…

M I N I N G

Scratching the Surface….

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O V E R V I E W•Products: Coal, gravel, iron ore,

gemstones.

•Coal: Usable in power plants, coal

firing engines and is produced on

site or in refineries.

•Gravel: Fills driveways, potholes,

ect. And is produced on site or after

processing. Purchased by

construction and companies.

•Dirt: Available for purchase by

construction and consumers

•Iron Ore: Refined into usable iron

ingots in refineries and then made

sold to the consumer.

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B O R N E O

•Borneo is the third largest

island in the world and is

shared by the countries of

Indonesia and .

•On the map: https://maps.google.com/maps?q=borneo+on+world+map&client=safari&ie=UTF-8&ei=f2wFU8ySEeHc0QHTnoHQAQ&ved=0CAsQ_AUoAw

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A N I M A L S

•Major loss of habitat

•Direct mortality (reptiles,

small mammals,

amphibians)

•Deforestation

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A N I M A L SBornean Gibbon

Proboscious Monkey

Bornean Sun Bear

Arowana

Orangutan

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E N V I R O N M E N T•Compaction

•Erosion

•Chemical alteration of nutrients

•Alteration of surface and

groundwater systems.

•Creation of acidic drainage

•Transport of toxic substances to the

surface

•Alteration landscapes and

geological profile.

•Blasting

causes a temporary shaking of

the rock and results in new rock

fractures near working areas of

the mine.

Causes old preexisting rock

fractures to become more open

or permeable

Loosens mineral debris in the

fractures

oThis could affect nearly

vertical fractures located

up to several hundred feet

away

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E N V I R O N M E N T•Acid pollution occurs when pyrite or

marcasite is exposed to air and

water during the mining process.

Rainwater mixes with the pyrite to

form sulfuric acid which is washed

into streams and ponds below the

mine.

•Acid Pollution In Water

Kills fish and other aquatic life

Eats away metal structures

Destroys concrete

•Acid also may leak out highly toxic

metals or cause them to be released

from soils.

Kill aquatic life

Contaminate water supplies

causing serious adverse

human health effects.

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P E O P L E•Water: Mining contaminates the

water because the excess

chemicals they use to extract the

minerals and wash equipment

leaches away from tailing ponds

and into drinking water.

•Livelihood: Many of the people in

the region depend on the

surrounding water which is

contaminated and the forests that

are cut down in order to feed

themselves. Contaminated

groundwater also leads to

widespread crop failure.

•Working: Workers are paid slave

wages and have to work long

shifts. Child labor laws are loose if

not non-existent and speaking out

only leaves you dead or starving

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M O N E Y

•Bakrie family: Owns large parts of

Bumi Resources and Bumi Mining.

•Bumi Resources: buys Kaltim Prima

•Bumi Mining: Charged with

numerous human rights violations.

•Workers: attempt to strike and are

shot. At least 6 workers killed.

•Nathaniel Rothschild: Invests in

Bumi mining company

• Board: Splits after the Bakrie family

and Bumi mining misplaces

approximately 1 billion dollars.

Rothschild attempts to protect

investors and is kicked off board.

•Split: Board decides to remove

Bakrie family and rename company

Asia Resource Minerals

•Meanwhile: Protesters show up in

London and are ignored.

Page 10: Borneo Powerpoint

Scratching the Surface….

M O N E Y•Sidjoro Mud Flow: A volcano of hot

spewing mud forms due to unsafe

exploratory drilling. Begins in 2006

and is estimated to stop somtime

around 2017. Displaced 30,000

people and get little to no

compensation. The mud has been

behind levees since 2008.

•Bakrie Family: Aburizal Bakrie is

currently running for president and is

regarded as the most successful

businessman in Indonesia.

•Nathaniel Rothschild: One of the

wealthiest families in the world with

an estimated net worth of 400 billion

dollars. Have dominated the banking

industry since the 18th century.