Birding places in Poland

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Birding places in Poland. Piotr Malik. Overview. Biebrza Marshes Puszcza Bialowieska Siemianowka Ptasi Raj (Gdansk Bay) Ujscie Warty. Plan. Overview Map Habitats Species Places, routs When. Biebrza Marshes. The river valley is protected as National Park, access on designated routs - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Birding places in Poland

  • Birding places in PolandPiotr Malik

  • OverviewBiebrza MarshesPuszcza BialowieskaSiemianowkaPtasi Raj (Gdansk Bay)Ujscie Warty

  • PlanOverviewMapHabitatsSpeciesPlaces, routsWhen

  • Biebrza MarshesThe river valley is protected as National Park, access on designated routsOver 100 km long fragment of the valley and adjacent marshes

  • Biebrza

  • HabitatsHuge area with marshes stretching to the horizon, Swampy alder and birch forestsKilometers of reedbeds, rivers and lakesSpring floodings of the area everything a shallow lakeConsist of river alone with dense reed beds along with marshland and wetland also wet forests

  • SpeciesDisplaying Ruff, Black Grouse, Great SnipeWaders breeding on wet marshesInteresting birds of prey Breeding birds:Red-necked Grebe, Black-necked Grebe, Little Bittern, Bittern, Great White Egret (rare), White Stork, Black Stork, Whooper Swan, Greylag Goose, Wigeon, Garganey, Pintail, Honey Buzzard, Black Kite, White-tailed Eagle, Short-toed Eagle, Marsh Harrier, Hen Harrier, Montagu's Harrier , Goshawk, Lesser Spotted Eagle, Spotted Eagle, Golden Eagle (rare), Booted Eagle (sporadic), Black Grouse, Crane, Spotted Crake, Little Crake, Corncrake, Dunlin, Ruff (more on passage), Jack Snipe (historic, now on passage), Great Snipe, Black-tailed Godwit, Curlew, Green Sandpiper, Marsh Sandpiper (rare), Woodcock, Little Gull (irregular breeder), Common Tern, Black Tern, White-winged Black Tern (quick increase), Whiskered Tern (an increasingly common breeder), Eagle Owl, Short-eared Owl, Roller (sporadic), Hoopoe, Nightjar, Wryneck, Grey-headed Woodpecker, Black Woodpecker, White-backed Woodpecker, Three-toed Woodpecker (sporadic), Citrine Wagtail, Bearded Tit, Red-breasted Flycatcher, Bluethroat, Redwing, Grasshopper Warbler, River Warbler, Aquatic Warbler, Blyth's Reed Warbler (irregular visitor, singing males), Greenish Warbler (passage visitor, breeding probable), Firecrest. Penduline Tit, Nutcracker, Thrush Nigthingale, Marsh, Great Reed and Barred Warblers, Red-backed and Great Grey Shrikes, Serin, Scarlet Rosefinch and Ortolan Bunting

  • Places, routsBase in Goniadz or LomzaPublic transport scarceGonczarowska Grobla, Barwik for Great Snipes, Czerwone Bagno Reserve etc

  • WhenBest time is in spring from March on to MayAutumn for rarer migrants

  • Puszcza Bialowieska (Bialowieza Forest)NE of Poland at boarder with BelarusThe bigger part of the forest situated in BelarusOnly a small portion (18%) protected as National Park

  • Puszcza Bialowieska

  • Map

  • HabitatsPatches of primeval forest surrounded by forest plantations and open gladesThese crossed by river valleys and meadowsIn the forest huge and old oaks and limes up to 50m tall, gigantic standing snags, uprooted trees In the vicinity meadows and marshes

  • SpeciesWoodpeckers (White-backed, Three-toed)Woodcock, Hazelhen, few Black Grouse and occasional CapercaileEagle Owl, Pigmy OwlShort-toed Eagle, Montagues Harrier, Lesser Spotted Eagle, Booted EagleFlycatchersBreeding:White Stork, Black Stork, Whooper Swan, Honey Buzzard, Short-toed Eagle, Marsh Harrier, Montagus Harrier, Goshawk, Lesser Spotted Eagle, Booted Eagle, Hazelhen, Black Grouse, Crane, Spotted Crake, Little Crake, Corncrake, Green Sandpiper, Woodcock, Stock Dove, Eagle Owl, Pigmy Owl, Great Grey Owl, Tengmalm Owl, Nightjar,Hoopoe, Wryneck, Grey-headed Woodpecker, Black Woodpecker,all Spotted Woodpeckers, White-backed Woodpecker, Three-toed Woodpecker, Red-breasted Flycatcher, Collared Flycatcher, Redwing, River Warbler, Blyths Reed Warbler, Greenish Warbler, Firecrest, Penduline Tit, Nutcracker, Scarlet Rose finch, Thrush Nightingale, Marsh and Barred Warblers, Red-backed Shrike, Serin and Ortolan Bunting

  • SpeciesPrimeval behaviorSwifts nesting in tree holes high up in the oak canopyWrens nesting among roots of toppled trees

  • Places, routsUsual base in the village of Bialowieza with the park headquarters and guidesImportant to visit National Park to see the landscape of the forestThe richest parts to the west and to the south of Bialowieza

  • WhenEarly spring (before the foliage appears) and onwards especially May the peak of spring and breeding season.

  • SiemianowkaReservoir north of Puszcza BialowieskaA relict of communist (mis)planningHuge shallow lakeRailway bride crosses the middle

  • Map

  • Map

  • HabitatsOpen, shallow water surrounded by reedbeds, marshland and woodsParts inaccessible

  • SpeciesBirds on passagelarge number of waterfowl and waders visit the reservoir, from mid-spring until autumn there are flocks of non-breeding Great White Egrets; some of the more interesting Eastern species appear too: flocks of Red-throated and Black-throated Divers in May, Red-footed Falcon (about daily in mid-May), Pontic (Caspian, Yellow-legged) and Mediterranean Gulls, Terek Sandpiper and Red-throated Pipit. Many rarities have been recorded. Raptors hunt over inaccessible north-eastern partBreeding birdsCitrine Wagtail (one of first sites in Poland near Cisowka), Marsh Sandpiper (often seen, breeds irregularly) Lesser Spotted and White-tailed Eagles and other raptors and Black and White Storks fly out of the forest to feed; Little Gulls, three marsh terns, (Black, White-winged Black and Whiskered), Hoopoes, Tawny Pipits, many passerines such as the Scarlet Rosefinch and Barred Warbler, plenty of Cormorants, waterfowl, Marsh and Montagu's Harriers, grebes, waders, gulls and terns; Spotted, Little, Corn Crakes and Bitterns, RollersIn late winter and early spring northern species: swans and ducks

  • Places, routsYou may lodge in Narewka or access by car from further awayRoute from Cisowka at northern shore, over railway bridge the bestAlso east of Siemianowka village

  • WhenEarly spring for passage and northern speciesMay for breeding speciesAlso autumn

  • Ujscie WartyWestern Poland, where Warta flows into Odra, near German borderHuge variety of birds, in spring you can see more than 100 species in one dayCut in half by Warta river creating two distinctively different partsManmade landscape

  • Slonsk

  • Ujscie Warty

  • HabitatsWet meadows and grassland, pasture lands cut across by many channels and ancient river bedNorth polder with stable hydrological conditionsIn southern part the water level fluctuations can reach 4 meter creating a very diverse and dynamic conditions

  • Species255 species recorded, some 170 breeding4 species of grebes, 8-9 species of ducks, 5-6 species of rails, 4-5 species of gulls and 8-9 species of waders nestingMost important are in Poland for breeding shelduck, gadwall, oystercatcher, little gull and little tern; aquatic warbler, black tern, greylag geese, red-necked grebe, shovelerMoulting place for thousands of waterfowl in summer: mallards, greylag geese, swans, cranes, coot, In autumn a kingdom of arctic geese (mainly bean and white-fronted but rarer species occur), flocks up to 200 thousands.

  • Places, routsBirdwatchers friendly village of SlonskAlso Kostrzyn further awayIn the park take the concrete roadDepending on water level other paths are accessible

  • WhenSpring for breeding speciesLate autumn for geese and wintering species swans, ducks etc

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