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Langston HughesPresentation by Jordyn Johnson

Biography

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List of WorksLet America Be America AgainI, Too, Sing AmericaLife Is FineDream DeferredMother to SonQuiet GirlStill HereThe Negro MotherDream VariationsThe Negro Speaks of RiversTheme for English BJusticeAdvertisement for the Waldorf-AstoriaProblemsDemocracyThe Weary BluesFreedoms PlowDaybreak in AlabamaMerry-Go-RoundJuke Box Love SongNight Funeral In HarlemPo Boy BluesFire-CaughtThe BluesWalkers with the DawnArdellaMinstrel ManMadam and Her Madam

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BibliographyDream VariationsDream Variations By Langston Hughes

To fling my arms wideIn some place of the sun,To whirl and to danceTill the white day is done.Then rest at cool eveningBeneath a tall treeWhile night comes on gently,Dark like me-That is my dream!

To fling my arms wideIn the face of the sun,Dance! Whirl! Whirl!Till the quick day is done.Rest at pale evening...A tall, slim tree...Night coming tenderlyBlack like me.

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BibliographyBiography (cont)reading Walt Whitman, Paul Laurence Dunbar and Carl Sandburg. These poets greatly influenced Hughes and inspired much of his work (Nichols). Hughes attended Columbia University for only one year and attended Lincoln University on a scholarship to receive a Bachelor of Arts degree (Langston Hughes: Childhood). Hughess awards include the Harmon Gold Medal for Literature in 1930, the Guggenheim Fellowship Award in 1935, the Honorary Doctor of Letters awarded by Lincoln University in 1943, the NAACP Spingarn Medal in 1960, and the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1961. He also has many other accomplishments, including teaching creative writing at two different universities, producing plays on four different continents, and being elected to the American Academy of Arts and Scientists and the National Institute of Arts and Letters (Encyclopedia of World Biography). Langston Hughes has definitely recognized himself as one of the best and most influential writers of all time.A lot of Hughess literature is based on his own personal experiences and interests. He used jazz, blues, and gospel styled rhythms and some slang (Nichols). Hughess race was the biggest inspiration behind his poetry. He captured the dreams, pride and happiness of African-Americans, along with their pain, sadness and anger. His poems Dream Variations and Dreams use metaphors

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BibliographyBiography (cont)to discuss how he longed to be liberated and carefree (Academy of American Poets). Hughes became one of the leading voices about the concerns of black culture (Reuben). He portrayed realistic black characters and the injustices they endured, such as being killed for not being able to pay the taxes in his poem Night Funeral in Harlem (Academy of American Poets). Hughes primarily uses metaphors, similes, imagery, figurative language, and symbolism to depict his views in a way that his readers can relate to. Hughess work has contributed greatly to the progress of African-Americans in that many more people can relate to the struggles they face. Jim Riemer, a professor in African-American and American Literature, spoke about the impact Hughes has had (Lineberry). "In his writings, Hughes is still relevant today," Riemer said. "He deals with everyday life and everything that comes with it. That is how he is able to resonate with so many different people."

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Original PoemsFriendship Is By Jordyn JohnsonFriendship is knowing theres a stocked refrigeratorwhen all of the restaurants are closed.Its borrowing a dollarwhen you come up a few cents short.Its remembering extra gym clotheswhen youre running ten minutes late for school.Its the small things.

Friendship is dialing the number you know will pick upwhen the others all put you on hold.Its plotting revenge against your weekly enemywhen no one else is on your side.Its giving you that shoulder to cry on when your world appears to be crashing to pieces.Its the hard things.

Friendship is laughing until you develop six-pack abswhen nobody else gets the joke.Its driving around town for hourswhen you can find nothing to do in Fargo.Its taking pictures that reveal your true personality,when you would never let anyone else get through your wall.Its everything.

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BibliographyBibliographyBiographyhttp://www.shmoop.com/langston-hughes/quotes.html (Quote)http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=None&sort=RELEVANCE&inPS=true&prodId=LitRC&userGroupName=west75013&tabID=T002&searchId=R1&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&contentSegment=&searchType=BasicSearchForm&currentPosition=1&contentSet=GALE%7CK1634000139&&docId=GALE|K1634000139&docType=GALE&role=LitRC (Tyrkus, Para 1)http://pabook.libraries.psu.edu/palitmap/bios/Hughes__Langston.html (Kozel, Para 1)http://www.kansasheritage.org/crossingboundaries/page6e1.html (Native Voices International, Para 1) http://www.shmoop.com/langston-hughes/childhood.html (Para 2)http://www.shmoop.com/langston-hughes/timeline.html (Para 2) http://www.notablebiographies.com/Ho-Jo/Hughes-Langston.html (Encyclopedia of World Biography, Para 2)http://www9.georgetown.edu/faculty/bassr/heath/syllabuild/iguide/hughes.html (Nichols, Para 2-3)http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/16075 (Academy of American Poets, Para 3)http://www.csustan.edu/english/reuben/pal/chap9/hughes.html (Reuben, Para 3)http://www.marshallparthenon.com/news/langston-hughes-a-legacy-in-words-1.2478113 (Lineberry, Para 3)

Collected Workshttp://famouspoetsandpoems.com/poets/langston_hughes/poems

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Langston Hughes is well-known for his poems about racism, and his poem I, Too is arguably one of his best. He uses the example of being a slave and being hidden in the kitchen when company comes. The lines Besides, / Theyll see how beautiful I am/ And be ashamed-/ I, too, am America. are extremely powerful because they show his perseverance and his determination to prove that he deserves the same liberty that others have. I selected this poem because I believe that it gives a very meaningful message that I think can move many people.

I, too, sing America.

I am the darker brother.They send me to eat in the kitchenWhen company comes,But I laugh,And eat well,And grow strong.

Tomorrow,Ill be at the tableWhen company comes.Nobodyll dareSay to me, Eat in the kitchen,Then.

Besides, Theyll see how beautiful I amAnd be ashamedI, too, am America.I, Too by Langston Hughes

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Bibliography9Sample PoemsLangston Hughess poem Minstrel Man was written to address the fact that what a person chooses to show on the outside is not necessarily how they feel on the inside. The title, Minstrel Man, is a reference to a unique category of poets and musicians from medieval times. These musicians were usually white men dressed and made up to look like a black man. This relates to Hughess poem, as someone may put on an act to portray one emotion, but really be feeling another. The lines Because my feet/ Are gay with dancing, / You do not know/ I die? depict how the author can pretend he is perfectly fine, while actually suffering on the inside. I chose to include this poem because of the fact that it is very relatable. The Minstrel Man is an incredible poem by Langston Hughes and can send an enormously relevant and powerful message to everyone, no matter what age, gender or race.

Minstrel Man by Langston Hughes

Because my mouthIs wide with laughterAnd my throat Is deep with song,You do not thinkI suffer afterI have held my painSo long?

Because my mouthIs wide with laughter,You do not hearMy inner cry?Because my feetAre gay with dancing,You do not knowI die?

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Inspired PoemsLife is Fine By Langston HughesI went down to the river,I set down on the bank.I tried to think but couldn't,So I jumped in and sank.

I came up once and hollered!I came up twice and cried!If that water hadn't a-been so coldI might've sunk and died.

But it was Cold in that water! It was cold!

I took the elevatorSixteen floors above the ground.I thought about my babyAnd thought I would jump down.

I stood there and I hollered!I stood there and I cried!If it hadn't a-been so highI might've jumped and died.

But it was High up there! It was high!

So since I'm still here livin',I guess I will live on.I could've died for love--But for livin' I was born

Though you may hear me holler,And you may see me cry--I'll be dogged, sweet baby,If you gonna see me die.

Life is fine! Fine as wine! Life is fine!

Jordyn Johnsons Poem inspired by Life is Fine

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BibliographyOriginal PoemsTo Kill a Mockingbird By Jordyn JohnsonShoot all the blue jays you want.But rememberIts a sin to kill a