Bhagavad Gita Word-To-word Translation Complete

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I put together this document based on various sources I found on the internet. The purpose is to help people proficient in English but not in Sanskrit, to understand the Geetha. Compiling this document was itself an illuminating experience. Just reading the sequence of chapter titles in English shows the vast knowledge and infinite wisdom of the ancient scholars who composed such an epic, that is still highly relevant in these times.Readers are encouraged to only take this text as a literal translation, and explore the deeper, philosophical / Vedantic meaning of the Geetha through other writings.Tamaso Ma Jyotir Gamaya.Hari Om.

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Bhagavad-Gita with MP3Table of ContentsSRIMAD BHAGAVAD-GITA: Introductory Overview .............................................................................3

KARMA YOGA........................................................................................................................................6Chapter 1. Arjuna Vishada Yoga - The Despondency of Arjuna...................................................................................6 Chapter II. Sankhya Yoga - Knowledge Through Elemental Analysis.........................................................................11 Chapter III. Karma Yoga - Action....................................................................................................................................19 Chapter IV. Gnana Yoga - Wisdom..................................................................................................................................24 Chapter V. Karma Vairagya Yoga - Renunciation of Action........................................................................................30 Chapter VI. Abhyasa Yoga - Meditation..........................................................................................................................34

BHAKTHI YOGA..................................................................................................................................40Chapter VII. Paramahamsa Vijnana Yoga - Wisdom and Realisation...........................................................................40 Chapter VIII. Aksara-Parabrahman Yoga - The Imperishable Brahman...............................................44 Chapter IX. Raja-Vidya-Guhya Yoga - The Sovereign Science & Secret......................................................................48 Chapter X. Vibhuti-Vistara-Yoga - The Divine Glory...................................................................................................52 Chapter XI. Visvarupa-Darsana Yoga - Vision of the Cosmic Form.............................................................................57 Chapter XII. Bhakti Yoga - Devotion.................................................................................................................................65

GNANA YOGA......................................................................................................................................68Page 1 of 95

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Chapter XIII. Ksetra-Ksetrajna Vibhaga Yoga - The Distinction Between Known & Knower.....................................68 Chapter XIV. Gunatraya-Vibhaga Yoga - The Distinction of the Three Gunas..............................................................72 Chapter XV. Purusottama Yoga - The Supreme Spirit....................................................................................................76 Chapter XVI. Daivasura-Sampad-Vibhaga Yoga - The Distinction of Divine and Demonic..........................................79 Chapter XVII. Sraddhatraya-Vibhaga Yoga - The Distinction of the Three Kinds of Faith............................................82 Chapter XVIII. Moksa-Opadesa Yoga - Liberation by Renunciation.................................................................................86

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SRIMAD BHAGAVAD-GITA: Introductory Overview(Extract from http://www.bhagavad-gita.org/Gita/intro.html) om ajnana-timirandasya jnananjnana salakaya caksur unmilitam yena tasmai sri gurave namah I offer my most humble obeisances to my spiritual master who has opened my eyes which were blinded by ignorance with the light of knowledge. raja-vidya raja-guhyam pavitram idam uttamam pratyak savagamam dharmyam susukham kartum avyayam This knowledge is the king of all wisdom, the king of all that is confidential. It is the purest and the topmost and because it gives direct perception of the self by realization it is the perfection of all religion and everlastingly joyful to perform. Bhagavad-Gita, chapter 9, verse 2 Bhagavad-Gita Trust is freely offering this presentation of Srimad Bhagavad-Gita to the Earth as a gift to humanity. It is our humble but earnest request that this information be made easily available to every culture in this world. The knowledge found within the Bhagavad-Gita is incomparable as it gives specific information regarding the purpose of human existence, the immortality of the soul and our eternal relationship with God. This information applies to each and every one of us without exception. Without realization of our divine relationship with the God it is impossible to establish our eternal relationship with Him. This divine relationship is our natural constitutional position and every human beings birthright. There are three paths which lead directly to establishing a relationship with God. According to the authority of Bhagavad-Gita these paths have been designated as the yoga of perfect actions, the yoga of perfect devotion and the yoga of perfect knowledge. These three paths with great care and attention have been fully explained in the Bhagavad-Gita which comprises chapters 23 through 40 in the Bhishma-Parva section of Mahabharata. The Bhagavad-Gita consists of 18 chapters. Each chapter is called a yoga. Yoga is the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the Ultimate Consciousness. So each chapter is a highly specialized yoga revealing the path of attaining realization of the Ultimate Truth. The first six chapters have been classified as the Karma Yoga section as they mainly deal with the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the Ultimate Consciousness through actions. These chapters are: Chapter 1 : Visada Yoga Chapter 2 : Sankhya Yoga Chapter 3 : Karma Yoga Chapter 4 : Jnana Yoga Chapter 5 : Karma Vairagya Yoga Chapter 6 : Abhyasa YogaPage 3 of 95

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The middle six chapters have been designated as the Bhakti Yoga section as they principally are pertaining with the science of the individual consciousness attaning communion with the Ultimate Consciousness by the path of devotion. Chapter 7 : Paramahamsa Vijnana Yoga Chapter 8 : Aksara-Parabrahman Yoga Chapter 9 : Raja-Vidya-Guhya Yoga Chapter 10 : Vibhuti-Vistara-Yoga Chapter 11 : Visvarupa-Darsana Yoga Chapter 12 : Bhakti Yoga The final six chapters are regarded as the Jnana Yoga section as they are primarily concerned with the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the Ultimate Consciousness through the intellect. Chapter 13 : Ksetra-Ksetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Chapter 14 : Gunatraya-Vibhaga Yoga Chapter 15 : Purusottama Yoga Chapter 16 : Daivasura-Sampad-Vibhaga Yoga Chapter 17 : Sraddhatraya-Vibhaga Yoga Chapter 18 : Moksa-Opadesa Yoga Lord Krishna spoke the Bhagavad-Gita on the battlefield of Kuruksetra in 3102 B.C.; just prior to the commencement of the Mahabharata war. This date corresponds to 1700 years before Moses, 2500 years before Buddha, 3000 years before Jesus and 3800 years before Mohammed. So first and foremost it should be clearly understood that the eternal knowledge of the Bhagavad-Gita has not been influenced by Buddhism, Christianity, Hebrewism or Islam; for these religions did not exist at that time and were established milleniums later. That proof of the date 3102 B.C. can be verified by any knowledgeable indologist in India based on the fact that this was the year when the Pandava King Yudhisthira ascended the throne and was coronated as emperor of the Earth. Also according to the Aihole inscription of Pulakesin II, the Battle of Kuruksetra took place in 3102 B.C. with Lord Krishna reciting the Bhagavad-Gita before its commencement. As well precise information of the positions of the constellation at the commencement of the Battle of Kuruksetra have been given in the great historical epic Mahabharata itself, which is based on the 26,920 year astronomical cycle known as the precession of the equinoxes which is the time it takes our solar system to revolve around the central sun. But who exactly is Lord Krishna? Is He Narayana? Is He Vishnu? Is He Vasudeva as referred to in the Taittirya Aranyaka 10.1. 6? In the Bhagavad-Gita the Supreme Lord Krishna is addressed by Arjuna with 41 different names. Some of these names are Acyuta, Bhagavan, Govinda, Hari, Isvara, Janardana, Kesava, Madhava, Purusottama and Yogesvara as well as Vasudeva and Vishnu. Although Lord Krishna possesses unlimited names due to His unlimited attributes and potencies it should be clearly understood that the Krishna who is so wonderfully presented in the Puranas is one and the same Krishna who spoke the Bhagavad-Gita and is so marvelously glorified in the Mahabharata.

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It should be understood that the Bhagavad-Gita is the very essence of Mahabharata. The BhagavadGita literally translates as the Song of God! It was originally revealed in the classical language of Sanskrit spoken on the Indian sub-continent. It was first translated into English in 1785 by Charles Wilkins. It was translated into Latin in 1823 by Schlegel, into German in 1826 by Von Humbolt, into French in 1846 by Lassens and into Greek in 1848 by Galanos. By now it has been translated into all the major languages of the world such as Russian, Chinese, Japanese, Spanish, Italian, Dutch, Hebrew, Portugese, Arabic, Hindi and Bengali. Many great and notable individuals from modern times as well as bygone eras have read the Bhagavad-Gita and have extolled its universal message. We are naming some of them: Albert Einstein stated that when reading the Bhagavad-Gita he thinks about how God created the universe and then everything else seemed so superfluous. Mahatma Gandhi stated that the Bhagavad-Gita calls on humanity to dedicate mind, body and soul to purity. Dr. Albert Schweizer stated that the Bhagavad-Gita has a profound influence on the spirit of mankind by its devotion to God which is manifested in all actions. Sri Aurobindo stated the Bhagavad-Gita has a new message for every age and every civilization. Herman Hesse stated that the wonder of the Bhagavad-Gita is its beautiful revelation of life's wisdom which has made philosophy blossom into religion. Ramanuja has stated that the Bhagavad-Gita reveals the goalof the all the Vedic scriptures. Aldous Huxley stated that the Bhagavad-Gita is the most comprhensive statement of perennial philosophy. Madhvacarya has stated that the Bhagavad-Gita is apauruseya which means of divine origin and eternal. Bhagavad-Gita Trust Appearance Day of Caitanya Mahaprabhu Goura Purnima- Gourabda 512

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KARMA YOGAChapter 1. Arjuna Vishada Yoga - The Despondency of ArjunaSummary of First DiscourseThe great Mahabharata war between the Pandavas and the Kauravas took place on the holy plain of Kurukshetra. After the failure of Lord Krishnas peace mission, when He Himself went to Hastinapura as the emissary of the Pandavas, there was no other alternative for the Pandavas but to engage in war for their rightful share of the kingdom.All the famous warriors from both sides had assembled on the battlefield. Tents and wagons, weapons and machines, chariots and animals covered the vast plain. Lord Krishna arrived on the scene in a magnificent chariot yoked by white horses. He was to act as the charioteer of Arjuna, one of the Pandava princes. The din of hundreds of conches, blaring forth suddenly, announced the commencement of the battle. Arjuna blew his conch Devadatta, while Bhima, his brother, sounded the Paundra. All the other great warriors blew their respective conches.As the two armies were arrayed, ready for battle, Arjuna requested Krishna to place his chariot between them so that he might survey his opponents. He was bewildered by the scene before him, for he beheld on both sides, fathers and grandfathers, teachers and uncles, fathers-in-law, grandsons, relatives and comrades. Confusion reigned in Arjunas mind. Should he participate in this terrible carnage? Was it proper to destroy ones relatives for the sake of a kingdom and some pleasures? Would it not be much better for him to surrender everything in favour of his enemies and retire in peace? As these thoughts rushed into his mind, a feeling of despondency overtook Arjuna. He had no enthusiasm to engage in this battle. Letting his bow slip from his hands, Arjuna could do nothing but turn to Lord Krishna for guidance and enlightenment. Dhritaraashtra Uvaacha: Dharmakshetre kurukshetre samavetaa yuyutsavah; Maamakaah paandavaashchaiva kimakurvata sanjaya. Dhritarashtra said: 1. What did the sons of Pandu and also my people do when they had assembled together, eager for battle on the holy plain of Kurukshetra, O Sanjaya? Sanjaya Uvaacha: Drishtwaa tu paandavaaneekam vyudham duryodhanastadaa; Aachaaryam upasamgamya raajaa vachanam abraveet. Sanjaya said: 2. Having seen the army of the Pandavas drawn up in battle array, King Duryodhana then approached his teacher (Drona) and spoke these words: Pashyaitaam paanduputraanaam aachaarya mahateem chamoom; Vyoodhaam drupadaputrena tava shishyena dheemataa. 3. Behold, O Teacher, this mighty army of the sons of Pandu, arrayed by the son of Drupada, thy wise disciple! Atra shooraa maheshwaasaa bheemaarjunasamaa yudhi; Yuyudhaano viraatashcha drupadashcha mahaarathah. 4. Here are heroes, mighty archers, equal in battle to Bhima and Arjuna, Yuyudhana, Virata and Drupada, of the great car (mighty warriors), Dhrishtaketush chekitaanah kaashiraajashcha veeryavaan; Purujit kuntibhojashcha shaibyashcha narapungavah. 5. Drishtaketu, Chekitana and the valiant king of Kasi, Purujit, and Kuntibhoja and Saibya, the best of men,

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http://www.astrojyoti.com/ Yudhaamanyushcha vikraanta uttamaujaashcha veeryavaan; Saubhadro draupadeyaashcha sarva eva mahaarathaah. 6. The strong Yudhamanyu and the brave Uttamaujas, the son of Subhadra (Abhimanyu, the son of Arjuna), and the sons of Draupadi, all of great chariots (great heroes). Asmaakam tu vishishtaa ye taan nibodha dwijottama; Naayakaah mama sainyasya samjnaartham taan braveemi te. 7. Know also, O best among the twice-born, the names of those who are the most distinguished amongst ourselves, the leaders of my army! These I name to thee for thy information. Bhavaan bheeshmashcha karnashcha kripashcha samitinjayah; Ashwatthaamaa vikarnashcha saumadattis tathaiva cha. 8. Thyself and Bhishma, and Karna and Kripa, the victorious in war; Asvatthama, Vikarna, and Jayadratha, the son of Somadatta. Anye cha bahavah shooraa madarthe tyaktajeevitaah; Naanaashastrapraharanaah sarve yuddhavishaaradaah. 9. And also many other heroes who have given up their lives for my sake, armed with various weapons and missiles, all well skilled in battle. Aparyaaptam tad asmaakam balam bheeshmaabhirakshitam; Paryaaptam twidam eteshaam balam bheemaabhirakshitam. 10. This army of ours marsha...