The Bhagavad-Gita is the only word of God in person. It is the conversation between a man called Arjuna and God himself in the human form, Lord Krishna. The conversation took place in Kurukshetra (India), more than 5000 years ago.Arjuna was a typical person in the material world. He was in a dilemma as he was forgetful of his real duties in life. Therefore Krishna spoke the sacred teachings of the Bhagavad-Gita for the upliftment and purification of Arjuna and all humanity.Life is a WarThi
Credits and Source : http://www.gitamrta.orgWhat is the Bhagavad-Gita? The spot where Lord Krishna spoke the Bhagavad-Gita to Arjuna in Kurukshetra, India. The Bhagavad-Gita is the divine conversation between a man named Arjuna and God himself in the human form, Lord Krishna. The conversation took place in the middle of the battleground 5137 years ago just before the start of a great war in Kurukshetra, India. Spiritual realization and not war is the subject matter of the Bhagavad-Gita. It should be understood that it was circumstances that led to the Bhagavad-Gita being spoken on the battleground and the war was not the reason for its revelation. The Bhagavad-Gita is the word of God, as God himself spoke it in person. It is the only known scriptures spoken by God in person. Hinduism is the only religion based on following a God who was actually seen by millions. The Bhagavad-Gita gives information regarding God, the soul, material nature, birth, death, life after death, and life on other planets. No other religious scripture provides this information. 1. What does Lord Krishna preach to Arjuna and Mankind? In a clear way, Lord Krishna describes: The science of self-realization. The exact process by which a human being can establish their eternal relationship with God. The purpose and goal of human existence. The eternal principles, which are essential for spiritual life. Material nature. Life on higher and lower planets. How to attain life on higher planets. How to be free from the cycle of birth, death and re-birth, Moksha.
"That very ancient science of the relationship with the Supreme is today told by me to you because you are my devotee as well as my friend and can therefore understand the transcendental mystery of this science." Lord Krishna to Arjuna (Bg. 4.3) 2. Who is Krishna? Krishna is the human incarnation of the Almighty God. Millions of people actually witnessed the glory of God in person, with their own eyes. Lord Krishna revealed himself as the origin of everything. "The whole cosmic order is under Me. Under My will it is automatically manifested again and again, and under My will it is annihilated at the end." Lord Krishna (Bg. 9.8) "All opulent, beautiful, and glorious creations spring from a spark of my splendor." Lord Krishna (Bg. 10.41) Lord Krishna proved he was the Creator To protect innocent people from imposters, Arjuna asked Krishna to prove his divinity by exhibiting his universal form, a form that anyone who claims to be God should be prepared to show. Lord Krishna then proves his divinity by revealing his universal forms to Arjuna. Arjuna sees the brilliant, glaring unlimited universal manifestations of Lord Krishna. Who reveals in one place, everything that ever was or now is or will be. 3. Lord Krishna is The God "Those who are devotees of other gods and who worship them with faith actually worship only me, but they do so in a wrong way." Lord Krishna (Bg. 9.23) "Abandon all varieties of religion and just surrender unto me. I shall deliver you from all sinful reactions. Do not fear." Lord Krishna (Bg. 18.66) 4. Who are we? We are not the physical body but the soul. The soul is present in the heart of every living being, including animals. The soul is 1/10,000th of the upper point of a single hair. Although so minute the soul is so powerful that it animates the entire body with consciousness. It is situated in the heart and when it leaves the body, the heart stops beating, as a result the blood stops circulating and the entire body disintegrates. There are 8.4 million different bodies; the individual soul can reside in. Unlike the physical body, the soul can never be destroyed. "For the soul there is neither birth nor death at any time. He has not come into being, does not come into being, and will not come into being. He is unborn, eternal, ever existing and primeval. He is not slain when the body is slain." (Bg. 2.20)
5. God is present in every living being Accompanying every individual soul is God, as the super soul. "I am the Super soul, seated in the hearts of all living entities. I am the beginning, the middle and the end of all beings." Lord Krishna (Bg. 10.20) 6. Materialism carries away the Righteousness qualities in a person Modern lifestyles (partying, sexual lust, lust for material objects, greed, ego, desires, relationships), western culture and bollywood culture (copying the west), western pop music and Indian pop music (copy of western music) turn a person of intelligence into a person of ignorance. Materialism slowly and unknowingly drains away the righteousness qualities in a person. "As a strong wind sweeps away a boat on the water, even one of the roaming senses on which the mind focuses can carry away a man's intelligence." (Bg. 2.67) "While contemplating the objects of the senses, a person develops attachment for them, and from such attachment lust develops, and from lust anger arises. From anger, complete delusion arises, and from delusion bewilderment of memory. When memory is bewildered, intelligence is lost, and when intelligence is lost one falls down again into the material pool." (Bg. 2.62-63) 7. What causes one to engage in sinful acts? It is lust, which induces one to sinful acts. Lust bewilders and entangles one in the material world. Lust presents itself in the senses, mind and intelligence. Selfcontrol and Yoga practice can counteract lust. "Arjuna said: by what is one impelled to sinful acts, even unwillingly, as if engaged by force? Lord Krishna said: It is lust only, Arjuna, which is born of contact with the material mode of passion and later transformed into wrath, and which is the all-devouring sinful enemy of this world." (Bg. 3.36-37) 8. There is Life on other Planets "The seven great sages and before them the four other great sages and the Manus [progenitors of mankind] come from Me, born from My mind, and all the living beings populating the various planets descend from them." (Bg. 10.6) 9. Cycles of Creation and Desolation Brahmaloka is the highest planet in the material universe; the living entities there are called the Brahma. One day on the planet of Brahma (Brahmaloka) is 1000 cycles of four ages (Yugas) on the planet Earth. Satya Yuga: The age of the truth and true religion. The yuga (age) lasts 1.728 million years.
Treta Yuga: The introduction of ignorance takes place in this age. The yuga (age) lasts 1.296 million years. Dvapara Yuga: Increased decline in the truth and religious values takes effect in this age. The yuga lasts 864,000 years. Kali Yuga: The age of irreligion (following false religions) and ignorance. The truth is being virtually non-existent. The yuga lasts 432,000 years. Thus, one single day (12 hours) on the planet of Brahma is: 1000*(1,728,000+1,296,000+864,000+432,000)=1000*(4,320,000)=4320,000 ,000 human years The night is also of the same duration. A Brahma lives up to a 100 years. The life of Brahma is truly fantastic by comparison to the life of humans on Earth. "By human calculation, a thousand ages taken together form the duration of Brahma's one day. Any such also is the duration of the night. At the Beginning of Brahma's day, all living entities become manifest from the unmanifest state, and thereafter, when the night falls; they are merged into the unmanifest again. Again and again, when Brahma's day arrives, all living entities come into being, and when with the arrival of Brahma's night hey are helplessly annihilated." Lord Krishna (Bg. 8.17-19) 10. This is the age of Kali Yuga We are 5000 years into the age of Kali Yuga, we still have 427,000 years to go, before Lord Krishna incarnates himself as Lord Kalki and destroys all the material planets. The Kali Yuga is the age of darkness, irreligion (spread of false religions) and ignorance. No one can argue with this. The whole world is full of violence and truth being virtually non-existent. Greed, lust, anger, ignorance, materialism and violence have covered the minds of most people. "In this age of quarrel and hypocrisy the only means of deliverance is chanting the holy name of Lord Krishna, there is no other way. There is no other way. There is no other way." Left, a sampling of Lord Krishna's infinite manifestations, both in the spiritual and material worlds. Outer circle (clockwise beginning from the upper left-hand corner): Indra carrying the thunderbolt, the Himalayas, Lord Siva with the Ganges River in his hair, the moon, the horse Ucchaihsrava, the transcendental om, Kapila, Rama, flower-bearing Spring, Kamadhuk, Vyasadeva, Prahlada, the shark, Vasuki, Skanda, Varuna, Yamaraja, the lion, Kuvera, Agni and Airavata. Inner circle, clockwise (beginning from four-headed Lord Brahma sitting on the lotus flower): Brahma, Narada, Garuda, the sun, the ocean, Lord Vishnu. "Fools deride me when I descend in the human form. They do not know my transcendental nature as the Supreme Lord of all that be." Lord Krishna (Bg. 9.11)
12. The Lord Appears in Every Millennium Millennium in the Bhagavad-Gita means one Yuga, (Kali Yuga is 432,000 years). See 9 above. "Although I am unborn and my transcendental body never deteriorates, and although I am the Lord of all living entities, I still appear in every millennium in my original transcendental form." Lord Krishna (4.6). Matsya, the fish incarnation, is saving the Vedas. Kurma, the tortoise incarnation, is holding the hill on His back. Varaha, the boar incarnation, is fighting with the demon Hiranyaksa. Nrsimhadeva, the lion incarnation, is killing the demon Hiranyakasipu. Vamanadeva, the dwarf incarnation, is begging some land from King Bali. Parasurama is killing the demoniac ksatriyas. Lord Ramacandra is going off into exile with His wife, Sita, and brother, Laksmana. Krsna is lifting Govardhana Hill, and beside Him is His brother Balarama. Lord Buddha. Lord Kalki is riding on His horse, killing all the demons and thus liberating them. 13. There is life after death "Never was there a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor all these kings; nor in the future shall any of us cease to be. As the embodied soul continuously passes, in the body from childhood to youth to old age, the soul similarly passes into another body at death. A sober person is not bewildered by such a change." Lord Krishna (Bg. 2.12-13) "As a person puts on new garments, giving up old ones, the soul similarly accepts new material bodies, giving up the old and useless ones." (Bg. 2.22)
"One who has taken his birth is sure to die, and after death one is sure to take birth again. Therefore, in the unavoidable discharge of your duty, you should not lament." (Bg. 2.27) 14. What will you be in your next life? The Result of Devotional service to Lord Krishna, offering charity, eating meat and lust. Top section: On the left, a man is praying to the deities of Lord Krishna. The result of such devotional consciousness is shown on the right, where he is dancing with Krishna as a playmate in the Lord's spiritual abode. Second section: On the left a man is offering charity; on the right he has taken the body of a demigod and is enjoying heavenly delights. Third section: A man is eating meat and other abominable foods; in his next life he is seen in the body of a hog that eats anything and everything. Bottom section: A man is approaching a woman with lust. This bestial consciousness will carry him to a dog's body in his next incarnation. One who, at the time of death, fixes his life air between the eyebrows and, by the strength of yoga, with an undeviating mind, engages himself in remembering the Supreme Lord in full devotion, will certainly attain to the Supreme Personality of Godhead." (Bg. 8.10) If you have studied well through a course, you will remember the subject matter during the final exams and pass. If you did not study well, you will not know and fail. Being Free from the Cycle of Birth and Death "Whoever, at the end of life, quits his body remembering me alone at once attains my nature without a doubt." Lord Krishna (Bg. 8.5) If you think of Lord Krishna during your life, you will think of Lord Krishna at the end of life and attain Moksha or freedom from the cycle of birth and death. "After being situated in this yoga practice and vibrating the sacred syllable aum, the supreme combination of letters, if one thinks of the Supreme Personality of Godhead and quits his body, he will certainly reach the spiritual planets." (Bg. 8.13) Attaining Higher and Lower Life Forms "When one dies in the mode of goodness, he attains to the pure higher planets of the great sages. When one dies in the mode of passion, he takes birth among those engaged in fruitive activities; and when one dies in the mode of ignorance, he takes birth in the animal kingdom." (Bg. 14.14-15)
"Those situated in the mode of goodness gradually go upward to the higher planets; those in the mode of passion live on the earthly planets; and those in the abominable mode of ignorance go down to the hellish worlds." (Bg. 14.18) Your consciousness at death will determine your next body If you have eaten animals (meat) all your life, your final thoughts will be that of animals, you will take birth in the animal kingdom. If you have lived a life of charity and generosity (helping people), your final thoughts will be that of helping people, you will take birth on one of the heavenly planets. "The living entity in the material world carries his different conceptions of life from one body to another as the air carries aromas. Thus he takes one kind of body and again quits it to take another." (Bg. 15.8) "Whatever state of being one remembers when he quits his body, that state he will attain without fail." (Bg. 8.6) 15. Why Does the Lord Appear? "Whenever and wherever there is a decline in religious practice, O descendant of Bharata, and a predominant rise of irreligion-at that time I descend myself. To deliver the pious and to annihilate the miscreants, as well as to reestablish the principles of religion, I myself appear, millennium after millennium." Lord Krishna (4.7-8) Lord Krishna appeared 5000 years ago for two reasons, firstly to destroy the ignorant people of that time to uphold righteousness and truth, and to teach the science of God, the Bhagavad-Gita to Arjuna and mankind. Even before the war started, Lord Krishna told Arjuna that apart from him and his four brothers, all the soldiers on both sides would be killed. Arjuna was merely an instrument used by the Lord to destroy the ignorant men. 16. Life on Material Planets is Miserable "From the highest planet in the material world down to the lowest, all are places of misery wherein repeated birth and death take place. But one who attains to my abode, O son of Kunt, never takes birth again." Lord Krishna (Bg. 8.16) 17. Attaining peace from the miseries of material life A person in full consciousness of me, knowing me to be the ultimate beneficiary of all sacrifices and austerities, the Supreme Lord of all planets and demigods,...