Beowulf Powerpoint

  • View

  • Download

Embed Size (px)


Powerpoint introducing and discussing parts of Beowulf

Text of Beowulf Powerpoint

BeowulfAnglo-Saxon England A.D. 449-1066No written records before Anglo-Saxons Culture was based on savage tumult, superstition, and constant uproar Natives live in battle with one another

Celts Moved in around 500 BC Britons lived in Britain Gaels settled on Ireland Farmer/Hunter society organized into clans with chieftains were fiercely loyal Religion Druids (priests) Stonehenge Settled feuds and offered sacrifices and prayers Memorized and recited long epic poems Old King Cole King lear Many customs remain knock on wood; Christmas and Easter celebrations

Roman Conquest 55 BC Julius Caesar invaded declared GB conquered & went home 43 AD Claudius Caesar established camps which became permanent towns Romans introduced the art of warfare, paved roads, and Christianity 407 AD Roman Empire crumbling returned home to defend what was left of the empire

Anglo-Saxon Invasion Germanic Tribes fishermen & farmers The Angles, the Saxons, & the Jutes Legend of King Arthur fought 12 battles defeating Anglo-Saxon troops Became known as the once and future king

Warriors took over and settled down Tribal Units eventually 7 main kingdoms King Earls Freeman thanes or barons Churls/serfs

Anglo-Saxon Religion Pagan polytheism (multiple deities) & dragons Tui god of war & sky Woden chief of gods Thunor god of thunder & lightening Fria Wodens wife

Wyrd fate controlled everything as opposed to free will Abandoned with the adoption of Christianity

Christianity Romans brought Christianity to Celts and left it with them when the empire fell Roman Church fell with the empire Celts thrived 597 Roman Church sent St. Augustine to Britain and set up Canterbury Monastery By 650 most of England was Christian Education and literature thrived under Christianity Schools started Monks transcribed manuscripts and books Anglo-Saxon warlike streak was tempered with learning and culture

Danish Invasion Scandinavias rising population with limited farmland People went in search of new lands & riches Vikings destroyed monasteries and killed and burned enter villages Berserkers insane Viking warriors

All but Wessex (ruled by Alfred)fell to Danelaw Alfred the Great, only Great b/c fought the Danes Danelaw to North and East- Saxon law to the South Pushed education and learning Began the translation from Latin to Anglo-Saxon Began the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle ( record of Anglo-Saxon life

Danish Contribution Began to settle into life of farming and trading Communication not difficult because both languages are Germanic

Danelaw as established by treaty in 878 AD

Danish Invasion of calories and fat grams But ohhh sooo good!

2nd Danish Invasion Danes returned and took more territory forced Saxons to select Dane kings 1042 Edward, the Confessor - Return to Alfred the Great descendents Very religious king Norman (French) Cousin to William, Duke of Normandy (the Conqueror). Further weakened Saxon power

1066 William became the Conqueror took England

Anglo-Saxon Literature Druids kept long poems about kings & heroes by oral tradition Alphabet called Runes - used for buildings and markers but few could read or write Poems recited on special occasions by Scops or gleeman (assistants) hours or sometimes days to recite an entire poem Recited with harp & often with a sing/song rhythm to help with memorization

Celtic languages + Latin + Germanic languages = Old English

Beowulf: sole surviving manuscript British Library Cotton MS Vitellius A. XV, f.132 Copyright The British Library Board

Types of VerseThe replica of the Sutton Hoo lyre in the British museum A twelve string gut strung harp, made of Ash and Lime

Only 30,000 lines still exist found in four poems Two Types Elegaic sorrowful laments that mourn the deaths of loves ones and loss of the past Heroic recounts battles/victories of great warriors

Beowulf Epic, long heroic poem 3,182 lines. 1st to be composed in English (Old English to be exact) Present text dates to before the Danish raids (composed 8th century, written down in the 11th century) Expressed the values of a warrior society Unknown author

Anglo-Saxon ProseAll important prose was composed in Latin (History of the English Church and People Venerable Bede The use of Old English began with Alfred, the Greats use in The AngloSaxon Chronicle historical journals written and compiled in monasteries

A page from the [C] text of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. This entry is for 871, a year of battles between Wessex and the Vikings.

Epic Poetry Long and told in a lofty language with a serious tone Settings include upper and lower worlds Celebrates the values of the society that produced it Begins in the middle of the action Epic Hero Undertakes an extraordinary journey - Quest Is a great leader or of high station Embodies the values of the people he represents Does valorous deeds in battle

Beowulf Characters Beowulf Geat warrior, son of Edgetho, nephew of Higlac Hrothgar King of the Danes Herot Danish mead hall Brecca Beowulfs childhood friend Grendel man-eating monster terrorizing the Danes descendent of Cain Unferth one of Hrothgars men owns Hrunting Welthow queen of the Danes Wiglaf Beowulfs cousin and a loyal soldier

BeowulfThe Wrath of Grendel

Christian vs Pagan influences Biblical Allusion Reference to something from the Bible within another piece of literature

Theme Good vs Evil Almighty making the earth Christian influence from Monks Warriors celebrating in Herot Grendel described as monster and demon Biblical allusion of Cain and Able to demonstrate bad guy status

Evil works under the cover of darkness Darkness feeds our fears

BeowulfThe Wrath of Grendel

Grendel works in Herot for 12 years Doesnt touch Hrothgars throne Divine Right king is chosen and therefore protected directly by God Grendel doesnt want any

Hells support, the heathens only way, Let them beware - all part of the mini-sermon delivered by the monk who wrote Beowulf down This chapter sets up Grendels power and brutality looks like the bad guy might just win It also prepares us for Beowulfs coming to the rescue

Kenning long nickname another way of referring to a character without using his formal name Healfdanes Son = Hrothgar

The Coming of Beowulf

Beowulfs introduction contrasts with Grendels strongest of the Geats greater and stronger than anyone anywhere in this world. Wise Ones eager for Beowulf to go Why? Glory for Beowulf meant glory for all Geats

14 men chose to accompany Beowulf on a suicidal mission why? Loyalty was important to Ang-Sax society

Danish watchers reaction bristly but honest he stands as a protector and takes his job seriously Promises to guard ship (a sign of honor and respect for the Geats)

The Coming of Beowulf Identifies himself and his men by the glory of his father (glory important Ang-Sax value) Beowulf makes goal of friendship very clear Beowulf responds with confidence (important to Ang-Sax society) Geat armor Mail Decorated with Boars heads symbols of strength, fearlessness, savagery, and danger to enemies

Beowulfs men leave most of their armor outside their meeting with Hrothgar Sign of respect for the king Goal of building Hrothgars confidence

The Coming of Beowulf Beowulf provides his warrior resume why? To build Hrothgars confidence Sent by his own people - they are confident in him Dripping with enemies blood 5 giants into chains eliminated all others Killed sea monsters

Shelterer of Warriors kenning Beowulf has a request He & his men alone eliminate Grendel why? He wants the glory for the Geats alone!

Beowulf states he will fight Grendel w/o weapons 2 reasons Honor he wont use weapons against an unarmed enemy Loyalty he doesnt want to shame Higlac (his king)

Imagery using 5 senses to draw a mental picture or experience smear torn scraps of skin , crunch on bones people love it! Like scary movies or road kill

Unferths Challenge Unferth is introduced as jealous and angry His goal is to shame Beowulf by bringing up a swimming match Bw lost Bw responds clearly 1st accuses Unferth of being drunk and running off at the mouth Takes the opportunity to brag about strength Carried sword while swimming

Bw chose to stay close to Brecca honor Storm seperated them & brought the monsters Bw attacked and defeated 9 monsters (sign of incredible bravery and strength)

Bw turns on Unferth No tales of Unferths accomplishments He murdered his own brothers (huge no no because loyalty was so valued) If Unferth could walk the walk, Grendel wouldnt have been a problem for him

The Battle with Grendel Archetypal Character a character type that is seen in different pieces of literature The hero, the villain, the damsel in distress

Alliteration repetition of initial consonant sounds silver sweet sound of song

Foreshadowing writer gives hints to upcoming events never before nor afterfound his reception so harsh We know we are about to see a conflict

Grendel snapped the door open; tore its iron fasteners with a touch Reminds us of Grendels amazing strength before the battle

Grendel walks into a buffet ! Grendel eats one Geat Use of imagery drank blood Bolted him down

last human supper foreshadowing

The Battle with Grendel Grendel snatched for Beowulf Reverse play and Grendel finds himself caught in a serious game of mercy

Shepherd of evil, guardian of crime Kennings

Grendel wants to flee Suggests he is weak and has never faced an equal oppone