The 5-Ws Introduction to the Anglo Saxons Hwa? Who were the Anglo Saxons? Hwaet? What language did they speak? Hwaenne? When in history did they live? Hwaer? Where did they come from/go? Hwi? Why study the Anglo Saxons?
Beowulf Beowulf TrailerTrailer Beowulf Beowulf Key Facts Originally written in ____________ _____ poem Long narrative poem that celebrates a ______ deeds Beowulf A Geat warrior (Sweden) Anonymous author __________ monk Written AD Story action ______ AD Based on historical fact and _______ Hygelac led military raid ______ AD Oral _______ publicly performed by _______ or poet-singers (storytellers) Story of Beowulf reflects ________________of the Anglo-Saxon society ( AD) The 5-Ws Introduction to the Anglo Saxons Hwa? Who were the Anglo Saxons? Hwaet? What language did they speak? Hwaenne? When in history did they live? Hwaer? Where did they come from/go? Hwi? Why study the Anglo Saxons? Film Clip: 5 th Century Britain (5 min.) Hwa? ______, ______, Jutes, and Frisians - Germanic-speaking ______ Hwaet? Spoke Old English languageOld English language Major surviving _________________: Beowulf (600 AD) The Exeter Book (1000 AD) Poets sang and were called ________ Hwaenne? _____ to 1150 AD Period characterized by political unrest and bloody warfare amidst economic/cultural decline Period characterized by political unrest and bloody warfare amidst economic/cultural decline Hwaer? ____________ and other parts of Northern Europe Hwi? Origin of our culture: language, _________, hierarchies, _____, art, and musiclanguage England Scotland Ireland France Denmark (Danes) Herot Hall Germany Northern Europe Sweden (further East) Old English AD claene crypel fisc segl graes gyltig brycg What do you think these words mean? 1. Se bat seglode fif dagas. 2. Bates segl is lytel. 3. Fif batas seglodon ofer brim. 4. Seglas bata sind lytel. Experiment Experiment Read 4 Old English Sentences. Translate the meaning on a sheet of paper. HWT, WE GAR-DEna in geardagum, eodcyninga rym gefrunon, hu a elingas ellen fremedon! oft Scyld Scefing sceaena reatum, monegum mgum meodosetla ofteah, egsode eorlas, syanrest wear feasceaft funden; he s frofre gebad, weox under wolcnum weormyndum ah, o t him ghwylc ymbsittendra ofer hronrade hyran scolde, gomban gyldan; t ws god cyning! m eafera ws fter cenned geong in geardum, one God sende Listen to the Opening Lines of Beowulf read in Old English https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PzmmPRG4smU Anglo-Saxon Village Anglo-Saxon Hall, likened to the Danes Herot Hall in Beowulf Battle Helmets - The famous Beowulf Helmet recovered at Sutton Hoo Religious Beliefs of the Anglo-Saxons Pagan ____theistic faith (non-Christian). ________ Persons ____ belonging to a widely-held ______ (i.e., Christianity) Christianization of the _____________ __________ occurred in the 7 th century Beowulf poet was a _______, although the poems 6 th century characters were _____ Beowulf poet uses _______ and references to the Christian God and the ________ Earthly Virtues Virtues are the ______ in a society that the people wish to _________. Earthly because they are organic and _____________________. With a partner, think about four truths that you feel humans in the modern world should adopt as their Earthly Virtues. Anglo-Saxon Earthly Virtues ________ Loyalty _________ Household Tools of the Anglo-Saxons Knife and Sheath Pottery Music of Anglo-Saxons Harp Whistles Poetic Features of Anglo-Saxon Poetry Alliteration Caesura Characterization Epic Kenning Repetition Alliteration Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words. Adds emphasis and musical effects to sung poetry. Caesura Extra space within lines of poetry. Adds a pause for breathing and comprehension. Characterization Process by which writer reveals character personality and motivation. Epic- Long narrative poem about the adventures of a hero. Contains vast settings and supernatural figures. Kenning - A descriptive phrase or compound word that creatively renames a noun. Repetition Repeating phrases, words, or lines. Supports listeners and adds emphasis. Kennings: descriptive phrases or compound words that replace nouns. whale-road- a kenning for the sea world-candle- bone-house- lock teaser- sea-rider- ring-giver- battle-friend- feast of vultures- Quickwrite You have just been introduced to the culture of the Anglo-Saxon people who lived a thousand years ago. How does what you have seen compare with todays culture? Focus on 2 or 3 elements (religion, language, arts) in a compare/contrast paragraph.