Baroque – Dutch Flemish The popularity and success of the "Baroque" was encouraged by the Roman Catholic Church. They realized that artists' dramatic style

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Baroque Dutch Flemish

Baroque Dutch FlemishThe popularity and success of the "Baroque" was encouraged by the Roman Catholic Church. They realized that artists' dramatic style could show religious themes with elaborate artistic stylesThe secular (nonreligious) aristocracy also saw the dramatic style of architecture and art as a means of impressing visitors and competitors This period used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce emotions such as drama, tension, exuberance, and excellence in sculpture, painting, literature, and musicThe style started around 1600 in Rome, and spread to most of EuropeFor the first time, Baroque sculpture often had multiple ideal viewing angles

Primary Artists:CaravaggioPeter Paul RubensDiego VelasquezBerniniRembrandtVermeerCaravaggioMichelangelo Merisi successful artist but his turbulent lifestyle led to fights, drunkenness, murder and he spent years fleeing Rome and the policeHe used live models such as street people Claimed he didnt need to study past mastersHe created realistic and lived in natural emotionsHis use of intense, unseen light sources cast extreme contrasts of light and dark on the scene, called chiaroscuro influenced generations to come

The Calling of St. Matthew oil on canvas, 1600

The Conversion of St. Paul oil on canvas, 1600

The Crucifixion of St. Peter oil on canvas, 1601Peter Paul RubensA famous Flemish artistHis work is in France, Italy, and the Netherlands, very famous throughout all of EuropeAt an auction in 2002, Rubens' painting Massacre of the Innocents sold for $75 million

The Adoration of the Magi 1624 Oil on canvas

The Raising of the Cross 1610 Oil on wood

Diego VelasquezThe crown jewel of Spains golden age of paintingInspired by Caravaggio, with a naturalistic style; everyday activities and ordinary people as modelsMany paintings include royals of Spain, who was his primary commissionerHis masterpiece, Las Meninas is a play: is the family royal? (the king and queen entering) or is it picture of the royal family on a commoners wall?His paintings have been recreated by Pablo Picasso and Salvador DaliFriend of Peter Paul Rubens, who convinced him to use Oil painting

Las meninas - 1656

Las meninas 1957 by PicassoBerniniGian Lorenzo Bernini was undoubtedly the most important sculptor of the Baroque periodHe excelled in marble sculptures and busts, with overly dramatic movement and emotionsInspired by Greco-Roman sculpture and formBelieved Italian art was better than any other, which offended the French Designed the Piazza and colonnades of St. Peters Basilica (Vatican City)

The Ecstasy of St. Theresa marble sculpture, 1652

The Piazza of St. Peters BasilicaVatican, 1652

Apollo and Daphne marble, 1625RembrandtRembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn - The greatest artist of the Dutch school, lived primarily in AmsterdamHis paintings are characterized by luxuriant brushwork, rich color, and a mastery of chiaroscuroHe was a master of light and shadow; his paintings, drawings, and etchings made him a masterHe was successful, but died poor, he couldnt afford his living styleHe produced approximately 600 paintings, 300 etchings, and 1,400 drawings. (60 self-portraits)

The Night Watch, Rijksmuseum 1642

The Little Children Being Brought to Jesus 1649 Etching

VermeerJohannes Vermeer was a Delft painterHe completed less than 40 works of art He produced carefully detailed interiors with just one or two figures - usually women bringing beauty to everyday lifeHis style used light softly and subtly, like natural daylight, with highlights to focusHis paintings were full of symbolism, as if they were like poetry

Girl with a Pearl Earring 1666 Oil on canvas

Young Woman with a Water Pitcher 1665 Oil on canvas

Choose one artist from the Baroque time period and create your own replicaYou can copy the style, the subject, shadowing effects, the exact paintings YOUR INTERPRETATIONFor examples:If you copy Caravaggio, create unique light sources, casting shadowsIf you copy Rubens, create obvious emotions and physical movementFor Velasquez, create your interpretation of Las MeninasFor Bernini, draw a marble sculpture (Greek-style) For Rembrandt, paint a self-portraitFor Vermeer, paint a woman doing an everyday task

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