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Baroque Clothing‘if it ain’t Baroque don’t fix it.’
Types of Fabric mannerist periodHeavier weight Complex BrocadesVelvetMetallic threadHeavy Satins And TaffetaMiddle class used wool Country people homespun fabricsLinen and cotton used for under garments
TermsTaffeta-usually smooth, crisp, and lustrous,
plain-woven, and with a fine crosswise rib effect. Any of various other fabrics of silk, linen, wool, etc., in use at different periods.
Brocades-fabric woven with an elaborate design, esp. one having a raised overall pattern.
Homespun fabrics-a plain-weave cloth made at home, or of homespun yarn.
Portrait of Francis I, King of Francec. 1540Oil on wood, 27 x 22 cm By Clouet
The Wedding Dance in the Open Air1566oil on panel 119x157cm Bruegel
Late mannerist Early Baroque FabricsVery StiffMuch interlining Much padding
Early Baroque FabricsSatin VelvetsFabrics now soft flowingNatural fabric showingMiddle class and poor still were woolen
clothesLace is now being used in both Venice and
The Company of Frans Banning Cocq (Nightwatch)Dutch Baroqueoil on canvas1642by Rembrandt
The Calling of St. MatthewItalian Baroqueoil on canvas1599-1600by Caravaggio
Late Baroque FabricSame as Early BaroqueMetallic threads and Brocades are being
brought backWomen still not wearing corsetsPrinted cotton garments are being seen in
France and England
Queen Henrietta Maria, London 1632 -- Anthony Van Dyck
Chancellor Séguier 1655-57 (100 Kb); Canvas; Louvre – Le Brun
Men start to wear petticoat's Men start to wear wigs instead of growing hair to shoulders. Hat differ from area to area see page 257 in hand out. Woad was a European herb (Isatis tinctoria) of the mustard
family grown for the blue dyestuff yielded by its leaves - cultivated as a source of blue dye
Madder was a European herb (Rubia tinctorum) the root of which was used in dyeing cultivated as a source of red dye
Weld was a European plant (Reseda luteola) cultivated as a source of yellow dye - also called dyer's rocket, dyer's mignonette and also known as dyer's broom
Lichen - A plant of the division Lichenes which occur as crusty patches or bushy growths on tree trunks or rocks or bare ground etc - a source of green dye
The source of the dye for Tyrian Purple was made in Tyre, Lebanon by crushing thousands of sea shells - Mediterranean Murex
The source of the dye for Indigo, the deep, rich dark blue was from the indigo plants and the dye was imported from India
The source of the dye for Crimson cloth was cochineal from the bodies of the Cochineal insects of Central America produced by the Aztecs
Another, older, source of the dye for crimson and bright scarlet cloth was Kermes a Mediterranean insect.
The colorfast yellow dye produced from saffron, the dried stamen of an oriental crocus