Baroque and Rococo 17 th and 18 th Century. Baroque The term Baroque once had a negative meaning. The name is derived from Baroque pearls â—¦ pearls with

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Text of Baroque and Rococo 17 th and 18 th Century. Baroque The term Baroque once had a negative meaning....

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  • Baroque and Rococo 17 th and 18 th Century
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  • Baroque The term Baroque once had a negative meaning. The name is derived from Baroque pearls pearls with unusual, odd shapes Compared to Renaissance art, it was considered to be over-dramatic The architecture, overly decorated.
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  • Baroque Pearl
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  • Baroque Style Baroque style is Dramatic Strong Contrast of Light and Dark Dynamic Composition Architecture is decorative / many details
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  • Roman Catholic Church supported Baroque art style in response to the Protestant Reformation (movement to reform Catholic Church) communication of religious themes with viewer's direct and emotional involvement Aristocracy adopted Baroque style to impress visitors and to express triumphant power and control
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  • Baroque Style spread throughout Europe Italy, Holland, France, Spain, and England.
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  • Baroque Art 1600-1750 Catholic Countries: Italy, Flanders (Flemish), Spain, France Common Traits that reflect the values of the time: -Gigantic religious works to display their faiths triumph and to over-whelm and attract new worshippers. -Massive displays of wealth by absolute monarchs to enchant and impress visitors.
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  • Baroque Art 1600-1750 Catholic Countries: Italy, Flanders (Flemish), Spain, France What to look for: -Use of light harsh light from single source to concentrate your eye (chiaroscuro but for focal point). -Saints and miracles looking like ordinary people and events
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  • Baroque Art 1600-1750 Catholic Countries: Italy, Flanders (Flemish), Spain, France What to look for: -Use of light harsh light from single source to concentrate your eye (chiaroscuro but for focal point). -Saints and miracles looking like ordinary people and events -dynamic explosion of energy images captured at height of action -VERY voluptuous female nudes -portraits posed to show refinement but looked real -huge clouds in landscapes
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  • Baroque Art 1600-1750 Two distinct schools of Baroque Art: 1.Catholic Countries: Italy, Flanders (Flemish or Austrian/Spanish Netherlands), Spain, France 2.Protestant Countries: England & Holland (Dutch)
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  • Italian Baroque
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  • Annibale Carracci, Loves of the Gods, 1597 1601, Ceiling Fresco
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  • Commissioned by Cardinal Farnese to celebrate the wedding of his brother Various Gods and Humans in lovequadro riportato looks like framed easel paintings Inspired by Italian Renaissance art (Michelangelo, Raphael, Titian) Annibale Carracci, Loves of the Gods
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  • Comparison Baroque fresco Renaissance fresco
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  • Caravaggio, Conversion of St. Paul, 1601, Oil on Canvas
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  • Story of Pharisee Saul converting to Christianity Appears to be an accident in the horse stable (everyday life) Caravaggio used strong light and dark / shadowy style (greatly influenced European art) Perspective and Chiaroscuro (light and shadow) used to bring the viewer closer to the event
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  • Caravaggio, Calling of St. Matthew, 1597 1601, Oil on Canvas
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  • Christ enters from the right to summon Levi (a Roman tax collector) to a higher calling Bland street scene (normal, everyday life) Caravaggios style of strong light and shadowLight as a symbol of God
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  • Comparison
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  • Caravaggio, Crucifixion of St. Peter
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  • Caravaggio, Judith Slaying Holofernes
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  • Judith Slaying Holofernes Artemisia Gentileschi
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  • Gianlorenzo Bernini, Baldacchino, 1624 1633, Gilded Bronze
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  • Bronze canopy over the tomb of St. Peter Focal point of church Made from Bronze of doors of the ancient Roman Pantheon (Pantheon was a temple for Pagan religion) Commissioned by the Barberini Family
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  • Bernini David Expressive Dynamic Energetic
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  • David
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  • St. Peter's, Rome exterior late Renaissance (Completed 1690) designed in part by Michelangelo Largest interior of any Catholic Church in world holds up to 60, 000 people
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  • Ancient Roman Pantheon, 125 28 CE
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  • The Ecstasy of St. Theresa Bernini Italian
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  • This supreme example of Baroque art was the first masterpiece that the twenty-six year old genius, Gianlorenzo Bernini made for St. Peter's Basilica. It is impossible not to admire this fantastic, sumptuous bronze canopy supported by four spiral columns, richly decorated with gold, as it majestically rises upward. It is the largest known bronze artwork. He sent most of his life working on St. Peters Cathedral Baldachin of St. Peters Cathedral Bernini Italian
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  • Pietro da Corton, The Triumph of Divine Providence
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  • Spanish Baroque
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  • Diego Valazquez,Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor),1656
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  • Informal family portrait Theme Mystery of the Visual World Young Princess in middle Infantata Maids in waiting helping her Her favorite dwarfs and her dog Valasquez is working on large canvas (portrait of King Philip IV and Queen Mariana (reflections in mirror) Man framed in doorway
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  • Diego Valazquez, Surrender of Breda, 1634 1635,
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  • Made for King Philip IV Spanish Victory over Dutch in 1625 Spanish troops on right (organized - victory) Dutch troops on left (disorganized defeat) Spanish General patting the back of Dutch General
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  • Francisco de Zurbaran, Saint Serpion, 1628,
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  • St. Serpion (Martyr) tied to a tree and tortured (devotion to religion) St. Serpion - monk born in England - commoner De Zurbaran inspired by Caravaggios light and shadow Figure fills the foreground (close to viewer)
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  • Dutch Baroque
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  • Baroque Art 1600-1750 Protestant Countries: Holland (Dutch) & England Common Traits that reflect the values of the time: -Still lifes -Landscapes -Portraits -Very little to no religious imagery
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  • Independence from Spain Trade and Banking = Patrons of Art Protestant rejected religious art, traded for portraits, genre scenes, and landscapes
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  • Created when he was a student Exercise in lighting, expression Rembrandt created at least 70 self-portraits during his lifetime (oil paintings and etchings) Rembrandt van Rijn Self-Portrait in a Cap, Etching, 1630
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  • Rembrant Self-Portraits
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  • Rembrandt van Rijn, Return of the Prodigal Son, 1665,
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  • Stillness / inward contemplation (less dramatic than Italian Baroque paintings) Humility and humanity of Christ Father and Son relationship (father forgiving Christ) Light mixed with shadow Light focused on father and son
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  • Rembrant, Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp
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  • Frans Hals, The Women of the Regents of the Old Mens Home at Haarlem, 1664
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  • Somber and Serious Very orderly composition Monochromatic Color Palette (black and white and gray) Women look out of painting (2 look at viewer)
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  • Vermeer Dutch The Geographer
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  • French Baroque
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  • Hyancinthe Rigaud, Louis XIV, 1701, Louis XIV expanded the Louve and extended expenses for the building and completion of versailles
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  • King Louis XIV Grandiose Absolute Monarchy Wore high heels to make him taller (54)
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  • Jules Hardouin-Mansart and Charles Le Brun, Hall of Mirrors (Palace of Versailles), 1680, interior architecture
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  • Hall of Mirrors in King Louis XIVs Palace of Versailles Mirror Baroque source of illusion 100s of rooms in palace Rich decoration / details
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  • Rococo
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  • Means pebble, or shell Refined, fanciful, playful style fashionable in France due to Louis XIVs pampered lifestyle. 1700-1789 Scenes showed the luxuries and leisurely pursuits of aristocrats and the wealthy More decorative and non-functional then Baroque Rococo
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  • Rococo Style Pastel colors Delicately curving forms Dainty figures, Light hearted Sensual and erotic
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  • Jean Baptiste Simeon, Boy Blowing Soap Bubbles
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  • Antoine Watteau, LIndifferent
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  • Anotine Watteau, Return from Cythera
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