Baroque 1600-1750

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Baroque 1600-1750. France & Holland. Poussin . French, worked in Rome to be among antiquities a man of the past & future (a Renaissance soul born into a Baroque-era body) works and writings articulate values of French Academic painting: serious, formal hated the works of Caravaggio. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Baroque 1600-1750

  • Baroque1600-1750France & Holland

  • Poussin French, worked in Rome to be among antiquities a man of the past & future (a Renaissance soul born into a Baroque-era body) works and writings articulate values of French Academic painting: serious, formal hated the works of Caravaggio

  • Nicolas PoussinThe Holy Family on the Steps1648 p. 282

  • Nicolas Poussin Saints Peter and John Healing the Lame Man, 1655Oil on canvas; 49 1/2 x 65 in.

  • Rubens,The Rape of the Daughters of Leucippusc. 1618p. 282

  • Rubens,Descent from the Cross,1611-1614

  • Rembrandt,Self-Portrait,1640

  • Sortie of Capt Banning Cocqs Company of the Civic GuardAKA The Nightwatchtheatrical lighting group portrait genre

  • Rembrandt,Self-Portrait,1661KEY IMAGE p 288

  • 60+

  • Rembrandt begins to use impasto realistic images need to be viewed from a distance

  • Vermeer acute observer of life LIGHT little known in his time reputation grows in the 19th Century only about 35 works identified

  • Vermeer,The Allegory of Painting,c. 1665-70p. 285

  • Detail, The Allegory

  • Vermeer,The Milkmaid,c. 1658-60KEY IMAGE p. 286

  • VemeerWoman holding a balance1664

  • Vermeer,Lady Writing a Letter with her Maid,c. 1670

  • Ruysch, Flowers in a Vase, 1690

  • PREPARE TO DIE

  • Vanitas Still Life, 1603Jacques de Gheyn the Elder (Dutch, 15651629)Earliest known vanitas

  • Still life painting of inanimate objects

  • dates in the Baroque1742Handels Messiah oratorioc. 1600

  • SUMMARY BAROQUE ARTPOLITICS: emergence of The StateART: light, energy, motion, drama, complex, ornamented, convoluted, diagonalCHURCH still an active patron with the energy of the Counter-ReformationROYAL patronage & PRIVATE patronage shape tastes tooIDEAS: scientific method

    At the temple in Jerusalem where the old and infirm beg alms, Peter and John cure a cripple (Acts III:110): "Then Peter said, Silver and gold have I none; but such as I have give I thee: In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth rise up and walk." The composition recalls Raphael, and the gestures of the central group are reminiscent of Michelangelo's "Creation of Adam" in the Sistine Chapel. The picture was painted in 1655 for a Monseur Mercier of Lyons. Favorite of the aristocracy. Commissioned to commemorate france-spain royal marriage Vanitas Still Life, 1603Jacques de Gheyn the Elder (Dutch, 15651629)Oil on wood; 32 1/2 x 21 1/4 in. (82.6 x 54 cm)DescriptionDe Gheyn was a wealthy amateur who is best known as a brilliant draftsman, but he also painted and engraved. He was prominent in intellectual circles at Leiden and The Hague. The Museum's panel is generally regarded as the earliest known vanitas still life in European painting. Images and texts of the period often compare human existence to a bubble, cut flowers, smoke, and other reminders of life's brevity. Fame and wealth share this fate, as is suggested by the Spanish coins (one of which represents the former Habsburg emperor, Charles V, and his mother, Joanna of Aragon and Castile). The laughing and weeping philosophers, Democritus and Heraclitus, reflect upon the vanity of human life, which is symbolized further by objects floating in the bubble, such as a wheel of torture, a leper's rattle, a broken glass, and a flaming heart.