Backpacking Troop 2970

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Backpacking Troop 2970. Boots – Your Propulsion System. Lightest possible boot that will handle your load Leather – last longer, more support, most protection, but long break-in time Fabric and Leather – less expensive, lighter, minimal break-in time Size with hiking socks and liners - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Backpacking Troop 2970

  • Backpacking

    Troop 2970

  • Boots Your Propulsion SystemLightest possible boot that will handle your loadLeather last longer, more support, most protection, but long break-in timeFabric and Leather less expensive, lighter, minimal break-in timeSize with hiking socks and linersFeet swell when hikingTo size slide foot to very front of boot with laces loose, you should be able to get one finger between your heal and the inside of the boot

  • Foot CareUse Shakedown hikes to find those hot spots and fix before you startTrim toe nailsBring moleskin, band aids, etc. for hotspots and blistersStop early to check for hotspots dont wait for it to really hurtKeep feet clean and dry as possibleChange socks if needed at lunchExtra socks and liners recommended

  • ClothingNo Jeans or Cotton (please)If jeans get wet they take forever to dryThey are heavy and dont breathDifficult to layerDry-wick light weight loose fitting clothingPants that zip off into shortsShort sleeve t-shirts (synthetic) like class B scout shirtLayer clothingLong johns (dry-wick) no cotton underwearFleece pull-over

  • ClothingHow much should you bring?How much do you want to carry?How long is the backpacking trip?Remember you still have crew gear to carryA 7-10 day trip:One top and pants/shorts for sleeping inTwo pairs of hiking pants/shorts, one to wearTwo base layer t-shirts, one to wearOne long sleeve t-shirt, mid layer2 to 3 pair of underwear and socks1 fleece top1 long underwear bottom

  • Be PreparedAlways bring rain gear better dry than wetRain jacket doubles as wind protection in coldRain pantsPreferably no ponchosIf it might rain all weekend bring boots not sneakers Type of rain gear$ Vinyl gets hot quick, doesnt breath$$ Coated Nylon$$$ Nylon with Gore-tex

  • Be PreparedCold weather = Layer, Layer, LayerA hat especially for sleepingGloves warmth / waterproof depends on HAWarm socks woolChange clothes before sleeping, clothes that you didnt sweat in all day will keep you warmer, light weight loose fitting to have warm air layer between you and your clothesPut tomorrows clothes in the bottom of your sleeping bag at night to keep them warmMay want to put your water bottle in your sleeping bag to avoid it freezing overnight

  • Sleeping Bag and PadSynthetic light weight compressible backpacking sleeping bagWater proof compression bag for sleeping bagSynthetic light weight sleeping bag linerLight weight foam or self-inflating padWater proof bag for pad

  • Other Required ItemsPersonal First Aid Kit (small)Nalgene at least two water bottles, quart/liter sizeCup, bowl or deep plate, spoon, fork (or spork), in lexan, plastic or metalFlashlight smallWaterproof dry bag for clothesCompass and Map (water proof map bag)Toothbrush and PasteRequired Medications

  • Other Required Items (cont.)Matches & waterproof match containerSmall pocket knife or multi-toolSunglassesSunscreenInsect Repellant WatchSoap (non-polluting)Whistle

  • Other Required Items (cont.)Compression bag for all clothesLarge freezer bags (leave no trace)Daypack for day hikesToilet paperSmall shovelHand SanitizerDuct Tape small amountTowel preferably small light weight chamois towel

  • Optional Items (cont.)Lightweight camp shoes tennis shoes or water shoes closed toe shoesCotton balls coated in Vaseline for starting firesHandkerchiefs / BandannasMosquito head netGPS deviceHiking polesGatorsWater shoes closed toe river crossing

  • BackpackingBackpack Internal FrameInternal frame preferredThe frame is build inside the backpackThe frame can sometime be adjusted in size and can be bent to fit the torso betterHugs your bodyThey have a lower center of gravityBetter for carrying more gear around 5000 cu inBetter for off-trail, better for balanceMore narrow and higher for better movementLots of adjustments

  • BackpackingBackpack External FrameExternal frame not-preferredBetter for carrying loads of ~3500 cu inSpaced from your back cooler, tolerates lumps, etc.Higher center of gravity can cause you to lose your balanceAllow you to walk upright more easilyOther backpack features to considerTop LoadingMore water-proofBetter DurabilityCompartmentedOrganization built in everything has its place

  • BackpackingPack AdjustmentsTorso lengthToo Short = Shoulders onlyToo Long = Hips onlyHip beltRides on hipsFull contactShoulder strapsShould wrap around shoulders level to moderateWidth to fit shouldersRain cover for backpack required

  • BackpackingBackpacks should ride on your hips the hips should carry 80% of the loadBackpack shoulder straps should wrap around the shoulder to stabilize the load and carry 20% of the loadLoad the backpackBend slightly forward and attach the hip belt so when you stand straight up most of the weight is on your hipsThe hip belt should be as tight as you can make it without pinching yourselfTighten the shoulder straps next and make sure they are narrow/wide enough then connect the sternum strap

  • BackpackingTo find the right size backpack you need to know your torso lengthThis takes a friend or family member to measureUse a flexible measuring tapeStand straight upFind the 7th vertebra (C7), where your shoulder meets your neck tilt your head forward to locate it the bony bump at the base of your neckNext find the top of your hip bones place your hands on your hips, thumbs in back, locate your pelvisMeasure from your C7 to your thumbs in a straight line down your spine

  • BackpackingFind your torso length

  • BackpackingProper PackingMax weight 1/4 1/3 of body weightMany AT hikers backpacks are about 30 lbsDistribute crew gear including foodWater proof bags inside and rain cover outsidePack for good balance horizontal distribution of weightPack the tent on top for quick accessPack all raingear, water, snacks, sunscreen, etc. for easy accessPack hard, sharp objects, i.e., stove, pots, fuel, tent poles away from your back toward the outside of the pack

  • BackpackingProper PackingPut your sleeping back in a separate bottom compartmentMinimize gear outside of bagUse quality accessory strapsNo bungee cordsAfter you are packed, cinch down your pack so it is slim, use the packs compression strapsMakes your load secure and stableThe fatter your pack the more you have to bend forward to keep the center of gravity over your hipsFat packs = Sore backs

  • BackpackingProper PackingOn trail packing:Pack heavy items in the upper portion of the backpackCreates a higher center of gravityCenters the pack weight above your body so it is easier to carryOff trail / bouldering packing:Pack heavier items closer to your back in the middle of the pack for better stabilityWomenNaturally have a lower center of gravity then menMight want to always pack like going off-trail

  • Hiking PolesHelps you balance betterEase strain on jointsMedical Science journal January 2007 published a study that found using hiking poles reduced the force exerted on jointsSizing hiking polesMake sure the grip in comfortable youll be holding it for hoursWear your hiking bootsPole tips should touch the ground with arms bent at a 45 degree angle

  • Backpacking How Fast?With Packs2 miles per hour + 1 hour for every 1000 feet of elevation changeWithout Packs3 miles per hour + 1 hour for every 1000 feet of elevation changeBuild a Time Control PlanKnow in advance how far, how fast, how hard, what we will see whenPlan for water on hike, breaks, when to leave/arrive

  • Route PlanningEstimate Times0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 11,00010,000 9,000 8,000 7,000 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000

    StartCamp ACamp BCamp CEnd1 hour3 hours4 hours8 hours day 13 hours1 hours4.5 hours8.5 hours day 2

  • Route PlanningTrip Control PlanDay 1, 8 hours, after 4 hours have lunch before 2 mile up hill hikeDay 2, 8.5 hours, after 4 hours have lunch before 3 mile down hill hikeDay 3, no heavy backpacks, 11 hours 40 minutes, all up hillDay 4 no heavy backpacks, 10 hours 20 minutes, all down hill

  • FoodNever bring food into tentsLeaves smellsAttracts animalsKeep food in bear bagsGreat hiking snacks to refuel include:Trail mixEnergy barsDried FruitBeef JerkyCheese and Crackers

  • FoodGood Food means Good MoralePlan your menus Test your menus on shakedown hikesNeed a detailed food buying listRepackage all supermarket foodBy meal, pre-measured, with instructionsGo for one-pot meals for easy clean upBring spices to keep it fun and interestingRemember to ASK about Religious and Health requirements

  • Shakedown HikesRequired for all high adventure hikesRecommend a minimum of 3 shakedown hikes prior to HA hiking tripPrepares the body and mind for hiking with heavy backpacksAllows time to tune boots and backpacksForces gear inventoryTest food prep and menusPut outing in scoutingBuilds crew teamwork!

  • Where to Buy GearRecreational Equipment Inc. (REI)http://www.rei.com/Eastern Mountain Sports (EMS)http://www.ems.com/Campmorhttp://www.campmor.com/Mountain Gearhttp://www.mountaingear.com/Cabelashttp://www.cabelas.com/

  • Leave No TracePlan Ahead and PrepareTravel and Camp on Durable SurfacesDispose of Waste Properly (Pack It In, Pack it Out)Leave What You FindMinimize Campfire ImpactsRespect WildlifeBe Considerate of Other Visitors