Authentic Happiness – Positive Psychology Martin E. P. Seligman.

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    12-Jan-2016

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  • Authentic Happiness Positive Psychology Martin E. P. Seligman

  • Why bother to be happy?Your thinking is faster and broaderYou have (generally) better health & longevityYou are more productiveYou build social resources betterYour thinking is generally more tolerant, creative, constructive and non-defensive.You tolerate pain better

  • What External Circumstances Make us Happy?Money once above a certain level, no.Marriage robustly related to happinessSocial life yesNegative emotion? complexAge no. Intensity of emotion changes with age.Health generally, no.Education, climate, race, gender noReligion - yes

  • What circumstances will maximize happiness?Live in a wealthy democracy, not an impoverished dictatorship (strong effect)Get married (robust, but not causal effect)Avoid negative events & negative emotions (moderate effect)Acquire a rich social network (robust effect, but perhaps not causal)Get religion (moderate effect).

  • What circumstances make little difference?Making more money (Once above a certain comfort level, not important)Stay healthy (subjective health, not objective health matters)Get as much education as possible (no effect)Change your race or move to a sunnier climate (no effect).

  • Authentic Happiness in the PresentChanging thinking patternsIdentifying pleasures and gratifications (reinforcers)Developing strengths and virtues that increase the levels of gratification in our lives.

  • Authentic Happiness in the PresentPleasuresThe bodily pleasuresThe higher pleasuresEnhancing the pleasuresHabituationSavoringMindfulness

  • Authentic Happiness in the PresentGratificationsInvolve total absorption, suspension of consciousness, flowAbout enacting personal strength and virtues.

  • FlowThe task is challenging and requires skillWe concentrateThere are clear goalsWe get immediate feedbackWe have deep effortless involvementThere is a sense of controlOur sense of self vanishesTime stops

  • Flow research findingsLow flow teenagersAre mall kidsWatch TV a lot

  • Flow research findingsHigh flowteenagers have hobbiesEngage in sportSpend time on homeworkHave deeper social tiesAre high on most measures of psychological well-beingThink their low flow peers are having more funDo not perceive their engagement as enjoyable

  • What are the personal strengths and virtues?

  • Strengths and VirtuesThe Virtues:Wisdom and knowledgeCourageLove and humanityJusticeTemperanceSpirituality and transcendence

  • Strengths and VirtuesThe strengths linked with Wisdom & KnowledgeCuriosityLove of LearningJudgementIngenuitySocial IntelligencePerspective

  • Strengths and VirtuesThe strengths linked with CourageValourPerseveranceIntegrity

  • Strengths and VirtuesThe strengths linked with Humanity & LoveKindnessLoving

  • Strengths and VirtuesThe strengths linked with JusticeCitizenshipFairnessLeadership

  • Strengths and VirtuesThe strengths linked with TemperanceSelf-controlPrudenceHumility

  • Strengths and VirtuesThe strengths linked with transcendenceAppreciation of beautyGratitudeHopeSpiritualityForgivenessHumourZest

  • Errata from the web-site www.authentichappiness.orgSatisfaction with Life ScaleSignature Strength surveyChildrens Strengths SurveyOptimism Survey

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