Australias 2030 Emission Reduction Target

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Australias 2030 Emission Reduction Target


Australias 2030 Emission Reduction TargetStrong, credible, responsibleThe Australian Government will reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 2628 per cent elow 200! levels " 2030# $ur target is a step up %rom Australias current target to reduce emissions to %ive per cent elow 2000 levels " 2020#Australias 2030 target is a strong, credible and responsible contribution to climate action, as countries work to conclude a new global agreement at the Paris climate change conference in December 2015 !t builds on Australias impressi"e track record of addressing climate change and is consistent with strong growth in the econom# and $obs %he target has been set following wide public consultation and consideration of Australias national circumstances &'(submissions were recei"ed as a part of the )o"ernments consultation on the target An o"erwhelming ma$orit# wanted the )o"ernment to take action *ost submissions from business and industr# called for a target that sees Australia doing its fair share, in line with the actions of others and our national circumstances %he )o"ernment has chosen a 2030 target to pro"ide long term certaint# to business Australia will meet its 2030 target through policies built on the pro"en Direct Action approach, which impro"e producti"it#, reduce costs and dri"e inno"ation+such as the ,missions -eduction .und, its /afeguard *echanism and other complementar# policies Australia is also pla#ing a significant role through practical actions to reduce emissions and impro"e the en"ironment in the Asia0Pacific and in partnership with other countries Australia has a strong trac' record on climate changeAustralia outperformed its 1#oto Protocol first commitment period target 2200(320124 and is on track to meet and beat its 2020 target5etween 2000 and 2013 the econom# grew b# nearl# 50 per cent and our population grew strongl#, while greenhouse gas emissions fell b# two per cent Australias emissions per capita ha"e declined b# 1' per cent since 2000 and b# 22 per cent since 2005 ,missions per unit of gross domestic product ha"e fallen b# 33 per cent since 2000 and b# 2( per cent since 2005Figure 1. Australia grows, emissions intensity and emissions per capita fall. 2# (ow Australia will meet its 2030 target%o deli"er significant emissions reductions the )o"ernment is implementing a suite of Direct Action policies, including the 6255 billion ,missions -eduction .und and /afeguard *echanism %he world0leading ,missions -eduction .und has alread# purchased &7 million tonnes of emissions reductions8"erall design of Australias 2030 target polic# framework will be further considered in detail in 20173201( At that time, lessons from implementation of the ,missions -eduction .und will be a"ailable!n the interim, the )o"ernment will consult on, and in some cases implement, initiati"es that can deli"er low cost emissions reductions and other co0benefits %hese include9 a :ational ,nerg# Producti"it# Plan, de"eloped with the ;ouncil of Australian )o"ernments ,nerg# *inisters impro"ing the efficienc# of "ehicles phasing down h#drofluorocarbons, which are used in refrigerators and air conditioners de"eloping a strateg# to impro"e the utilisation of solar power de"eloping a low emissions technolog# roadmap %hese measures align with other policies deli"ering significant emissions reductions, including9 the -enewable ,nerg# %arget, which will deli"er more than 23 per cent of Australias electricit# from renewablesb# 2020 *inimum ,nerg# Performance /tandards for appliances and buildings the 20 *illion %rees programmeFigure 2. Australias 2030 target is achievable using irect Action approaches. !"echnology improvements and other sources of abatement include technology innovation and brea#throughs, and other action by businesses, governments and the community./ource9 Department of the ,n"ironment< chart represents indicati"e estimates Actual emissions reductions will depend on final polic# design, and the amount of emissions reductions re=uired to meet Australias 2030 target will depend on future emissions trends%he )o"ernments reform agenda9 lower ta>es< less regulation< in"esting in small business and producti"e infrastructure< and returning the budget to surplus will keep our econom# strong and $obs growing %his is central to attracting in"estment in new technologies2%echnolog# will be critical in achie"ing low cost emissions reductions %he Australian )o"ernments !ndustr#, !nno"ation and ;ompetiti"eness Agenda is implementing a wide range of actions to build business capabilit# and better facilitate commercialisation b# business%he )o"ernment is alread# pro"iding around 61 billion to new and inno"ati"e renewable energ#, energ# storage and energ# efficienc# technologies !t will focus support on new and emerging technologies like large scale solar and batter# storage%he )o"ernment is focussed on impro"ing scientific understanding of climate change impacts and adaptation %his includes the :ational ,n"ironmental /cience programme, :ational ;limate ;hange Adaptation -esearch .acilit# and work to impro"e the en"ironmental health of the )reat 5arrier -eef 3# Australias 2030 target is strong) responsile and achievale 8"er 50 countries ha"e now submitted targets %hese countries make up around ?0 per cent of global emissions, o"er70 per cent of global )DP and (0 per cent of Australian two0wa# trade !n absolute terms Australias target sits within the range of efforts b# other ma$or economies !n terms of reduction in emissions per capita and the emissions intensit# of the econom#, Australias emissions intensit# and emissions per person fall faster than man# other economies Australias emissions per person falls b# 50352 per cent between 2005 and 2030 and emissions per unit of )DP b# ?&3?5 per centFigure 3. Australias target is in line with other countries targets1. /ource9 Department of the ,n"ironment anal#sis1 :ote9 ;hinas emissions are based on 8,;D pro$ections for )DP and assume ;hina meets the upper bound of its emissions commitment 3Figure $. %hange in &missions 'ntensity(2030 "arget )elative to 200*. /ource9 Department of the ,n"ironment, )DP data from ;ommonwealth of Australia 201&015 5udget and 8,;D database 2201&4 :ote9 .or the purposes of this chart the @/ 2025 target has been e>trapolated to 2030 b# e>tending a straight line of its reduction from 2020 to 2025Figure *. %hange in &missions +er +erson(2030 "arget )elative to 200* levels./ource9 Department of the ,n"ironment< Population from ;ommonwealth of Australia, 201531? 5udget 2Australia4 and @: Aorld Population Database 2other countries4:ote9 .or the purposes of this chart the @/ 2025 target has been e>trapolated to 2030 b# e>tending a straight line of its reduction from 2020 to 2025*# Reducing emissions with a growing econom" and population$ur population and econom" are growing %aster than most other developed countries;ountries emissions are linked with population and economic growth%he Australian population continues to grow at a rate of around 15 per cent a #ear to 2030, significantl# higher than the 8,;D a"erage of 0& per cent %his will push up our emissions %he Australian econom# is in its 25th consecuti"e #ear of growth and is forecast to grow further o"er the ne>t few #ears %his is the second longest continuous period of growth of an# ad"anced econom# in the world Australia is continuing to grow while decreasing the emissions intensit# of the econom# Australias e+ports are heavil" ased in emissions intensive resources and agricultural products !n 2013 around half of Australias e>ports were resources, with agriculture responsible for an additional 12 per cent %he ma$orit# of e>ports from other de"eloped countries, apart from :ew Bealand, are manufacturing and ser"ices Australias e>ports of li=uefied natural gas also pla# a role in supporting cleaner pathwa#s b# other countries &Figure ,. &-port shares by sector./ource9 D.A% 201&, ;omposition of %rade Australia 2013 2Australia4, Aorld %rade 8rganisation /tatistics Database 2other countries4,ore o% Australias electricit" is generated %rom coalAustralias electricit# generation has been dominated b# coal, which is cheap and accessible %his has underpinned Australias economic de"elopment %his does, howe"er, create real challenges to reduce emissions without ad"ersel# impacting on the econom#!n 201&, coal fired electricit# pro"ided more than ?0 per cent of Australias total electricit# suppl#, with more than 75 per centof electricit# produced from coal in the mainland eastern states of Cueensland, :ew /outh Aales and Dictoria !n comparison, in 201& coal was responsible for about 25 per cent of electricit# in the ,uropean @nion and less than &0 per cent in the @nited /tates of America :uclear and gas make up a higher proportion of electricit# generation in these $urisdictions$ur econom" and -os will continue to grow%he economic impacts are manageable and the econom# will continue to grow 8ur target pro"ides certaint# and is set sufficientl# far in ad"ance to allow for a smooth transition %echnological progress continues to be made in relation to energ# and emissions efficienc# ;hoosing low cost polic# options and acting in concert with others means we can contribute while remaining competiti"e and protecting our econom# and $obs !# Australias international role;limate change is a global issue All countries must work together to address it %he Australian )o"ernment is pla#ing a constructi"e role in negotiations for a new global climate change agreement which will be finalised in December 2015 at the @nited :ations .ramework ;on"ention on ;limate ;hange 2@:.;;;4;onference of the Parties in Paris ;ountries ha"e agreed to a collecti"e goal of limiting global a"erage temperature rise to less than 2E; abo"e pre0industrial le"els ,ffecti"e global action towards meeting this goal will reduce climate risks to Australias en"ironment