ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

  • Upload
    bobie

  • View
    964

  • Download
    40

Embed Size (px)

Citation preview

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    1/198

     

     ATR72-500

    SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    2/198

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    3/198

    0 Administration and Control of the Manual

    0.0 Table of Contents

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL  1 30 Sep 2010 1

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    0.0 Table of Contents

    0.1 Introduction

    0.1.1 Foreword

    0.1.2 Rules of Construction

    0.1.3 Pagination

    0.1.4 Content Format

    0.1.4.1 Divisions Arrangement / Hierarchial Order

    0.1.4.2 Paragraph Arrangement / Hierarchial Order

    0.2 System of Amendment and Control

    0.2.1 Amendments to the Manual

    0.2.2 Change Control0.2.3 Administration and Control of Electronic Copy

    0.3 Distribution

    0.4 Record of Normal Revision

    0.5 List of Effective Pages

    0.6 Highlight of Changes

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    4/198

    0 Administration and Control of the Manual

    0.1 Introduction

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 1

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    0.1.1 FOREWORD

     A. The contents of the  ATR72-500 SUPPLEMENTARY OPERATIONS MANUAL (ATR SOM)

    are prepared by the Chief Pilot - ATR Division with the approval of the Vice President-Flight

    Operations and finally approved by the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines. It is issued

    and controlled by Technical Publications.

    B. The ATR SOM supplements the operational policies and procedures of the Operations

    Manual Part A, the flight crew operating procedures of the ATR Flight Crew Operating

    Manual (FCOM), ATR Flight Crew Training Manual (FCTM) and the Flight Operations

    Training Manual (FOTM).

    C. ATR operational/training policies and procedures issued as Flight Deck Crew Information

    (FDCI) by the Chief Pilot-ATR Division that are permanent in nature, unless otherwise

    rescinded, and shall be incorporated in this manual.

    D. This manual shall be constantly updated by the Office of the Chief Pilot – ATR Division in

    accordance with current regulations and standard practices. Every holder of this manual is

    advised to keep his own copy current. Revisions shall be studied immediately upon receipt,

    and updated at first opportunity.

    E. If any operational procedure contained in this manual is in conflict with other Company

    manuals, the manual with the latest revision date shall apply.

    F. Discrepancies, errors, or any difficulties arising from or connected with the interpretation of

    the text, and comments or inquiries concerning this manual should be addressed to:

    Chief Pilot – ATR DivisionFlight Operations Department

    G. All operating staff is required to adhere to instructions laid down in this manual and anydeviations should be reported, the reasons for such deviation being given.

    H. It is accepted that policies and procedures do not override the necessity of complying withany new or amended regulation published by the CAAP from time to time where these new oramended regulations are in conflict with these procedures.

    I. The Operations Manual is written in the English language. All operations personnel shall beable to understand the English language. [CAR 8.4.1.2 (c)] 

    J.  Al l references in this manual to Cebu Pacif ic Air shal l be deemed and construed as areference to Cebu Air, Inc., an airline company incorporated under and by virtue ofPhilippine law under Securities and Exchange Commission Registration No. 154675. 

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    5/198

    0 Administration and Control of the Manual

    0.1 Introduction

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 2

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    K. The manual is organized in the following manner:

    Chapter 0 – Administration and Control of the Manual contains general information

    regarding the manual’s purpose, structure and content.

    Chapter 1 – General

    Chapter 2 – Introduction to Operating Procedures

    Chapter 3 – Standard Operating Procedures

    Chapter 4 – Operating Procedures

    Chapter 5 – Jet Indoctrination

    Chapter 6 – Rules of the Air

    Chapter 7 – Emergency Procedures

    Chapter 8 – ATR Flight Deck Crew Training and Evaluation Appendices

    0.1.2 RULES OF CONSTRUCTION

    [CAR 1.1.1.1] Rules of Construction

    (a) Throughout these regulations the following word usage applies:

    (1) Shall indicates a mandatory requirement.

    (2) The words "no person may..."  or "a person may not..."  mean that no person isrequired, authorized, or permitted to do an act described in a regulation.

    (3) May  indicates that discretion can be used when performing an act described in aregulation.

    (4)  Will indicates an action incumbent upon the Authority.

    (5) Includes means "includes but is not limited to."

    (6)  Approved means the Authority has reviewed the method, procedure, or policy inquestion and issued a formal written approval.

    (7)  Acceptable means the Authority has reviewed the method, procedure, or policy andhas neither objected to nor approved its proposed use or implementation.

    (8)  Prescribed  means the Authority has issued written policy or methodology whichimposes either a mandatory requirement; if the written policy or methodology states"shall." or a discretionary requirement if the written policy or methodology states"may."

    (9) Should indicates a recommended practice.

    (10)  Civil Aviation Act means Republic Act No. 9497, otherwise known as Civil Aviation Authority Act of 2008.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    6/198

    0 Administration and Control of the Manual

    0.1 Introduction

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 3

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    0.1.3 PAGINATION

     A. The header of each page contains:

     Cebu Pacific Logo

     The name of the manual Chapter Control Number and Title Sub-Chapter Control Number and Title Revision Number  Revision Date of the last revision [CAR 9.2.2.4 (a)(2)(3)] 

    The date of the revision is mentioned on the record of normal revision sheet.

      Page Number (within Sub-Chapter)

    Page numbers run in sequence starting with each change in Sub-Chapter .

    B. The footer of each page contains:   Issue Date of original manual page [ICAO Doc 9376 : 2.3.4] 

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    7/198

    0 Administration and Control of the Manual

    0.1 Introduction

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 4

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    0.1.4 CONTENT FORMAT

    Note: In this manual, [CAR XXX] is mentioned whenever the paragraph refers to the associated

    requirement. [CAR 9.2.2.4 (a)(5)]

     A. International standard ISO  2145 defines a typographic convention for the "numbering ofdivisions and subdivisions in written documents". International standard ISO 2145 has beenadopted in formatting this manual for user’s convenience in identifying and referring thecontents of the manual.

    0.2.4.1 Divisions Arrangement / Hierarchial Order  

    Header:  1 Chapter1.1 Sub-Chapter

    Body:  1.1.1 Section

    1.1.1.1 Sub-Section

    1.1.1.1.1 Item

    0.2.4.2 Paragraph Arrangement / Hierarchial Order  

     A. Paragraph refers to the text describing a sub-chapter, section, sub-section, item or asub-item. Where applicable, items under each paragraph are outlined in thefollowing order:

     A.

    B.C.1.2.3.

    a.b.c.

    i.ii.iii

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Organization_for_Standardizationhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Organization_for_Standardization

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    8/198

    0 Administration and Control of the Manual

    0.2 System of Amendment and Control

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500

    SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 1

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    0.2.1. AMENDMENTS TO THE MANUAL

    [CAR 9.3.1.2] Operations Manual

    (c) Each operator shall prepare and keep current an Operations Manual that contains theoperator’s procedures and policies for the use and guidance of its personnel.

     A. A revision service is provided for each manual. Amendments to the manual are normallypromulgated by means of normal revisions issued whenever necessary to cover correctionsand to add new data.

    B. Amendments are accompanied by filing instructions and an updated List of Effective Pages(LEP). A brief outline of the purpose and the nature of each change are included in thetransmittal sheet attached to each amendment.

    C. Each holder to whom the manual is issued is responsible for the security and safeguarding ofthat manual, for insertion of amendments and revisions and for maintaining the manual in acurrent status.

    D. Changes will be marked by a vertical bar in the right margin alongside the revised pagecontent. Each revised page will indicate the new revision date and number. [CAR 9.2.2.4(a)(3)]  Handwritten amendments and revisions are NOT permitted.

    E. After each normal revision is entered, a notation should be made on the normal record sheet.[CAR 9.2.2.4 (a)(2)] 

    F. For printed copies, a Document Receipt and Retrieval Form or Acknowledgment Receipt andobsolete/superseded pages should be returned to Technical Publications as soon as

    amendments have been incorporated.

    G. Revisions shall be studied immediately upon receipt, and inserted at first opportunity. Shouldany individual consider that all or any part of a procedure or instruction requires to beamended, he should notify the Chief Pilot – ATR or Vice President – Flight Operations.

    H. If a policy and/or procedure in the ATR SOM need to be revised, or a new policy or procedure

    needs to be included in the manual, Flight Deck Crew Information (FDCI) will be issued by

    the Chief Pilot-ATR Division or the VP, Flight Operations. These FDCIs will be compiled and

    posted in a folder at Flight Dispatch, read, acknowledged and signed accordingly by ATR

    pilots.

    I. The Technical Publication shall be responsible for distributing all revisions of the manual and

    uploading to the eKP when changes are approved.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    9/198

    0 Administration and Control of the Manual

    0.2 System of Amendment and Control

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500

    SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 2

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    0.2.2 CHANGE CONTROL

     A. All revisions and issues of the manual shall be approved by the Vice President for Flight

    Operations and CAAP prior to release. [CAR 9.3.1.2 (a)]

    B. Handling of revisions shall be in accordance with Quality and Safety Manual / Quality andSafety Procedures Manual. All revisions shall be issued under cover of a DocumentChange/Production Request Form, which shall also contain a description of the revision.Revisions shall be identified by a Revision Number (Rev. 0, 1, 2, etc.) and each new revisionshall supersede all previous changes.

    C. The proposed policy or procedure shall be submitted to the Authority at least 30 days prior tothe date of intended implementation. In an event of urgency of implementation, the operatormay seek permission from the Authority, with justification, to reduce this period of 30 days.[CAR 9.2.2.4 (c)]

    D. The revision status of individual Manuals shall be subject to an audit as part of the CompanyQuality Audit Program and CAAP.

    0.2.3 ADMINISTRATION AND CONTROL OF ELECTRONIC COPY

     A. Each ATR division pilot will be issued a CD copy of the manual. Each manual shall have a

    controlling mark (“UNCONTROLLED COPY – CD COPY”) when printed. 

    1. The manual CD copy is Cebu Pacific Air’s property and is restricted for the use of CebuPacific Air ATR Flight Deck Crew. Upon separation from the department/company saiddocument must be returned to the Technical Publications.

    2. A new CD copy shall be issued for revisions made in the manual.

    3. A “Records of Revisions” page in the CD copy shall be electronically filled out by theTechnical Librarian.

    4. When the revised CD copy has been reproduced, the manual holders shall return theobsolete CD copy. Receipt of said document shall be documented on the DocumentReceipt Retrieval Form.

    B. A revised electronic copy of the ATR DSOM will be issued twice a year (months of January

    and July).

    C. The electronic version of the ATR SOM shall shall be available in the Cebu Pacific EnterpriseKnowledge Portal (eKP) [https://ekp.cebupacificair.com]  under the Technical Library. Theyshall have a controlling mark (“UNCONTROLLED – EKP COPY”) when printed.

    1. As a security precaution, each personnel shall be assigned a username and password toaccess the eKP, however the manuals are available only to those who haveaccess/viewer rights to the manual in the Technical Library portal.

    2. To ensure the efficient and effective implementation of the electronic manual in eKP,indoctrination on the familiarization and use of both mediums shall be conducted to allmanual holders. Automatic notification will be issued once new version of the manual hasbeen uploaded.

    3. In case of eKP system failure, the hard copy and CD copy of the manual that areavailable in the Technical Library may be consulted.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    10/198

    0 Administration and Control of the Manual

    0.3 Distribution

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500

    SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 1

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

     A. The ATR 72-500 Supplementary Operations Manual including any revisions/amendments shall beissued to CAAP, ATR Pilots and other personnel, departments/offices required to use the manual.[CAR 9.3.1.2] 

    B. Due to the huge number of persons and offices to whom the manual is issued, the distribution list isnot listed in the ATR SOM. However, it is maintained and controlled in the Master List of theTechnical Publications.

    C. Pilots are required to personally obtain a CD copy of the revised manual from Technical Publicationsand affix their signature on the receiving log.

    D. To prevent access and issuance of the manual to unauthorized persons or offices, each manualissued has its corresponding control number, whether in hard copy or CD format.

    E. For CD copyholders of the manual, superseded copies must be returned to Technical Publications forproper disposal.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    11/198

    0 Administration and Control of the Manual

    0.4 Record of Normal Revision

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500

    SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 1

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

     A notation should be made on the revision record below after each revision is inserted, thus providing acheck that all revisions are entered.

    Revision Number Revision Date Date Entered Entered By

    0

    1 30 Sep 2010 21 Oct 2010 ACM

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    12/198

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    13/198

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    14/198

    0 Administration and Control of the Manual

    0.6 Highlight of Changes

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500

    SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 1

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    Effective 30 September 2010, the ATR Supplementary Operations Manual has been re-issued toconform to the standard format and organization of the company manuals as mandated by the Civil

     Aviation Authority of the Philippines.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    15/198

    1 General

    1.0 Table of Contents

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 1

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    1.0 Table of Contents

    1.1 General Policy

    1.1.1 Definition

    1.1.1.1 Crew Definition

    1.1.1.2 Flight Phase Definition

    1.1.1.3 Procedure Definition

    1.1.1.4 Checklist (C/L) Definition

    1.1.2 Crew Coordination

    1.1.2.1 Crew Function

    1.1.2.2 Safety Recommendations

    1.1.2.3 Mutual Control

    1.1.2.4 Procedure Methodology

    1.1.2.5 Checklist Methodology / Challenge and Reply

    1.1.2.6 Task Sharing

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    16/198

    1 General

    1.1 General Policy

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 1

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    1.1.1 DEFINITION

    1.1.1.1 Crew Definition

     A.  CM1 (Crew Member 1) is the captain of the flight. He assumes the responsibility ofthe flight and is nominated by the operator. The CM1 refers to the crew member inthe left hand seat.

    B.  CM2 (Crew Member 2) is the crew member who assumes the first officer function.The CM2 refers to the crew member in the right hand seat.

    C. Captain has always the final decision.

    D.  PF  (Pilot Flying) is the crew member who flies the aircraft and performs thenavigational tasks.

    E. PNF (Pilot Not Flying) is the crew member who assumes radio communication andperforms the mechanical tasks, and monitor flight path.

    F. CABIN CREW has to take care of passengers and to ensure the communicationbetween the cabin and the cockpit. Cabin crew is in charge of passengers safety.

    1.1.1.2 Flight Phase Definition

     A. The flight is divided in several flight phases.

    B. Each flight phase is associated with a procedure and eventually followed by acheck-list.

    C. Procedure allows crew members to do all correct actions. Check-list permits tocheck they have been done

    1.1.1.3 Procedure Definition

     A. Each flight phase complies with a specific chronological actions list that crew has toperform by memory.

    NOTE:

    1. A procedure is performed before the check list reading.

    2. Triggered by the word “…procedure”. (e.g. “Before takeoff procedure”).

    3. Procedures of this manual are in compliance with FCOM & QRH.

    1.1.1.4 Checklis t (C/L) Definition

     A. Normal check lists are used to verify that main procedures with impact on flightmanagement have been correctly performed and checked.

    B. To be efficient, check-list reading has to be preceded by actions performed bymemory.

    NOTE: Checklists of this manual are in compliance with QRH.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    17/198

    1 General

    1.1 General Policy

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 2

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    1.1.2 CREW COORDINATION

    1.1.2.1 Crew Function

    FLIGHT PHASES CM1 CM2

    ON GROUND < 70 kt PF PNF

    ON GROUND > 70kt or 1st situation* PF PNF

    IN FLIGHT 2nd

     situation* PNF PF

    * Function: decided during the briefing by the captain.

     A. Task Sharing

    1. For all procedures, the general task sharing stated below is applicable:

    a.  PF is in charge of:

    i. Flight path and power levers

    ii. Navigation

    iii. Aircraft configuration

    iv. Procedure initiation

    b. PNF is in charge of:

    i. Checklist reading

    ii. Communication

    iii. Mechanic and condition levers

    iv. Monitoring PF

    B. Pilot Flying Transfer

    1.  PF  function can be transferred, due to external factors, with the followingannouncement:

    a. “your control” orb. “you have control”

    2. The pilot who receives the PF function announces respectively:

    a. “my control” or

    b. “I have control”

    3. After PF/ PNF function change, crew has to change and check that the AutoPilot coupling is set to the new PF side. This statement applies except for thefollowing: Approach Briefings, PA announcements.

    4. Prior to Auto Pilot coupling transfer, the PF must brief the PNF of any changesin flight path, navigation/communication settings, or aircraftstatus/configuration.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    18/198

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    19/198

    1 General

    1.1 General Policy

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 4

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    1.1.2.3 Mutual Contro l

     A. The mutual control is a safety factor, using CROSS CHECKS.

    B. Control must be done by clear messages and information.

    C. To allow an efficient cross check:

    1. Each pilot should know the other crew member procedures.

    2. The procedure should be entirely and accurately followed.

    D. If an indication is not in compliance with the executed action, crew members mustcheck that the relevant system is correctly set and/or take any necessary action tocorrect the situation.

    E. Any pilot action, which modifies the flight parameters (flight path, speed or a

    system status), should be announced by a pilot and cross-checked by the otherone (efficiency of cross check is necessary for the flight safety).

    F. PNF  can be shortly busy (ATC message, weather listening, operating manualreading, procedure action, etc.) Any mode changed by the PF  concerning ADU,system or any noticeable items must be reported to the PNF when his attention isagain available.

    1.1.2.4 Procedure Methodology 

     A. A procedure always precedes a check-list for the considered flight phase.

    B. Procedures must be calmly done in a complete and precise way.

    C. Every pilot has to know the procedure’s items of the other pilot.

    D. Procedures are triggered by:

    1. On ground:

    a. Procedure is triggered by

    i.  CM1 or

    ii. Specific flight event

    2. In flight:

    a. Procedure is triggered by

    i. PF orii. Specific flight event

    E. PF and PNF task sharing must comply with following orders and announcements:

    REMARKS:

    1. In some flight phases, the procedure achievement is triggered by events and isautomatically done in a chronological way.

    2. It is not necessary to order the procedure because all the actions are alreadyachieved. PF will ask directly for the check-list.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    20/198

    1 General

    1.1 General Policy

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 5

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    3. Example:

    a. After take-off, the procedure is triggered by the CLIMB SEQUENCE.

    b. For approach phase, the procedure is triggered by the aircraft descendingthrough 10,000 feet.

    c. Before landing, the procedure is triggered by the FLAPS SET FORLANDING

    F. There are 2 ways to execute a procedure:

    1. SCANS permits to check all P/Bs, switches and lights on the panel.

    a. They are executed:i. By memoryii. Following a logical way (upward)

    2. FLOWS permits to do some actions with a predetermined order.

    a. They are executed:i. By memoryii. Following a specific order

    *The flow is a reminder of the task sequence.

    1.1.2.5 Checklis t Methodology/ Challenge and Reply

     A. CHALLENGE AND REPLY concept: PNF reads C/L, PF answers

    B. Checklist use:

    1. On ground

    a. C/L is requested by CM1 b. C/L is read by CM2 

    2. In flight

    a. C/L is requested by PFb. C/L is read by PNF

    C. PNF announces C/L title, reads the C/L, asking questions.

    D. When C/L is completed, PNF announces “C/L complete”

    E. The answer must be in compliance with the C/L and adapted with the presentsituation.

    F. The PNF must receive correct answer before reading the next item. If not, PNF hasto repeat the same item.

    G. If checklist is interrupted, resume reading one step before last item.

    H. PF  and PNF  task sharing must comply with the following orders andannouncement:

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    21/198

    1 General

    1.1 General Policy

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 6

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    REMARKS:

    1. In order to have a standard documentation to comply with all ATR series, some

    C/L items in QRH are given in a general way and identified by “SET”

    2. Example:

    a. However, to respect proper crew coordination andcommunication between, it is necessary to announce the exact/actualvalue of the setting.

    i. Example:

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    22/198

    1 General

    1.1 General Policy

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 7

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    1.1.2.6 Task Sharing

     A. The flight is divided in several flight phases. For each phase, the crew tasks are

    explained in the procedures hereafter.

    FLIGHT EVENTS PROCEDURES CHECKLISTTRIGGERED

    BY

     Arrival at dispatch Flight preparation procedure CM1/ CM2

     Arrival at the aircraftInternal inspectionprocedure

    CM2

    Internal inspectioncomplete

    External inspectionprocedure

    CM1

    External inspectioncomplete

    Preliminary cockpitpreparation procedure

    CM2

    GPU connection orHOTEL MODE

    Readpreliminarycockpitpreparation(QRH 3.01)

    CM1/ CM2

    Take off dataFinal cockpit preparationprocedure

    CM1

    Departure briefingcomplete

    Final cockpitpreparationchecklist

    CM1

    Start up clearancereceived + doorclosed

    Before Propeller Rotation

    Procedure

    BeforePropeller

    RotationChecklist

    CM1

    Engine running Before taxi procedureBefore taxichecklist

    CM1

    Taxi clearancereceived

    Taxi procedure CM1

    T/O briefing completeTaxichecklist

    CM1

     Approaching holdingpoint and “cabinready”

    Before take off procedure CM1

    Before take offprocedure complete

    Before takeoff checklist

    CM1

     Acceleration altitude Climb sequence PF

     Altimeters checkperformed

     After take offchecklist

    PF

    Crossing 10,000FT 10,000FT procedure No C/L PF

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    23/198

    1 General

    1.1 General Policy

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 8

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    Cruise FL reached

    Check FLT LVL GNSSVNAV page 2/ Set SpeedBug to computed CruiseSpeed

    PF

    Cruise speedreached

    Cruise Procedure PF

     At least 5 minutesbefore T.O.D.

     Approach Briefing / Beforedescent procedure

    PF

    Prior to T.O.D.Descentchecklist

    PF

    Crossing 10,000FT 10,000FT procedure Approachchecklist

    PF

    Intermediateapproach

    Before landing procedure PF

    Landingconfiguration

    Beforelandingchecklist

    PF

    Runway vacated/180degree turncompleted

     After landing procedure CM1

     After landingprocedure complete

     After landingchecklist/”silent” by CM2

    CM1

     Aircraft stopped atthe parking

    Parking procedureCM1

    Parking procedurecomplete

    Parkingchecklist

    CM1

    Ready to leaveLeaving the aircraftprocedure

    CM1

    Leaving procedurecomplete

    “Leaving the aircraft”checklist / to be read byboth crew/confirm that thebattery switch is “off”

    Leaving theaircraftchecklist

    CM1/CM2

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    24/198

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    25/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.0 Table of Contents

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 2

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    2.2.5 Speed Bugs

    2.2.5.1 Takeoff Bugs

    2.2.5.2 Cruise Bug

    2.2.5.3 Approach Bugs

    2.2.5.4 Best Angle and Best Rate Speeds

    2.2.6 Torque Bug

    2.2.6.1 Takeoff

    2.2.6.2 Cruise

    2.2.6.3 Torque Preset

    2.2.7 Data Card

    2.2.7.1 Takeoff Data Card Filling

    2.2.7.2 Takeoff Data Card Proceeding

    2.2.7.3 Landing Data Card Filling

    2.2.7.4 Landing Data Card Proceeding

    2.2.8 Briefing

    2.2.8.1 Departure Briefing

    2.2.8.2 Departure Clearance

    2.2.8.3 Takeoff Briefing

    2.2.8.4 Arrival Briefing

    2.2.9 Navigation

    2.2.10 Radio Communications

    2.2.11 Airc raft Lights

    2.2.12 Cabin Signs

    2.2.13 Company Documents

    2.2.13.1 SOPs / Reminders

    2.2.13.2 Techlog

    2.2.13.3 Techlog Procedure

    2.2.13.4 Techlog Distribution Procedure

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    26/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.1 Flight Preparation

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 1

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    2.1.1 GROUND HANDLING / RAMP OPERATIONS SAFETY PROCEDURES

     A. PURPOSE

    1. To establish guidelines and procedures in order to ensure safe ramp operations andservicing of ATR aircraft

    B. SCOPE

    1. This procedure shall apply to all activities related to ramp and servicing operations of ATR aircraft.

    C. DEFINITION OF TERMS

    1. HOTEL Mode - exclusively used on the ground where the no. 2 (right) engine provides

    aircraft autonomy in terms of air conditioning and DC power supply with the gasgenerator operating and the propeller locked by a hydraulic brake.

    2. Tail Prop/Stand – is a safety device/precaution installed in the rear of the aircraftwhenever the aircraft is on ground/under servicing to prevent aircraft damage in the eventof an aircraft nose up attitude on ground, that could occur in case of incorrectimplementation of loading/off-loading procedure of the ATR aircraft.

    3. Free Fall – a condition where a certain body moves freely in the presence of gravity.

    D. RESPONSIBILITIES

    1. All personnel involved in ramp and servicing operations of ATR aircraft.

    2.1.2 ARRIVAL PROCEDURE

    2.1.2.1 Maintenance Personnel

     A. The Ground Marshall shall guide the taxiing ATR aircraft towards the assignedparking bay.

    B. When the aircraft’s nose wheel is positioned on the assigned parking bay stop bar,the Ground Marshall shall wait for the Captain’s signal that both engines areshutdown or, in certain cases, number two engine will be in Hotel Mode with enginenumber one shut down. The ATR 72-500 utilizes a PW 127M free spool turbineengine, Therefore:

    CAUTION

    Even after engine shut down, propeller residual rotation may occur.Exercise extreme caution w hen approaching the aircraft.

    C.  Always stay in the pilot’s field of vision when the aircraft engines are stillrunning/propeller blades still in motion.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    27/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.1 Flight Preparation

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 2

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    D. Marshall shall then give the signal to the chock man to approach the aircraft andinstall the chocks on the nose wheel by approaching the aircraft towards its nose.

     As for the main wheel, approach the aircraft from its rear portion when installing themain wheel chocks. Main wheel chocks must be attached to pull-ropes for easyremoval. Give the signal to the Captain once the chocks are already installed.

    E. If a GPU is available upon arrival, Flight Deck Crew will initially configure enginenumber two for Hotel Mode. GPU will then be connected to the aircraft oncenumber two propeller has ceased rotation. Engine number two will then beconsequently shut down once GPU is online.

    F. If the tailwind component at the assigned parking bay is 10 knots or greater, HotelMode is not an option due to possible engine nacelle overheat. Flight Deck Crewshall shut down engine number two first. This will allow Ground Crew to approachthe right side of the aircraft and connect the GPU. Engine number one will be then

    shut down once the GPU is on line.

    G. The Marshall will signal ground personnel when it is safe to approach the aircraft:propellers have stopped rotation and aircraft beacon light is “off”.

    H. Secure aircraft propellers with its corresponding propeller straps only when theengine is fully shut down and propeller rotation has stopped. Installation ofpropeller straps is not recommended during QTA.

    I. If the number two engine is to remain in Hotel Model (which should be confirmedthrough verbal communication with the Flight Deck Crew), do not install propellerstraps.

    J. Install warning signage (“Warning, Propeller Area”) at the aircraft propeller zone.

    2.1.2.2 Ground/Ramp Personnel 

     A. Do not approach the aircraft until the cleared signal has been given by the GroundMarshall.

    B. Approach the aircraft Pax door from the left wing tip and walk aft of the wingavoiding the area adjacent the Pax door. The Pax door is a “free fall” type. To avoidinjury, personnel should not position themselves directly under the door prior toopening.

    C. Ground/Ramp Personnel shall retrieve the Tail Prop/Stand from its compartment at

    the tail section of the aircraft. Ground/Ramp Personnel shall give the Flight Attendant a “Thumbs Up” signal once the Tail Prop/Stand is installed.

    D. Ground/Ramp Personnel will install safety cones within the propeller area as wellas around the aircraft designated points.

    (see attached diagram on page nos. 14 & 15 for reference).

    E. Passengers must be escorted by the assigned Ground/Ramp Personnel from theaircraft to the terminal at all times. At no time will a passenger be allowed to intrudeinto the area restricted by the safety cones (wing/engine/propeller area).

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    28/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.1 Flight Preparation

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 3

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    F. Cargo/Baggage unloading sequence is “Rear Compartment First to Unload”.Unloading of the rear compartment may be done simultaneously with the deplaning

    of Pax.

    G. Unloading of baggage at the forward compartment shall commence only aftercompletion of Pax deplaning and completion of rear cargo compartment unloading.This ensures that the aircraft will not tip over (nose up) while parked.

    H. The Tail Prop/Stand is only a safety device/precaution and should never be reliedon to prevent aircraft damage in the event on an aircraft nose up attitude onground.

    (see Tail Prop/Stand illustration/picture at page no. 13)

    2.1.2.3 Flight Deck Crew/ Cabin Crew 

     A. Flight Deck Crew will advise Cabin Crew if the number two engine will be operatingin “Hotel Mode” during Pax boarding/deplaning.

    B. Flight Deck Crew will announce through the PA: “Doors may be opened” after theseatbelt sign has been switched off. Cabin Crew may then open the Pax door.

    C. Opening of the service door shall be advised by the Captain via PA.

    D. The service door should not be opened if the aircraft is in Hotel Mode, withoutpermission from the Captain. The Captain shall determine and advise if prevailingwind conditions permit (non-standard procedure).

    E. Prior to deplaning Cabin Crew will advise passengers to comply with Ground/RampPersonnel instructions in order to avoid the aircraft restricted area (wing, engine,and propeller).

    F. After opening the Pax door, Cabin Crew will wait for the “Thumbs Up” signal fromthe Ground/Ramp Personnel that the Tail Stand/Prop is installed.

    G. Deplaning of Pax will only commence upon installation of Tail Stand/Prop andsafety cones. Cabin Crew shall control the deplaning of Pax.

    Note: Maximum of 7 Pax shall be allowed to deplane at a given time.

    2.1.3 AIRCRAFT SERVICING

     A. All personnel working in and around the aircraft should always assume that the engine isalways running (hot area condition). Refer to page no. 9 for the aircraft exhaust temperaturecontours.

    B. When approaching the aircraft carrying long tool rods or other equipment, the equipmentmust be positioned horizontally to avoid possible contact with blades.

    C. Personnel should never walk or park equipment within the operating arc of a propeller. Avoidthe marked propeller area on the aircraft and zones isolated by safety cones

    (see diagram on page no. 9).

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    29/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.1 Flight Preparation

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 4

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    D. Never walk close to or between propellers or between propeller blades, even if they aremotionless.

    E. When working around an aircraft, be alert for protrusions that could cause injury, such asantennas, pitot tubes, vortex generators and air-conditioning pack exhaust ports.

    F. Place GSE outside the aircraft clearance zone equipment limit lines for ready access to theaircraft only after the anti-collision beacon light is off.

    G. Position GSE in an organized way so that all equipment has access to the aircraft.

    H. Refueling truck shall be positioned parallel to the aircraft fuselage and outside the propellerarc zone. In the case of a larger truck servicing the aircraft or fuel hoses are connected to theequipment left side, positioning of fuel truck can be modified

    (refer to diagram at page nos. 10 & 11 for reference).

    2.1.4 DEPARTURE 

    2.1.4.1 Ground and Ramp Personnel

     A. Cargo/Baggage loading sequence is “Forward Compartment First to Load”. Afterloading of cargo/baggage in the forward compartment, Pax boarding maycommence with the necessary clearance already obtained from the Flight DeckCrew. First to board shall be Pax seated on rows 1 and 2, to be followed by rows 3and 4 and so forth (Only two rows at a time).

    B. Catering Supplies and “Buy On Board Eats and Merchandise” may be loaded via

    the service door or the Pax door. Galley loading/offloading may be done at anytimewhile aircraft is on ground due to minimal weight of supplies and item.

    C. Passengers must be escorted by the assigned Ground/Ramp Personnel to theaircraft at all times

    D. When all Pax are on board, loadsheet submission may be accomplished thru theCockpit Com Hatch, which is a small slot on the Captain’s side of the aircraft’s frontfuselage. It is advisable that Ground personnel wear a headset for directcommunication with the Captain when this method is employed.

    E. After loadsheet submission/approval, the Load Controller/Ramp Agent shall signalthe clearing of equipment, personnel and safety cones.

    F. Once all Pax on board, Ground/Ramp Personnel shall then remove the tailprop/stand and stow it in the appropriate compartment at the aircraft’s tail section.

    G. Ground/Ramp Personnel must ensure that after stowing the Tail Prop/Stand, thatthe Tail Prop/Stand Compartment door is secured/latched. For departure, theGround/Ramp Personnel should give the “Thumbs Up” signal to the Cabin Crewonly if:

    1. Tail Prop/Stand is removed

    2. Tail Prop/Stand is properly stowed in its compartment.

    3. Tail Prop/Stand compartment is closed and securely latched.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    30/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.1 Flight Preparation

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 5

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    Note: If any of these conditions are not met, Ground/Ramp Personnel shouldinform the Cabin Crew, who will then inform the Captain. The Aircraft

    should not be allowed to depart. Safety First!

    2.1.4.2 Flight Deck / Cabin Crew

     A. Cabin Crew will request permission from the Captain to close the Pax/service door(via interphone) only upon receiving confirmation from the Ground/Ramp Personnel(Thumbs Up signal) that the Tail Prop/Stand is removed, properly stowed, and TailProp/Stand compartment door properly secured/latched.

    B. When ready to taxi, the Captain shall inform the headset man: “We have a goodstart, disconnect everything and signal on my left/right side”.

    2.1.4.3 Maintenance

     A. Pushback

    1. Once the tow tug has been connected to the aircraft, wheel chocks shall beremoved.

    2. After the Flight Deck Crew has given the signal to commence pushback,headset man/tow tug operator shall ensure all equipment servicing the aircrafthave cleared the area before initiating any movement.

    3. During pushback operations, drive the tug at a walking pace and with the headset man walking along the side of the tug (not riding above the tug).

    4. After pushback, detached the tow bar from the nose gear first, then from thetug.

    5. Pushback personnel should be clear of the movement area before the aircraftis marshaled for departure. The pushback person in charge then gives the “endof guidance” hand signal and the “clear to taxi” salute.

    B. Pushback with tailwind component at 10 knots or greater, aircraft not in Hotel Mode

    1. If the GPU is connected, Flight Deck Crew shall request ramp/ground control ifthey may start engine number one at the parking bay for operationalrequirement. Ground idle power only.

    2. If request is granted, after engine number one start, GPU may be disconnectedand push back commenced.

    3. If request is not granted, pushback when clearance is obtained and startengines on battery power.

    C. Power Out

    1. After closing of the cabin door, main wheel chocks shall be removed.

    2. Headset man shall then give clearance to the Captain for engine start orrelease of number two engine propeller brake and will wait for furtherinstruction/advice.(For further details on marshalling procedures, seeOperations Manual Sub-Chapter 12.7)

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    31/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.1 Flight Preparation

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 6

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    3. Headset man shall confirm to the captain “brakes on captain” and shalldisconnect the headset and signal to the chock man to remove the nose wheel

    chocks. After which shall proceed to about ten meters left-forward of theaircraft and signal clear to taxi (ensure that the chock man is beside him andholding/showing the chocks to the captain)

    2.1.5 POSITIONING OF SAFETY CONES 

     A. When aircraft is on the ramp, safety cones must be positioned on the aircraft’s:

    1. Propeller zone

    2. Wing tips

    3. Nose tip

    4. Tail section

    (see diagram on page nos. 15 for reference)

    B. Depending on the availability of safety cones, cordoning the aircraft while on the ramp is alsorecommended. (see diagram for reference on page no. 17)

    2.1.6 RAMP OPERATIONS WITH EMPTY AIRCRAFT

     A. A qualified maintenance person or pilot must be in the cockpit when moving an emptyaircraft.

    B. Clearance, via radio, with the appropriate airport ground control and ground personnel, viaintercom, shall be secured before commencing any movement of the aircraft.

    2.1.7 INCLEMENT WEATHER

     A. The following guidelines must be observed in securing the aircraft during inclement weathercondition:

    1. Park aircraft on a level surface and away from any unsecured equipment.

    2. Install chocks on aircraft nose and main wheels

    3. Secure the aircraft by fastening the mooring rope/chain to the ramp mooring/lashing pointand to the specified tie down point of the aircraft.

    2.1.8 CONSERVATION OF AIRCRAFT BATTERY POWER 

     A. If the aircraft is not in “Hotel Mode” or GPU/External Power is not connected to the aircraft;even with the BATT switch selected “OFF”; the following doors/panels consume a significantamount of aircraft battery power via the Ground Handling Bus when left open for a prolongedperiod of time:

    1. Cargo Door Operating Panel

    2. Refueling Panel

    3. Main Passenger Door

    B. All personnel should exercise good judgment in order to avoid aircraft batteries fromdischarging unnecessarily.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    32/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.1 Flight Preparation

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 7

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    C. An aircraft with discharged batteries will be unable to start its engines even if GPU/ExternalPower is connected.

    2.1.9 HOTEL MODE

     A. Hotel Mode, available on the right hand/number two engine only, is exclusively used on theground to provide aircraft autonomy in terms of air conditioning and DC power supply with thegas generator operating and the propeller locked by a hydraulic brake.

    1. Aircraft refueling/de-fueling is prohibited during Hotel Mode operation.

    2. No personnel may intrude into the right/number two engine/propeller area during HotelMode operation.

    3. One Flight Deck Crew Member should always be in his respective cockpit seat duringHotel Mode Operation.

    CAUTION: Hotel Mode should not be utilized if the aircraft’s Tail Wind Component is10 knots or greater. It is the responsibility of the Flight Deck Crew toalways monitor outside meteorological conditions.

    4. Power Levers shall be positioned only at the Ground Idle detent. Hotel Mode operationwith the RH Power Lever not at the Ground Idle detent position is prohibited.

    5. Normally, the aircraft service door should be closed prior to starting engine number two inHotel Mode. If the cargo door is still open, the cabin access door and flight deck doorshould be closed in order to aid in cabin/cockpit cooling.

    6. Aircraft wheel chocks should be in place in case of propeller brake failure.

    7. On arrival, if a GPU is available, Flight Deck Crew will initially configure engine numbertwo for Hotel Mode. GPU will then be connected to the aircraft once number two propeller

    has ceased rotation. Engine number two will then be shut down once GPU is online.

    8. On departure prior to push back or taxi out (power-out procedure), once the aircraft is inHotel Mode, Ground/Ramp Personnel should standby for the Flight Deck Crew commandto disconnect the GPU.

    9. A tailwind component greater than 10 knots will result in a high probability of NACOVERHEAT. Also, anticipate possible tailwind component during pushback with turns. Inthis case it would be wise to release the PROPELLER BRAKE prior to the turn.

    10. For DEPARTING  aircraft, if the tailwind component at the parking bay is 10 knots orgreater:

    a. Obtain relevant clearance from ground control and /or ramp control for start up.

    b. Advice ground mechanic/marshal that the start sequence will be ENGINE 1 first and

    at the bay.c. After ENGINE 1 start, have the GPU removed if connected.

    d. Start ENGINE 2 with PROPELLER BRAKE OFF.

    11. For  ARRIVING  aircraft, if the tailwind component at the parking bay is 10 knots orgreater:

    a. Shut down sequence will be ENGINE 2 first.

    b. PROPELLER BRAKE/HOTEL MODE use is forbidden.

    c. At the parking bay, if available, wait for GPU to be connected prior to ENGINE 1 shutdown.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    33/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.1 Flight Preparation

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 8

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    d. If no GPU available, perform “Leaving the Aircraft checklist” AFTER the forwardcargo door is fully open to prevent unnecessary battery drain.

    2.1.10 AIRCRAFT EXTERNAL LIGHTS ON THE RAMP

     A. NAV Lights “ON”: Aircraft is electrically powered via aircraft BATT and/or GPU.

    B. Wing Lights “ON”: Hotel Mode

    C. Beacon Light “ON”: Propeller Rotation/Push Back.

    D. Taxi Light “ON”: Taxi clearance from Ground Control/ATC obtained.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    34/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.1 Flight Preparation

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 9

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    PROPELLER DANGER AREAS

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    35/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.1 Flight Preparation

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 10

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    EXHAUST TEMPERATURE CONTOURS

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    36/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.1 Flight Preparation

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 11

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    RAMP SERVICING LAYOUTDIAGRAM 1

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    37/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.1 Flight Preparation

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 12

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    RAMP SERVICING LAYOUTDIAGRAM 2

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    38/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.1 Flight Preparation

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 13

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    GROUND SERVICE CONNECTIONS

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    39/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.1 Flight Preparation

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 14

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    TAIL PROP/STAND

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    40/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.1 Flight Preparation

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 15

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    MINIMUM NUMBER OF CONESON A PARKED AIRCRAFT

    MAXIMUM NUMBER OF CONESON A PARKED AIRCRAFT

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    41/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.1 Flight Preparation

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 16

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    CORDONING THE AIRCRAFT

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    42/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.1 Flight Preparation

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 17

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    PROPELLER RAMP SIGNAGE

    WARNING 

    PROPELLER

     AREA

    3 ft 

    3 ½ ft 

    Brass Plate with:

    Text – Engineering Grade ReflectorizedSticker 

    Background – High Intensity White & Redicker

    Reflectorized Sticker(Note: Signage is swaying type) 

    High Intensity Reflectorized St(Note: Signage is swaying type)

    Steel

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    43/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 1

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    2.2.1 AFCS

    2.2.1.1 ADU and EADI

     A. Mode selection is achieved by acting on the corresponding P/B on the AFCS controlpanel except for ALT SEL mode and GO AROUND mode.

    B. Simultaneous armed modes are limited to one lateral mode and two vertical modes.

    C. Therefore vertical armed modes are working in the following priority sequence:

    1. ILS GS ARMED2. ALT SEL ARMED

    D. Any change on the ADU from an armed mode (white) to a capturing mode (star) orfrom a capturing mode (star) to a captured mode (green) has to trigger a mutualacknowledgement of the FMA (Flight Mode Annunciation) by the crew. PFannounces the new FMA and PNF confirms with a response of “Check”

    E. In all situations, both CM’s must be aware of all selections or switching and maintainsituational awareness throughout the flights. It is mandatory that any selection madeon the ADU, course selector, heading bug, NAV or VHF or ADF frequencies,DH,MDH be acknowledged by both CM’s

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    44/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 2

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    2.2.1.1.1 With FD and AP Engaged

     A. All mode changes should be called out by the PF e.g.

    1. “GS star”

    2. “VOR star”

    3. “ALT white”

    4. “LOC green”

    B. PF may set AP by himself or ORDER TO PNF 

    C. AP engaged, PF acts on AFCS

    D. Under normal circumstances; if the PF is flying the aircraft MANUALLY,all selections on the AFCS/GNSS shall be done by the PNF

    E. When AP is engaged, all track and navigation changes on AFCS areperformed by the PF with the following method:

    1. When the PF has completed his action, he informs the PNF by usingthe word  at the end of his call out.

    2. PNF checks the mode displayed on FMA and/or ADU and if correctannounces .

    F. GENERAL PHILOSOPHY:

    1. All “…SET” are done via ADU by PF if autopilot engaged, or PNF ifdisengaged.

    2. All “CHECK” are done via FMA. Any FMA status change has to beannounced by the PF.

    G. If the PF  has a heavy work load, he may request the setting of the AFCS/GNSS from the PNF.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    45/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 3

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    H. A climb or descend action must be done with whole following sequence:

    1. Select Alt sel2. Select and adjust vertical mode (usually IAS for climb and VS for

    descent)3. Adjust eventually Np and power.4. Change altimeter barometric setting and compare5. Select speed bug

    I. IAS mode is normally used during climb (to avoid any stall due to highaltitude/low aircraft performance). Basic Pitch mode may be used inturbulence and above 10,000 feet for passenger comfort and ease of inflight services. Recommended pitch is 4 to 5 degrees. When using basicpitch mode, a minimum speed should be set on the Speed Bugdepending on whether the aircraft is in “normal” or “icing conditions”,

    High Bank/LNAV or Low Bank. For small level change during cruise withhigh speed; VS mode may be used. During descent, VS mode is mainlyused except in emergency descent (refer to Emergency DescentProcedure).

    J. In case of simultaneous setting, only one announcement can be used.

    K. ALT white appears only when a vertical mode is armed and the aircraft isclimbing or descending toward the preselected altitude.

    L. When GA P/B is depressed, autopilot is automatically disconnected.

    2.2.1.1.2 With FD only and AP Disengaged 

     A. AP disengaged, PNF acts on AFCS on PF request

    B. All track and navigation changes on AFCS are performed by the PNF onPF command.

    C. PF flies the A/C and adjusts required power. All other selections orswitching in the cockpit are requested by PF and performed by PNF.

    D. When AP is disengaged, heading and/or altitude ATCinstructions/clearances are commanded by the PF and set andannounced by the PNF. This ensures proper crosschecks. All flightparameters (speed bug, altimeter setting) are set by both pilots after PF’srequest.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    46/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 4

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    E. GENERAL PHILOSOPHY

    1. PF orders the action by starting his sentence with the word “SET”

    2. PNF informs PF after performing the action, concluding his sentenceby “SET”

    3. PF announces “CHECK” after checking FMA and/or ADU

    2.2.2 FLAPS OPERATION

     A. For system use in normal operations, any setting change will be performed through mutualcontrol concept:

    1.  PF orders the system action

    2. PNF performs the action and announces the configuration when setting is in compliancewith the system indicator

    B. Flaps maneuvers are always performed by the PNF under PF order. PNF checks the speed(by announcing “Speed Checked”) before each configuration change then performs the taskand announces the new configuration.

    C. Select new speed only when the new configuration is obtained, during deceleration.

    2.2.3 LANDING GEAR OPERATION 

     A. For system use in normal operations, any setting change will be performed through mutualcontrol concept:

    1. PF orders the system action

    2. PNF performs the action and announces the configuration when setting is in compliancewith the system indicator

    B. Gear maneuvers are always performed by the PNF under PF order. PNF checks the speed(by announcing “Speed Checked”) before each configuration change then performs the taskand announces the new configuration.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    47/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 5

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    2.2.4 ALTIMETER AND RADIO ALTIMETER DH SETTINGS

    2.2.4.1 Altimeter Settings

     A. PF  and PNF  altimeter setting have always to be the same. Any change will beperformed with a specific call and mutual control.

    B. Altimeter value is expre.ssed in feet for QNH setting while expressed in Flight Levelfor standard setting.

    C. Take Off is always performed with all three altimeters set to local QNH.

    D. Destination airport QNH is set on standby altimeter as soon as it is received.

    E. Landing is always performed with all three altimeters set to local QNH.

    F. For each flight phase, the altimeter setting must be in compliance with the followingtable:

    G. The Standby Altimeter is never set to standard. Comply with ATR procedures fordeparture/arrival settings.

     ALTIMETERS FLIGHT PHASE 

    CAPTAIN STANDBY FIRST OFFICER

    From ground tilltransition altitude

    QNH

    (departureairport)

    QNH

    (departureairport)

    QNH

    (departureairport)

    From transitionaltitude to cruising

    levelSTANDARD

    QNH

    (departureairport)

    STANDARD

    From cruising leveltill transition level

    STANDARDQNH

    (arrival airport)STANDARD

    From transitionlevel till ground

    QNH

    (arrival airport)

    QNH

    (arrival airport)

    QNH

    (arrival airport)

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    48/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 6

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    2.2.4.2 Radio Altimeter Setting

     A. PNF callout of “RADIO ALTIMETERS ALIVE” when the RA is active passing 2500feet on descent.

    B. PNF radio altimeter call out of “80” feet, “50” feet, “20” and “10” feet during landing.

    C. EFIS DH policy

    1. Used ONLY for CAT 2/CAT3 Approaches

    2.2.5 SPEED BUGS

     A. PF and PNF speed bug setting always have to be the same.

    B. Any setting change will be performed with a specific call out and mutual control

    C. When aircraft configuration is obtained  (example: actual flap indication), PF orders newspeed bug setting according to flight phase, on both sides. The Speed Bug manages theFast/Slow speed scale on the PFD and is considered as a crosscheck tool.

    2.2.5.1 Takeoff Bugs

     A. Unless “NL”  is indicated on the FOS charts, V1, VR, and V2 Takeoff speeds shallbe derived from the Takeoff Weight Limitation FOS chart. This is the procedureeven if FOS charts indicate a maximum structural allowable takeoff weight of22,500kg. As always, White Bug and Red Bug speeds shall be derived from theQRH.

    Green Bug V1 When runway limited Set when V1 ≠ VR

    Yellow Bug VR When runway limited

    Yellow Bug V1 / VR When non limiting runway Set when V1 = VR

    Speed Bug V2

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    49/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 7

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    NORMAL CONDITIONSICING

    CONDITIONS

    White Bug

    VmLB0(normal

    conditions)

    VmLB15 (icing

    conditions)

     FLAPS RETRACTIONSPEED (VmLB0)

      Best climb anglespeed Flaps 0

     Single engine climbspeed Flaps 0

     Single engineclimb speedFlaps 15

    White Bug +

    10kt

      HIGH BANK (VmHB)

      Best climb rate speedFlaps 0

    Red BugVmLB0 (icing

    conditions)

      FLAPSRETRACTIONSPEED(VmLB0)

    Red Bug + 10kt HIGH BANK

    (VmHB)

    VmLB: minimum speed LOW BANK (HDG SEL LO on ADU)

    VmHB: minimum speed HIGH BANK (HDG SEL HI on ADU)

    2.2.5.2 Cruise Bug  

    NORMALCONDITIONS

    ICING CONDITIONS

    White Bug

     DRIFT DOWNSPEED Flaps0/ MINI ENROUTE(VmLB0)

      DRIFT DOWN SPEED Flaps 15(VmLB15)

    Red Bug  MINI EN ROUTE Flaps 0 (VmLB0)

    Speed Bug  Cruise Speed  Cruise Speed

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    50/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 8

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    2.2.5.3 Approach Bugs

    Yellow Bug VGA

    Greatest:

    1. V APP no wind + 5kt or;

    2. 1,1 Vmca

    Speed Bug V APP  1. APP SPEED = VAPP no wind + wind factor 

     

    NORMAL CONDITIONS ICING CONDITIONS

    White Bug

      Minimum speed Flaps 15 (HighBank)

      Flaps retraction speed =VmLB0 

      Best climb angle speed Flaps 0

      Single engine climb speed Flaps 

      Single engine climb speedFlaps 15

    White Bug +10kt

      HIGH BANK (VmHB)

      Best climb rate speedFlaps 0

     Minimum speedFlaps 15 High Bank(VmHB15)

    Red Bug  FLAPS

    RETRACTIONSPEED (VmLB0)

    Red Bug +10kt

      HIGH BANK (VmHB)

    VmLB: minimum speed LOW BANK (HDG SEL LO on ADU)VmHB: minimum speed HIGH BANK (HDG SEL HI on ADU

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    51/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 9

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    2.2.5.4 Best Angle and Best Rate Speeds

    2 ENGINES  1 ENGINE

    BEST ANGLE:white bug

    FLAPS

    NORMAL CONDITIONS 

    BEST RATE:white bug + 10

    0 0

    white bug

    15 15

     ICING

    CONDITIONS red bug white bug

    2.2.6 TORQUE BUG 

    2.2.6.1 Take Off

    Takeoff torque bug (TO)

    (Manually set)

    Reserve takeoff torque bug (RTO)(set by FDAU) 

    2.2.6.2 Cruise

    Cruise torque bug (CRZ)

    (Manually set)

    Cruise torque bug (set by FDAU) 

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    52/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 10

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    2.2.6.3 Torque Preset

     A. For the following conditions, this table shows the best torque preset.

    B. Of course, precise value of torque will vary with aircraft weight and outsideconditions but the difference will really be minimum.

    C. Don’t forget that Np modifies the torque for a given PL angle.

    NP = 86/ 82% LEVEL FLIGHT Approach

    3%

    Speed 180 160 140 120 Vapp

    Gear Up Up Down Down Down

    Flaps 0° 0° 15° 30° 30°

     All Engine Torque 50 % 40 % 40 % 50 % 25 %

     All Engine Pitch + 1° + 1° + 2° + 2° - 1°

    Single EngineTorque

    90% 75% 75% 90% 50%

    Single Engine

    Pitch+ 1° + 1° + 2° + 2° - 1°

    4. For other profile than ILS and level flight, use the following equivalence:

    ± 3% Torque ± 1 percent slope

    or

    ± 5% Torque 1 degree slope

    or

    ± 5% Torque ± 10 Kt of wind component

    (to be able to maintain a constant ground descent gradient, the vertical speed has tobe adjusted and so the speed).

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    53/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 11

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    2.2.7 DATA CARD

    2.2.7.1 Take Off Data Card Filli ng

     A. Task Sharing: CM performing cockpit preflight check / not  performing thewalkaround prepares the Take off Data Card.

    B. During the final cockpit preparation, CM1/2 while listening to the ATIS, or receivingdata from the ATC controller, writes down information on the takeoff data card.

    C. Then, CM1/2 fills in the other information identified below by numbers.

    D. When load and trim sheet is received from the dispatcher, CM2 completes itemsidentified below by letters, according to CM1 information.

    LEGEND:BEFORE LOAD AND TRIM SHEET

    1) FLT N°Write the flight number

    2) FROMWrite the ICAO departure airport code

    3) TOWrite the ICAO arrival airport code

    4) DATEWrite the present date

    5)  ATISWrite the ATIS data

    6) RTOTick the box if takeoff is RTO (Reserve Take off Power)

    7) ICINGTick the box in case icing conditions prevail for takeoff

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    54/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 12

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    8) W LIMWrite the lowest value of all limitation

    9) OBJ TQWrite the objective torque read in the QRH (page 4.11) according to the outsideair temperature and the pressure altitude.

    10) RTO TQWrite the reserve takeoff torque read in the QRH (page 4.12) according to theoutside air temperature and the pressure altitude

    11) BLEEDS ON/ OFFPut a tick in the box in case bleeds on/ off for takeoff

    12)  ACC

    Write the acceleration altitude for one engine out.The minimum figure has to be 500 feet above airport level.

    13) SINGLE ENGINE PROCEDUREWrite the single engine procedure read on the FOS chart (at least the first turn)

    14) HDGWrite runway in use for takeoff

     AFTER LOAD AND TRIM SHEET PROCEEDING

     A) TOWWrite the TOW read on the load and trim sheet and compare with

    W LIM

    B) V1Write V1 read on the FOS if taking off on a limiting runway, or in the QRH,according to the actual TOW, if the runway is NL.

    C) VRWrite VR read on the FOS if taking off on a limiting runway, or in the QRH,according to the actual TOW, if the runway is NL

    D) V2Write V2 read on the FOS if taking off on a limiting runway, or in the QRH,according to the actual TOW, if the runway is NL.

    E) FINAL TO (WB)Write the value of Final take off speed read in the QRH according to the normal(VmLB 0°) or icing conditions prevailing (VmLB 15°)

    F) VmLB 0° (RB)Write the value of VmLB0 in icing conditions read in the QRH.

    G) CG% TRIMWrite the value of the trim setting according to the CG location in percentage ofMAC given on the load and trim sheet.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    55/198

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    56/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 14

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    7) ICINGIf the box is ticked, remember icing conditions prevail.

    8) W LIM Announce W LIM

    9) OBJ TQ Announce the objective torque value and set the white bugs on the torquegauges

    10) RTO TQ Announce the reserve takeoff torque value and check that amber bugs on thetorque gauges are facing the above-mentioned value

    11) BLEEDS ON/ OFF

     Announce if bleeds on/ off for takeoff(All take offs are BLEEDS OFF)

    12) TOWCheck that TOW is less or equal than your W LIM

    13) V1Set the yellow bug on both airspeed indicators according to this value andcross-check

    14) VRMemorize the value (if V1 and VR are different, use the green bug for V1 andthe yellow bug for VR)

    15) V2Set the amber bug on both airspeed indicators according to this value andcross-check

    16) FINAL TO (WB)Set white bug on both airspeed indicators according to this value and cross-check.

    17) VmLB 0° (RB) (Icing)Set red bug on both airspeed indicators according to this value and cross-check.

    18) CG% TRIM

    Set the pitch trim and check it remains inside the green arc

    19)  ACC Announce the acceleration altitude for single engine during takeoff.

    20) SINGLE ENGINE PROCEDUREConfirm the single engine procedure according to weather conditions

    21) HDGCheck the runway in use given on ATIS

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    57/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 15

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    2.2.7.3 Landing Data Card Filling

     A. The landing data card shall be prepared by the PNF prior to the arrival briefing.

    B. It is done from up to down and form left to right.

    1) FLT N°Write the flight number

    2) DESTINATIONWrite the ICAO destination airport code

    3)  ALTWrite the destination airport elevation

    4)  ALTERNATEWrite the ICAO alternate airport code

    5)  ATISWrite the ATIS data

    6) ICINGTick the box if icing conditions are prevailing at landing

    7) W LIMWrite the limiting weight for landing

    8) GA TQWrite the value of GA TQ read in the QRH (page 4.13)

    9) 1.1 VMCAWrite the value read in the QRH (page 4.64)

    10) VGAWrite the value of VGA:highest value between: - 1.1 VMCA, or

    -  VAPP no wind + 5 Kt

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    58/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 16

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    11) LWWrite the calculated LDG weight and compare with W LIM

    12) FLAPSWrite the flaps value

    13) VAPP no windWrite the value of VAPP no wind read in the QRH (on the final approach speedline).

    14) VAPPWrite the value of VAPP = VAPP no wind + wind factor.Wind factor = the highest value between:

    -  1/3 of reported headwind, or

    -  gust in full.

    -  Max. correction: 15Kt 

    15) VmLB (WB)Write the value found in the QRH:- VmLB 0° in normal conditions

    - VmLB 15° in icing conditions

    16) VmLB 0° (RB) (Icing)Write the value found in the QRH:- VmLB 0° in icing conditions

    17)  ACCWrite the acceleration altitude for the go-around procedure.The highest value between: -

    - 1000 feet AGL, or

    - the value specified on Jeppesen chart, or- a specific computation

    18) GO-AROUND PROCEDUREDraw the first segment of the go-around procedure (first heading, first altitude,first turn)

    19) HDGWrite the runway in use on the destination airport.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    59/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 17

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    2.2.7.4 Landing Data Card Proceeding

     A. The landing data card has to be discussed by the PF prior to the arrival briefing:“Are you ready to proceed?...”

    B. It is done from up to down and form left to right.

    1) FLT N° Announce the flight number

    2) DESTINATION Announce the ICAO destination airport code

    3) ELEV Announce the airport elevation and check if in agreement with aircraft landingelevation setting.

    4)  ALTERNATEWrite the ICAO alternate airport code

    5)  ATISRead the ATIS data and check:

    -  visibility or RVR value to determine airport’s accessibility

    -  instrument approach in use

    -  wind limitations for landing

    -

      QNH and set it on the standby altimeter-  temperature to determine if normal or icing conditions are prevailing

    6) ICINGIf the box is ticked, remember icing conditions prevail for landing

    7) W LIM Announce W LIM value

    8) GA TQ Announce the go-around torque value and set white bugs on torque gauges.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    60/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 18

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    9) 1.1 VMCA Announce the value of 1.1 VMCA

    10) VGASet yellow bugs on the airspeed indicators according to this value

    11) LWCheck that LW is less or equal than W LIM

    12) FLAPS Announce flaps setting for landing

    13) VAPP no wind Announce the value of VAPP no wind

    14) VAPP Announce and memorize the value of VAPP

    15) VmLB (WB)Set white bugs on airspeed indicators according to this value and crosscheck

    16) VmLB 0° (RB) (Icing)Set red bugs on airspeed indicators according to this value and crosscheck

    17)  ACCSet white bugs on main altimeters according to this value

    18) GO-AROUND PROCEDURE

    Describe the first segment of the go-around procedure.

    19) RWY Announce runway to be used for landing

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    61/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 19

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    2.2.8 BRIEFING

     A. PF has to prepare all settings prior to briefing.

    2.2.8.1 Departure Briefing

     A. Status

    1. Aircraft Status/technical situation/MEL,CDL2. Weather conditions3. Specific flight items

    B. Start

    1. Start Sequence

    2. Hotel Mode utilization3. Specific engine start items

    C. Taxi/Push Back

    1. Taxi out/Pushback description/direction2. Particulars / Prop brake release prior to turn to avoid NAC OVHT3. Runway in use and expected holding point

    D. Runway

    1. Limitations2. Specifications

    3. Bleeds OFF4. Anti-icing use

    E. SID

    1. Take Off minima2. Departure chart N° ___ & date ___3. SID name4. MSA5. Flight path description (read routing first FL, climb restriction if applicable)6. Radio navigation setting

    a. Active frequency +associated courseb. Standby frequency (if necessary)

    c. Standby frequency (if necessary)d. RMI: VOR and/ or ADF

    7. GNSS SID and distance versus paper flight plan distance (check speed andaltitude constraints)

    F. LOADSHEET/AIRCRAFT LOADING

    1. MAC TOW versus Pitch Trim2. Check within limits (Green Band)

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    62/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 20

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    2.2.8.2 Departure Clearance

     A. When the clearance departure is received from ATC, you must check if it is incompliance with the expected SID:

    1. Is actual SID in compliance with that prepared on classic RADIONAV/GNSS?2. Is altitude clearance in compliance with MSA/ SID climb instruction?3. Set squawk code and FID

    B. If clearance is amended, reorganize and describe new radio-navigation setting andlimitations

    C. If clearance is not amended, PF announces: “no change”.

    D. If the departure clearance given is “vectors on departure” or “direct _______

    waypoint”, brief and set on classic RADIONAV/GNSS the most relevant SID. Thiswill allow a review of possible expected constraints on departure.

    E. Departure alternates if required.

    2.2.8.3 Take Off Briefing 

     A. “Takeoff RWY _____, weight _____, V1_____.

    B. If failure before _____ kt, I (you) stop the aircraft.

    C. If failure at or after _____ kt, we continue HDG _____, acceleration altitude is

     _____, MSA is _____”

    D. If there is an engine out flight path, it has to be briefed and derived from the runwayspecific FOS chart.

    2.2.8.4 Arrival Briefing 

     A. Top of decent (TOD)

    1. Expressed in distance (time for information) and MSA/MVA.

    B. Particularities

    1. Icing or normal conditions

    2. NOTAM3. Airport equipment failure

    C. Alternate & holding time

    1. Alternate airport(s) and Holding time before diversion to alternate.

    D. Weather at destination

    1. Reported Visibility/ RVR compared to minima: airport accessible orinaccessible and icing or normal conditions

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    63/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 21

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    E. Approach procedure

    1. Approach chart N° ___ & date ___2. Type of approach3. MSA according to the arrival sector4. Flight path and description5. Descend interception

    a. Altitudeb. Distancec. Stabilization point

    6. Minima7. Go-around procedure

    F. Radio-navigation setting

    1. Final approach2. GNSS: STAR described (if equipped)

    G. ALL required radio navigation and GNSS setting must be completed prior to theapproach briefing

    2.2.9 NAVIGATION

    2.2.9.1 Classic2.2.9.2 B-RNAV2.2.9.3 P-RNAV

    2.2.10 RADIO COMMUNICATIONS 

     A. PNF is responsible for radio-communications

    B. Radio-communication could be transferred to PF (if available), on PNF request:

    C. Listen before transmitting, write down new frequency assigned. Do not transmit immediatelyafter switching to a new frequency.

    D. VHF COMM standard setting:

    VHF 1 VHF 2

     ACTIVE  ATC Frequency ATIS/ 121.5 MHz (cruise)

    STBY Next ATC Frequency OPS Frequency

    E. Audio control panel policy:

    1. Headset not used:

    a. VHF 1 key depressed, volume adjusted.b. VHF 2 volume adjusted on request.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    64/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 22

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    c. LOUDSPEAKER knob: 3 o’clock.d. INT/ RAD switch in neutral position.

    e. Handmike used to transmitf. If INT key depressed, adjust INT volume: interphone function enabled (flight

    attendant or mechanic)

    2. Headset used:

    a. VHF 1 key depressed, volume adjusted.b. VHF 2 volume adjusted on request.c. LOUDSPEAKER knob: minimum.d. INT/ RAD switch in INT position.e. Boomset used: to transmit, press PTT on control wheel or select INT/ RAD switch on

    RAD positionf. INT key has to remain in up position

    2.2.11 AIRCRAFT LIGHTS

    NAV   Airplane electrically supplied

    WINGS   Engines running up to 10,000 ft.

      Engine running in hotel mode

      Used for inspection of related area and they are to beswitched OFF once the requirement is over

    BEACON   Propeller rotating

      During pushback

    TAXI & T/O   To be selected ON when cleared to taxi

      On FINAL APPROACH after receiving landing clearance.

    LAND   To be selected ON when entering active runway (lining up)

    or descending through 10,000 ft and;  To be selected OFF vacating runway or climbing through

    10,000 ft

    STROBES   To be selected ON while entering (lining up) or crossingactive runway and;

      To be selected OFF after vacating active runway.

    LOGO   ON whenever aircraft is powered at night below 10,000ft

    Note: Use of landing, taxi and strobe lights could be disconcerting or actually hamper visibilityduring rain or in fog. CM1 to use discretion and select OFF if need arises.

    2.2.12 CABIN SIGNS 

     A. NO SMOKING sign is “ON” at all times.

    B. SEAT BELTS sign shall be kept “ON” for all ground operations, taxiing and take off to10,000ft.and descending below 10,000 ft. Seat belt sign “off” while refueling

    C. The Pilot-in-Command has the discretion to switch “ON” the Fasten Seat Belt sign at any timeduring the flight, in the interest of flight safety.

    D. The Pilot-in-Command may leave the seatbelt sign “ON” throughout the duration of the flightduring short sectors (CEB-TAC-CEB, CEB-BCD-CEB, CEB-DGT-CEB) or flights throughheavy turbulence/WX.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    65/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 23

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    2.2.13 COMPANY DOCUMENTS

    2.2.13.1 SOPs / Reminders 

    1. Log/Check in properly on your flight duty days on the check in sheet provided atOCC.

    2. Pilots on IOE/RQ should present their grade slips/IOE forms to their TRIs forproper review/documentation prior to flight assignment.

    3. Properly log aircraft discrepancies on the Maintenance Portion of the AircraftTech Log 

    4. Properly complete the Aircraft Tech Log prior to terminating your flight. Write up alldelays with respective delay codes and remarks for further clarification. Determine

    if delays require a separate Journey Report.

    5. Completion of the Aircraft Tech Log is normally the duty of the First Officer but isthe responsibility of the Captain. All information entered should be COMPLETE and

     ACCURATE

    6. Flight Deck Crew should log only one “snag” per maintenance entry/sequencenumber on the Aircraft Tech Log. Multiple “snags” on one sequence is not properand will cause difficulty in reckoning required maintenance action and rectificationinterval.

    7. Return aircraft charts/documentation to their proper place/sequence after use. Advice the turn-around crew if certain charts are to be left out for their convenience

    ( example: RPLL/RPVM Approach Charts).

    8. For ATR Flight Deck Crew operating out of Mactan, Cebu; to avoid late transmittalof ATR AFL/Techlogs to OCC-Manila Flight Dispatch, Pilots are reminded to dropby our remote flight dispatch office in Cebu station after flight duty. The FlightDispatcher / Station Officer will photocopy and send the AFL/Techlog to OCC-Manila within the day. With this, we achieve an up-to-date daily operationalsummary thru ARMS and fuel reports made by our Fuel Analysts. Include remarkssuch as Route Qualification, IOE, License Check, etc. on the AFL/Techlog.

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    66/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 24

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    2.2.13.2 Techlog

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    67/198

    2 Introduction to OperatingProcedures

    2.2 Flight Procedures

    Rev. No. Rev. Date Page No.

     ATR72-500SUPPLEMENTARY

    OPERATIONS MANUAL 1 30 Sep 2010 25

    Original Date Issued: 17 March 2010

    2.2.13.3 Techlog Procedure

    LOCATIONNO.

    BLOCK ENTRYDESCRIPTION

    INSTRUCTION ADDITIONALINSTRUCTION

    1 AIRCRAFT TYPEFor ATR write "ATR 72500". For

     Airbus Family write "A320" or"A319".

    2 AIRCRAFTREGISTRY

    Write "RP-CXXXX" (followed by the4digit registry) e.g "RP-C7250"

    3 DATE Write by number

    4 TIME REFERENCE Check box if UTC or LCL

    5 WEIGHTSCheck box if LBS (pounds) or KGS(kilos)

    6 FLT NO Flight number e.g "891"

    For ferry flightwrite the 4 digitRP registry e.g"7250"

    7 DEP STNWrite Departure Station code e.g."MNL"

    8 ETD Write Estimated Time of Departure

    9 BDG CLR Write Time of Boarding Clearance

    10 DR CLSD Write Time of Doors Closed

    11 PUSHBK Write Time of Push Back

    12 OFF BLK Write Time of Aircraft off block

    13 OFF GRND Write Time of Aircraft off ground

    14 ARR STN

    Write Arrival Station code e.g

    "MPH"

    15 ETA Write Estimated Time of Arrival

    16 ON GRND Write Time of Aircraft on ground

    17 ON BLK Write Time of Aircraft on block

    18 TOTAL TIMESTime entries to be filled up by theflight crew

  • 8/9/2019 ATR 72 500 Supplementary Operations Manual

    68/198

    2 Intro