Architecture and Gardens at the Getty Villa “Architectureâ€‌ 1 © 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust

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  • Slide 1
  • Architecture and Gardens at the Getty Villa Architecture 1 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • What is a villa? 2 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • The Getty Villa Is It is a modern reconstruction of an ancient Roman villa. Its design was inspired by the Villa dei Papiri, an ancient Roman villa located in Herculaneum, Italy. It is also a museum dedicated to ancient Greek, Etruscan, and Roman art. http://www.johnpratt.com/items/docs/lds/meridian/2005/images/pompeii_map.gif 3 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • The Villa dei Papiri A drawing of the Villa dei Papiris floor plan by Karl Weber, the Swiss engineer who discovered the ruins of the ancient villa in the 18 th century. 4 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • A Roman Villa: Then and Now 5 then now 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Model of an Ancient Roman Villa http://romanum.historicus.pl/Zdj/planosdom.jpg 6 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Like us, Romans decorated their houses on the inside and outside. What kind of decorations do you think the Romans used? Think about your own house and make a list of its decorations. What decorations are inside? Outside? 7 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Peristyle Antefix Waterspout Fresco Mosaic Lets learn more about these... Architectural elements at the Getty Villa include: 8 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Peristyle A peristyle is a courtyard with a covered walkway all around it. The courtyard that a peristyle surrounds often contains a garden. How many peristyles do you see on the map of the Getty Villa? 9 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Peristyles at the Getty Villa Outer PeristyleInner Peristyle 10 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Antefix An antefix is a decorative tile used on ancient buildings to cover the end of the roof tiles. Antefixes kept birds from building their nests in the eaves (edge of the roof) and also protected the area from rain and other elements. 11 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Here is an example of an ancient antefix. It is more than 2,500 years old! Do you remember... What is an antefix and where can you find it? An Ancient Antefix Antefix Unknown artist Etruscan, Caere, 510500 B.C. Terracotta and slip 12 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Where to find antefixes at the Getty Villa? When you visit the Getty Villa, point your nose to the sky, and you will be see many antefixes. roof! They are on the... 13 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Waterspout A waterspout is a hole or a pipe that directs water out of a fountain, or off a roof. In ancient times, some waterspouts had scary creatures on them. People believed these creatures protected the water that people drank from the spouts. 14 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • An Ancient Greek Waterspout Do you remember... what is a waterspout, and where can you find it? Why would a lions head be used to decorate a waterspout? Lion's-Head Waterspout Unknown artist Greek, South Italy, about 450 B.C. Limestone 15 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Explore the Villa gardens and look around... You will find waterspouts like this! Where to find waterspouts at the Getty Villa? 16 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Fresco A fresco is a painting that is made on a wall of wet plaster using pigments (finely ground mineral powders from the earth). 17 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • What is happening in this scene? What are the men holding? Where in an ancient villa might this fresco have been found? An Ancient Roman Fresco Wall Fragment with a Scene of Meal Preparation Unknown artist Roman, Italy, A.D. 5075 Plaster and pigment 18 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Walk around the Outer Peristyle and you will find frescoes like this decorating the walls. Where else might you find frescoes? On the ceilings! Where to find frescoes at the Getty Villa? 19 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Mosaic A mosaic is a picture or decoration made of small, usually colored, pieces of material such as stone, tile, or glasscalled tesserae. 20 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • An Ancient Roman Mosaic Have you seen a mosaic before? If so, where did you see it? If not, in what kind of buildings do you imagine youd find mosaics? Mosaic Floor with a Boxing Scene Unknown artist Gallo-Roman, present-day Villelaure, France, about A.D. 175 Stone and glass 21 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Look at your feet while you walk around the Getty Villa. You will find a lot a mosaics on the... floors! Where to find mosaics at the Getty Villa? 2005 J. Paul Getty Trust 22 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Other Mosaics at the Getty Villa Hint: You will not find these mosaics on the floors! 24 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Architecture and Gardens at the Villa Gardens 24 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • What is a garden? Do you have a garden at your home? What kinds of plants are in your garden? Are plants only used in a garden? 25 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Plants in the Getty Villa gardens include: Apple trees Olive trees Grape vines Ivy Acanthus Date palms Pomegranate trees Herbs 26 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • The Nature of Art: Plants in the Ancient World What do you think of when you think about apples? Have you heard about or read any fairy tales that have apples in them? 27 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Apples in Ancient Myth Is the apple a good or bad object in the story of Snow White? Can you think of myths from other cultures with apples in them? Do apples seem to bring about good or bad things? The ancients told myths in which apples were symbols both of love and suffering. 28 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Where to find apples at the Getty Villa? In the Museum: A bronze statue of Aphrodite depicts the goddess holding an apple. Outdoors: You can see live apple trees in the Herb Garden. Aphrodite Unknown Artist Greek, 200 150 B.C. Bronze 29 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Olives in Ancient Art and Myth The olive was a sacred attribute of the goddess Athena. Olives were one of the most valuable substances available to the ancients. Olives were also believed to have several medicinal properties that could cure both colds and fevers. 30 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Where to find olives at the Getty Villa? In the Museum: An Attic vase depicts an owlthe animal associated with Athenabetween two olive branches. Outdoors: You can see live olive trees in the Herb Garden. Water Jar with an Owl: Shoulder Attributed to the Group of the Floral Nolans Greek, Athens, about 480470 B.C. Terracotta 31 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Olives and Victory Wreaths of olive branches were bestowed to athletic champions of the Olympic games and the Heraia games (games for women only). Victorious Youth Unknown artist Greek, 300100 B.C. Bronze 32 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Grapes in Ancient Myth What is made from grapes? WINE! Wine was believed to have the ability to lift magic spells and to reveal liars. Romans also used wine to cure several medical ailments including chest pain and cough. 33 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Where to find grapes at the Getty Villa? In the Museum: Images of grape vines wrap around this terracotta cup. Outdoors: You can see live grape vines in the Herb Garden and the Outer Peristyle Garden. 34 Cup with Grapevine Reliefs Unknown artist Roman, Smyrna, 501 B.C. Lead-glazed terracotta 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Ivy in Ancient Art and Myth The Romans believed that ivys evergreen nature linked it to immortality. They also believed that the mere presence of the plant could inspire profound thoughts. It was a favorite plant in gardens and was often a decorative pattern in works of art. 35 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Where to find ivy at the Getty Villa? In the Museum: This image of Bacchus depicts him with his signature crown of grape vines and ivy. Outdoors: You can see live ivy in the Outer Peristyle. 36 Head of the Young Bacchus Unknown artist Roman, A.D. 150 Bronze and silver 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Acanthus in Ancient Art and Myth The acanthus plant was depicted on the capitals of Corinthian columns. It was a symbol of hope and eternal life. Boiled acanthus roots were used to treat burns, sprains, and gout. 37 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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  • Where to find acanthus at the Getty Villa? In the Museum: On the Handle in the Shape of a Triton, acanthus leaves echo the splashing of the waves. Outdoors: You can see live acanthus in the Outer Peristyle. Its also represented on the Corinthian columns in the Outer Peristyle. Handle in the Shape of a Triton Unknown artist Greek, Macedonia or Illyria, 10050 B.C. Silver and gold 38 2009 J. Paul Getty Trust
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