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archErY - Elsinga Merit Badge... · PDF fileArchery merit badge. Archery 11.Archery Safety rules Archery Safety Rules Archery is lots of fun, but fun can quickly turn into tragedy

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Text of archErY - Elsinga Merit Badge... · PDF fileArchery merit badge. Archery 11.Archery...

  • archErY

  • How to Use This PamphletThe secret to successfully earning a merit badge is for you to use both the pamphlet and the suggestions of your counselor.

    Your counselor can be as important to you as a coach is to an athlete. Use all of the resources your counselor can make available to you. This may be the best chance you will have to learn about this particular subject. Make it count.

    If you or your counselor feels that any information in this pamphlet is incorrect, please let us know. Please state your source of information.

    Merit badge pamphlets are reprinted annually and requirements updated regularly. Your suggestions for improvement are welcome.

    Send comments along with a brief statement about yourself to Youth Development, S209 Boy Scouts of America 1325 West Walnut Hill Lane P.O. Box 152079 Irving, TX 75015-2079.

    Who Pays for This Pamphlet?This merit badge pamphlet is one in a series of more than 100 covering all kinds of hobby and career subjects. It is made available for you to buy as a service of the national and local councils, Boy Scouts of America. The costs of the development, writing, and editing of the merit badge pamphlets are paid for by the Boy Scouts of America in order to bring you the best book at a reasonable price.

  • Archery

    BOy ScOUTS OF AMerIcAMerIT BADGe SerIeS

  • Requirements1. Dothefollowing:

    a. StateandexplaintheRangeSafetyRules:

    (1) Threesafetyruleswhenontheshootingline

    (2) Threesafetyruleswhenretrievingarrows

    (3) Thefourwhistlecommandsusedonarangeandtheirrelatedverbalcommands

    b. Stateandexplainthegeneralsafetyrulesforarchery.Demonstratehowtosafelycarryarrowsinyourhands.

    c. Tellaboutyourlocalandstatelawsforowningandusingarcherytackle.

    2. Dothefollowing:

    a. Nameandpointtothepartsofanarrow.

    b. Describethreeormoredifferenttypesofarrows.

    c. Namethefourprincipalmaterialsformakingarrowshafts.

    d. Makeacompletearrowfromabareshaft.

    e. Explainhowtoproperlycareforandstorearrows.

    3. Dothefollowing:

    a.Explainhowtoproperlycareforandstoretabs,armguards,shootinggloves,andquivers.

    b. Explainthefollowingterms:cast,drawweight,stringheight(fistmele),aiming,spine,mechanicalrelease,freestyle,andbarebow.

    c. Makeabowstring.

    35856ISBN 978-0-8395-3259-02004 Boy Scouts of America2010 Printing

    BANG/Brainerd, MN4-2010/056826

  • Archery 3

    4. Explainthefollowing:

    a. Theimportanceofobediencetoarangeofficerorotherpersoninchargeofarange

    b. Thedifferencebetweenanendandaround

    c. Thedifferencesamongfield,target,and3-Darchery

    d. Howthefive-colorNationalArcheryAssociation(NAA)orFdrationInternationaledeTirlArc(FITA)targetisscored

    e.HowtheNationalFieldArcheryAssociation(NFAA)black-and-whitefieldtargetsandblueindoortargetsarescored

    f. TheeliminationsystemusedinOlympicarcherycompetition

    5. DoONEofthefollowingoptions.

    OptionAUsingarecurveBoworLongbow

    a.Nameandpointtothepartsoftherecurveboworlongbowyouareshooting.

    b. Explainhowtoproperlycareforandstorerecurvebowsandlongbows.

    c. Showtheninestepsofgoodshootingfortherecurveboworlongbowyouareshooting.

    d. Demonstratetheproperwaytostringarecurveboworlongbow.

    e. Locateandmarkwithdentalfloss,crimp-on,orothermethod,thenockingpointonthebowstringofthebowthatyouareusing.

    f. DoONEofthefollowing:

    (1) Usingarecurveboworlongbowandarrowswithafingerrelease,shootasingleroundofoneofthefollowingBSA,NAA,orNFAArounds:

    (a) AnNFAAfieldroundof14targetsandmakeascoreof60points

    (b)ABSAScoutfieldroundof14targetsandmakeascoreof80points

    (c) AJunior900roundandmakeascoreof 180points

  • 4 Archery

    (d)AnFITA/NAAindoorroundIandmakeascoreof80points

    (e) AnNFAAindoorroundandmakeascoreof50points

    (Theindoorroundsmaybeshotoutdoorsifthisismoreconvenient.)

    OR

    (2) Shooting30arrowsinfive-arrowendsatan80-centimeter(32-inch)five-colortargetat15yardsandusingthe10scoringregions,makeascoreof150.

    OR

    (3) AsamemberoftheNAAsJuniorOlympicDevelopmentProgram(JOAD),qualifyasaYeoman,JuniorBowman,andBowman.

    OR

    (4) AsamemberoftheNFAAsJuniorDivision,earnaCuborYouth100-scoreProgressionPatch.

    OptionBUsingacompoundBow

    a. Nameandpointtothepartsofthecompoundbowyouareshooting.

    b. Explainhowtoproperlycareforandstorecompoundbows.

    c. Showtheninestepsofgoodshootingforthecompoundbowyouareshooting.

    d. Explainwhyitisnecessarytohavethestringonacompoundbowreplacedatanarcheryshop.

    e. Locateandmarkwithdentalfloss,crimp-on,orothermethod,thenockingpointonthebowstringofthebowthatyouareusing.

  • Archery 5

    f. DoONEofthefollowing:

    (1) Usingacompoundbowandarrowswithafingerrelease,shootasingleroundofoneofthefollowingBSA,NAA,orNFAArounds:

    (a) AnNFAAfieldroundof14targetsandmakeascoreof70points

    (b)ABSAScoutfieldroundof14targetsandmakeascoreof90points

    (c) AJunior900roundandmakeascoreof200points

    (d)AnFITA/NAAindoorroundIandmakeascoreof90points

    (e) AnNFAAindoorroundandmakeascoreof60points

    (Theindoorroundscanbeshotoutdoorsifthisismoreconvenient.)

    OR

    (2) Shooting30arrowsinfive-arrowendsatan80-centimeter(32-inch)five-colortargetat15yardsandusingthe10scoringregions,makeascoreof160.

    OR

    (3) AsamemberoftheNAAsJuniorOlympicDevelopmentProgram(JOAD),qualifyasaYeoman,JuniorBowman,andBowman.

    OR

    (4) AsamemberoftheNFAAsJuniorDivision,earnaCuborYouth100-scoreProgressionPatch.

  • Archery 7

    contents

    BowandArrow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

    ArcherySafetyRules. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

    ArcheryEquipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

    MakingaBowstring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

    OptionARecurveBowsandLongbows. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

    OptionBCompoundBows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

    ShootingaBowandArrow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

    ArcheryGamesandTournaments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

    ArcheryTerms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72

    ArcheryResources. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

  • Archery 9

    .Bow and Arrow

    BowandArrowWhenaScoutpicksupabowandarrow,hebecomesheirtooneofhumankindsoldestlegacies.ArcheryplaysalargepartinstoriesofCherokeehuntersandisattheheartoftheRobinHoodlegend.TheHunswerefamousfortheircompositeox-hornbows,andtheMogulsofIndiamadebowsentirelyofsteel.Butforallitsage,archeryremainsalivingandvibrantsportthatisstillpracticedthroughouttheworld.

    Althoughmodernlaminatedrecurveandcompoundbowslooklittleliketheprimitivebowsourancestorsused,theessentialsofarcheryareunchanged.Asteadyhand,agoodeye,andadisciplinedmindremainessentialtothemodernarcher.

    Likemanyothersports,archeryisafunwaytoexercisemindsaswellasbodies.Thesporthasdozensofvariations.Manyarchersstartwithtargetarchery,shootingarrowsatafive-color,10-ringtarget.Butthesportalsooffersfieldarchery,cloutarchery,3-Darchery,actionarchery,walk-uprounds,andmanyothers.

    If this merit badge

    is your first step

    into the world

    of the bow and

    arrow, then we

    welcome you to

    a challenging and

    enjoyable sport.

    If you already

    are an archer,

    then we hope to

    increase your

    understanding

    and appreciation

    of archery.

    Acomposite bowismadeofmorethanonematerial.Thefirstcompositebowsweremadeofwood,boneorhorn,andanimaltendons.Alaminated bowisacompositebowmadeoflayersofsuchmaterialsthathavebeengluedtogether.Arecurve bowcurvesbackonitself.Acompound bowhasacablesystemthatmakestheboweasiertodraw.YouwilllearnabouteachofthesekindsofbowsasyouearntheArcherymeritbadge.

  • Archery 11

    .Archery Safety rules

    ArcherySafetyRulesArcheryislotsoffun,butfuncanquicklyturnintotragedyunlesseveryarcherobservessomecommonsensesafetyrules.AsaScoutandanarcher,youmustlearnandpracticethesesimplerulesanytimeyouareusingabowandarrow.

    ArcheryrangeSafetyrulesA.ThreeRulesWhenontheShootingLine

    1. Knowandobeytherangecommands(seesectionCbelow).

    2. Alwayspointthearrowinasafedirection,eitheratthegroundoratthetarget.

    3. Whendoneshooting,placethebowinyourbowstandandstepbackfromtheshootingline.

    B.ThreeRulesWhenRetrievingArrows

    1. RetrievearrowsonlywhentheshootinglineisclearandtherangeofficersignalsRetrieveyourarrows.

    2. Asyouwalkforwardtothetargetwaitingline,pickupanyarrowsontheground(yourownandallothersaswell).

    3. Onlyonearchermaypullarrowsfromthetargetatatime;allothersstand6feetbackfromthetargetatthetargetwaitingline.

    Beforeyouthinkaboutusingabow,learnthesesafetyrulesandmakeupyourmindtofollowthemevery timeyouareonanarcheryrangeoranywhereelseshootingabow.Rememberthatmostaccidentsaretheresultofcarelessnessandthoughtlessness.

  • N

    Cleared Safety area

    reCommendedminimum 50 feet

    maximum 100 feet

    targetS

    25feet

    60 feet

    150 feet

    30 feet

    BowraCk

    entranCe to range

    BenCheS BenCheS

    9 feet Behind Shooting line

    50 yardS

    40 yardS

    30 yardS

    20 yardS

    fenCingor rope

    Sod CoverwithinfenCed area

    Shootinglinewaitingline

    equipment CaBinet

    orientation tarp or Shelter

    10 yardS

    25feet

  • Archery 13

    .Archery Safety rules

    C.RangeCommands

    Thewhistlecommandsusedonarange,andtheirrelatedverbalcommands,areasfollows.

    1. TwoblastsonawhistleSteptotheshootingline.Youmaysteptotheshootinglineandpickupyourbow