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Appendicular Skeleton, and Joints Lab # 5

Appendicular Skeleton, and Joints

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Lab # 5. Appendicular Skeleton, and Joints. The Knee Joint. TYPES OF JOINTS. (Martini, pages 267-268) . 1- Synarthrotic (fibrous). They are non-movable. They have no joint cavity or capsule. Articulating bones are held together by fibrous tissue. Ex: sutures and syndesmoses. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Page 1: Appendicular Skeleton, and Joints

Appendicular Skeleton, and Joints

Lab # 5

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The Knee Joint

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TYPES OF JOINTS1- Synarthrotic (fibrous)

2- Amphiarthrotic (cartilaginous)

3- Diarthrotic or Synovial

They are non-movable. They have no joint cavity or capsule. Articulating bones are held together by fibrous tissue. Ex: sutures and syndesmoses

They are slightly movable. They have no joint cavity or capsule. Bones are held together by cartilage and ligaments. Ex: Symphyses pubis

They are freely movable. Articulating bones are covering by a thin layer of articulating cartilage. The bones are joined by a fibrous capsule lined by a synovial membrane, and by ligaments

(Martini, pages 267-268)

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Plane joint

Types of Synovial Joints

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Types of Synovial Joints

Condyloid joint

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The Knee Joint

Femur

Tibia

Patella

Tibiofemoral joint

Femoropatellar joint

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Tendon of the quadriceps

Patellar ligament

Synovial cavity

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Quadriceps femoris muscle

Tendon of quadriceps

Patellar ligament

Medialpatellar

retinaculumpatellar

retinaculum

Lateral

collateral ligament

collateral ligament

TibialFibular

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Tendon of quadriceps

Patellar ligament

Tibial collateral ligamentFibular

collateral ligament

condyle condyleLateral Medial

cruciate ligament

cruciate ligament

Anterior

Posterior

meniscus

meniscus

Lateral

Medial

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