AP Chem Summer Packet - .Garza AP Chemistry: Summer Review Packet The Summer Review Checklist of

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  • Garza AP Chemistry: Summer Review Packet

    The Summer Review Checklist of ___________________________________________

    (name)

    Mark each with a check when complete. Your completed checklist is for your record

    and should be ready to be submitted the first week of actual classes in August.

    All assignments submitted to Mrs. Garza by email must be to the email address listed

    below and should be attached in a document. Please do not include your work in the

    body of the email.

    To submit your work electronically, please include the assignment in the subject line and

    your name in the body of the email.

    ____ 1. Email Mrs. Garza your name and email address at

    vrgarza@bishopcisd.net! DUE: May 31, 2019 for returning students

    ____ 2. Complete Part 1 of the Summer packet (AP Chem Exam Overview)

    SUBMIT by: Email to Mrs. Garza when complete

    DUE: On or before the first day of school

    ____ 3. Review and memorize Part 2 of the Summer packet (What to memorize...)

    QUIZ: The second day of school

    ____ 4. Review and complete Part 3 of the Summer packet (Chem “language” review)

    SUBMIT by: Email to Mrs. Garza when complete

    DUE: On or before the first day of school

    QUIZZED: The second day of school

    ____ 5. Review and complete Part 4 of the Summer packet (Math skills review)

    QUIZZED: The first full week of school

    ____ 6. Relax and enjoy your Summer--we’ve got an exciting and busy year ahead of

    us! Make sure you are well rested and prepared to get started as soon as we

    meet in August.

    Part 1: AP Chem Exam Overview

    I want you to spend some time familiarizing yourself with the exam...much of the course

    will be geared to your preparation for it, so let’s make sure you know what you’re getting

    into.

    Go to the College Board’s AP website: http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/Controller.jpf

    mailto:vrgarza@bishopcisd.net http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/Controller.jpf

  • Garza AP Chemistry: Summer Review Packet

    You may need to register and log in to answer these questions. Most will be found in

    the chemistry section. You are responsible for finding your own way around the site,

    but it is important to down load the AP chemistry course description. It answers all your

    specific questions about what you need to do and know specifically for the chemistry

    test, including those on this sheet. You may want to refer to this document as we

    proceed throughout the year.

    On or before the first day of class submit, by email, your answers in with your name and

    the assignment title in the upper right hand corner.

    Answer these questions in complete sentences on a separate page.

    1. On what date did you gather the information below?

    2. What is the date of the 2020 AP Chemistry exam (the one many of you will take)?

    3. What are the two major parts to the exam? What percent of your total score does

    each count?

    4. What are the types of problems will you be required to answer in the free response

    section?

    5. Specifically where in the exam will you be allowed or not be allowed to use the

    following....

    a. Calculator

    b. Periodic table

    c. Sheets with formulas and reduction potentials

    6. Are there any examples of released questions available at the web site? Describe.

    7. Is there anything new specified for this year’s chemistry exam?

    Part 2: What to memorize...

    1. Specified Element Names and Symbols from the Periodic Table

    • Elements 1-38

    • Ag, Cd, I, Xe, Cs, Ba, W, Hg, Pb, Sn, Rn, Fr, U, Th, Pu, and Am written correctly

    2. Monatomic Ions (both those with one and those with multiple oxidation states)

    An extensive list is provided in this packet.

    3. Polyatomic Ions and corresponding acids An extensive list is provided in this

    packet.

    4. Colors of Common Ions

  • Garza AP Chemistry: Summer Review Packet

    An extensive list is provided in this packet.

    • Memorization of material is not something that will be encouraged or emphasized in this course because

    this is a problem-solving course and it is impossible to memorize everything you will be asked to do. However, memorization of some topics/rules is necessary. This information needs to be second

    nature to you to ensure your success in this course.

    Ions Usually with One Oxidation State

    Symbol Name Symbol Name

    Li+ lithium ion N3- nitride

    Na+ sodium ion O2- oxide

    K+ potassium ion S2- sulfide

    Mg2+ magnesium ion F- fluoride

    Ca2+ calcium ion Cl- chloride

    Sr2+ strontium ion Br- bromide

    Ba2+ barium ion I- iodide

    Ag+ silver ion

    Zn2+ zinc ion

    Cd2+ cadmium ion

    Al3+ aluminum ion

  • Garza AP Chemistry: Summer Review Packet

    Ions with Multiple Oxidation States

    +1

    +2

    Cu+ copper (I) ion Cu2+ copper (II) ion

    Hg22+ mercury (I) ion Hg2+ mercury (II) ion

    +2

    +3

    Fe2+ iron (II) ion Fe3+ iron (III) ion

    Cr2+ chromium (II) ion Cr3+ chromium (III) ion

    Mn2+ manganese (II) ion Mn3+ manganese (III) ion

    Co2+ cobalt (II) ion Co3+ cobalt (III) ion

    +2 +4

    Sn2+ tin (II) ion Sn4+ tin (IV) ion

    Pb2+ lead (II) ion Pb4+ lead (IV) ion

    Other Ions

    Ion Name

    O22- peroxide ion

    OH- hydroxide ion

    HSO4- bisulfate ion; hydrogen sulfate ion

    NH4+ ammonium ion

    O2- superoxide ion

    HCO3- bicarbonate ion; hydrogen carbonate ion

    HPO42- hydrogen phosphate ion

    H2PO4- dihydrogen phosphate ion

  • Garza AP Chemistry: Summer Review Packet

    Polyatomic Ions and Acids

    Formula Name Ion Ion Name

    H2SO4 sulfuric acid SO42- sulfate ion

    H2SO3 sulfurous acid SO32- sulfite ion

    HNO3 nitric acid NO3- nitrate ion

    HNO2 nitrous acid NO2- nitrite ion

    H3PO4 phosphoric acid PO43- phosphate ion

    H2CO3 carbonic acid CO32- carbonate ion

    HMnO4 permanganic acid MnO4- permanganate ion

    HCN hydrocyanic acid CN- cyanide ion

    HOCN cyanic acid OCN- cyanate ion

    HSCN thiocyanic acid SCN- thiocyanate ion

    HC2H3O2 acetic acid C2H3O2- acetate ion

    H2C2O4 oxalic acid C2O42- oxalate ion

    H2CrO4 chromic acid CrO42- chromate ion

    H2Cr2O7 dichromic acid Cr2O72- dichromate ion

    H2S2O3 thiosulfuric acid S2O32- thiosulfate ion

    H3AsO4 arsenic acid AsO43- arsenate ion

    H3AsO3 arsenous acid AsO33- arsenite ion

    HClO hypochlorous acid ClO- hypochlorite ion

    HClO2 chlorous acid ClO2- chlorite ion

    HClO3 chloric acid ClO3- chlorate ion

    HClO4 perchloric acid ClO4- perchlorate ion

    Br and I can be substituted for Cl. F may form hypofluorous acid and the hypofluorite ion.

  • Garza AP Chemistry: Summer Review Packet

    Colors of Common Ions in Aqueous Solution

    Most common ions are colorless in solution. However, some have distinctive colors. These colors have appeared in question on the AP exam.

    Fe2+ and Fe3+ various colors

    Cu2+ blue to green

    Cr2+ blue

    Cr3+ green or violet

    Mn2+ faint pink

    Ni2+ green

    Co2+ pink

    MnO4- dark purple

    CrO42- yellow

    Cr2O72- orange

    Part 3: Chem language

    When you report to class in August, I want you to be prepared to speak “the language”

    of chemistry. For now that means knowing the names, charges, and formulas of

    common ions and the names and formulas of ionic compounds, covalent compounds,

    and acids. Review the following pages of instructions and complete the work that

    follows. We will have a quiz as soon as the second day of class. Note: In studying, do

    NOT treat this as a one-time quiz. You will need to know these from memory in every

    quiz and test we take throughout the year.

    HINTS:

    1) “-ites” have one less oxygen than “-ates” (also “hypo” means even one less, “per”

    means one more)

    2) The prefix “bi” or “hydrogen” indicates that you must add a H atom and increase the

    charge by one (in the positive direction).

    3) Ions made from the halogens (Cl, Br, and I) differ only in the central atom (see

    chlorate and iodate as an example) 4) “thio” means sulfur.

  • Garza AP Chemistry: Summer Review Packet

    Nomenclature Review

    Forming binary ionic compounds

    A. In a binary ionic compound the total positive charges must equal the total

    negative charges. Use the “Criss Cross Method”.

    B. Ex. What ionic compound would form when calcium ions combine with

    bromide ions?! Use the steps to the Criss Cross Method:

    1. Write the ions with their charges, cations are always first. Ca+2 Br-1 2.

    Cross over the charges by using the absolute value of each ion’s charge

    as the subscript for the other ion.! Ca1 Br2

    3. Check to make sure the subscripts are in the lowest whole number

    ratio possible. Then write the formula. CaBr2

    Naming binary ionic compounds

    A.

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