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Anxiety and Mood Disorders

Anxiety and Mood Disorders. Anxiety Disorders Anxiety and Anxiety Disorders Anxiety: Vague feeling of apprehension or nervousness Anxiety disorder: where

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  • Anxiety and Mood Disorders

  • Anxiety Disorders

  • Anxiety and Anxiety DisordersAnxiety: Vague feeling of apprehension or nervousnessAnxiety disorder: where anxiety begins to take control and dominate a persons life

  • Types of Anxiety DisordersAnxiety disorders are divided into:Generalized Anxiety DisorderPanic DisorderPhobiaObsessive-Compulsive DisorderPosttraumatic Stress Disorder

  • Anxiety Disorders

  • Anxiety Disorders:Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Panic Disorder

  • Generalized Anxiety DisorderAn anxiety disorder characterized by disruptive levels of persistent, unexplained feelings of apprehension and tenseness

  • Symptoms of Generalized AnxietyMust have at least three of the following:RestlessnessFeeling on edgeDifficulty concentrating/mind going blankIrritabilityMuscle TensionSleep Disturbance

  • Panic DisorderAn anxiety disorder characterized by sudden bouts of intense, unexplained anxietyOften associated with physical symptoms like choking sensations or shortness of breathPanic attacks may happen several times a day

  • Anxiety Disorders:Phobia

  • PhobiaAn anxiety disorder characterized by disruptive, irrational fears of specific objects or situationsThe fear must be both irrational and disruptive.

  • Social PhobiaPhobias which produce fear in social situationsFear of speaking in public

  • AgoraphobiaFear of situations the person views as difficult to escape fromFear of leaving ones home or room in the house

  • PhobiaPlay Three Anxiety Disorders (4:08) Segment #37 from Psychology: The Human Experience.The segment includes a discussion on Generalized Anxiety Disorder.

  • Anxiety Disorders:Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

  • Obsessive-Compulsive DisorderAn anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted, repetitive thoughts and actionsObsessions repetitive thoughtsCompulsions repetitive actionsThe obsessions/compulsions begin to take control of the persons life.

  • Obsessive Compulsive DisorderPlay Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (2:57) Segment #36 from Psychology: The Human Experience.

  • Anxiety Disorders:Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

  • Posttraumatic Stress DisorderAn anxiety disorder characterized by reliving a severely upsetting event in unwanted recurring memories (flashbacks) and dreams

  • Anxiety Disorders:Causes of Anxiety Disorders

  • Biological FactorsHereditary factors may result in a predisposition for developing anxiety disordersBrain functions appear to be different in an anxiety disorder patientEvolutionary factors may lead to anxiety disorders.

  • The Brain and OCD

  • Factors that Help Us Understand Anxiety DisordersThrough classical conditioning people may associate fear with an object.Observational learning--watching another experiencing fearfulness--may result in developing fear.Fear of an object may be reinforced when by avoiding the feared objects.

  • Mood Disorders

  • Mood DisordersClassification of disorders where there is a disturbance in the persons emotionsMajor types of mood disorders include:Major Depressive DisorderBipolar Disorder

  • Mood Disorders

  • ManiaPeriod of abnormally high emotion and activity

  • DepressionExtended period of feeling sad, listless, and drained of energy

  • Mood Disorders:Major Depressive Disorder

  • Major Depressive DisorderA mood disorder in which a person, for no apparent reason, experiences at least two weeks of depressed moods, diminished interest in activities, and other symptoms, such as feelings of worthlessness

  • Mood Disorders:Bipolar Disorder

  • Bipolar DisorderA mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness of depression and the overexcited and unreasonably optimistic state of maniaFormerly called manic-depressive disorderMany times will follow a cyclical pattern

  • Mood DisordersPlay Mood Disorders: Major Depression and Bipolar Disorder (4:45) Segment #38 from Psychology: The Human Experience.

  • Mania and DepressionPlay Mood Disorders: Mania and Depression (7:34) Segment #31 from The Mind: Psychology Teaching Modules (2nd edition).

  • Mood Disorders:Causes of Mood Disorders

  • Biological FactorsMood disorders have a hereditary nature to them.Depressed individuals tend to have depressed brains.PET scans indicate less activity during periods of depression.

  • Biopolar Disorder PET Scans

  • Heredity and DepressionPlay Mood Disorders: Hereditary Factors (6:11) Segment #32 from The Mind: Psychology Teaching Modules (2nd edition).

  • Social-Cognitive FactorsDepression may be a variation of learned helplessness.Depressed individuals attribute events using the following characteristics:Stable: the bad situation will last for a long timeInternal: they are at faultGlobal: all of life is bad

  • Attribution and Depression

  • Determination of Mood

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