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Instruction Manual CarboQC Lab and At-line Beverage Carbonation Meter Firmware Version : V2.00D

Anton Paar 620

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Page 1: Anton Paar 620

Instruction Manual

CarboQCLab and At-line Beverage Carbonation Meter

Firmware Version : V2.00D

Page 2: Anton Paar 620
Page 3: Anton Paar 620

Instruction Manual

CarboQCLab and At-line Beverage Carbonation Meter

Firmware Version: V2.00D

Page 4: Anton Paar 620

Anton Paar GmbH assumes no liability for technical or printing errors or omissions in this document.

Nor is any liability assumed for damages resulting from information contained in the document.

Anton Paar GmbH reserves the right to perform changes to the content. This also extends to changes to delivery volumes or any features of delivered parts.

All rights reserved (including translation). This document, or any part of it, may not be reproduced, changed, copied, or distributed by means of electronic systems in any form (print, photocopy, microfilm or any other process) without prior written permission by Anton Paar GmbH.

Trademarks, registered trademarks, trade names, etc. may be used in this manual without being marked as such. They are the property of their respective owner.

Published by Anton PaarPrinted: Anton Paar, AustriaCopyright © 2010 Anton Paar GmbH, Graz, Austria

Address: Anton Paar GmbHAnton-Paar-Str. 20A-8054 Graz / Austria – EuropeTel: +43 316 257-0Fax: +43 316 257-257

E-Mail: [email protected]: www.anton-paar.com

Date: June 15, 2010

Document number: C26IB001EN-A.fm

Page 5: Anton Paar 620

Contents

1 About the Instruction Manual ......................................................................................................... 72 Safety Instructions........................................................................................................................... 8

2.1 General Safety Instructions ..................................................................................................... 82.2 Special Safety Instructions for CarboQC in Combination with PFD Filling Device .................. 92.3 Warning Signs and Mandatory Signs on the PFD Filling Device........................................... 10

3 About CarboQC and PFD Filling Device ...................................................................................... 114 Checking the Supplied Parts ........................................................................................................ 125 Functional Components................................................................................................................ 14

5.1 Front View.............................................................................................................................. 145.2 CarboQC Components .......................................................................................................... 14

5.2.1 Measuring Chamber............................................................................................... 145.2.2 Display.................................................................................................................... 155.2.3 Keypad ................................................................................................................... 16

5.3 Rear View .............................................................................................................................. 175.4 Integrated Battery .................................................................................................................. 17

6 Putting CarboQC into Operation .................................................................................................. 186.1 Installing CarboQC ................................................................................................................ 186.2 Switching the Instrument on and off ...................................................................................... 21

7 Instrument Settings ....................................................................................................................... 237.1 Menu Access ......................................................................................................................... 237.2 Setting Date and Time ........................................................................................................... 237.3 Setting the Units .................................................................................................................... 23

8 Measurement.................................................................................................................................. 248.1 Preconditions ......................................................................................................................... 248.2 Preparing CarboQC............................................................................................................... 248.3 Transferring the Sample into the Measuring Chamber.......................................................... 258.4 Measurement Using the PFD Filling Device .......................................................................... 25

8.4.1 Setting the Correct Flow......................................................................................... 258.4.2 Measurement Procedure........................................................................................ 27

8.5 Checking for a Correct Measurement Procedure and Avoiding Errors.................................. 309 Checking the System..................................................................................................................... 31

9.1 Influencing Factors ................................................................................................................ 319.2 Zero Point Check ................................................................................................................... 319.3 Check with Carbonated Liquid............................................................................................... 319.4 Beginning of the Shift/Day ..................................................................................................... 339.5 Entering a Pressure Offset .................................................................................................... 34

10 Cleaning the System...................................................................................................................... 3510.1 End of the Shift/Day............................................................................................................... 3510.2 Weekly Maintenance ............................................................................................................. 36

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10.3 Cleaning the Filter.................................................................................................................. 3710.4 Cleaning the Measuring Chamber ......................................................................................... 37

10.4.1 Required Devices ................................................................................................... 3710.4.2 Rinsing ................................................................................................................... 3710.4.3 Cleaning the Entire Measuring Chamber Volume .................................................. 38

10.5 Cleaning the Instrument Housing and Display....................................................................... 3811 Menu Operation.............................................................................................................................. 39

11.1 Using the Keys on the Keypad .............................................................................................. 3911.2 Menu Description and Function ............................................................................................. 39

11.2.1 Displaying the Measurement Data ......................................................................... 3911.2.2 Accessing the Menu ............................................................................................... 4011.2.3 "adjustment" Submenu........................................................................................... 4011.2.4 "instrument" Submenu............................................................................................ 4111.2.5 "methods" Submenu............................................................................................... 4311.2.6 "data memory" Submenu ....................................................................................... 4711.2.7 "service" Submenu ................................................................................................. 48

12 Technical Background................................................................................................................... 4913 CarboQC Methods ......................................................................................................................... 50

13.1 Available Methods with CarboQC.......................................................................................... 5013.1.1 Standard Methods .................................................................................................. 5013.1.2 Customer-Specific Methods ................................................................................... 50

13.2 Establishing Customer-Specific Formulae ............................................................................. 5013.2.1 Converting the CO2 Result into a Customer-Specific Result.................................. 5013.2.2 Converting the CO2 Concentration into a Customer-Specific Unit ......................... 5213.2.3 Using a Customer-Specific Solubility Coefficient.................................................... 52

13.3 Transformation of the Determined Air Content ...................................................................... 5313.4 Calculation of the Package Pressure at a Reference Temperature....................................... 54

Appendix A: Technical Data ........................................................................................................... 56A.1 CarboQC ............................................................................................................. 56A.2 PFD Filling Device............................................................................................... 57

Appendix B: Wetted Parts............................................................................................................... 58Appendix C: Measuring At-line ...................................................................................................... 59

C.1 Connecting CarboQC to the Production Line or Tank ......................................... 59C.2 Measurement ...................................................................................................... 61C.3 Cleaning the Measuring Chamber....................................................................... 61

Appendix D: Interface Commands for Communication between a PC and CarboQC .............. 63Appendix E: Error Messages ......................................................................................................... 64Appendix F: Troubleshooting ........................................................................................................ 65Appendix G: Firmware Versions .................................................................................................... 66Appendix H: Declaration of Conformity ........................................................................................ 67Appendix I: Menu Tree................................................................................................................... 68Index..................................................................................................................................................... 69

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1 About the Instruction Manual

1 About the Instruction ManualThis instruction manual informs you about the installation and the safe handling and use of the product. Pay special attention to the safety instructions and warnings in the manual and on the product.

The instruction manual is a part of the product. Keep this instruction manual for the complete working life of the product and make sure it is easily accessible to all people involved with the product. If you receive any additions or revisions to this instruction manual from Anton Paar GmbH, these must be treated as part of the instruction manual.

Conventions for safety messages

The following conventions for safety messages are used in this instruction manual:

NOTICE Notice indicates a situation which, if not avoided, could result in damage to property.

TIP Tip gives extra information about the situation at hand.

Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this instruction manual:

DANGERDanger indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.

WARNINGWarning indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.

CAUTIONCaution indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.

Convention Description<key> The names of keys and buttons are

written inside angle brackets. "Menu Level 1 > Menu Level 2" Menu paths are written in bold, inside

straight quotation marks. The menu levels are connected using a closing angle bracket.

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2 Safety Instructions

2 Safety Instructions

2.1 General Safety Instructions

• Read this instruction manual before using CarboQC.

• Follow all hints and instructions contained in this instruction manual to ensure the correct use and safe functioning of CarboQC.

Liability

• This instruction manual does not claim to address all safety issues associated with the use of the instrument and samples. It is your responsibility to establish health and safety practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations.

• Anton Paar GmbH only warrants the proper functioning of CarboQC if no adjustments have been made to the mechanics, electronics, and firmware.

• Only use CarboQC for the purpose described in this instruction manual. Anton Paar GmbH is not liable for damages caused by incorrect use of CarboQC.

Installation and Use

• CarboQC is not an explosion-proof instrument and therefore must not be operated in areas with risk of explosion.

• The installation procedure shall only be carried out by authorized personnel who are familiar with the installation instructions.

• Do not use any accessories or wearing parts other than those supplied or approved by Anton Paar GmbH.

• Make sure all operators are trained to use the instrument safely and correctly before starting any applicable operations.

• In case of damage or malfunction, do not continue operating CarboQC. Do not operate the instrument under conditions which could result in damage to goods and/or injuries and loss of life.

• Check CarboQC for chemical resistance to the samples and cleaning agents.

• Neither CarboQC nor, if applicable, the PFD Filling Device shall be used for or filled with acids and alkalis above 5 %w/w, hydrofluoric acid, solvent and other poisonous liquids.

• Do not place CarboQC on a wet or humid bench because humidity entering the housing could damage the instrument.

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2 Safety Instructions

• Do not place CarboQC and, if applicable, the PFD Filling Device such that there is a danger of accidentally dropping the equipment or tearing off the pressurized hoses and fittings. Dropping the equipment increases the risk of the pressurized container bursting.

• Do not expose CarboQC and the PFD Filling Device to direct sunlight for extended periods of time.

Maintenance and Service

• Due to the nature of the measurement, the measuring results not only depend on the correct use and functioning of the CarboQC and, if applicable, the PFD Filling Device, but may also be influenced by other factors. We therefore recommend you have the results checked (e.g. plausibility tested) by skilled personnel before consequential actions are taken.

• Service and repair procedures may only be carried out by authorized personnel or by Anton Paar GmbH.

Disposal

• Dispose of CarboQC and, if applicable, the PFD Filling Device according to the country-specific legal requirements.

• Dispose of samples and cleaning liquids according to the country-specific legal requirements.

2.2 Special Safety Instructions for CarboQC in Combination with PFD Filling Device

• Do not supply compressed gas with more than 6.5 bar (95 psi) pressure to the PFD Filling Device.

• Use only clean and oil-free compressed air ("instrument air").

• In the unlikely event that a bottle or can bursts, immediately push the activating lever of the PFD Filling Device to the de-energized position. Turn off the compressed gas supply and then disconnect the PFD Filling Device from the compressed gas supply. Renew the safety shield and discard the old one. Damage of the instrument or parts thereof may be the consequence of a burst container. Therefore, do not continue to use the PFD Filling Device unless it has been checked by authorized service personnel. Contact your local Anton Paar representative.

• The safety shield of the PFD Filling Device is subject to aging, and has to be replaced after 5 years at the latest.

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2 Safety Instructions

2.3 Warning Signs and Mandatory Signs on the PFD Filling Device

Warning sign on the rear side of the PFD Filling Device

On the front side of the PFD Filling Device

Mandatory signs

WARNINGBursting bottles/cans may damage the safety shield and chippings may be hurled through the gap at the rear of the safety shield. Injuries, especially of eyes and face, and hearing damage possible. • Therefore, place the PFD Filling Device with a distance of 0.5 m (20

inches) with its back to the wall. • The PFD Filling Device has to be placed so nobody can stand between

the PFD Filling Device and the wall.• During installation and operation of the PFD Filling Device, only the

operator, equipped with appropriate protective clothing, may be located directly in front of the PFD Filling Device. All other personnel has to keep a distance of at least 3 m to the PFD Filling Device.

• If a container bursts, the vicinity might get sprayed with sample. The PFD Filling Device has to be positioned so that there are no power outlets or ventilation slots behind the PFD Filling Device.

• In case of damage, the safety shield has to be replaced by trained service personnel.

WARNINGBursting bottles/cans may damage the safety shield and chippings may be hurled through the gap at the rear of the safety shield. Injuries, especially of eyes and face, and hearing damage possible. • Do not pressurize empty bottles or cans. The safety shield is only

dimensioned for gas volumes resulting from the depth of immersion of the sample tube.

• Do not pressurize glass bottles with a volume higher than 1 L.Otherwise, the protection through the safety shield is not ensured.

• Do not pressurize bottles/cans which show cracks or substantial scratches. Adhere to specifications of bottle manufacturers.

• In the unlikely case of a bottle/can bursting, the safety shield may get damaged and therefore has to be replaced by a new one. Renew the safety shield and discard the old one.

Wear safety goggles:Wear safety goggles when handling the PFD Filling Device.

Wear ear protection:Wear ear protection when handling the PFD Filling Device.

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3 About CarboQC and PFD Filling Device

3 About CarboQC and PFD Filling Device

CarboQC uses the patented "Multiple Volume Expansion" (MVE) method to eliminate the influence of dissolved air on the determined carbon dioxide content. The analysis is based on highly accurate absolute pressure and temperature measurements.

CarboQC can determine the CO2 content of sugar based soft drinks, soft drinks with low sugar concentration, diet drinks, beer, strong beer, sparkling wine and mineral water.

CarboQC can be used in a laboratory environment as well as at-line. The instrument is equipped with rechargeable batteries to provide the required power for a limited period of time.

To perform a measurement, connect the instrument to the PFD Filling Device in the laboratory or to a production line or tank, select the proper method, and press the <Start> key. Within approx. 2 minutes the CO2 concentration is shown on the display and transferred to the data memory. The measuring result can also be printed out immediately or later from the data memory.

TIP For detailed information about the PFD Filling Device, see the PFD Filling Device instruction manual.

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4 Checking the Supplied Parts

4 Checking the Supplied PartsCarboQC was tested and packed carefully before shipment. However, damage may occur during transport.

1. Keep the packaging material (box, foam piece, transport protection) for possible returns and further questions from the transport and insurance company.

2. Check the delivery for completion by comparing the supplied parts to those noted in Table 4.1.

3. For checking the supplied parts of the PFD Filling Device, see the PFD Filling Device instruction manual.

4. If a part is missing, contact your Anton Paar representative.

5. If a part is damaged, contact the transport company and your Anton Paar representative.

Table 4.1: Supplied parts

Symbol Pcs. Article Description Mat. No.1 CarboQC 14805

1 Instruction manualEnglish orGerman

1660516606

1 Power adapter incl. cable 14869

4m Hose 2.5x4 polyurethane transparent

15272/ 1m

1 Filter incl. 1# sieve 1# Sieve D = 8 mm for filter

2005416118

1 Straight fitting R1/8" 4 mm 15274

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4 Checking the Supplied Parts

1 T-Hose connector 4 mm 17756

1 Wrench 10 3636

Table 4.1: Supplied parts

Symbol Pcs. Article Description Mat. No.

Optional accessories Mat. No.

Printer RS-232C 64434Printer interface cable for CarboQC 5-pole incl. Dsub adapter 25pin/9pin

22434

Power adapter IP76 incl. cable Splash-proof power supply with European standard power plug

23672

Customer functions upon request

Fruit pulp filter incl. housing and 10# filter cartridges10# Filter cartridges for fruit pulp filter

2116721168

All-purpose filter incl. 1# filter cartridge1# Filter cartridge for all-purpose filter

2548325391

Filter with male hose filling nozzle for at-line operation 18829Carrying strap 16012Protective boot CarboQC 90079Carry case for CarboQC, 440 x 250 x 170 mm 23888

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5 Functional Components

5 Functional Components

5.1 Front View

Fig. 5 - 1 Front view

1 ... Flow valve2 ... Sample outlet3 ... Sample inlet4 ... Lugs for carrying strap5 ... Keypad6 ... Display7 ... Measuring chamber

5.2 CarboQC Components

5.2.1 Measuring Chamber

Fig. 5 - 2 Measuring chamber

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Flow valve

Sample outlet

Sample inlet

Piston

to adjust the sample flow

with integrated stirrer

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5 Functional Components

5.2.2 Display

Fig. 5 - 3 Alphanumerical LCD display (4 lines, 16 characters)

1 ... Activated method2 ... Battery status symbol3 ... Sample number4 ... CO2 concentration5 ... Air content6 ... Package pressure (pt) or measuring temperature (tm)

The 4th line either displays the measuring temperature or the package pressure. The package pressure is calculated from the determined concentration of CO2and other dissolved gases.

To switch the display from package pressure to measuring temperature, press the <Menu> key (see Fig. 5 - 4) for approx. 5 seconds.

Battery status symbol

/ (blinking)

The battery is being charged.

The battery is fully charged and the power adapter is connected.

The battery is fully charged and the power adapter is not connected.The battery is charged approx. 66 %.

The battery is charged approx. 33 %.

(blinking)

The battery is empty. The battery has to be charged again by connecting CarboQC to the mains via the power adapter.

1 2 3

4

5

6

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5 Functional Components

5.2.3 Keypad

Fig. 5 - 4 Keypad

In the measuring mode the functions <Sample>, <Menu>, <Print>, <Method>, <Rinse>, <Start> and <Stop> are active.

In the menu mode the functions <ESC>, <t>, <u> and <Enter> are active.

Key functions in the measuring mode

Special key functions activated with a long push (approx. 5 sec.)

Menu/t To access the menu.Method/Enter To select one of 7 predefined or one of 17 customer-

specific methods.Print/u To start a printout of the actual measuring result.Rinse To rinse the measuring chamber. Further short pushes

activate/deactivate the integrated stirrer.Sample/ESC For entering a sample number. This number will be

increased each time you press <Start>.Start To start a measurement.Stop To stop a measurement, rinsing or cleaning procedure.

Menu Switches between measuring temperature and package pressure.

Print To print out all measuring results stored in the data memory of CarboQC.

Rinse To rinse the measuring chamber according to the settings in the menu "instrument > rinse".

Start To clean the measuring chamber at its maximum volume expansion.

Stop Alternative possibility to start a measurement.

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5 Functional Components

5.3 Rear View

Fig. 5 - 5 Rear view

1 ... Handle2 ... COM1 interface for PC or printer3 ... Type plate with serial number4 ... On/off switch5 ... COM2 interface for printer or data transfer to a PC with AP-SoftPrint6 ... Cover7 ... Supply inlet

5.4 Integrated Battery

CarboQC has an integrated rechargeable battery. Up to 200 measurements can be performed with a completely charged battery.

TIP To extend the lifetime of the internal battery, perform a battery service procedure once every 3 months (see Chapter 11.2.4).

A battery service can be performed on-site.

• To perform this service, select the menu "instrument > battery" and set "service" to "on".

The battery service will take a few hours and is best performed overnight. It switches itself off upon completion.

If the battery has to be exchanged by an authorized service technician, make sure that the battery service is performed, even if the newly installed battery is fully charged.

1

2

34

5

6

7

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6 Putting CarboQC into Operation

6 Putting CarboQC into Operation

6.1 Installing CarboQC

CarboQC can be used in the laboratory as well as at-line. In any case, sample has to be transferred into the measuring chamber of CarboQC without the loss of carbon dioxide during the transfer. Subsequently, the installation of CarboQC in combination with a PFD Filling Device is described.

The PFD Filling Device pierces the bottle closure or the base of the can and forces the beverage into the measuring chamber of CarboQC using compressed gas (6±0.5 bar relative/87±7 psi). In the unlikely event that a bottle or can bursts, the operator is protected by a safety shield which is moved vertically over a bottle or can. A safety pin on the bottom of the safety shield ensures that the system cannot be pressurized as long as the safety shield is not in the protective position.

NOTICE • Do not operate CarboQC without the filter being installed (see Fig. 6 - 1).• Do not place CarboQC on a wet or humid bench because humidity entering

the housing could damage the instrument.

TIP If required, fasten the PFD Filling Device to the bench with clamps using the opening in the front of the base plate or with a bolt through the corresponding hole in the base plate.

WARNINGBursting bottles/cans may damage the safety shield and chippings may be hurled through the gap at the rear of the safety shield. Injuries, especially of eyes and face, and hearing damage possible. • If a container bursts, chippings may be hurled through the gap on the back

of the PFD Filling Device. Therefore place the PFD Filling Device with a distance of 0.5 m (20 inches) with its back to the wall. The PFD Filling Device has to be placed so nobody can stand between the PFD Filling Device and the wall.

WARNINGCompressed gas is used. Loose hoses may lead to injuries, especially of eyes and face.• If CarboQC is operated in combination with a PFD Filling Device, do not

activate the compressed gas supply before all hoses are properly connected.

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6 Putting CarboQC into Operation

Compressed gas supply

CarboQC and PFD Filling Device are best operated with compressed air. In case a dissolved oxygen meter is also connected, use compressed nitrogen as compressed air might influence the oxygen result.

If there is no in-house supply of compressed gas available, the PFD Filling Device can also be operated with compressed gas from a gas cylinder.

The hoses of the PFD Filling Device have an outer diameter of 6 mm. If the compressed gas outlet does not match the required diameter for PFD Filling Device operation, check for pressure adapters at your local supplier.

Mounting the hoses

For the hose connections between CarboQC and PFD Filling Device, use the delivered polyurethane hose 2.5 x 4 mm.

NOTICE Keep the hoses between the instruments as short as possible. This reduces sample consumption as well as the risk of CO2 diffusing through the hoses thus influencing the results.

To connect a hose

• To connect a hose to a fitting, push the hose into the fitting as far as it will go.

TIP When reconnecting a hose, cut off a few millimeters of the hose if the color of the hose is changed to achieve tight seal.

To disconnect a hose

• To remove the connection, press the ring of the fitting towards the fitting and then pull out the hose.

NOTICE Only take apart connections if it is really necessary to do so as frequent handling may destroy the fitting.

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6 Putting CarboQC into Operation

Fig. 6 - 1 CarboQC and PFD Filling Device

1 ... PFD Filling Device sample tube outlet2 ... Connection to compressed gas supply

2a PFD Filling Device outlet for compressed gas 2b PFD Filling Device inlet for compressed gas

3 ... Hose coming from the PFD Filling Device sample tube outlet4 ... Filter5 ... CarboQC sample inlet6 ... CarboQC sample outlet7 ... Hose with T-hose connector to be led to the waste vessel

**) according to your requirements

2

4

5

7

1

1

2a 2b3

6

HoseInner

diameterOuter

diameterConnects

Recommendedlength

Nylon hose4.0 mm (0.16")

6.0 mm(0.24")

PFD Filling Device compressed gas inlet with compressed gas supply

**)

PFD Filling Device compressed gas outlet with T-hose connector to be led into the waste vessel

**)

Polyurethane hose,transparent

2.5 mm(0.1")

4.0 mm(0.16")

PFD Filling Device sample tube outlet with filter inlet

1000 mm (40")

Filter outlet with CarboQC sample inlet

100 mm (4")

CarboQC sample outlet with T-hose connector to be led into the waste vessel

**)

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6 Putting CarboQC into Operation

To connect the PFD Filling Device to the compressed gas supply

1. Connect the compressed gas supply to the inlet (2b) of the PFD Filling Device with a nylon hose 4x6 mm of the required length.

2. Connect another nylon hose 4x6 mm to the exhaust (2a) of the PFD Filling Device.

3. Connect the other end to a T-hose connector 6 mm (supplied with the PFD Filling Device) and lead the hose into the waste vessel (omission to connect the T-hose connector will cause the hose to jump when releasing the pressure from the PFD Filling Device).

To connect the PFD Filling Device with CarboQC

1. Connect a polyurethane hose 2.5 x 4 mm of approx. 1000 mm (40") length to the sample tube outlet (1) of the PFD Filling Device and to the inlet of the filter (4).

Mount the filter in the correct flow direction (indicated on the filter with an arrow).

2. Connect a polyurethane hose 2.5 x 4 mm of approx. 100 mm (4") length to the outlet of the filter and the sample inlet (5) of CarboQC.

3. Connect a polyurethane hose 2.5 x 4 mm to the sample outlet (6) of CarboQC.

4. Connect the T-hose connector 4 mm (supplied with CarboQC) to the other end (7) and put it into the waste vessel.

5. When all hoses are connected properly, activate the compressed gas supply.

6.2 Switching the Instrument on and off

NOTICE Before connecting the power adapter to the mains and switching the instrument on, make sure that the correct line voltage is available (AC 100 to 240 V, 50 to 60 Hz). If large voltage fluctuations are to be expected, we recommend using a constant voltage source (UPS).

WARNINGSerious injuries are possible due to high voltage at parts of the instrument/measuring system unless the following instructions are followed: • Make sure that the non-fused earth conductor of the power cord is

connected to earth.• For proper insulation to the mains only use the original power adapter

which is supplied with the instrument.• The power adapter is not suitable for operation under wet at-line or

outdoor conditions! Do not connect the power adapter of CarboQC to the mains under wet ambient conditions.

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6 Putting CarboQC into Operation

1. Connect the power adapter to the supply inlet of CarboQC and the mains.

NOTICE When connecting the plugs to CarboQC, tighten them with your fingers solely! Do not use any tools for tightening!

TIP When operating under laboratory conditions, the power adapter can be permanently connected to CarboQC.

Fig. 6 - 2 Supply inlet and on/off switch

2. To switch CarboQC on, use the on/off switch.

3. If the display does not immediately light up, press the on/off switch for 10 seconds.

4. To switch CarboQC off, use the on/off switch.

If CarboQC is operated from the battery, it switches off automatically after 10 minutes if not used.

Power supplyinlet

To themains

Power adapterOn/off switch

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7 Instrument Settings

7 Instrument Settings

7.1 Menu Access

A password has to be entered to access the menu. The default password is "0000".

1. Press <Menu>, <u>, select "menu-access" and press <Enter>.

2. To enter the password, enter the characters individually using the <t> and <u> keys, and confirm each setting with <Enter>.

3. After finishing all the required entries or changes in the menu, exit the menu mode by pressing <ESC> up to 3 times.

7.2 Setting Date and Time

1. Set date and time in the menu "instrument > date & time".

2. Select the formats "mmddyy" or "ddmmyy" for the date and "24h" or "am/pm" for the time.

7.3 Setting the Units

• Different units for the temperature (°C or °F), pressure (bar or psia = "absolute psi"), and CO2 (g/L or another unit) can be selected in the menu "instrument > unit".

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8 Measurement

8 Measurement

8.1 Preconditions

CarboQC determines the amount of dissolved carbon dioxide in a beverage. To get a correct measurement, the instrument has to be in good working condition (see Chapter 9.2).

In addition, the sample package has to be in equilibrium. As carbon dioxide in a package can be found in the liquid phase as well as in the head space, equilibration is essential for repeatable and well defined measurement results. Equilibration can be achieved by gently shaking the bottle horizontally about 15 times back and forth. This will ensure that the net transfer of CO2 between liquid and head space is zero, in short, in equilibrium.

8.2 Preparing CarboQC

CarboQC is equipped with 7 standard methods to account for the different solubility of carbon dioxide in different beverages (see Chapter 13.1.1). The selected method is displayed in the top left corner of the display and has to be selected manually prior to a measurement by pressing the <Method> key, selecting the desired method and confirming with <Enter>.

If necessary, press <Method> on CarboQC to select the appropriate method for the sample to be measured from 7 standard methods or 17 customer-specific methods. For customer-specific methods, see also Chapter 13.

The 7 standard methods are:

The standard methods do not compensate for any temperature effect that influences the CO2 distribution between headspace and liquid of the bottles or cans. Therefore, they should only be applied within a small range (e.g. ±3 °C/5 °F around reference temperature) of package temperatures.

Method Sample Concentration range00 MINERAL Mineral water02 DIET Diet drinks 0-3 °Brix04 BEER Beer 10-14 °Plato06 ST.BEER Strong beer >14 °Plato08 COLA Sugar-based soft drinks 8-12 °Brix10 SPARKL. Sparkling wine 9-13% vol. alc.12 MID Sugar-based soft drinks 3-8 °Brix

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8 Measurement

Compensation of the headspace-related temperature effect and therefore measurements in a wider range of package temperatures can be achieved with the 17 customer-specific methods once they are properly set up. For more information, see Chapter 11.2.5.

8.3 Transferring the Sample into the Measuring Chamber

Sample transfer always carries the risk of loss of carbon dioxide or introduction of other dissolved gases. Thus, sample transfer is best performed in combination with a filling system that avoids these risks.

The PFD Filling Device is equipped with a seal to close off a small area of the package, bottle or can. This small area is pierced with a knife to allow introduction of a sample tube.

Applying pressurized gas to the head space of the container allows the transfer of sample to the CarboQC measuring chamber without the loss of CO2. Subsequently, the measurement of CO2 with CarboQC in combination with a PFD Filling Device is described in detail.

TIP Piercing the package with a PFD Filling Device might result in the pierced disk falling into the container. The filter between PFD Filling Device and CarboQC will keep this particle from entering the measuring chamber.

8.4 Measurement Using the PFD Filling Device

8.4.1 Setting the Correct Flow

The flow through the measuring chamber should be such that 100 to 150 mL of sample are consumed when the filling time is set to 20 seconds. Considerably lower or higher flow rates may cause erroneous measurements due to sample carry-over or gas bubbles in the measuring chamber.

Fig. 8 - 1 Measuring chamber and flow valve

Flow valve

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To adjust the flow, insert a suitable tool (e.g. screwdriver, ... ) into the cavity of the flow valve and turn it clockwise for decreased and counterclockwise for increased sample flow.

With a graduated vessel

1. Use a beaker or graduated cylinder to check the correct flow.

2. Insert the T-hose connector of the sample outlet hose into the beaker.

3. Select the menu "instrument > rinse" and set the rinsing time to 20 seconds.

4. Position the flow valve (see Fig. 8 - 1) at about 10% flow, i.e. close to the minimum flow position.

5. Carry out a measurement as described in Chapter 8.4.2.

6. Check the volume of liquid consumed: It should be 100 to 150 mL.

7. If the volume is not in the required range, slightly open or close the flow valve (see Fig. 8 - 1) and repeat steps 5 to 7 until the volume/weight is within the required range.

With a marked bottle

1. Make volume markings "0" and "150 mL" on a transparent 0.5 L (16 oz) or similar size PET bottle.

Use water and a graduated cylinder or a balance to correctly place these markings on the bottle.

2. Fill the bottle up to the "0" mark with deionized water and close it.

3. Insert it into the PFD Filling Device.

4. Perform steps 3 to 7 as described above.

Via weighing

1. Weigh a full beverage bottle or can and make a note of the weight.

2. Insert the package into the PFD Filling Device.

3. Perform steps 3 to 5 as described above.

4. Remove the package from the PFD Filling Device and weigh it again.

The weight should have decreased by 100 to 150 g.

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8.4.2 Measurement Procedure

NOTICE Make sure that the bottles/cans are in equilibrium prior to putting them into the PFD Filling Device. Equilibrium is e.g. achieved by shaking the bottle/can 15 times horizontally.

At CarboQC

1. Check the sample flow and adjust, if necessary (see Chapter 8.4.1).

2. Select the required method on CarboQC.

3. Select the sample number, if necessary.

At the PFD Filling Device

1. Move the sample tube of the PFD Filling Device to the highest position (see the PFD Filling Device instruction manual).

2. Push the safety shield upwards completely.

3. Insert/remove the PET bottle adapter, if required.

4. Adjust the position of the piercing head, if required.

5. Make sure that the bottle/can is equilibrated (see Chapter 8.1).

6. Insert the PET bottle/can/glass bottle.

7. Push the safety shield down until the safety pin engages.

8. Hold the safety shield down and pull the activating lever to pierce the package.

9. Lower the sample tube of the PFD Filling Device into the package.

10. If the sample tube touches the bottom of the package, lift it slightly.

11. Fasten the sample tube.

At CarboQC

1. Press <Start> to start the measurement.

Wear safety goggles:Wear safety goggles when handling the PFD Filling Device.

Wear ear protection:Wear ear protection when handling the PFD Filling Device.

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The measuring chamber is first rinsed and filled with 100 to 150 mL of the new sample.

2. Check the measuring chamber visually for bubble-free sample flow.

It must be free of bubbles before the actual analysis starts. If the bubbles do not disappear after approx. 15 seconds, clean the filter (see Chapter 10.3).

3. Check the pressure of the compressed gas supply. It shall be 6±0.5 bar relative (87±7 psi).

Once the rinsing is finished, the analysis will start. The piston will move down to a first halt and then to a second halt with the stirrer permanently in operation.

NOTICE If the sample has a high content of particles (e.g. pulp), the sieve of the filter tends to clog. This will lower the pressure in the measuring chamber. Check the pressure indicated at CarboQC during sample filling. When using a PFD Filling Device, the pressure should not go below 5 bar/70 psia. If the sieve is completely clogged, bubbles and foam form in the hose between filter and measuring chamber and in the measuring chamber itself. Clean the filter as described in Chapter 10.3.

4. Wait approx. 90 seconds for the measurement result.

The measurement result will be displayed, stored in the memory and optionally printed out. The piston will then move up, but the measuring chamber will remain closed.

TIP If a measurement was carried out with an incorrect method, the current result can be recalculated using the correct method as long as this result is still displayed. Press <Method>, select the correct method and press <Enter>. The recalculated result will be shown on the display. To store and optionally print out this recalculated result, press <Print>.

At the PFD Filling Device

1. Move the sample tube up to the highest position and fasten it.

2. Push the activating lever to de-energize the system.

3. Move the safety shield up to the highest position and remove the package.

4. If the package sticks to the piercer, rotate it counterclockwise and pull it down simultaneously.

5. Optionally, check with a balance whether the correct amount of sample was taken from the bottle or can.

Now CarboQC and the PFD Filling Device are ready for the next measurement.

6. If no further measurements are performed, clean the system (see Chapter 10).

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NOTICE If the instrument is not in use for more than 30 minutes after the last sample measurement, rinse the instrument with deionized water.

Measurement Procedure

Equilibrate the package.

Check the sample flow.

Select the required method on CarboQC and the sample number, if necessary.

Move the sample tube to the highest position.

Push the safety shield upwards completely.

Insert/remove the PET bottle adapter, if required.

Adjust the position of the piercing head, if required.

Insert the PET bottle/can/glass bottle.

Push the safety shield down until the safety pin engages. Hold it down.

Pull the activating lever.

Lower the sample tube into the package.

Press <Start> on CarboQC.

Wait approx. 90 seconds for the measurement result and optional printout.

Move the sample tube up and push back the activating lever.

Move the safety shield up and remove the package.

Perform the next measurement or clean the system.

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8.5 Checking for a Correct Measurement Procedure and Avoiding Errors

Zero point checks

Regular zero point checks of CarboQC with deionized water are recommended to survey faultless functionality of the instrument. The water check with CarboQC, when carried out correctly with deionized water, is the precondition for a correct measurement result. The result has to be 0± 0.02 vol (0± 0.03 g/L).

If the zero point check and adjustment are carried out with water that contains CO2, the consequence will be an unjustified offset. Consequences are systematic errors of results.

Sample equilibration

Only transfer equilibrated sample to the measuring chamber of CarboQC. If samples are not equilibrated (shaken) prior to analysis, the consequence might be erroneous results or poor repeatabilities.

Correct measurement method

Check whether the correct measuring method is chosen on CarboQC. A wrong method will lead to a wrong result.

Correct sample flow

Check the correct flow. The volume consumption per measurement is recommended to be 120 to 150 mL, and for identical samples at least 100 mL. Too low sample volume consumption causes sample carry-over.

Correct filling pressure

The filling pressure displayed on the CarboQC display has to be 5.5 to 6 bar relative (79 psi to 87 psi) and the measuring chamber has to be filled without bubbles. Too low sample pressures during sample filling causes bubbles in the sample chamber. As a consequence, the starting volume will consists partially of gas bubbles thus yielding incorrect results.

Measuring chamber filled without bubbles

Bubbles in the measuring chamber can falsify the result. The most common cause for bubbles is a clogged filter. To clean the filter, see Chapter 10.3.

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9 Checking the System

9.1 Influencing Factors

Mechanical functionality of CarboQC is essential for a correct result. CarboQC has three parameters that act as a precondition for a correct result.

• pressure• temperature• volume expansion of the measuring chamber

9.2 Zero Point Check

A zero point check is necessary before starting the determinations. The zero point check is a measurement with deionized (or distilled) water. The CO2 result has to be 0±0.02 vol (0±0.03 g/L).

The deionized water must not contain any dissolved carbon dioxide and is ideally free of ions such as calcium that could cause deposits in the measuring chamber of CarboQC.

Sometimes, deionized water contains CO2 absorbed from the ambience and CarboQC displays the amount of the CO2 absorbed. Either heat up and boil the water and cover it up while cooling down or do the water check with tap water. In case of using tap water, rinse the measuring chamber with deionized water afterwards.

In case the measurement of deionized water does give a CO2 reading out of tolerance, always check the water first before inserting a pressure offset (see Chapter 9.5) into CarboQC.

In general, the zero point check with CO2-free water is sufficient to ensure correct functioning of the instrument in-between service intervals.

9.3 Check with Carbonated Liquid

Sometimes checkups are required with test samples at elevated carbon dioxide contents. Usually these checkups are provided within the periodical service and maintenance procedure. In case more frequent tests are required, continuous surveillance can be performed on a day-to-day basis.

There are two ways to perform an instrument check with carbonated liquids.

The first is the use of a CO2 standard. This procedure shall only be carried out by an authorized Anton Paar representative or service technician.

The second is the use of a control chart and internal standards.

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NOTICE Only use cans as internal standards. Do not use bottles as their CO2 content might change.

Cans of diet soft drink or other cans of a non-sucrose based, non-inverting soft drink with > 3 vol (6 g/L) CO2 content are suitable to be used as internal standards.

If filling cans, provide 36 cans for initial preparation of the standards plus a sufficient number of cans for one check measurement per day over the time span between instrument calibrations by Anton Paar service representatives. Only use cans from the same production minute(s).

If purchasing cans, make sure that the required number of cans is from the same batch.

To prepare internal standards

1. Immediately after calibration of CarboQC by an Anton Paar service representative, draw 6 cans from the beginning, 6 cans from the middle, and 6 cans from the end section of a production run and measure them.

2. Calculate the mean values for every 6 measurements for the beginning, middle and end sections.

The 3 mean values may only differ by ±0.02 vol (±0.04 g/L).

3. If the mean values are suitable, provide a sufficient number of cans from this production run to be kept as internal standards.

4. If the mean values are not suitable, measure another 3 times 6 cans as above.

5. Determine the 3 mean values of the 12 respective measurements (for each mean value take the 6 measurements from the first selection plus the 6 measurements from the second selection).

These 3 mean values may only differ by ±0.015 vol (±0.03 g/L).

6. If the mean values are suitable, provide a sufficient number of cans from this production run to be kept as internal standards.

7. If the mean values are not suitable, the cans are not suitable as internal standards and cans from a different, more stable production run have to be used.

To draw and use the control chart

1. Calculate the mean m and standard deviation sd of all 18 (or 36) measurements.

The standard deviation shall be 0.025 vol (0.05 g/L) maximum based on the above limitations.

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2. Draw a control chart with sample number on the x-axis and CO2

concentration on the y-axis ranging from (m - 3 * sd) to (m + 3 * sd) as the control limits.

3. Draw control limit lines, mean line and auxiliary lines as appropriate. This can either be done on paper or using a suitable computer software.

4. Measure one can of the internal standards per production day and draw a corresponding point in the control chart.

5. If a clear trend away from the mean becomes visible over time or the control limit of 3 * sd is exceeded successively, call for service immediately.

9.4 Beginning of the Shift/Day

Check for the correct sample flow with deionized water. A volume of 100 to 150 mL is

recommended.NOK → Adjust the sample flow.

See Chapter 8.4.1.

OK ↓Check the zero point: Fill a clean 0.5 L PET

bottle with deionized water, close the bottle and measure it (see Chapter 8.4.2). The CO2 result

has to be 0±0.02 vol (0±0.03 g/L).

← OK

NOK → Rinse with glassware cleaner (pH <10) and then with deionized water.

OK ↓

Check the zero point with deionized water again (see Chapter 8.4.2). The CO2 result has to be

0±0.02 vol (0±0.03 g/L).CarboQC is ready for

routine measurements.← OK

↓ NOKContact your Anton Paar representative.

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9.5 Entering a Pressure Offset

With the menu "auto p-offset", an offset for the pressure sensor can be determined semiautomatically. Enter a pressure offset if the CO2 result of a zero point check with deionized water is out of specification (see Chapter 9.2).

TIP Sometimes, deionized water contains CO2 which has been absorbed from the air, and this CO2 content is displayed. Before carrying out an automatic pressure offset, make sure that the displayed CO2 is not caused by the water, but by the pressure sensor. Boiling and cooling the water before measurement will eliminate dissolved CO2.

Example:

A zero point check with deionized water yields (even after cleaning the system) a CO2 value of 0.05 g/L. The maximum allowed deviation for deionized water is 0.03 g/L. Therefore, the pressure sensor must be adjusted:

1. Select the menu "adjustment > auto p-offset".

In the first line, the previously measured CO2 value (0.05 g/L) is displayed. In the second line, the pressure value is displayed (e.g. +0.020 bar).

2. Press <Enter>.

The displayed CO2 value flashes.

3. Change the CO2 value using the <t> and <u> keys until the value is inside specification (0 ±0.03 g/L).

The pressure value is changing corresponding to the CO2 value.

4. When the required CO2 value is displayed, press the <Enter> key.

The newly calculated pressure offset is automatically stored in the CarboQC memory and is used for subsequent measurements.

5. To change to the measuring window, press <ESC> three times.

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10 Cleaning the System

10 Cleaning the System

10.1 End of the Shift/Day

NOTICE If the instrument is not used for some time (e.g. over the weekend) or if shipping the instrument, always make sure that the measuring chamber is about half filled with deionized water to avoid damage of the O-rings.

Rinse the measuring chamber with deionized water.

Rinse with glassware cleaner (pH <10) by pressing <Start> for approx. 5 seconds to clean the entire measuring chamber. Wait 2 minutes for this to

finish and then press <Stop>.

Rinse the measuring chamber with deionized water.

Clean sample residues from the PFD Filling Device and CarboQC with a wet tissue. Dry with a soft dry tissue. If the PFD Filling Device is very dirty, spray it with (warm) water, move movable parts up and down in between

spraying and then dry with a soft tissue.

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10.2 Weekly Maintenance

Clean the filter (see Chapter 10.3).

Rinse the measuring chamber with warm deionized water.

Rinse the measuring chamber with glassware cleaner (pH <10).

Rinse the measuring chamber with deionized water.

Rinse the measuring chamber with a 60 to 90% solution of ethanol. Do not use denatured

ethanol!

Rinse the measuring chamber with deionized water.

Fill deionized water by pressing <Start> for approx. 5 seconds to clean the entire measuring

chamber. Wait 2 minutes for this to finish.

Check whether gas bubbles enter the measuring chamber.

Yes → Contact your Anton Paar representative.

No ↓Press <Stop> and leave deionized water in the

measuring chamber.

Clean sample residues from the PFD Filling Device and CarboQC with a wet tissue. Dry with a soft dry tissue. If the PFD Filling Device is very dirty, spray it with (warm) water, move movable

parts up and down in between spraying and then dry with a soft tissue.

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10.3 Cleaning the Filter

TIP Make sure that the activating lever of the PFD Filling Device is in the "off" position before disconnecting the filter.

1. Press <Rinse> on CarboQC and wait 20 seconds for the measuring chamber to open.

2. Disconnect the filter from the hoses and connect it in the reverse direction to the hose coming from the PFD Filling Device.

3. Put a 0.5 L or similar size PET bottle with deionized water into the PFD Filling Device (see Chapter 8.4.2).

4. Hold the filter outlet over a sink or waste container and fix it in this position.

5. Pull down the safety shield and pull the activating lever.

Air with sample residues will spray out of the filter.

6. Lower the sample tube to flush the filter with approx. 200 mL of deionized water.

7. Move the sample tube up to let air flow through the filter for about one minute.

8. Push the activating lever to the "off" position.

9. Reconnect the filter in the correct flow direction.

10.4 Cleaning the Measuring Chamber

10.4.1 Required Devices

• To clean the measuring chamber of CarboQC, fill a 0.5 L or similar size PET bottle with deionized water or glassware cleaner (pH <10) which removes protein.

• Insert this bottle into the PFD Filling Device the same way as a sample to be measured.

10.4.2 Rinsing

1. Press the <Rinse> key for approx. 5 seconds.

The measuring chamber is rinsed for the set rinse time.

2. Always rinse with deionized water after rinsing with glassware cleaner.

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3. Leave only deionized water in the measuring chamber for extended periods of time.

10.4.3 Cleaning the Entire Measuring Chamber Volume

1. Press the <Start> key for approx. 5 sec.

After rinsing, the piston will descend to the maximum measuring chamber volume expansion with the stirrer turned on. This will clean the entire chamber volume.

If deionized water is used, the pressure in the measuring chamber will become very low, far below ambient pressure. Air bubbles will enter the measuring chamber if it is not completely tight. Therefore, this function can also be used to detect leaks caused by damaged O-rings or valves.

2. Press <Stop> to exit this mode.

3. Always rinse with deionized water after rinsing with glassware cleaner.

4. Leave only deionized water in the measuring chamber for extended periods of time.

10.5 Cleaning the Instrument Housing and Display

If sample was spilled onto the housing of CarboQC, always wipe it off immediately.

• To clean the instrument housing and/or the keypad, use a soft tissue and (warm) water.

• Dry with a soft, dry tissue.

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11 Menu Operation

11 Menu Operation

11.1 Using the Keys on the Keypad

If the measuring window is displayed, the functions <Sample>, <Menu>, <Print>, <Method>, <Rinse>, <Start> and <Stop> are active.

In the menu mode (after pressing the <Menu> key) the functions <ESC>, <t>, <u> and <Enter> are active.

The key functions in the menu mode accomplish the following tasks:

11.2 Menu Description and Function

11.2.1 Displaying the Measurement Data

The stored measurement data can be displayed. To display the next or previous data set, press the <t> or <u> key.

Fig. 11 - 1 Displaying the measurement data

ESC • Return to the measuring mode• Move to the next higher menu level• Ignore the last entry and return to the next higher menu

level• Ignore the last entry and return to the previous digit or

charactert and u • Move to a menu item

• Decrease or increase a digit or a characterEnter • Select a menu item

• Confirm an input or a query• Accept the last entry and return to the next higher menu

level• Accept the last entry and move to the next digit or

character

m e n u

→ d a t a m e m o r y

m e n u a c c e s s

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11.2.2 Accessing the Menu

Press the <Menu> key on CarboQC to initiate the menu access.

Fig. 11 - 2 Main menu (scrolls when arrow is moved down)

For the complete menu tree, see the last pages of this instruction manual.

11.2.3 "adjustment" Submenu

Fig. 11 - 3 Menu/adjustment

→ menu-access→ password A password has to be entered to

access the menu. The default password is: 0000. If you use a different password, press the <Enter> key. Enter the characters using the <t> and <u> keys, and confirm each setting with <Enter>.

m e n u

→ a d j u s t m e n t

i n s t r u m e n t

m e t h o d s

m e n u - a d j u s t m e n t

→c o m p e n s a t i o n

a u t o p - o f f s e t

→ compensation→ comp air

→ on To compensate the influence of dissolved air. CarboQC automatically performs two volume expansions.

→ off To deactivate the air compensation. One volume expansion has to be set.

→ vexp To set the volume expansion between 2 and 40%. Default: 10%. Only valid when comp air is set to off.

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11.2.4 "instrument" Submenu

Fig. 11 - 4 Menu/instrument

→ auto p-offset Offset for the absolute pressure sensor (values between 0 and ±0.5 bar (0 and ±7 psi)). For details, see Chapter 9.5.

→ C: x.xxx g/L (or respective selected unit)→ p: x.xxx bar (psia)

m e n u - i n s t r u m e n t

→ r i n s e

u n i t

s e r i a l c o m

→ rinse→ time: 03 to 200 seconds for rinsing the

measuring chamber. Default: 20 seconds.

→ unit To select the units of the displayed CO2 content, pressure and temperature as well as the number of places after the decimal point.

→ t To select °C or °F of the temperature.→ p To select bar or psia (=absolute psi)

of pressure.→ co2 To select g/L or an arbitrary unit of

CO2 content.

→ co2dec To select 2 or 3 places after the decimal point for the displayed CO2 result, and 0 or 1 places after the decimal point for the displayed air content, respectively.

→ serial com The settings in this menu are valid for both the printer and PC interfaces.

→ baud→ 1200→ 2400→ 4800

→ 9600→ 19200

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→ format→ E71 Even parity, 7 data bits, 1 stop bit→ N81 No parity, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit→ O71 Odd parity, 7 data bits, 1 stop bit

→ password→ new To define a new password for the

menu access. 4 characters/digits are available. Default: 0000.

→ date & time Date and time and the corresponding formats can be set.

→ date Two different formats for the date are available (default: ddmmyy)

→ ddmmyy Day.month.year, e.g. 13.10.03→ mmddyy Month-day-year, e.g. 10-13-03

→ year To set the current year.→ month To set the current month.→ day To set the current day.→ time Two formats for time are available.

→ 24hrs E.g. 17:08→ am/pm E.g. 05:10 pm

→ hour To set the hour.→ min To set the minute.

→ battery→ service

→ on To perform a battery service procedure. With the power adapter connected to the CarboQC supply inlet and the mains, the battery is discharged and charged again. This takes approx. 12 hours.

→ off Battery service procedure inactive.→ device info All the values given under device info

are read only.→ print Output of the device info to printer or

PC via the corresponding interface.→ off→ printer→ PC

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11.2.5 "methods" Submenu

In this submenu a list of customer adaptable methods is displayed. The names as specified here are only valid if no changes have been made. Once the method-specific names have been changed, the changed names will appear in the list. The corresponding coefficients for these methods will only be explained for the first method.

The last 10 methods (CM01PROD - CM10PROD) allow to enter a solubility coefficient ks, too. They can therefore be adapted to customer-specific beverages which exceed the predefined methods range in °Brix, °Plato or % alc. vol. of beverages.

Fig. 11 - 5 Menu/customer

m e n u - m e t h o d s

→0 1 M I N E R A L c

0 3 D I E T c c c c

0 5 B E E R c c c c

→ 01 MINERALc Customer-specific method for mineral water.

→ name To define a customer-specific name for this method.

→ sel → man sel The method is available in the method

list.→ disable The method is not available in the

method list.→ unit An arbitrary unit can be entered (see

Chapter 13.2.2). Factory default: g/L.→ fu Division factor which is used to convert

the determined result (in g/L) into a customer-specific unit, e.g. enter 1.976 to convert g/L to vol. For calculating customer-specific polynomials.

→ k0 Coefficients k0 - k4 convert the CO2

results based on the built-in solubility formula to customer-specific results based on customer-specific tables/formulae. These parameters are also used to compensate for the headspace effect in bottles and cans which causes a lower amount of dissolved CO2 at higher temperatures (see Chapter 13.2.1).

→ k1

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→ k2→ k3→ k4→ k5 Reference temperature [°C].→ k6 Coefficients k6 - k7 are used to transform

the air or nitrogen content as determined into related properties (see Chapter 13.3).

→ k7

→ 03 DIETcccc Customer-specific method for diet products (0 to 3°Brix).

→ name To define a customer-specific name for this method.

→ sel → man sel The method is available in the method

list.→ disable The method is not available in the

method list.→ unit For the unit, an arbitrary unit can be

entered (see Chapter 13.2.2). Factory default: g/L.

→ fu See "MINERALc".→ k0 See "MINERALc".→ ....→ k7

→ 05 BEERcccc Customer-specific method for beer (10 to 14°Plato).

→ name To define a customer-specific name for this method.

→ sel → man sel The method is available in the method

list.→ disable The method is not available in the

method list.→ unit For the unit, an arbitrary unit can be

entered (see Chapter 13.2.2). Factory default: g/L.

→ fu See "MINERALc".→ k0 See "MINERALc".→ ....→ k7

→ 07 ST. BEERc Customer-specific method for strong beer (>14°Plato).

→ name To define a customer-specific name for this method.

→ sel

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→ man sel The method is available in the method list.

→ disable The method is not available in the method list.

→ unit For the unit, an arbitrary unit can be entered (see Chapter 13.2.2). Factory default: g/L.

→ fu See "MINERALc".→ k0 See "MINERALc".→ ....→ k7

→ 09 COLAcccc Customer-specific method for sugar based beverages (8 to 12°Brix).

→ name To define a customer-specific name for this method.

→ sel → man sel The method is available in the method

list.→ disable The method is not available in the

method list.→ unit For the unit, an arbitrary unit can be

entered (see Chapter 13.2.2). Factory default: g/L.

→ fu See "MINERALc".→ k0 See "MINERALc".→ ....→ k7

→ 11 SPARKLcc Customer-specific method for sparkling wine (9 to 13% vol. alc.).

→ name To define a customer-specific name for this method.

→ sel → man sel The method is available in the method

list.→ disable The method is not available in the

method list.→ unit For the unit, an arbitrary unit can be

entered (see Chapter 13.2.2). Factory default: g/L.

→ fu See "MINERALc".→ k0 See "MINERALc".→ ....→ k7

→ 13 MIDccccc Customer-specific method for sugar-based soft drinks (3 to 8 °Brix).

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→ name To define a customer-specific name for this method.

→ sel → man sel The method is available in the method

list.→ disable The method is not available in the

method list.→ unit An arbitrary unit with 6 digits maximum

(e.g. mg/cm3) can be selected and entered (see Chapter 13.2.2). Factory default: g/L.

→ fu See "MINERALc".→ k0 See "MINERALc".→ ....→ k7

→ 17 CM01PROD Customer-specific method including selectable solubility of CO2.

→ name To define a customer-specific name for this method.

→ sel → man sel The method is available in the method

list.→ disable The method is not available in the

method list.→ unit An arbitrary unit with 6 digits maximum

(e.g. mg/cm3) can be selected and entered (see Chapter 13.2.2). Factory default: g/L.

→ fu See "MINERALc".→ k0 See "MINERALc".→ ....→ k7→ ks Enter the CO2 gas absorption coefficient

in g/(L * bar) of CO2 at 5 bar and 20 °C (e.g. 1.61 g/(L * bar) for a 5±2 °Brix soft drink).

→ ka→ ....→ kd

→ 18 CM02PROD See "CM01PROD".→ ...→ 26 CM10PROD See "CM01PROD".

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11 Menu Operation

11.2.6 "data memory" Submenu

Fig. 11 - 6 Menu/data memory

m e n u - d a t a m e m o r y

→b r o w s e m e m o r y

c l e a r m e m o r y

→ browse memory To display the stored measurement data.Browse through the memory using the <t> and <u> keys, starting with the most recent. To indicate that the memory browser is activated, the name of the activated method and "memory" are alternately displayed in the upper left corner. A stored measurement contains the following information:• Name of the selected method • Sample No.• CO2 result• Dissolved air• Measuring temperature or

package pressure99 measurements can be stored. The latest entry overwrites the oldest when the memory is full.

→ clear memory→ clear

→ yes To clear all measuring results in the memory of CarboQC.

→ no

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11 Menu Operation

11.2.7 "service" Submenu

In this menu, information about the device can be displayed. None of the values can be changed.

→ device→ SerNo Serial number of the instrument.→ FW Firmware version of the instrument.→ v-k Slope parameter: counts per 1 %

increase of the volume of the measuring chamber.

→ v-I0 Zero volume expansion parameter: counts at zero volume expansion, i.e. when measuring chamber valves close.

→ v-h Slope parameter for the determination of the pressure drop at zero volume expansion for zero adjustment.

→ cycle Total number of measurement cycles performed.

→ lb0 Solubility parameters for air/nitrogen.→ lb1→ lb2→ ccor Internal correction factor.→ t dis Initial or final (internal reference

temperature).→ offset

→ t Offset for the temperature sensor (values between 0 and ±5 °C (0 and ±9 °F)).

→ p Offset for the absolute pressure sensor (values between 0 and ±0.5 bar (0 and ±7 psi)).

→ gain→ t Gain factor for the temperature

sensor (values between 0 and 2).→ p Gain factor for the pressure sensor

(values between 0 and 2).

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12 Technical Background

12 Technical BackgroundThe working principle of CarboQC is based on the Multiple Volume Expansion Method and allows the determination of the true CO2 content.

Fig. 12 - 1 shows the principle of the Multiple Volume Expansion method for eliminating the influence of dissolved air or nitrogen on the measuring result: The CO2 content is measured at two different volume expansions of the measuring chamber, i.e. at 10 and 30%. If the two results are identical, there is no dissolved air or nitrogen present and therefore no correction is required. Dissolved air or nitrogen makes the second result lower than the first. The difference between the two results is used to calculate a correction which completely eliminates the influence of dissolved air or nitrogen on the measuring result.

Fig. 12 - 1 Compensation of dissolved air

CO2 with air

CO2 without air

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13 CarboQC Methods

13 CarboQC Methods

13.1 Available Methods with CarboQC

13.1.1 Standard Methods

The 7 standard methods do not allow to change any parameter at all. It can be seen from Chapter 8.2 which method is recommended for which beverage sample. These methods do not provide any means for compensating temperature effects due to the headspace volume of beverage packages. They are therefore suitable for determining the true dissolved carbon dioxide content at a given package temperature.

13.1.2 Customer-Specific Methods

CarboQC provides 17 customer-specific methods. 7 methods, ending with "c", use solubility coefficients identical to the standard methods, and 10 customer-specific methods CMxxPROD also allow the entry of the solubility coefficient.

The 7 user-specific methods are named identically to the standard methods with additional letters "cc" to obtain eight digits altogether (DIETcccc; SPARKLcc and so on). These 7 methods allow modification of the constants k0 to k7, but these six methods do not allow access to the solubility coefficient for CO2 in the respective sample. The solubility coefficients in these user-specific methods are identical to the ones in the respective standard methods. The coefficients k0 to k7 can be used to compensate headspace related package temperature effects and to adapt the measurement results to those based on customer-specific solubility tables or formulae.

There are also 10 CMxxPROD methods; xx = 01, ..., 10. These 10 customer-specific methods allow the modification of the constants k0 to k7, but also the alteration of the solubility coefficient ks of CO2 in the sample.

13.2 Establishing Customer-Specific Formulae

13.2.1 Converting the CO2 Result into a Customer-Specific Result

In the customer-specific methods the calculated g/L results can be converted for user-specific CO2 tables or formulae. This conversion can also correct the temperature-dependent changes of the dissolved CO2 content resulting from the headspace to liquid volume ratio of the bottles or cans.

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13 CarboQC Methods

This equation is used for custom-tailoring a CO2 result from the original CO2content c as determined by CarboQC.

Ccust is the customer-specific CO2 result. It is the modified carbon dioxide content that is calculated and displayed when customer-specific coefficients are used.

k0 will always be added to the result c. The factory setting of k0 = 0.

k1 is a multiplication factor. The factory setting of k1 = 1.

k5 is a reference temperature that needs to be keyed in if the result is to be related to a specific temperature. The factory setting of k5 is zero, which means that k5equals 0 °C, regardless of the temperature units selected in the menu.

A simple way of applying a reasonable temperature correction for the headspace influence is to use the customer-specific methods in CarboQC, rename them properly and set k5 equal to the average measuring temperature, and for k2 a value of 0.003 (typical range: 0.002 … 0.004) to get the temperature compensation to take effect.

k3 and k4 can be used for better fine tuning of the final customer-specific result. The factory setting is 0.

Example:

If the result given by CarboQC is 3 g/L and the desired or expected result is 3.3 g/L, there are two ways CarboQC can be programmed in order to transfer the CarboQC result into the customer-specific result:

(1) k0 is set to 0.3

The value ccust will be 0.3 g/L higher than the CarboQC result. This will also affect the zero determination with deionized water. A k0 of 0.3 will cause an offset as all results will be 0.3 higher than the determined value: instead of 0 the displayed result will be 0.3; instead of 2 the displayed result will be 2.3 and so forth. Therefore setting a positive k0 offset is a reasonable means to adapt the CarboQC results to readings of previous methods which were offset by a fairly constant air content of the samples.

Ccust .......................... Customer-specific CO2 result [g/L]

k0, k1, k2, k3, k4 ........ Customer-specific coefficients

k5 ............................. Reference temperature [°C]

c .............................. Original CO2 result [g/L]

t ............................... Measured temperature [°C]

Ccust k0 k1*c k2*c* t k5–( ) k3*c* t k5–( )2++ k4*c2+ +=

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13 CarboQC Methods

(2) k1 is set to 1.1

The CarboQC result will be multiplied by 1.1. Instead of 3 the result will be 3.3 and instead of 2 the result will be 2.2. If the zero point adjustment works correctly, the zero reading will be close to zero and multiplication by 1.1 will not affect the zero reading noticeably. As an example, a factor of approximately 1.1 is often necessary if the customer-specific solubility table applied is actually a CO2solubility table for water, but it is applied to 10 °Brix soft drinks.

13.2.2 Converting the CO2 Concentration into a Customer-Specific Unit

For all customer-specific methods, the measured CO2 concentration can be converted from g/L into a customer-specific unit.

Proceed as follows:

1. In the menu "methods", select the desired customer-specific method.

2. Select the menu item "unit" and enter a name for the desired unit (maximum length of 6 characters).

3. In the menu "methods", change the coefficient "k1" so that the desired conversion is applied. E.g. setting k1 = 2, results in multiplying the result by 2.

4. Change to the measuring window and select the changed method using the <Method> key.

The newly set unit is displayed in the line for the CO2 content. When measuring, the conversion is carried out according to the entered coefficient and the calculated result is displayed.

5. The factor "fu" is a division factor which divides a customer-specific polynomial. E.g. using fu = 1.976 leads to converting the measurement result from g/L into vol.

13.2.3 Using a Customer-Specific Solubility Coefficient

The 10 CMxxPROD methods allow entry of k1 to k7 and, in addition, the solubility coefficient ks in g/(L * bar) at a temperature of 20 °C. These 10 methods need to be used when a sample does not match the ranges as given in Chapter 8.2; e.g. 1.61 g/(L * bar) for a 5 ±2 °Brix soft drink.

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13 CarboQC Methods

13.3 Transformation of the Determined Air Content

The following formula serves two purposes:

1. It allows to correct the ppm result with a different slope k6.2. It allows to compensate for the temperature dependent gas distribution in the

beverage container using k5, k7. The term in brackets is set to 1 if k7 ≤ 0.

This formula is used if the "air ppm" result needs to be corrected or the amount of gas in the head space needs to be taken into consideration. ctrans is the air content as a function of head space.

The factory setting for the "slope" k6 is 1.

cair is the air content in ppm as determined by CarboQC.

k5 is the reference temperature and Lb2 is the solubility of air at the determined measuring temperature T2[K].

Lb(k5) is the solubility of air at the reference temperature k5. This value can be taken from a table.

k7 is the head space to liquid ratio of the beverage container. If k7 ≤ 0 then the term in brackets equals 1; if k7 > 0 then the term in brackets is calculated.

Ctrans ........... Air content as a function of head space

k5 ............... Reference temperature [°C]

k6 ............... Slope

k7 ............... Headspace to liquid ratio of can/bottle

cair ............. . Air/nitrogen content in ppm as measured

T2 ............... Measuring temperature [K]

Lb2 ............. Solubility of air/nitrogen at measuring temperature [-]

Lb(k5) .......... Solubility of air/nitrogen at reference temperature k5 [-]

Ctrans k6*cair*k7*273.1

T2--------------- Lb2+

k7* 273.1273.1 k5+--------------------------- Lb k5( )+

---------------------------------------------------------------=

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13 CarboQC Methods

13.4 Calculation of the Package Pressure at a Reference Temperature

The 10 CMxxPROD methods CM01PROD to CM10PROD not only allow entry of coefficients k0 to k7 and ks, but also of the coefficients ka, kb, kc and kd. The coefficients ka, kb, kc and kd can be modified if the package pressure, determined at sample temperature, needs to be converted into the package pressure at a reference temperature.

TIP The value for the pressure at a reference temperature pref can be obtained as relative pressure if the ambient pressure in [bar] is keyed in. If kd is zero, the obtained value of pref will correspond to the absolute pressure.

Example: Calculation of the relative reference pressure of sparkling wine at 20°C (68°F)

1. Select the menu "methods".

2. Choose any CMxxPROD method.

3. Re-name the method and give it a significant denotation, e.g. SPARKL20.

4. Leave "fu = 1".

5. Leave "k0" to "k4" and "k6" to "k7" unchanged.

6. Select the reference temperature "k5" and change the entry to "+20.0000".

When setting "k5", always enter the numerical value of °C, even if the unit F is selected.

7. Set "ks = 1.51" (ks for SPARKL is 1.51 g/(L*bar)).

pref .............. Package pressure at reference temperature

pt ................ Package pressure as determined by CarboQCka ................ Conversion factor for pressure unit

Factory setting = [bar]. If the unit [bar] is desired, set ka = 1.

kb, kc ........... Factor for temperature compensationFactory setting: +0.00000Recommendation: kb = -0.028 (negative sign!) and kc = 0.00075

kd ................ Ambient pressure in [bar]. Factory setting: +0.00000

k5 ................ Reference temperature in °C

t .................. Sample temperature as determined by CarboQC

pref ka pt 1( kb t( k5 ) kc t( k5 )2 ) kd––+–+[ ]=

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13 CarboQC Methods

8. Set "ka" to "kc" as follows:

• ka = 1• kb = -0.028• kc = 0.00075

9. Change the preset value of "kd" and enter the average ambient pressure in [bar].

Then

pref, 20 = 1 * {ptas determined at t * [1 - 0.028 (t - 20) + 0.00075 * (t - 20)²] - 1}

is the relative package pressure had it been measured at 20 °C (68 °F).

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Appendix A: Technical Data

Appendix A: Technical Data

A.1 CarboQC

Measuring rangeCO2: 0 to 12 g/L (0 to 6 vol.) at 30 °C (86 °F)

0 to 20 g/L (0 to 10 vol.) < 15 °C (59 °F)Temperature: -3 to 30 °C (27 to 86 °F)Pressure: 0 to 10 bar relative (0 to 145 psi)

Repeatability, s. d.: 0.01 g/L (0.005 vol.) CO2

Reproducibility, s. d.: 0.05 g/L (0.025 vol.) CO2

Resolution: 0.01/0.001 g/L (vol.) selectableAccuracy of the pressure sensor: ±0.01 bar accuracy of adjustment requiredAccuracy of the temperature sensor: ±0.2 °CSample volume: > 100 mLTypical measuring time per sample: approx. 90 secondsEnvironmental conditions

Ambient temperature: +0 to +40 °C (+32 to +104 °F)Air humidity (CarboQC): 10 to 95 % relative humidityDegree of protection (CarboQC without power supply): IP 64Overvoltage category: (power supply)

II

Dimensions (L x W x H): 190 x 120 x 305 mm (7.5 x 4.7 x 12 inches)Weight: approx. 3.1 kg (6.8 lbs)Power

Power adapter: Input: AC 100 to 240 V, 1.5 A, 50 to 60 HzOutput: DC 15 V, 3.0 A Indoor use only

Battery: Nickel metal hydride7.2 V, 1900 mAhIntegrated protection Charging time: approx. 2 hours

WARNING Serious injuries are possible through high voltage if the following hints are not adhered to. • Only connect devices to the interfaces that comply with PELV (protective

extra-low voltage) according to EN 61140 or with SELV (safety extra-low voltage) according to EN 60950.

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Appendix A: Technical Data

A.2 PFD Filling Device

PC/printer interfaceCOM1 and COM2:

RS232; 1200 to19200 Baud; 1 stop bit; 7 or 8 data bits; no, odd or even parity

Factory default settings: data bits: 7; stop bits: 1; parity: even; baud rate: 9600

TXD ... transmit dataRXD ... receive dataGND ... signal ground (connected to earth)

TXD

RXD

GND

Specified for the following containers:

Can:Glass bottle:PET bottle:

Max. volume:0.5 L1 L3 L

Compressed gas: Necessary quality of air if used as compressed gas supply:

6±0.5 bar (87±7 psi)

Class 5 from ISO 8573-1max. particle size: 40 µmmax. pressure dew point: +7°C (44.6 °F)max. oil content: 25 mg/m3

Environmental conditions Ambient temperatureOperation:Transportation/Storage:

+0 to +40 °C (+32 to +104 °F)-20 to +70 °C (-4 to +158 °F)

Air humidityOperation/Transportation/storage: 0 to 100 % relative humidityDegree of protection: IP 64

Dimensions (L x W x H): Maximum height with piercing head in highest position:

190 x 270 x 670 mm (7.5 x 10.6 x 26.4 inches)

1020 mm (40.2 inches)Weight: 10.1 kg (22.3 lbs)

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Appendix B: Wetted Parts

Appendix B: Wetted PartsThe following materials are in contact with the samples to be measured and with the cleaning agents:

CarboQC:

PFD Filling Device:

Material PartPU (Polyurethane) HosesPSU (Polysulfone) Measuring chamberStainless steel Inlet-outlet valve, stirrer, pistonPEEK (Polyetheretherketon) Stirrer bearingEPDM (Ethylene propylene diene Terpolymer)

O-rings

Material PartPU, Nylon HosesStainless steel Sample tube, guide polesEPDM O-ring

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Appendix C: Measuring At-line

Appendix C: Measuring At-line

C.1 Connecting CarboQC to the Production Line or Tank

NOTICE Do not place CarboQC on a wet or humid bench because humidity entering the housing could damage the instrument.

TIP If CarboQC is frequently used for at-line measurements at different locations, we recommend equipping CarboQC with a protective boot (Mat. No. 90079) for protection of the instrument during transport.

CarboQC can be connected to the line via filter or filter with male hose filling nozzle (at-line adapter, Mat. No. 18829). This at-line adapter allows for thicker diameter hoses between adapter and line.

Fig. C - 1 Optional at-line adapter (filter with male hose filling nozzle, Mat. No. 18829)

TIP For at-line measurements, keep the hoses between the line and the filter as short as possible to reduce pressure drops and minimize the risk of the sample outgassing. The correct flow direction is marked with an arrow.

WARNINGSerious injuries through high voltage at instrument parts possible.• The power supply is not suitable for operation under wet at-line

conditions.• Charge the battery of CarboQC only under dry indoor conditions.• If CarboQC is not used for extended periods of time (> 2h), store the

instrument under dry indoor conditions only.

WARNINGOperation under pressure. Serious injuries and damage of goods possible if the maximum allowable pressure is exceeded.• Do not operate CarboQC with sample pressures higher than 10 bar (145

psi) absolute.

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Appendix C: Measuring At-line

Fig. C - 2 At-line connection

1. Connect the outlet of the line/tank to the filter inlet or the inlet of the at-line adapter.

2. Connect the inlet of CarboQC to the filter (C) via a polyurethane hose 2.5 x 4 mm (A) (see Fig. C - 2).

3. Connect a polyurethane hose transparent 2.5 x 4 mm (B) to the outlet of CarboQC.

4. Place the other end in the waste vessel.

TIP A carrying strap (Mat. No. 16012) is optionally available for safe and convenient operation under at-line conditions.

Setting the correct flow

To set the correct flow, use the PFD Filling Device and proceed as described in Chapter 8.4.1.

Waste

Sample valve

Filter (C)

BALugs for

carrying strap

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Appendix C: Measuring At-line

C.2 Measurement

NOTICE Do not disconnect any hoses from CarboQC during the measurement.

TIP The minimum pressure for at-line operation of CarboQC has to be 0.5 bar (7.2 psi) above saturation pressure of the dissolved gases. Proper functioning is best determined by practical tests.

1. Press the <Method> key on CarboQC and select the required method.

2. If necessary, change the sample number by pressing the <Sample> key.

3. Open the sample valve of the line or tank.

4. Start the measurement by pressing the <Start> key on CarboQC.

5. Watch the measuring chamber.

After approx. 15 seconds rinsing time it should be free of bubbles.

TIP If the system pressure of the line is too low, the measuring chamber will not be free of bubbles in time. Fill the measuring chamber of CarboQC manually by pressing the <Rinse> key before pressing <Start>. After the measuring chamber opens,

• press the <Rinse> key periodically to turn the stirrer on and off,• make sure that a minimum of 100 mL flows through the measuring

chamber,• make sure the measuring chamber becomes free of gas bubbles.

The measuring result is automatically displayed after approx. 90 seconds and stored in the memory of CarboQC (max. 99 measuring results).

C.3 Cleaning the Measuring Chamber

By connecting CarboQC to a tap with process water

• Attach the inlet valve of CarboQC to a tap with process water (NOT with tap water as the limestone might harm the inlet and outlet valves).

• Then hit the <Rinse> key on the instrument to open the valves and rinse the measuring chamber.

With a peristaltic pump

• Connect the outlet tubing of a peristaltic pump to the filter or at-line adapter that is connected to the inlet valve of CarboQC.

• Hit the <Rinse> key on CarboQC.

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Appendix C: Measuring At-line

• Then operate the pump as required and rinse the measuring chamber with detergent and/or deionized water. If detergent is used, the measuring chamber has to be rinsed carefully with process water or deionized water afterwards.

By connecting CarboQC to the process line

• If the process line is cleaned with water or detergent, leave CarboQC connected and hit the <Rinse> key.

• If detergent is used, the measuring chamber has to be rinsed carefully with process water or deionized water afterwards.

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Appendix D: Interface Commands for Communication between a PC and CarboQC

Appendix D: Interface Commands for Communication between a PC and CarboQC

Measurement data stored in the memory can be transferred to a PC via the PC interface of CarboQC.

1. Connect the CarboQC PC interface to the PC interface using an appropriate interface cable.

2. Make sure the interface settings of CarboQC and PC agree.

3. Test the communication using a simple interface program, e.g. Windows Terminal, Procomm or Hyper Terminal.

• For data communication software, please contact your local distributor or Anton Paar GmbH.

PC command CarboQC response Comments

help↵ GetIdGetDataHeadGetDataUnitGetDataResetData

If the command "help" is sent from the PC, CarboQC responds with a list of available commands.

get id↵ id:00921503;CarboQC;V2.00A Readout of serial number and firmware version.

get data head↵ head:date;time;sample;method;CO2;CO2;air;tm;pt;p0;condition;sol

Response. P0 = system pressure.

get data unit↵ unit:;;;;g/l;g/l ;ppm;°C;bar;bar;;g/lbar

The units of the measuring results are transferred, separated by a semicolon. The units are displayed according to the units selected in the submenu.

get data↵ no new data available

data:10.07.08;17:27; 1;CM03PROD; 0.332; 0.332;26.9;28.00; 1.54; 0.747;valid;1.448

No new data available.

Transfer of the first available measuring result. One result per entry "get data", starting with the last result.

reset data↵ reset data successful Resets read data to not fetched status e.g. for second data transfer.

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Appendix E: Error Messages

Appendix E: Error Messages

Display Cause Correction

air: "error" Air value out of specification. • Select the proper method for your sample.

• Rinse the measuring chamber. Repeat the measurement. If the error persists, contact your Anton Paar representative.

• Make sure that the CO2 concentration of the sample is within specifications (Appendix A).

"CO2 - - - - - g/L" CO2 value out of range.• Bubbles in the measuring cell.

• The measuring chamber is not tightly closed during measurement.

• Make sure that the measuring chamber is free of bubbles.

• Contact your Anton Paar representative.

"air: - - - - - ppm" Air value is not determined, e.g if "compensation" is set "off".

Activate the compensation in the menu "adjustment > compensation".

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Appendix F: Troubleshooting

Appendix F: TroubleshootingQ The CO2 reading of the water check with deionized water shows >0.03 g/L CO2.

A Sometimes, deionized water contains absorbed CO2 and displays the amount of CO2 absorbed. Either heat up and boil the water and cover it up while cooling down or do the water check with tap water – but do not forget to rinse the measuring chamber with deionized water afterwards!

Q The CO2 reading of the first sample after a water check is low.

A If you go from samples containing very low to very high CO2 contents, the first result for the high CO2 content is slightly lower than the following ones. If only limited amounts of sample are available, it is a good idea to condition the instrument by e.g. measuring mineral water after the water check before measuring the first sample.

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Appendix G: Firmware Versions

Appendix G: Firmware Versions

Firmwareversion

Date of release

Documentnumber

Comments

V 1.00A 09.03.2004 C26IB02A First released firmware.V1.00B 16.04.2004 C26IB02B Zero adjustment improved (v-h).V1.00C 09.09.2004 C26IB02C • Measuring times at 10% volume expansion and

30% volume expansion optimized.• Total pressure display inside container

introduced.• Printout includes total pressure inside container.• Piston slows down before returning to starting

position.V1.00D 15.02.2005 C26IB02D • First released firmware version for PBA-S.V1.00E 24.06.2005 C26IB02E

C26IB02F• Improved polynomial function for calculating the

air content.

V2.00A 28.07.2006 C26IB02G • New microcontroller for increased performance.• Firmware update simplified.• New method "MID" for soft drinks with 3 to 8

°Brix.• 10 instead of 4 "CMxxPROD" methods.• Arbitrary selection of CO2 units.• Selectable if methods are displayed in the

method list ("man sel/disable").• Semiautomatic adjustment of the pressure

offset in the menu "adjustment".• Data memory can be viewed without entering a

password.V2.00B 28.07.2008 C26IB02H • Simplified firmware update for future firmware

versions.• Calculation of package pressure at reference

temperature.V2.00C 13.01.2010 C26IB02I • Improved display controller.V2.00D 19.05.2010 C26IB001EN-A • Rinse time selectable up to 200 seconds.

• Numbers added to the methods.

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Appendix H: Declaration of Conformity

Appendix H: Declaration of Conformity

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Appendix I: Menu Tree

Appendix I: Menu Tree

adjustment compensation comp air: on | off

vexp: 02, ..., 40 %

auto p-offset CO2: x.xxx g/l

p: x.xxx bar (psia)

instrument rinse time: 03, ..., 60 sec

unit t: °C | °F

p: bar | psia

CO2: g/l | vol

CO2dec: 2dec | 3dec

serial com baud: 9600 | 4800 | 2400 | 1200 | 19200

format: E71 | N81 | O71

password new: 0000

date & time date: ddmmyy | mmddyy

year: xx

month: xx

day: xx

time: 24hrs | am/pm

hour: xx

min: xx

battery service: off | on

device info print: off | printer | PC

methods 01 MINERALc03 DIETcccc05 BEERcccc07 ST.BEERc09 COLAcccc11 SPARKLcc13 MIDccccc

name: MINERALc (xxxxxxxx)

sel: man sel | disable

unit: g/l (xxxxxx)

fu, k1, ..., k7

17 CM01PROD, ..., 26 CM10PROD

name: MINERALc (xxxxxxxx)

sel: man sel | disable

unit: g/l (xxxxxx)

fu, k1, ..., k7, ks, ka, ..., kd

00 MINERAL02 DIET04 BEER06 ST.BEER08 COLA10 SPARKL.12 MID

name: MINERAL

sel: man sel | disable

data memory browse memory

clear memory clear: no | yes

service device

offset

gain

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Index

Index

A

Absorption coefficient 46Activating lever 28, 37Air content 53Air humidity 56, 57Ambient temperature 56, 57

B

Battery 15, 17, 42, 56, 59Battery status 15Bubbles 28, 36, 38, 61

C

Can 26CO2 content 41, 49, 50CO2 result 31, 33, 41, 43, 47, 51Coefficient 43, 51Compressed gas 9, 18, 57Compressed gas supply 28Customer specific 16, 25, 43, 44, 45, 50

D

Date 23, 42Deionized water 33, 35, 36, 37Display 15, 38, 47, 64Dissolved air 40, 47, 49

E

Exhaust 21

F

Filter 12, 20, 21, 36, 37, 60Flow valve 26

G

Glassware cleaner 33, 35, 36, 37, 38

H

Headspace 24, 43, 50Hose 12, 58

K

Keypad 16, 38, 39

M

Marking 26Measurement 25, 27, 48, 61Measurement data 47, 63Measuring chamber 14, 16, 28, 35, 36, 37, 38, 41, 48, 49, 58, 61Measuring mode 16, 39Measuring range 56Measuring temperature 47, 53Memory 16, 28, 47, 61, 63Menu 16, 23, 39, 40Menu access 40, 42Menu mode 16, 23, 39Method 16, 28, 43, 44, 45, 47, 50, 61Multiple Volume Expansion method 49

N

Nitrogen 44, 48, 49, 53

O

Offset 48On/off switch 22

P

Password 23, 40, 42PC interface 41, 57, 63PET bottle 26, 37PFD 25, 26, 35, 36, 37, 57Piston 28, 38, 58Power adapter 12, 15, 21, 42, 56Pressure 21, 23, 28, 38, 41, 56, 61Pressure sensor 41, 48Print 16, 28, 42Printer interface 41Printout 16Purified water 35

R

Reference pressure 54Rinse 16, 33, 35, 36, 37, 41

S

Sample flow 33Sample inlet 21Sample number 16, 61Sample outlet 21

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Index

Sample pressure 59Sample residues 35, 36, 37Sample tube 28, 37Sample volume 56Service 17, 42Slope 48, 53Solubility 48, 53Solubility coefficient 43Start key 16Stirrer 16, 28, 38, 58, 61Stop key 16Supply inlet 22, 42

T

Temperature 23, 25, 41, 51, 53Temperature sensor 48Time 23, 42

U

Unit 23, 41

V

Volume expansion 40, 48, 49

W

Waste vessel 20, 60

Z

Zero point 33

70 C26IB001EN-A