Anglo-Saxon England Old English Literature Beowulf

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  • Anglo-Saxon EnglandOld English LiteratureBeowulf

  • Anglo-Saxon History449-106650 BCE: Julius Caesar arrived in BritainRomans pushed native Celts to outskirts Celts who remained became Romanized407 CE: Rome pulled troops from Britain Troops needed to defend Rome against Germanic tribesNo more protection or centralized government

  • 449: Germanic tribes (Angles, Saxons, and Jutes) arrived from what is now Denmark, Northern Germany, and northern Holland

  • 597-664: Conversion of England789-878: Viking invasions871-899: reign of King Alfred the Greatdefended Wessex against Vikingsreorganized militaryaugmented navycreated law codehad Latin works translated into (Old) English

  • 1042-1066: Edward the ConfessorRemember this name!nicknamed the Confessor because of his pietyunclear plan for successionEarl Harold Godwinson?King Harald Hardrada of Norway?Duke William of Normandy?

  • 1066: Norman Invasion and ConquestJanuary 5: Edward diesJanuary 6: Harold Godwinson crownedSeptember: Harald Hardrada arrives September 25: Harald Hardrada killedSeptember: William of Normandy arrivesOctober 14: Harold Godwinson killedDecember 25: William of Normandy crowned

  • Anglo-Saxon CultureBuildingsHouses SmallWoodDanger of firesChurches: stoneLarge mead hall (feasting hall)Mead is honey wine.The hall provided warmth, safety, and companionship.

  • Anglo-Saxon House(recreation)

  • Anglo-Saxon Church

  • Anglo-Saxon Mead Hall(recreation)

  • Political structure (early Anglo-Saxon Age)TribalKingchosen by witan (group of advisors)WarriorsComitatus Relationship between king and warriorsWarriors gave king protection.King gave warriors gold.

  • ReligionPaganismAnalogous to Norse beliefsTr (Tuesday), Woden (Wednesday), Thor (Thursday), Frigg (Friday)ChristianityFull-scale conversion began in 597Augustinesent by Pope GregoryConversion did not occur overnight; Paganism and Christianity lived side-by-side for a while

  • PaganismPolytheisticFocused on this worldName lives onValued prideWyrd controlsPeople read omensSacrifices

    ChristianityMonotheisticFocused on the afterlifeSpirit lives onValued humilityGod controlsPeople trusted in GodPrayer

  • Language: Old EnglishFder ure u e eart on heofonum;Si in nama gehalgodto becume in ricegewure in willaon eoran swa swa on heofonum.urne gedghwamlican hlaf syle us todgand forgyf us ure gyltasswa swa we forgyfa urum gyltendumand ne geld u us on costnungeac alys us of yfele solice

  • Old EnglishFder ure u e eart on heofonum;Si in nama gehalgodto becume in ricegewure in willaon eoran swa swa on heofonum.urne gedghwamlican hlaf syle us todgand forgyf us ure gyltasswa swa we forgyfa urum gyltendumand ne geld u us on costnungeac alys us of yfele solice

    Modern EnglishOur Father, Who art in Heaven,Hallowed be Thy name,Thy kingdom come,Thy will be done,On earth as it is in Heaven.Give us this day our daily bread,And forgive us our trespasses,As we forgive those who trespass against us,And lead us not into temptation,But deliver us from evil.

  • Anglo-Saxon for people and cultureOld English for languageGermanicInflected (word form more important than word order)

  • LiteratureOnly monks could writeWrote in scriptoriaSometimes added commentaryPoetry Did not rhymeAlliterationStressed syllables

  • BeowulfBegan in oral traditionWritten down in 8th centuryPreserved in one manuscriptParts damaged by fireSetting6th centuryWhat is now Denmark and Sweden

  • The Beowulf Manuscript

  • To Cite This SourceIn the essay:(Bernard-Roth)

    On the Works Cited page:Bernard-Roth, Staci. Anglo-Saxon England. Central Gwinnett High School. Teachers/ Instructors: Roth, Staci. 27 June 2013. Microsoft PowerPoint file. 1 October 2013.