Angela Carter

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  • 03/08/2014 22:31Angela Carter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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    Angela Carter

    Born Angela Olive Stalker7 May 1940Eastbourne, England

    Died 16 February 1992 (aged 51)London, England

    Occupation NovelistNationality British

    Angela CarterFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Angela Carter (7 May 1940 16 February 1992) was anEnglish novelist and journalist, known for her feminist,magical realism, and picaresque works. In 2008, TheTimes ranked Carter tenth in their list of "The 50 greatestBritish writers since 1945".[1] In 2012, Nights at theCircus was selected as the best ever winner of the JamesTait Black Memorial Prize.[2]

    Contents1 Biography2 Works

    2.1 Novels2.2 Short fiction2.3 Poetry collections2.4 Dramatic works2.5 Children's books2.6 Non-fiction2.7 As editor2.8 As translator2.9 Film adaptations2.10 Radio plays2.11 Television

    3 Works on Angela Carter4 References5 External links

    BiographyBorn Angela Olive Stalker in Eastbourne, in 1940, Carter was evacuated as a child to live in Yorkshire withher maternal grandmother. As a teenager she battled against anorexia. After attending Streatham & ClaphamHigh School, in south London, she began work as a journalist on the Croydon Advertiser, following in thefootsteps of her father. Carter attended the University of Bristol where she studied English literature.[3]

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    She married twice, first in 1960 to Paul Carter, divorcing in 1972.[4] In 1969, she used the proceeds of herSomerset Maugham Award to leave her husband and relocate for two years to Tokyo, where she claims inNothing Sacred (1982) that she "learnt what it is to be a woman and became radicalised." She wrote abouther experiences there in articles for New Society and a collection of short stories, Fireworks: Nine ProfanePieces (1974), and evidence of her experiences in Japan can also be seen in The Infernal Desire Machines ofDoctor Hoffman (1972). She then explored the United States, Asia and Europe, helped by her fluency inFrench and German. She spent much of the late 1970s and 1980s as a writer in residence at universities,including the University of Sheffield, Brown University, the University of Adelaide, and the University ofEast Anglia. In 1977, Carter married Mark Pearce, with whom she had one son.[4] In 1979, both The BloodyChamber, and her influential essay, The Sadeian Woman and the Ideology of Pornography, appeared. In theessay, according to the writer Marina Warner, Carter "deconstructs the arguments that underly The BloodyChamber. It's about desire and its destruction, the self-immolation of women, how women collude andconnive with their condition of enslavement. She was much more independent-minded than the traditionalfeminist of her time."[5]

    As well as being a prolific writer of fiction, Carter contributed many articles to The Guardian, TheIndependent and New Statesman, collected in Shaking a Leg. She adapted a number of her short stories forradio and wrote two original radio dramas on Richard Dadd and Ronald Firbank. Two of her fictions havebeen adapted for the silver screen: The Company of Wolves (1984) and The Magic Toyshop (1987). She wasactively involved in both film adaptations, her screenplays are published in the collected dramatic writings,The Curious Room, together with her radio scripts, a libretto for an opera of Virginia Woolf's Orlando, anunproduced screenplay entitled The Christchurch Murders (based on the same true story as Peter Jackson'sHeavenly Creatures) and other works. These neglected works, as well as her controversial televisiondocumentary, The Holy Family Album, are discussed in Charlotte Crofts' book, Anagrams of Desire (2003).Her novel Nights at the Circus won the 1984 James Tait Black Memorial Prize for literature.

    At the time of her death, Carter had started work on a sequel to Charlotte Bront's Jane Eyre based on thelater life of Jane's stepdaughter, Adle Varens; only a synopsis survives.[6]

    Angela Carter died aged 51 in 1992 at her home in London after developing lung cancer.[7]


    NovelsShadow Dance (1966) aka HoneybuzzardThe Magic Toyshop (1967)Several Perceptions (1968)Heroes and Villains (1969)Love (1971)The Infernal Desire Machines of Doctor Hoffman (1972) aka The War of DreamsThe Passion of New Eve (1977)Nights at the Circus (1984)Wise Children (1991)

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    Short fictionFireworks: Nine Profane Pieces (1974) also published as Fireworks: Nine Stories in Various Disguises andFireworksThe Bloody Chamber (1979)The Bridegroom (1983) (Uncollected short story)Black Venus (1985) published as Saints and Strangers (US)American Ghosts and Old World Wonders (1993)Burning Your Boats (1995)

    Poetry collectionsFive Quiet Shouters (1966)Unicorn (1966)

    Dramatic worksCome Unto These Yellow Sands: Four Radio Plays (1985)The Curious Room: Plays, Film Scripts and an Opera (1996) (includes Carter's screenplays for adaptations of TheCompany of Wolves and The Magic Toyshop; also includes the contents of Come Unto These Golden Sands: FourRadio Plays)The Holy Family Album (1991)

    Children's booksThe Donkey Prince (1970) illustrated by Eros KeithMiss Z, the Dark Young Lady (1970) illustrated by Eros KeithComic and Curious Cats (1979) illustrated by Martin LemanMoonshadow (1982) illustrated by Justin ToddSea-Cat and Dragon King (2000) illustrated by Eva Tatcheva

    Non-fictionThe Sadeian Woman and the Ideology of Pornography (1979)Nothing Sacred: Selected Writings (1982)Expletives Deleted: Selected Writings (1992)Shaking a Leg: Collected Journalism and Writing (1997)

    She wrote two entries in "A Hundred Things Japanese" copyright 1975 by the Japan Culture Institute. ISBN 0-87040-364-8It says "She has lived in Japan both from 1969 to 1971 and also during 1974" (p 202).

    As editorWayward Girls and Wicked Women: An Anthology of Subversive Stories (1986)The Virago Book of Fairy Tales (1990) aka The Old Wives' Fairy Tale Book

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    The Second Virago Book of Fairy Tales (1992) aka Strange Things Still Sometimes Happen: Fairy Tales FromAround the World (1993)Angela Carter's Book of Fairy Tales (2005) (collects the two Virago Books above)

    As translatorThe Fairy Tales of Charles Perrault (1977)Sleeping Beauty and Other Favourite Fairy Tales (1982) illustrated by Michael Foreman (Perrault stories with twoby Leprince de Beaumont)

    Film adaptationsThe Company of Wolves (1984) adapted by Carter with Neil Jordan from her short story of the same name, "Wolf-Alice" and "The Werewolf"The Magic Toyshop (1987) adapted by Carter from her novel of the same name

    Radio playsVampirella (1976) written by Carter and directed by Glyn Dearman for BBC. Formed the basis for the short story"The Lady of the House of Love".Come Unto These Yellow Sands (1979)The Company of Wolves (1980) adapted by Carter from her short story of the same name, and directed by GlynDearman for BBCPuss-in-Boots (1982) adapted by Carter from her short story and directed by Glyn Dearman for BBCA Self-Made Man (1984)

    TelevisionThe Holy Family Album (1991)Omnibus: Angela Carter's Curious Room (1992)

    Works on Angela CarterMilne, Andrew (2006), The Bloody Chamber d'Angela Carter, Paris: Editions Le Manuscrit,Universit (, Andrew (2007), Angela Carter's The Bloody Chamber: A Reader's Guide, Paris:Editions Le Manuscrit Universit (, Scott A., 'I Was the Subject of the Sentence Written on the Mirror: Angela Carter'sShort Fiction and the Unwriting of the Psychoanalytic Subject.' Lit: Literature InterpretationTheory 21.1 (2010): 1-19. (, Scott A., 'Angela Carters Narrative Chiasmus: The Infernal Desire Machines ofDoctor Hoffman and The Passion of New Eve.' Genre XVII (2009): 83-111.

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    Wikiquote has a collectionof quotations related to:Angela Carter

    (, Nicoletta. "CaRterbury Tales: Romances of Disenchantment in Geoffrey Chaucer andAngela Carter," _The Comparatist_ 21, 1997: 117-48.Dimovitz, Scott A., 'Cartesian Nuts: Rewriting the Platonic Androgyne in Angela CartersJapanese Surrealism'. FEMSPEC: An Interdisciplinary Feminist Journal, 6:2 (December 2005):1531. (, Anna (2008), Body-Texts in the Novels of Angela Carter. Writing from aCorporeagraphic Perspective. Lampeter: The Edwin Mellen Press(, Angela (2009), Focus on The Bloody Chamber and Other Stories London: TheGreenwich Exchange (, Anne (17 February 2011). "Diary" ( Review of Books 33 (4): 3839. Retrieved 11 February 2011.

    References1. ^ The 50 greatest British writers since 1945

    ( 5 January 2008. TheTimes. Retrieved on 2010-03-05.

    2. ^ Alison Flood (6 December 2012). "Angela Carter named best ever winner of James Tait Black award"(