Andreas Gebhardt Understanding Additive Manufacturing ...files.· Andreas Gebhardt Understanding Additive

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  • Andreas Gebhardt

    Understanding Additive Manufacturing

    Rapid Prototyping - Rapid Tooling - Rapid Manufacturing

    ISBN: 978-3-446-42552-1

    For further information and order see

    http://www.hanser.de/978-3-446-42552-1

    or contact your bookseller.

    Carl Hanser Verlag, Mnchen

    http://www.hanser.de/978-3-446-42552-1
  • Index

    Symbols3D CAD663D CAD data313D decoration963D food printer1163D graphs963D grid1063-dimensional printing (3DP)473D modeling23D printing2, 25, 47, 91, 116

    of foundry sands873D printing process37

    AABS135active personalization123additive digital manufacturing (DM)2additive layer manufacturing (ALM)2additive manufacturing (AM)2, 4, 5

    applications73 application sheet1, 16 ceramics138 complex geometries104 composites138 definition1, 4 design rules140 machines58 machines, manufacturers130 machines, nomenclature25 materials67, 129 metals136 plastics134 process16, 31, 67, 116

    process selection147 process chain66 properties147 standardization2 stereolithography16 strategies103

    aerodynamic elements/models97aerosolprinting56, 57aerospace industry76AIM15aluminum137Anaplastologist92anisotropic properties130, 131application6application workflow66, 67architecture and landscaping93art and history of art83articulated cable clamp109automotive industries and suppliers73

    Bbionic handling system112bioplotter56, 117body scanning84bonding35bores145, 146break out42bridge tooling14bronchial tube105build chamber35build management147build platform35build process34

    Terms not found in the Index may occur in the Glossary

  • Index162

    CCAD data set4car components

    exterior75 interior73

    ceramic micro sintering machines43ceramics for AM138cladding43clamping143clearance142clothes114CoCr-alloys137colored models48composite materials139composites for AM138computed tomography (CT)91concept modeling7conformal cooling13, 90, 105Connex38consumer goods78contour data5contouring35cool-down41copper137coproducing118, 126cusing43customized mass production117, 118customized product117cutting33

    Ddata control models8data formats67data processing66delamination131dental bridge123design freedom141Designjet125desktop manufacturing3die making89digital fabrication2digital light processing38digital mock-up2digital product model5digital to object141direct manufacturing2, 11

    example12direct processes7direct tooling2, 11, 12distortion134distributed customized production118, 126DLP projectors33drillings145drop on powder processes47

    Eelectron beam melting (EBM)40

    definition44electron beams33engineering design rules140EOS 39542epithesis93epoxy resins135extruders33extrusion33, 45

    Ffabbers25, 27, 58, 125fabricators24, 25, 58fabric-type products114FDM parts47FDM post processing47FDM processes

    plastic materials46filament45film hinges42, 108film joints142finishing36flexure hinge111, 112, 113flexures142food processing116formative manufacturing2foundry and casting technology85freeform elements97freeform manufacturing3front end software67functional prototyping7, 8fused deposition modeling (FDM)45

    example10fused layer manufacturing91fused layer modeling45fusing43

  • Index 163

    Ggaps145generative manufacturing2geodesic data80, 95graded materials115green part67

    Hhearing aid shells122hinges142hysteresis143

    Iimplant, scull92indirect manufacturing

    definition22 example22

    indirect processes7 definition17

    indirect prototyping, definition17indirect rapid prototyping process17indirect tooling, definition20individualization117, 119infrared heaters33integrated functionalities108integrated geometry106investment casting88isentropic130isentropic materials133isotropic material115

    Jjewelry119, 120

    Kkinematic functions108knifes33

    Llaminated object manufacturing (LOM),

    definition52laminate manufacturing (LLM)91laser33laser fusing40laser melting40

    definition42

    laser scanner35laser sintering22, 23, 88, 91

    definition40 of sand cores87

    laser stereolithography (SL)34, 91layer-based manufacturing2layer-based technology, principle3layer contouring33layer laminate manufacturing (LLM)54

    definition52layer manufacturing2, 31layer number5layer oriented manufacturing2layer thickness5

    standard32LLM machines for metal parts55lost patterns88lost-wax casting / process23, 88

    Mmagnesium137makerbot125Maskles Mesoscale Materials

    Deposition (M3D)56Materials

    plastics134 metals136,137 ceramics138 composits138

    MCOR matrix54medical application, example92medical imaging processes91melting33, 40melt pool42meta design124metal die casting89metal micro sintering machines43metal printing50metals for AM136micro stereolithography39mold making89monochromatic48multi-material parts115multi-material processing56

    of organic materials116multi-nozzle print heads33

  • Index164

    Oobjet37office machines25, 27, 58organ printing57on-demand manufacturing3one-offs118orientation142, 143ornaments96

    Ppaper lamination54partial denture123particle bonding33part3part property management (PPM)132part property profiles (PPPs)132, 147PEEK (polyetheretherketones)135perfectory38personal fabrication117, 124personal fabricators (PF)125personalization118, 121, 124

    active121phase changes141photo-polymerization33photosensitive38photosensitive monomers38physical layer, generation33pins145, 146plastic laminate printers54plastics for AM134plastic triangle136plotters33PMMA88,136polyamides42, 134poly-jet matrix38polymerization34polymer jetting37, 38, 91, 115polymer printing37post-cured36post-curing oven36post processing36powder-binder bonding47powder-binder process8powder cake41practical approach6printers25, 58process chain5product design103

    product development103prototyper25prototype tooling12, 14

    definition14

    Rrapid manufacturing2, 6

    definition11 workflow69

    rapid prototyping1, 2, 6, 7 workflow68

    rapid prototyping software67rapid technology2rapid tooling2, 89

    definition12recoating36, 41relative fit141repair software71roller41roller-based systems41room temperature vulcanization (RTV)18

    Ssand casting86sand (foundry) printing51scaled concept models8scull facsimile91secondary rapid prototyping process17, 59selective fusing33selective laser melting (SLM)132

    definition42selective laser sintering (SLS)

    definition40 example11

    selective mask sintering40self customization124shielding gas40shop floor machines25, 27, 58show-and-tell models8silicon rubber molding18single-nozzle print heads33sintering33, 40slicing32SLM

    machine designs43 machines43 metals43

    small batch production118

  • Index 165

    snap-fit42, 108, 142snap-fit mechanism110solidica55solidification35solid imaging7solids31stainless steel137stair stepping3, 32, 144standardization3standard transformation language (STL)70stereolithography34

    language70STL

    data structure70 errors70 repair70

    STL format67subtractive manufacturing2support material115supports36

    Ttextures96thermoplastic material88three dimensional printing47

    Prometal50 Voxeljet51 Z-Corporation48

    titanium137

    tolerances140tool steel137toy industry82triangulation71two-piece hinge112

    Uultrasonic consolidation55ultrasonics (US)91undercuts141UV chamber36

    VVflash, V-flash58, 123vacuum casting18vacuum depositing devices36virtual object5voxel3, 116VRML format67

    Wwalls145wall thickness146warping134wax88wiper-type systems41

    ZZ-printer48