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Andes Music and Debussy

Andes Music and Debussy. Music of The Andes Ecuador

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Andes Music and Debussy Slide 2 Music of The Andes Ecuador Slide 3 Slide 4 Demographics Ethnicities: Andean Indian (Incan decent), Spanish Religions: Roman Catholic, Catholicism blended with local tradition Languages: -Spanish (official),-Amerindian languages (especially Quechua) Population: 14.79 million Slide 5 Inca Influence Began in Cuzco, Peru, in the 1100s Empire stretched down the coast along the Andes Mt. Civilization was ended in the mid 1500s by the Spanish who were looking for gold. Ultimately stretched from top of Ecuador down to bottom of Chile. Slide 6 Inca Culture Religion: pantheistic Spartan Art. Valued functionality over esthetics Kingdom was widely spread. Culture varies. Like their tapestries: each are slightly different with unique traits woven in. No written records. History is all oral. Slide 7 Religion in Ecuador Like much of S. America, Catholicism becomes synchronized with local traditions and indigenous customs Roman Catholic 95%, other 5% Andean music plays a large part in religion, tying old traditions in with the Spanish-brought Catholicism. Slide 8 Recourses Ecuador contains 42 species of bamboo Bamboo located around tree line on mountains. Armadillo Slide 9 The Andes Slide 10 My father My parents Me free-climbing Pinchincha Valcano Slide 11 Peak of Mt Chimborazo is the furthest point from the earths core. Weather in the mountains changes rapidly. Slide 12 Groupos Andinos Slide 13 Instruments Charango Bombo Quena Zampoa Guitar Slide 14 Charango Evolved from the Spanish guitar 5 pairs of strings Tuned to an Am7 chord, or gg, cc, eE, aa, ee. Originally made from Armadillos Slide 15 Quena Slide 16 Pan Flute or Zampoa Vary in size from a few cm to a meter, allowing for wide pitch range. Tuned to the G scale. Dates back 5,000 years Sound reflects Mt. wind. Slide 17 San Juanito http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=daTXFS 3dxyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=daTXFS 3dxy Slide 18 Music Theory In 4/4 duple time. Solid 106 bpm tempo Key of G (or Em) Using primarily G Major (E minor)pentatonic scale Repeated melodies and themes Slide 19 Song consists of two chords: Em and G. Melody carried primarily by zampoa and the quena. Slide 20 Music Reflects Heritage History of people unclear, only oral. Myth and fact blend and mix Music built on the simplicity and familiarity of the pentatonic scale. Peoples tradition is old and familiar, retold. Flutes and trills swell and fade, like stories and myths amid reality. Slide 21 Sound reflects Environment A song is lengthy, moves easily, subtly from one section to another. Reflects weather and seasons. Airy flutes emulate winds. Tinkle of Charangos double strings imitates sound of water. Quena mimics birds singing Overall lack of breaks and stoppage in songs reflects pace and flow of society and region. Slide 22 Music in Culture Dance music often does not have lyrics Mood of music primarily melancholy. Subjects include death, lost love, loneliness, but all embrace tradition Andean music dismissed by younger generation, following instead western music. Slide 23 Claude Debussy French Impressionist Composer *(sexy pose courtesy of Claude Debussy) Slide 24 Claude Debussy Life 1962-1918, residing primarily in France Entered the Paris Conservatory at the age of ten. Traveled as a teacher through Europe and Russia. At 22 he won the Prix de Rome, a competition for composers. Slide 25 His Music Considered French music to serve primarily on the sensuous plane "The primary aim of French music is to give pleasure. This idea lead him away from traditional music theory (i.e. alternate scales, harmonies, and structure) Slide 26 Debussys Influences Writer and poet Edger Allen Poe Oriental and Russian Music German Romantic composer Richard Wagner (1813-1883). Imitated his styles and moods, but not his flambunctuality. Debussy was more subtle. Slide 27 Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun Written 1894 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9_7loz- HWUMhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9_7loz- HWUM Slide 28 Slide 29 Background of Prelude Based of a poem by French poet Stphane Mallarm Portrays the thoughts and dreams of a Faun. The faun plays a flute. Slide 30 Music Theory No continious beat or pulse; swells and falls. Chromaticism: moving by half steps, free from the traditional church modes. Somewhat ambiguous melodic lines serve to paint a bigger mood and feeling, as apposed to conveying ideas through individual melodic lines. Thru-composed. Builds up then fades away. Slide 31 Whats a French Impressionist got in common with Incan Tradition? Slide 32 Andean Music and Impressionism Impressionistic music uses clusters of notes to paint a pictureImpressionistic music uses clusters of notes to paint a picture Similarly, Andean music layers rhythms and melodiesSimilarly, Andean music layers rhythms and melodies Andean music paints a picture of the Andes by utilizing instruments that portray aspects of it.Andean music paints a picture of the Andes by utilizing instruments that portray aspects of it. Slide 33 Mood and Effect The Prelude contains an air of uncertainty and drifting; unpredictability not found in Andean music. The Prelude contains an air of uncertainty and drifting; unpredictability not found in Andean music. Piece lacks concrete theme; the overall mood and feeling of the piece becomes the theme. Piece lacks concrete theme; the overall mood and feeling of the piece becomes the theme. However, both convey an overarching setting and picture. However, both convey an overarching setting and picture. In a sense, the music of the Andes becomes impressionistic. It conveys the and spirit of the altiplano. In a sense, the music of the Andes becomes impressionistic. It conveys the and spirit of the altiplano. Slide 34 Instrumentation Opening flute compares to the sound of the quena. The gentle harp relates to the Charango. Piece contains no brass instruments, like Andean music. Slide 35 Bottom Line The music of Claude Debussy and the Andes, while composed using different instruments, both serve to echo the culture and feelings of their respective authors, yet differ as the work of Debussy breaks free from tradition while Andean music embraces its ancestry. Slide 36 Work Cited http://www.imagesofanthropology.com/Peru_South_America_People_and_Places_page_1.html http://www.native-languages.org/andean-culture.htm Andean tribeshttp://www.native-languages.org/andean-culture.htm http://www.deathreference.com/Ho-Ka/Incan-Religion.html Incan Religionhttp://www.deathreference.com/Ho-Ka/Incan-Religion.html http://www.about-peru-history.com/inca-music.html Instrumentshttp://www.about-peru-history.com/inca-music.html http://library.thinkquest.org/15413/history/history-mod-comp.htm composers of the 20th centuryhttp://library.thinkquest.org/15413/history/history-mod-comp.htm http://boleadora.com/andes.htm Mp3shttp://boleadora.com/andes.htm http://www.about-peru-history.com/inca-art.htm Instumentshttp://www.about-peru-history.com/inca-art.htm l https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ec.html http://www.markamusic.com/ZamponaBook.htm zampoashttp://www.markamusic.com/ZamponaBook.htm http://www.discpro.org/andean/ http://www.essentialsofmusic.com/composer/debussy.html Debussy Biohttp://www.essentialsofmusic.com/composer/debussy.html http://www.fotolog.com/contrapuntos/19347120 http://www.andrewclem.com/CultureTravel.php Chordshttp://www.andrewclem.com/CultureTravel.php http://www.kennedy-center.org/calendar/?fuseaction=composition&composition_id=2466 Prelude analysishttp://www.kennedy-center.org/calendar/?fuseaction=composition&composition_id=2466 http://www.notablebiographies.com/De-Du/Debussy-Claude.html Debussy Biohttp://www.notablebiographies.com/De-Du/Debussy-Claude.html http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.debussy.fr/icono/pourville.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.debussy.fr/e ncd/bio/bio5_03-09.php&usg= Debussy Photo http://www.destination360.com/south-america/ecuador/ecuador-andes Andes of Ecuadorhttp://www.destination360.com/south-america/ecuador/ecuador-andes Slide 37 Media Preparations 1. Opening Quena: (Stop at 0:22!) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FOZjfSm72dg&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FOZjfSm72dg&feature=related 2. San Juanito: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=daTXFS3dxyMhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=daTXFS3dxyM 3. Dancing with live band: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OnnV9J5pTBw&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OnnV9J5pTBw&feature=related Vasijo de Varro http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8nBrOArVjEIhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8nBrOArVjEI 4. Prelude: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9_7loz-HWUMhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9_7loz-HWUM 5. San Juanito 2: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mej5w- MRwG0&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mej5w- MRwG0&feature=related