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    Traditional Music from

    South America

  • We appreciate and value your feedback.

    Click here to evaluate our study guides.

    Click here for Teacher Feedback Forms for the performance.

    Click here for Student Feedback Forms for the performance.

    Click here for Parent Forms to help parents engage with their children around the show.

    Welcome to the 2015-2016 Student Matinee Season!

    Todays scholars and researchers say creativity is the top skill our kids will need when they

    enter the work force of the future, so we salute YOU for valuing the educational and

    inspirational power of live performance. By using this study guide you are taking an even

    greater step toward implementing the arts as a vital and inspiring educational tool.

    We hope you find this guide useful. If you have any suggestions for content or format of

    this guide, please contact

    Enjoy the show!

    This guide was written & compiled by the Education Department at the Flynn Center for the Performing Arts with materials taken

    from the Andes Manta website and Study Guide and the Kennedy Center Study Guide.

    Permission is granted for teachers, parents, and students who are coming to Flynn shows to copy & distribute this guide for

    educational purposes only.

  • The Flynn Center recognizes that field trip resources for schools are extremely limited, thus matinee prices for

    schools are significantly lower than prices for public performances. As a non-profit organization, the Flynn is

    deeply grateful to the foundations, corporations, and individuals whose generous financial support keeps

    matinees affordable for schools.

    This performance is generously sponsored by Concept 2.

    Thank you to the Flynn Matinee 2015-2016 underwriters: Andreas Legacy Fund, Champlain Investment

    Partners, LLC, Bari and Peter Dreissigacker, William Randolph Hearst Foundation, Forrest and Frances Lattner

    Foundation, Surdna Foundation, Tracy and Richard Tarrant, TD Charitable Foundation, Vermont Concert Artists

    Fund of the Vermont Community Foundation, Vermont Community Foundation, New England Foundation for

    the Arts, National Endowment for the Arts, and the Flynn Jazz Endowment.

    Additional support from the Bruce J. Anderson Foundation, Green Mountain Fund, Walter Cerf Community

    Fund, the Vermont Arts Council, the Susan Quinn Memorial Fund, and the Ronald McDonald House Charities.

    The Performance & the Story

    The Production

    Things to Think About Before/During/After you see the show

    The Company: Andes Manta

    Meet the Performers

    The Lopez Brothers: Wilson, Luis, Bolivar, Jorge

    Context & History

    Where History & Music Connect

    The Evolution of Andean Instruments

    Instrument Descriptions

    Activities to Deepen Understanding

    Create an Arpillera

    Explore Making Music with Natural Materials

    Make Your Own Instruments

    Bring the Art Form to Life

    Musical Vocabulary

    Words Come Alive Activities:

    Building a Place & Sound Effects

    Your Visit

    The Flynn Center

    Etiquette for Live Performance

    Why is Etiquette Important?

    Being a Mindful Audience Member

    Common Core Standards

    The Common Core broadens the definition of a text, viewing performance as a form of text, so your students are experiencing and interacting with a text when they attend a Flynn show.

    Seeing live performance provides rich opportunities to write reflections, narratives, arguments, and more. By writing responses and/or using the Flynn Study Guides, all performances can be linked to Common Core:

    CC ELA: W 1-10

    You can use this performance and study guide to address the following Common Core Standards (additional standards listed by specific activities):

    CC ELA: RL 3&7, SL 1-2, WHST 7-9


    C3Hist: D2.Geo.5-6&10

  • After you see the show:

    How did the music impact you? Did the

    mood shift depending on the song? How

    did the brothers create different moods?

    How did the brothers learn music when

    they were children? What did you learn

    about the brothers and about Ecuadorian

    customs and traditions watching the show?

    Did you see instruments that were familiar

    to you? Did you see ones youd never seen

    before? Which instruments produced your

    favorite sound?

    The Production

    During the program, the Lopez brothers will discuss and demonstrate

    more than 35 traditional musical instruments, and share their history

    and cultural traditions.

    The Andes Manta musicians occasionally play instruments to suggest sounds of nature; the flutes and ocarina for birdcalls, other wind instruments played breathily to imitate the wind, and the cania de agua to represent rain. One piece, which they may perform this way, is called, "Oriente," after an area of jungle wilderness on the Peruvian border at the eastern foothills of the Andes.

    Before you see the show:

    Explore the country of Ecuador. Look at

    maps and learn about the landscape,

    culture, and geography.

    Research other musical acts that are made

    up of family members. What do you think

    its like to be to perform with siblings?

    What would be some of the benefits?

    What would be some of the challenges?

    Begin to listen to the world around you.

    What nature sounds do you observe? How

    does nature create music around us?

    The Company

    Andes Manta performs the traditional music of

    the Andean mountains of South America,

    rooted in the cultural heritage of the Incas and

    their ancestors. The dynamic and mystical

    songs that they play are filled with the exquisite

    sounds of an ancient, yet still vital, civilization.

    This music continues to be widely performed in

    the modern Andean nations of Ecuador, Peru,

    Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela and


    They have performed at Carnegie Hall, the

    Smithsonian Institution, the Metropolitan

    Museum of the Art, the Cathedral of St. John

    the Divine, Yale University, Vassar College and

    hundreds of other schools and universities.

    Andes Manta has written and performed part

    of the score for the Discovery Channel Special

    ''Rediscovering America'' as well as performing

    Latin American music for the Silver Burdett-

    Ginn series on music of the world. Andes Manta

    has recorded with Koch International, Narada

    Records and Living Music. The musicians play

    over 35 traditional instruments.

    As you watch the show:

    Listen for songs sung in both Spanish and


    Look for instruments that look similar but

    vary in size. How does the size impact the

    sound the instrument makes?

    Observe how the brothers communicate to

    each other while on stage. Look for yelling,

    shouting, whistling. How else do they


    Listen for drastic and sudden shifts in the

    speed of the music. How does this impact

    the feel of the music?

  • The Brothers of Andes Manta

    Wilson Lopez, a founding member of Andes

    Manta, has been playing the entire range of

    Andean wind and string instruments since

    childhood. While in high school he was offered

    a scholarship to the Quito Conservatory to

    study classical guitar. During his conservatory

    and high school years, Wilson performed

    regularly in Quito with his brother Luis. It was

    at this time that the group, Andes Manta, was

    formed by the brothers. Wilson, a native of

    Quito, Ecuador, now resides in New York.

    Luis Lopez, the second founding member of

    Andes Manta, is a noted virtuoso on the

    charango (a native stringed instrument) and

    the quena, the Andean flute. Luis learned to

    play music in the traditional Andean way,

    without benefit of written music, by passing

    the art form from father to son and brother to

    brother. Luis has been performing since the

    age of thirteen. In addition to his performing credits, Luis is a well-known instrument maker,

    creating instruments for many of Andean music's noted performers in North America.

    Bolivar Lopez, like his older brothers, learned to play Andean instruments as a child. He is a

    noted wind musician, and is the featured performer of the rondador, an Ecuadorian pan-pipe that

    is unique in the world for the chordal note that it produces. It is a difficult instrument to play and

    requires substantial dedication and talent. Bolivar began performing with Andes Manta in 1989.

    Jorge Lopez, youngest of the Lopez brothers, concentrates on the Andean stringed instruments,

    although like the rest of the group he plays all 35 instruments in their repertory. Jorge joined

    Andes Manta in 1991 and continues to learn the art from his older brothers, a cultural pattern

    repeated for thousands of years in the Andes.