Ancient China NotesWorld History4 Philosophies of Ancient ChinaBuddhism (Imported from India)Confucianism: (official state belief system)Daoism: (stressed harmony with nature)Legalism: (strict laws, severe punishments, & a strong central government)Dynastic ChinaZhou (Joe) Dynasty (1027-256 BCE)Rulers claimed the Mandate of Heaven (permission to rule was granted by the divine power)Mandate of Heaven was later used to explain the Dynastic Cycle: (dynasty remained in power as long as it was providing good government)Developed manufacture and trade of silkDeveloped bookmaking
Qin (Tsin) Dynasty (221 206 BCE)Unified ChinaQin Shi Huangdi was known as the First Emperor.Developed cavalrystandardized the language, writing, currency, & measurementsGreat Wall of China builtConfucianismConfucius was a scholar, taught history, studied music, and had an upstanding moral character.Thought order could be attained through development of 5 relationships: 1 ruler and subject, 2 father and son, 3 husband and wife, 4 older brother and younger brother, and 5 friend and friend.People should practice filial piety (respect for their parents.Confucius led the way for the creation of a bureaucracy a trained civil service that rain the government.Confucianism is NOT a religion it is an ethical system.Environmental ChallengesThe Huang He (Yellow River) and the Yangtze River flood frequently . The Huang Hes floods were especially disastrous which led to it being called Chinas sorrow. (Three Gorges Dam)Natural boundaries did not protect them from repeated invasions.
Han Dynasty (206 BCE 220 CE)Considered Chinas Golden Age economic development: the Silk Road~ main export: silk~ imports: glass, cloth, food, architecture, gold, camels, BuddhismConfucianism was the state belief systemCivil Service Exam: the Merit Systemaccurate clocks, ship rudders, & PAPERBuddhismDeveloped out of the personal religious questioning of Siddhartha GautamaBuddha means the enlightened oneThe Four Noble TruthsLife is filled with sufferingSuffering is caused by desire for the pleasures of this worldTo end suffering, one must end desireThe was to overcome desire is to follow the Eight-fold PathBy following the Eight-fold Path one could reach NirvanaNirvana is the release from selfishness and suffering.Tang Dynasty: strict social structure dev. of gunpowder, block printingSong Dynasty: movable type printing 200 yrs. before Gutenberg