Ancient China Elements of Civilization Geography.

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<p>Ancient China</p> <p>Ancient ChinaElements of CivilizationGeographyBackgroundRivers were important to the development of China Landforms and climate also influenced the cultureThere were many differences in climate throughout ChinaMonsoons bring rains from the South China Sea towards the southern half of China The rain does not reach the northern, cooler part of China The climate there is very dry, people depended on RiversBackgroundWhat is the Middle Kingdom?Geographic barriers like mountains and seas cut China off from other landsThey had no knowledge of other cultures like Greece, Rome, India, or EgyptThey thought that they were at the center of the world and called themselves the Middle Kingdom</p> <p>The development of civilization in early China was aided by features like long rivers, fertile soils, temperate climates, and isolated valleys. Chinas first civilizations developed in river valleysTwo major rivers supplied water for earliest civilizationsChang Jiang, also called YangziHuang He, or Yellow RiverBoth flow east from Plateau of Tibet to Yellow SeaRivers, Soils, ClimatesAnnual floods deposited rich soil, loess, on flood plainsValley of Huang He particularly fertile due to loessFine dusty soilCarried into China by desert windsLoess </p> <p>Chinas Geography4Legend says earliest Chinese ruled by Xia dynasty</p> <p>No written, archaeological evidence Xia dynasty existed</p> <p>Most historians date beginning of Chinese civilization to rise of Shang dynastyXiaArchaeological discoveries suggest Chinese civilization began in Huang He valley</p> <p>People started growing crops there 9,000 years ago</p> <p>Beginnings of CivilizationChinas Geography5IsolationCombination of rivers for irrigation, fertile soil for planting allowed Chinese to thrive, as did Chinas relative isolationMountains, hills, desert protected China from invasionHimalaya Mountains separate southern China from India, rest of southern Asia; vast Gobi Desert prevented reaching China from westCrops Most of eastern China covered with fertile soils; some regions better suited than others for growing certain cropsSouthern Chinawarm, receives plenty of rainfall, excellent region for growing riceFurther northclimate cooler, drier; suitable for grains, wheat, millet6BackgroundEarly civilizations developed near riversChina had a few rivers that provided resources to be successfulChang Jiang River (longest river)Huang He RiverYangzi RiverChinas rivers overflowed just like others we have studiedProvides fertile soil for farmingThe Huang He River is also known as the Yellow River because of the LoessLoess is yellow-brown soil that the Yellow River carries alongBackgroundWhat is Chinas Sorrow?The river was unpredictable and dangerous and often killed The river also brought life through fertile soilDestructive floods would come without warningTo control the flooding the people built dikes or walls that hold back waterSummarize</p> <p>What geographic features influenced life in early China?9Answer(s): Rivers deposited rich soil for farming; mountains, hills, and desert isolated the area.</p> <p>Activities:</p> <p>Use the ACTIVE reading code to access Chapter 9.1 of the text. This is located on the back of your diary.</p> <p>Complete: Remember and Understand 1-3</p>


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