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WINTER PROJECT ON “ALLAHABAD DISTRICT Submitted to: Col. Arun Dhongde Dean, PGDM (BM) Submitted by: Bhoopendra

Allahabad District Study

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Project on Allahabad District Study

Text of Allahabad District Study


Submitted to:

Col. Arun Dhongde Dean, PGDM (BM)Submitted by:



1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.



DECLARATIONThis is to certify that Bhoopendra Tiwari Student, batch 2008 - 10 of EMPI Business School New Delhi has successfully completed his Winter Project on Allahabad District I wish him all the best for his future.

Col. Arun Dhongde(Course Co-ordinator PGDM (BM))


OBJECTIVEThe theme of the winter project is to study of the District and to highlight the historical and industrial importance District. The objective of the project is to give the glimpse of the district and short analysis of the industry.



This project report on Allahabad District is the result of my work in Allahabad district. It is a great pleasure for me to thank Mr. Rajeev Agarwal (District's Magistrates,) of Allahabad (U.P.) who helped me in every aspect of the project. The most important data's of the project have been collected with the help of the other officers of Allahabad (U.P.). I thank him for giving me this precious opportunity for undertaking the project work in his district. I would like to extend my sincere thanks to Col. Arun Dhongde the program coordinator of PGDM (BM) in EMPI B-School New Delhi-110074. As well as official guide, who helped me through out the project by providing me all the useful and valid information.


District Map

Q u ic k T im e a n d a d e c o m p re sso r a r e n e e d e d t o s e e t h is


ABOUT ALLAHABADAllahabad Introduction Area Population STD Code Best Season State : 2,261 sq.km : 49,21,313 : 0532 : November - March : Uttar Pradesh

Allahabad built on a very ancient site of the Aryans formerly known as Prayag, is located at the junction of the holy rivers Ganga ,Yamuna and Sarasvati popularly known as Sangam. The city acquired its present name in largest religious gathering in the world, is held every 12 years at the confluence of the holy rivers attracting millions of Hindu devotees. This historically famous city was a centre of the Indian Independence movement and the home of the Nehru family. Today Allahabad is a rapidly growing commercial and administrative city in Uttar Pradesh.




Tehsils 8( Eight )

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Koraon Soraon Meja Handia PhulPur8

6. 7. 8.

Bara Sadar Karchhana

History of Allahabad


History lies embedded everywhere, in its fields, forests and settlements. Forty-eight kilometers, towards the southwest, on the placid banks of the Jamuna, the ruins of Kaushambi, capital of the Vatsa kingdom and a thriving center of Buddhism, bear silent testimony to a forgotten and bygone era. On the eastern side, across the river Ganga and connected to the city by the Shastri Bridge is Jhusi, identified with the ancient city of Pratisthanpur, capital of the Chandra dynasty. About 58 kilometers northwest is the medieval site of Kara with its impressive wreckage of Jayachand's fort. Sringverpur, another ancient site discovered relatively recently, has become a major attraction for tourists and antiquarians alike. Allahabad is an extremely important and integral part of the Ganga Yamuna Doab, and its history is inherently tied with that of the Doab region, right from the inception of the town. The city was known earlier as Prayag - a name that is still commonly used. That it is an ancient town, is illustrated by references in the Vedas (circa 1500 B.C.) to Prayag, where Brahma, the Hindu Creator of the Universe, is believed to have attended a sacrificial ritual. Excavations have revealed Northern Black Polished ware objects in Allahabad, further corroborating the conjecture that Allahabad existed as a town as early as 1100 B.C.When the Aryans first settled in what they termed the Aryavarta, or Madhydesha, Prayag or Allahabad Kaushambi was an important part of their territory. The Vatsa (a branch of the early Indo-Aryans) were rulers of Hastinapur, and they established the town of Kaushambi near present day Allahabad. They shifted their capital to Kaushambi when Hastinapur was destroyed 10 by floods.In the times of the Ramayana, Allahabad was made

LANDMARKS OF ALLAHABAD:Significance of Allahabad The significance of Prayag or Allahabad is widely known in the terrestrial and celestial universe. By bathing in the holy waters of the Sangam one is ridden of all sins. The devout is granted all his desires. This is the significance of an ordinary bath, and hence the importance of a bath during the Kumbh is manifold. It cannot be described and has to be experienced to be known. Pilgrimage sites in Allahabad The Puranas mention the existence of three and a half crores of pilgrimage sites in Prayag or Allahabad . It incorporates one crore each in the heaven, earth and the Patal lok, and fifty lakhs in the atmosphere. It is said in the Swargkhand of Padma Purana that twenty crore and ten thousand pilgrimages are perennially present in Prayag or Allahabad . It is not easy for anyone to believe this number11

since this figure is about one-fifth of Indias population. But we should not forget that India is the land of pilgrimages. This is the birthplace of Holy cows like Nandini and Kamdhenu, and legend has it that innumerable soldiers had emerged out of the body of Nandini to defeat the army of king Vishwarath. Magh Bathing Rituals The Magh bathing ritual must start from Paush Shukla Ekadashi or Poornamasi or Amavasya. The best bathing time is when the stars are out, the medium time is when the stars set down, and the least important is when the sun has arisen. Anyone who stays put in Prayag or Allahabad throughout the month of Magh and performs Kalpavas, yagya, shaiyya, godan, Brahmin bhoj, Ganga puja, Beni Madhav puja, vrat and daan gets special importance and blessings. Panchkosi Parikrama Procedure And Route In Prayag or Allahabad Day one: A bath in the Triveni, Dev puja, sacred vows and puja of the Akshay Vat, followed by puja of Shultankeshwar across the Yamuna. This should be followed by a visit to the Sudha Ras tirth, Urvashi Kund and obeisance at the Adi Beni Madhav. Then, from the river bank side, pay obeisance to Hanuman tirth, Sita Kund, Ram tirth, Varun tirth and Chakra madhav, and12

night stay at Someshwarnath. Day two: From the river bank side, visit and pay obeisance to Som tirth, Surya tirth, Kuber tirth, Vayu tirth and Agni tirth, participate in the discourse of Mahaprabhu Vallabhacharya, visit the Naini village to pray at Gada Madhav and at Kambalashwatar tirth at Saini, and stay for the night at Ram Sagar. Day three: Stay at Bikar Devria Devrakh on the bank of the Yamuna. Shraadh must be performed here as it has immense significance. Day four: Across the Yamuna, stay for the night at the sanctum of Vankhandi Shiv or Begum rai. Day five: Reach Draupadi ghat through Neem ghat and stay there. Day six: Stay for the night at Shiv Koti tirth. Day seven: Pay obeisance at Pandila Mahadev, visit the Manas tirth and stay for the night. Day eight: Visit Nag tirth via Jhunsi, or close to Shahangmadhav, and stay for the night. Day nine: Pay visit to Nag tirth, Shankh Madhav, Vyas ashram, Samudra koop, Aili tirth, Sankasht Harmadhav, Saandhya vat, Hans koop, Hans tirth, Brahma kund, Urvashi tirth and Arundhati tirth to reach Jhunsi, and stay13

there for the night. Day ten: Visit Triveni, perform a parikrama of Bahir vedi, and stay there for the night. Day eleven: Perform a parikrama of Antar vedi, and stay there for the night. Day twelve: Take a dip in Triveni and perform prayers at the Vat. Thereafter, visit Madhu kulya, Ghrit kulya, Niranjan tirth, Aditya tirth, Rinn mochan tirth, Papmochan tirth, Godohan tirth, Som tirth, Sarswati kund, Kameshwar tirth, Barua ghat, Takshakeshwar, Tathak kund, Kalaiya dah, Vakra tirth, Sindhusagar tirth, Pandav koop and Varun koop and pay obeisance at Dravyeshwarnath. Then visit Surya kund, and stay for the night at Bhardwaj ashram. In the next morning, pay obeisance at Nag vasuki and Beni Madhav, visit Dashashwamedh ghat to pay obeisance to Lord Shiv, and thereafter go to Lakshmi tirth, Urvashi tirth, Datta tirth, Som Durvasa and Hanumanji, and end the parikrama at Triveni. After this, perform godan and Brahmin bhoj as per capacity, pay obeisance to Lord Vishnu, and dedicate the parikrama. From the third day of Chaitra Krishna to Amavasya, this 12-day parikrama must be performed every year. As alternative, a parikrama of one day-and-a-half must be performed, and those who prefer the latter option must perform the parikrama of Antar vedi.14

Anand Bhawan :It was the home of Nehru Family . Many momemtous events of freedom took place here . The mainbuilding house a museum which display relics of Nehru Family. One room is devoted to Mahatma Ghandhi where he used to stay.

Swaraj Bhawan :It is old Anand Bhawan . In 1930, Moti LaL Nehru denoted to the nation and named it Swaraj Bhawan and it was head quarter of provincial Congress committee. At present it was houses of Jawahar Lal Nehru Fund and children school of creative art.

Bhardwaj Ashram :It was Ashram of Bhardwaj Rishi ,aho , was not only an ascetic but also a philosopher and scientist. 10,000 disciples were on rolls in the ashram . It was visited by Lord Ram . Sita and Laxam , while going to forest in exile for 14 years . At present a temple of Bhadwajeshwar Mahadeva and temple of Rishi Bhardwaj and Kali.15

Khus ru Bagh:Tomb of Khusru , son of Salim . His mother committed suicide and was also buried here . In 1857 , the first freedom struggle , Government treasury was seized by freedom fighter Liaquat Ali , a school master was declared as Government of Allahabad on behalf of the King of delhi and made Khusru Bagh his headquarters. A big garden around.


How to Reach Allahabad by Rail /TrainBeing situated on the main line of the Indian railways, there are direct trains for Allahabad from most of the major Indian cities.


How to Reach Allahabad by RoadAs Allahabad is located in the heartland of the great Indian plains, the road density is quite high in these parts. National Highways 2 and 27 pass through Allahabad

PUBLIC LIBRARIESStanding at Alfred park this building was opened as a memorial to the friendship of Lord Thornhill, the then Commissioner of Allahabad and Mr. Mayne, the then Collector. It was called the "Thomhill and Mayne Memorial". Designed by R.Roskell Rayne, this public library is a remarkable example of Gothic Style. The memorial has a lofty tower and acarded cloisters. In 1879 the library was shifted to the present premises, at17

Alfred park. It has about 75,000 books, besides a treasure trove of manuscripts and journals . There are mainy more libraries in Allahabad.1.National Academy Of Sciences 2. Hindustani Academy 3. VigyanParishad 4. GangaNathJhaSanskrit Vidyapeeth 5. Hindi SahityaSammelan 6. Prayag or Allahabad SangeetSamit

Cinema Halls Niranjan Palace Chandralok18

Ajanta Gautam Sangeet Darpan Mansarovar Avtar RajKaran Kajal

Newspapers in Allahabad Aaj Hindi Dainik 3, Leader Rd, Allahabad Phone: 0532-261528419

Allahabad Patrika Pvt. Ltd Leader Rd, Allahabad Phone: 0532-2632995 Amar ujala 5, M.G. marg, Allahabad Phone: 0532-2621382 Hindustan Times Ltd 25/51,M.G. Marg, Allahabad Phone: 0532-2622630 Northern India Patrika and Amrit Prabhat 10,TashkandMarg, Allahabad Phone: 0532-2600669 Times Of India 1A/1,Kamla Nehru Rd, Allahabad



Degree College 2.Allahabad Inter College 3.Arya Inter College 4.CAV Inter College 5.CMP Degree College 6.Colonelganj I n t e r C o l l e g e e t c .

There are institutions like Allahabad University, Rajrishi Tandon Open University, Institute of Information Technology, Motilal Regional Engineering College, Motilal Nehru Medical College etc.

SWOT ANALYSIS OF ALLAHABAD ISTRICTThe situational amenities are very important for any area . The district of Allahabad is lagging behind with21

such amenities. Apart from this the district is suffering with inter area abnormalities. The Yamuna river area is backword in respect of Ganga river area. The obstruction in agriculture is small farming in which there is less profitability. There should be search for the alternatives employment to get rid of this seasonal unemployment if this not happened at the earliest the small farmer will not be able to fulfill the growing need of the people and this way the agriculture lag behind . The suggestion is to transformation of unfertile land to fertile land at the earliest by employing various scientific methods. More new hospitals and power plants are required.


BIBLIOGRAPHY1. 2. bad 3. 4. 5. 6. www.indiantravelportal.com www.allahabad.nic.in www.hotels.indiantravelportal.com www.economywatch.com Allahabad business directory yellowpages.webindia123.com/ct/Allaha

7. www.indiatourism.com/allahabad-tourism



Anand Bhavan

Kumbha festival Kumbha Festival