[Alfred Korzybski] Science and Sanity an Introduc( )

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Classic book of Alfred Korzybski on Sciencia anda Sanity

Text of [Alfred Korzybski] Science and Sanity an Introduc( )

  • ContentsNote on ErrataPrefacesPreface to 5th Edition, 1993Preface to 4th Edition 1958Bibliographical Note 1958Preface to 3rd Edition 1948Introduction to 2nd Edition 1941A. Recent developments and the founding of the Institute of General SemanticsB. Some difficulties to be surmounted1. The attitudes of 'philosophers', etc.2. Perplexities in theories of 'meaning'3. Inadequacy of forms of representation and their structural revision4. Identifications and mis-evalutations5. Methods of the magician

    C. Revolutions and evolutionsD. A non-aristotelian revisionE. New factors: the havoc they play with our generalizationsF. Non-aristotelian methods1. Neurological mechanisms of extensionalization2. Neuro-semantic relaxation3. Extensional devices and some applications4. Implications of the structure of language

    G. Over/Under defined termsH. The passing of the old aristotelian epoch1. 'Maginot like mentalities'2. Wars of and on nerves3. Hitler and psycho-logical factors in his life4. Education for intelligence and democracy


    AcknowledgementsSupplementary Bibliography to 2nd EditionPreface to 1st Edition 1933AcknowledgementUntitled

    Book I - A General Survey of Non-Aristotelian FactorsPart I - Preliminaries1. Aims, means and consequences of a non-aristotelian revision2. Terminology and meaningsA. On semantic reactionsB. On the un-speakable objective levelC. On 'copying' in our nervous reactions

    3. Introduction

    Part II - General on structure4. On structure5. General linguistic6. On symbolism7. Linguistic revision

    Part III - Non-elementalistic structures8. General epistemological9. Colloidal behaviour10. The 'organism-as-a-whole'A. Illustrations from biologyB. Illustrations from nutrition experimentsC. Illustrations from 'mental' and nervous diseases

    Part IV - Structural factors in non-aristotelian languages11. On function12. On orderA. Undefined termsB. Order and the nervous systemC. Structure, realtions, and multi-dimensional orderD. Order and the problems of extension and intensionE. Concluding remarks on order

    13. On relations14. On the notion of infinity15. The 'infinitesimal' and 'cause and effect'16. On the existence of relations17. On the notions of 'matter', 'space', 'time'A. Structural considerationsB. The neurological function of abstractingC. Problems of adjustmentD. Semantic considerations

    Part V - On the non-aristotelian language called mathematics18. Mathematics as a language of a structure simialr to the structure of the world19. Mathematics as a language of a structure similar to the structure of the human nervous systemA. IntroductoryB. GeneralC. The psycho-logical importance of the theory of aggregates and the theory of groupsD. Similarity in structure of mathematics and of our nervous system

    Part VI - On the foundation of psychophysiology20. General considerations21. On conditional reflexes22. On 'inhibition'23. On conditional reactions of higher orders and psychiatry

    Book II - A General Introduction to Non-Aristotelian Systems And General SemanticsPart VII - On the mechanism of time-binding24. On abstracting25. On the structural differential26. On 'consciouness' and consciousness of abstracting27. Higher order abstractionsA. GeneralB. Multiordinal termsC. Confusion of higher orders of abstraction

    28. On the mechanism of identification and visualization29. On non-aristotelian training30. Identification, infantilism, and un-snaity versus sanityA. GeneralB. Consciousness of abstractingC. InfantilismD. Constructive suggestions

    31. Concluding remarks

    Book III - Additional Structural Data About Languages And The Empirical WorldPrefatory RemarksPart VIII - On the structure of mathematics32. On the semantics of the differential calculusA. IntroductoryB. On the differential calculus1. General considerations2. Maxima and minima3. Curvature4. Velocity

    C. On the integral calculusD. Further applications1. Partial differentiation2. Differential equations3. Methods of approximation4. Periodic functions and waves

    33. On linearity34. On geometryA. IntroductoryB. On the notion of the 'internal theory of surfaces'C. Space-TimeD. The application of geometrical notions to cerebral localization

    Part IX - On the similarity of empirical and verbal structures35. Action by contact36. On the semantics of the Einstein theory37. On the notion of 'simultaneity'38. On the 'world' of Minkowski39. General reflections on the Einstein theory

    Part X - On the structure of 'matter'40. The older 'matter'41. The newer 'matter'A. IntroductoryB. The nature of the problemC. MatricesD. The operator calculusE. The new quantum mechanicsF. The wave mechanismG. Structural aspects of the new theories

    Supplement I - The Logic of RelativitySupplement II - The Theory of TypesSupplement III - A Non-Aristotelian System And Its Necessity For Rigour In Mathematics And PhysicsNotes And ReferencesBibliographyCatalogIndex