Neolithic Revolution(AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION)
HUMAN MIGRATION OUT OF AFRICA
PALEOLITHIC & MESOLITHIC AGESPaleolithic-Old Stone Age.Mesolithic-Middle Stone Age.2,000,000 BC 10,000 BC-Hunter-Gatherers-Searching for food.Nomadic-Move around a lot.Men-Hunt & fish.Women-Gather fruits, nuts, roots.
NEOLITHIC REVOLUTIONNeo-Means new. Lithic-Means rock or stone). This is the New Stone Age-Stones are used for tools, weapons, etc. First Agricultural Revolution ever!
GEOGRAPHIC FACTORSAdvances in agriculture- Creates stable food supply. Permits development of society.Why is development of farming considered a revolution?
FOOD SUPPLY BEFORE THE REVOLUTION
People are food gatherers- Not food producers.Nomadic- Roaming existence.Consume all food in area-Man moves on.Look for another food supply.Follow migration patterns of herds-Deer, elk, bison, mammoths, etc.
SHELTER BEFORE THE REVOLUTIONNomads live on what environment can provide-Live in Caves.Cave + Man = Caveman!Or temporary shelters made of wood & hides.
EARLY HUMAN SHELTER
SOCIAL STRUCTURE BEFORE THE REVOLUTIONSocial Structure is based on family-A group of families is called a Clan.E.g.: McLean Clan
ART & INNOVATION BEFORE THE REVOLUTION
Drawings & art work -Have been found. Lascaux Cave Painting in France (17,000 years old!!!).Primitive weapons & tools.Sewing needles.Use of fire.
LIFE BEFORE THE AGRICULTUREREVOLUTIONSubsistence lifestyle-Supporting oneself at a minimum level.Bare essentials. Number 1 priority-Find food.Whole family (clan).
LANGUAGE BEFORE THE REVOLUTION
Verbal communication used. Symbols used to mark places of importance.
EARLY NEOLITHIC CULTURES
DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTUREBAM!!!Man learns to farm-Able to settle in one place! Able to acquire more things!Changes occur independently-All over the world!Takes several thousand years.
FOOD SUPPLY AFTER THE REVOLUTIONStart food producing-Plant.Tend.Harvest.Store crops. Domesticate animals- Used for food. Beasts of burden. Hunting supplements the food supply.
SHELTER AFTER THE REVOLUTIONMud bricks-Building material.Eventually stones are used-Leads to rock being quarried & cut for building. Villages located near fields-Other reliable food sources (rivers/sea) .
SOCIAL STRUCTURE AFTER THE REVOLUTION
Complex social structures develop-Many clans began living in close proximity.Gender separation-Men-Farm. Herd.Hunt.Women-Work near home. Child-rearingFood preparation.
SOCIAL STRUCTURE CONTINUED..Religion develops-Explain the forces of nature.Governments develop-Organize activities.
ART & INNOVATION AFTER THE REVOLUTION
Carving & statuary. Complex tools & advances- Weapons.Plows pulled by animals. Building techniques. Cloth making & weaving.Architecture/building-Religious or common use.
SPECIALIZATION AFTER THE REVOLUTIONPeople specialize in various tasks-Tool maker.Stone cutter.Potter.Basket weaving.Early metallurgyRegional resources are gathered & traded-Beginnings of economics!
LANGUAGE AFTER THE REVOLUTIONDevelopment of pictographic languages-Egyptian HieroglyphicsWritten language (alphabet). Develop to keep records-Food storage.Trade.
WHAT DO CITIES LEAD TO?CITIES LEAD TOWHAT IS A CIVILIZATION?Civilization An advanced state-Intellectual development.Cultural development.Material development.Progress in-Arts. Sciences.Extensive use of record-keeping-Writing!!!Complex political & social institutions.
FEATURES OF A CIVILIZATIONGovernment Range from very basic to very complex. Student council is considered a form of governing body. Serve as central authority or makes decisions for group.Individual or group.Some form of written language-Record keeping became necessary. Why?
FEATURES OF A CIVILIZATIONDivision of labor-Specialization in jobs. Breakdown of work into tasks or parts.Assigned to various people or groups for purposes of efficiency.Social classes or social hierarchy Determined by different things-Wealth.Power.Ethnicity.
FEATURES OF A CIVILIZATIONAdvanced technical skills-Inventions.Art & Architecture.An appreciation of something that is more than just basic. Religion or belief systemPeople who share similar beliefs.May vary somewhat among people.There is a core belief-Reflected in religious beliefs as well.