Authors biographyNationality of Aesop - Ethiopian or GreekLifespan of Aesop - He lived approximately 620 - 560 BCLife of Aesop - Slave - Author of the book of fablesFamous Works - Aesop's Fable book featuring:"The Goose With the Golden Eggs", "The Fisher","The Lion and the Mouse" and "The Sick Lion"The life of Aesop is a bit of a mystery. There is even some debate if Aesop was an actual person or just a name used by another writer. However, there have been mentions of Aesop in Greek history, which has allowed historians to piece together a biography (if it is true that he exists). Many of the stories about Aesop contain mythical interventions and legends.Aesop is believed to have been alive from 620 to 560 BC. It was believed that he was a slave, but was given his freedom because of his literacy and storytelling. He is also described with many physical deformities and a speech impediment that was healed by a deity. Aesop was said to have escaped punishment many times throughout his life, often standing up to his accusers and telling a story that showed the irony or the characteristics of those punishing him. His death is just as much of a mystery as his life. It is believed that he stole a gold or silver cup and was violently put to death by being thrown off a cliff.Although Aesop is mentioned in Greek history, particularly by Greek historian Herodotus and Aristotle, many scholars do not believe that he actually existed. There is simply just not enough proof to confirm that he was aliveAesop is credited with more than six hundred fables.Fablesare short stories that teach a moral or lesson to children. The stories are often funny and the themes are easy for children to understand. The characters of fables are usually animals who act and talk like people, but still have animal traits. The fables tell a story and end with amoralor lesson.Some of the more well-known morals credited to Aesop are: 'A bird in the hand is better than two in the bush; beauty is only skin deep; birds of a feather flock together; choose the lesser of two evils; every man for himself; let well alone; necessity is the mother of invention; once bitten, twice shy; one good turn deserves another; slow but steady wins the race; think before you act; and you cannot escape your fate'. There are many more, but these are just a few of the ones that we still say today.Just like his morals, Aesop's fables are still shared with children today. In one fable 'The Ant and the Grasshopper', an ant is gathering food for the winter while a grasshopper plays. He encourages the Ant not to worry about the winter, but just think about the summer food they already have. The Ant continues to work, and when winter comes, the Grasshopper dies while the Ant has plenty of food. The lesson stated at the end is: 'It is best to prepare for the days of necessity'.Summary In most examples of Aesops fables, each animal symbolizes a different human virtue or vice. The fox represents cunning, the ass stupidity, the lion ferocity, the ant industry, the grasshopper laziness, the crow vanity, and so on. By placing these creatures in different combinations, the fables comment upon the varieties of human nature and criticize common human foibles.For example, in The Ass, the Fox, and the Lion, a fox offers to betray his friend the ass to the lion, provided that the lion promises never to harm the fox. The lion agrees to this proposal, and the ass foolishly falls into the trap that the fox prepares. Once the ass is safely ensnared, however, the lion turns and attacks the fox, proving that those who act with treachery are themselves often betrayed.In a similar tale, The Lion, the Ass, and the Fox Go Hunting, the same three animals agree to help one another by forming a hunting party. Since each contributes his own particular skills, they are very successful and, at the end of the day, there is a great heap of booty.SettingsCharacters The main characters are often named in the title (the town mouse and the country mouse, the north wind and the sun, etc.) and they also frequently animals, another subtle way signalling the fictional, fabulous nature of the story and its serious purpose. Animal character speak and behave like human beings, allowing the storyteller to make cautionary points about human behaviour pointing the finger at real people.Theme Birds of a feather flocks togetherThose who cannot take care of their own, should not be entrusted with the care of anothers property.We do not always like to be taken at our word.Authors BiographyAntoine Jean-Baptiste Marie Roger de Saint-ExupryHe is both a pioneer of aviation and a well-known French writer.He was born in Lyon, France, on June 29, 1900.At an early age, he dreamed of a life of adventure and wanted to become a naval officer.Unfortunately, he failed the exam to qualify him for naval officer training school.As a result, he turned his attention to the field of aviation.Even though flying was dangerous and risky in Saint-Exuprys time, he joined the military and trained to be a pilot.After his military service, he presented himself to the director of an airline company and expressed his desire to become a commercial pilot.The director told him he must first become an airplane mechanic.Finally, in 1927, after serving as a mechanicSaint-Exupry became a pilot, Opening up new air routes over the Mediterranean Sea, North Africa, and the Sahara Desert.Because of the danger of flying, he had a number of accidents, but he escaped any major injuries.Later Saint-Exupry became the director of his own aviation company in South America, where he often flew dangerous routes over the Andes Mountains.For Saint-ExupryFlying was not just piloting an airplane; it was a time for meditation and reflection.While in the air, Saint-Exupry would think deeply aboutsolitudefriendshipthe meaning of lifethe human conditionlibertyIn 1931 he also married CONSUELO SUNCIN, a widowed Salvadoran writer and artist.He decided to publish his reflections into a book, which was successful. When his aviation company failed, Saint-Exupry decided to pursue writing as a career.He first became a journalist, traveling to Spain, Russia, and Germany.He also wrote two philosophical books based on aviation:Night Flight(1932) Wind, Sand, and Stars(1939).Still in love with piloting an airplane, Saint-Exupry continued to fly whenever he had the opportunity.In 1939, when France went to war with Germany, Saint-Exupry immediately enlisted in the army, hoping to become a military pilot in the war effort.France, however, was soon defeated and occupied by Hitler's troops. Saint-Exupry decided to leave his homeland, settle in the United States, and pursue his writing career.It was in New York that he published.The Little PrinceHis most celebrated book, in 1943Since its first publication, more than 25 million copies have been sold in 75 different countries.In 1942, when American troops landed in North Africa, Saint-Exupry decided to join the U.S. Army as a pilot. Since he was 42 years of age, he was initially considered too old to be a pilot and was not allowed to fly; however, Saint-Exupry persisted and was finally given an airplane.He accomplished many missions over occupied France. On July 31, 1944, Saint-Exupry left for his last mission. His plane was destroyed by the Germans over the Mediterranean.
Other works include Letter to a Hostage (1944), the posthumously published Citadelle (1948), Wartime Writings 1939-1944 (1982), Manon, danseuse (2007), Lettres l'inconnue (2008).Summary The narrator begins the tale with an explanation of his dislike of adults; he claims he does not enjoy them, for they are much too practical. Instead, he prefers the company of children, who are natural and curious.The narrator next tells of how his plane crashed in the desert, where he met the Little Prince, a mystical creature from another planet. The narrator tells why the Prince left his planet and where he visited before coming to Earth.His adventures on six different planets are recounted, including the encounters with the king, the conceited man, the tippler, the businessman, the lamplighter, the geographer, the snake, the desert flower, the garden of roses, the railway switchman, the merchant, the fox, and the narrator.The narrator and the Prince share a rewarding relationship on the desert, and when the Little Prince departs, the narrator misses his company. He writes the novel in memory of the Little PrinceSettingsThe book is not set in a particular period or in one specific place.In the first chapter the narrator writes about his childhood experiences with drawings and about his low opinion of adults.In the second chapter the narrator starts narrating a particular series of incidents.
He writes of the time when his plane crashed in the desert of Sahara six years ago. Most of the narrative after the second chapter is set in the desert.The other places that function as settings include the asteroid where the Little Prince has his home and the planets that the Little Prince visits, including asteroids 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, and 330.The last planet that he visits is the Earth, where he meets the narrator in the Sahara Desert. The story is really about the narrators friendship with the Little Prince and about the Princes own quest, which takes him to seven planets apart from his own.Characters Major CharactersThe narratorThe narrator is really the author, Antoine de Saint-Exupry. The reader hears his voice throughout the book as he relates the story of the Little Prince and of his own friendship with him. The narrator says plainly that he is a romantic who does not like adults, whom he finds too practical; instead, he prefers children, whom he finds natural and delightful. The narrator writes this story of his encounter with the Little Prince in order to deal with the sorrow of losing his precious friend.The Little PrinceThe novel is named after the Littl