Adverb Final.ppt

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    It is really beautiful.

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    The van is completely covered with snow.

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    The statue has been made very skillfully.

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    Q. Gentlemen, what is the role of the wordsreally, completely and skillfully in the

    sentences?

    Q. Which words do they qualify or modify?

    Q. What is the grammatical name given to

    such modifiers?

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    ADVERB

    Primary Adverbs

    Secondary Adverbs

    Adverb of place Adverb of time

    Adverb of frequency

    Adverb of manner Adverb of purpose

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    ADVERB

    Q. What is an adverb?

    Ans. Adverb is a part of speech

    that modifies:

    A Verb An Adjective

    Another Adverb

    For example:

    washing cleanly, very clearly, so

    cute

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    Like an adjective, an adverb is a

    describing word. It describes actions.An adverb gives you such information

    as how, where, or when an action is

    performed.

    Adverbs are usually attached to

    verbs. They tell us such things as:

    (a) The Manner (b) The Place(c) The Time (d) The Frequency

    (e) The Purpose

    of the action represented by the verb:

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    The airmen march smartly. (manner)

    We assemble in the parade ground.(place)

    There will be PER test tomorrow. (time)

    He is often late for assembly. (frequency)

    He reported sick to avoid parade.(purpose)

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    PRIMARY ADVERBS

    Are adverbsby nature

    Not derived from any other word

    For example

    always, as, very, almost, now, never, ever,

    sometimes, often, well, fine, hard, fast, early

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    SECONDARY ADVERBS

    Are made of adjectives by adding ly

    at the end

    For example

    bravely, cruelly, normally, blindly,

    peacefully, fairly, cleverly, boldly,easily, wisely

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    ADVERBS OF PLACE DIRECTION AND

    DISTANCE

    They tell us:the place of action

    the direction of movement

    the distance between thingthe distance travelled.

    They answer the question where.

    For example:

    She still livestherenow.

    The teacher is going to school.

    One day we drove 400 miles.

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    ADVERBS OF TIME

    Show:

    Time of action

    Duration of the action

    They answer the question when

    They often come in the end position, after the

    verb.

    For example:

    It is darknow.

    The baby gets upearlyin the morning.

    It has been raining the whole day.

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    ADVERB OF FREQUENCY

    Shows the repetition of happening in a

    sentence orthe rate at which a happeningrecurs

    There are two types:

    Adverbs of definite frequency (hourly, weekly,monthly etc)

    Adverbs of indefinite frequency (always, often,

    never, sometimes, occasionally)

    For example:

    PTV Telecasts the news hourly.

    Alwaysobey the traffic rules.

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    Tell us the way an action is performed

    Answer the question how

    Often comes in the end position

    May come in the initial or mid position

    Intensifiers, Moderators and emphasizers can beused with them

    For example:

    She movedslowlyanddiligently.

    He treated the beggarvery kindly.

    ADVERBS OF MANNER

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    ADVERB OF PURPOSE

    Shows a purpose behind the action in

    a sentence.

    For example: She shops in several storesto

    get good buys.

    She drives slowlyto avoidaccident.

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    RECAPITULATION

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    ADVERB Modifies Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs

    Primary Adverbs Natural

    Secondary Adverbs Derived

    Adverb of place Position

    Adverb of time Time

    Adverb of frequency Repetition

    Adverb of manner Way

    Adverb of purpose Cause

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    Q.Define adverb.

    Q.What are primary adverbs?

    Q. Make a sentence using an adverb

    of frequency.

    Q. Make a sentence using an adverbof purpose.

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    DIFFERENTIATE THESE ADVERBS

    He is often late for assembly.

    They reach early to avoid insult.

    It is raining now.

    Come here please.

    We work honestly.

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    ASSIGNMENT

    Make a list of adverbs used in

    Lesson No.1 of your English

    Precis and use the in your ownsentences.

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    Next time INSHA ALLAH we

    would discuss

    The Comparison of Adverbs.

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